60 Years of Successful Scientific Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Water:   World Meteorological Organization SAON Wo...
Lets begin with the Context…
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) <ul><li>WMO is UN Specialized Agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinates collective ...
Monitoring is Central to the WMO Mission Understanding Models Predictions Consequences Validation Assimilation  Initializa...
World Meteorological Organization <ul><li>Achievements over the past 60 years have only been made possible because WMO has...
WMO Priorities <ul><li>Results-based Strategic and Operational Planning framework that coordinates efforts of Members, and...
WMO Structures and Co-sponsored Programmes  with Arctic Interests <ul><li>Regions: Asia (II), North America, Central Ameri...
And now the Opportunities… A Monitoring Perspective
Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks -  Weather
Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks -  Climate
Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks -  Global Atmospheric Watch/International Arctic Systems for Observing the...
Coordinated System for Arctic Observing Networks – Global Cryosphere Watch RBSN AWS ASBN ABN <ul><li>Joint Programmes </li...
Coordinated System for Arctic Observing Networks – Earth Observation Satellites
And now the Opportunities… A Science Perspective
A Seamless “Earth” Prediction Framework Warnings & Alert Coordination Watches Forecasts Threats Assessments Guidance Outlo...
Need an Integrated Global Observing System Going Beyond the World Weather Watch (WWW)
And now the Opportunities… An Information Management Perspective
WIGOS VISION <ul><li>WIGOS will establish an integrated, comprehensive and coordinated observing system to satisfy in a co...
Goals of WMO Information System (WIS) <ul><li>GTS needs to be open to all WMO activities to provide operational critical a...
And now a Way Forward… WMO Putting an emphasis on the Poles
WMO Executive Council  Panel of Experts on Polar Observations Research and Services <ul><li>Recommended by WMO Congress XV...
EC-PORS Mandate & Challenges <ul><li>Broad Scope –  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value-added chain from  Acquisition, Exchange, P...
EC-PORS Priorities <ul><li>“ Services”   are the driver that anchors the Panel’s work  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polar NWP, GM...
Polar Prediction System:  a unifying focus  <ul><li>There is a need for an immediate, high-level and sustained focus on po...
Next Steps  <ul><li>International Polar Decade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations on modalities – report to EC 62 - Jun...
International Polar Decade <ul><li>Define the scientific basis of an IPD </li></ul><ul><li>Concept and structure IPD works...
The Arctic provides great challenges for observation, research and provision of services. WMO (and SAON) need to meet the ...
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60 Years of Successful Scientific Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Water: World Meteorological Organization

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A presentation by David Grimes at SAON Workshop for Government Agency Officials, Miami, USA, March 18-19, 2010.

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  • Presentation Objective Context Key Partnerships Opportunities Next Steps
  • IPY is the most recent example of international co-operation – a success of which WMO and ICSU are very pleased and proud
  • These atmospheric observatories could be the core for broader environmental monitoring. Many of these are part of the GAW network for measuring atmospheric composition.
  • WIGOS will: Enable the evolution and integration of WMO observing systems &amp; enhance collaboration with its partner organizations WIGOS will: Better enable WMO Members to meet expanding national mandates and achieve higher national visibility with other environment related agencies. Provide a mechanism for enhanced integration between its surface and space based components. Integration will lead to efficiencies and cost savings that can be reinvested to overcome known deficiencies and gaps in the observing system.
  • Slide 6 Thus the goal of WIS is to bring all the WMO systems under one interoperable framework and at the same time, make the high quality GTS available to all programs so they too can reliably exchange time critical information. Similarly the WIS should incorporate the internet, especially for less critical information. This new system WIS should sustain the continuous improvement approach of the GTS without disrupting or detuning the GTS. WIS should be open to all programs allowing collaborative partners and other specialist centres outside of WMO to be a part of WIS. However, one of the key new functions of WIS is to bring back the ability to discover and retrieve information from WMO. This DAR will allow interoperability with other systems and will be an exemplar component of GEOSS.
  • So how has WMO responded to IPY needs and WMO’s own programme interests in the high latitudes? Created EC-PORS to address observations, research and services in an integrated fashion
  • PPS emerged from this meeting and is gaining widespread traction – WCRP, CAS, IPD….. Could it help SAON provide a scientific focus for Arctic Council activities as well as a collaborative IPD?
  • 60 Years of Successful Scientific Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Water: World Meteorological Organization

    1. 1. 60 Years of Successful Scientific Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Water:  World Meteorological Organization SAON Workshop for Government Agency Officials, Miami, USA March 18-19, 2010 David Grimes Co-chair, WMO EC Polar Observations, Research and Services, WMO Representative, SAON Steering Committee Assistant-Deputy Minister, Meteorological Service of Canada
    2. 2. Lets begin with the Context…
    3. 3. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) <ul><li>WMO is UN Specialized Agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinates collective Member contributions in weather, water and climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>189 States & Territories signatory to its Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 1950, earlier roots from 1873 (IMO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Secretariat Operating budget ~ $70M CH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International cooperation has been its hallmark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsored all International Polar Years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services anchor its work and are based more and more on our understanding of the earth’s environmental system </li></ul>
    4. 4. Monitoring is Central to the WMO Mission Understanding Models Predictions Consequences Validation Assimilation Initialization Monitoring Analysis Observations The availability of new observations strongly motivates advances in understanding, prediction,and application.
    5. 5. World Meteorological Organization <ul><li>Achievements over the past 60 years have only been made possible because WMO has: </li></ul><ul><li>Effective governance & structures that engage Members </li></ul><ul><li>Unique framework for exchange of weather, climate and hydrological information across borders </li></ul><ul><li>System of standardized observational networks </li></ul><ul><li>Free & unrestricted exchange of data and products </li></ul><ul><li>Capability to deliver real-time information and services to meet specific societal needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Successful in organizing international cooperation to gather observations, conduct scientific research, extend atmospheric predictability and satisfy users’ demands </li></ul>
    6. 6. WMO Priorities <ul><li>Results-based Strategic and Operational Planning framework that coordinates efforts of Members, and enables & enhances their capabilities and performance by… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving weather, water and climate services in support of life and property, safe transportation, environment and economic development (including in polar regions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informing and supporting disaster mitigation and risk reduction strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementing new WMO Integrated Global Observing System and WMO Information System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing our understanding and predictability of the earth system related to weather, climate and hydrology (including in polar regions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementing global framework for climate services (climate monitoring, predictions and services) to support adaptation to climate variability and change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building capacity especially within least developed countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fostering effective collaboration among international organizations (including in polar regions) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. WMO Structures and Co-sponsored Programmes with Arctic Interests <ul><li>Regions: Asia (II), North America, Central America and the Caribbean (IV), Europe (VI) </li></ul><ul><li>Panel: Executive Committee Expert Panel on Polar Observations, Research and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific and Technical Commissions for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Systems (CBS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrology (CHy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric Sciences (CAS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climatology (CCl) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint WMO-IOC Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-sponsored Programmes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. And now the Opportunities… A Monitoring Perspective
    9. 9. Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks - Weather
    10. 10. Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks - Climate
    11. 11. Coordinated System of Arctic Observing Networks - Global Atmospheric Watch/International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere A Basis for Integrated Environmental Monitoring (Supersites)
    12. 12. Coordinated System for Arctic Observing Networks – Global Cryosphere Watch RBSN AWS ASBN ABN <ul><li>Joint Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>GAW </li></ul><ul><li>WCRP </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic HYCOS </li></ul><ul><li>GCOS </li></ul>IABP AMDAR IPA Sea Ice
    13. 13. Coordinated System for Arctic Observing Networks – Earth Observation Satellites
    14. 14. And now the Opportunities… A Science Perspective
    15. 15. A Seamless “Earth” Prediction Framework Warnings & Alert Coordination Watches Forecasts Threats Assessments Guidance Outlook Prediction Transportation Protection of Life & Property Space Applications Recreation Ecosystem State/Local Planning Environment Water Management A griculture Water Resource Planning Energy Commerce Hydropower Fire Weather Health Initial Conditions Boundary Conditions Minutes Hours Days 1 Week 2 Weeks Months Seasons Years Weather Climate Variability Scenarios Anthropogenic Forcing Climate Change . Decades Centuries Forecast Lead Time Applications Forecast Uncertainty
    16. 16. Need an Integrated Global Observing System Going Beyond the World Weather Watch (WWW)
    17. 17. And now the Opportunities… An Information Management Perspective
    18. 18. WIGOS VISION <ul><li>WIGOS will establish an integrated, comprehensive and coordinated observing system to satisfy in a cost-effective and sustained manner the evolving observing requirements of WMO Members and will enhance coordination of WMO observing systems with those of partner organizations for the benefit of society </li></ul>…… . System of Systems approach
    19. 19. Goals of WMO Information System (WIS) <ul><li>GTS needs to be open to all WMO activities to provide operational critical and time critical information exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Internet should be a part of WIS to allow support of less critical or high volume requirements 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The continuous improvement and adaptation of new technologies in the GTS should be maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>The WIS should be open to more than just WMO programs allowing partners to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Need seamless discovery, access and retrieval (DAR) across all WMO systems, including collaborators and partners. </li></ul>1 e.g. GTS ~8GB per day compared with TIGGE ~200GB per day
    20. 20. And now a Way Forward… WMO Putting an emphasis on the Poles
    21. 21. WMO Executive Council Panel of Experts on Polar Observations Research and Services <ul><li>Recommended by WMO Congress XV – 2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on integrating programs in polar regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program coordination for Antarctica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation strategy for Global Cryosphere Watch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need was re-enforced by International Polar Year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established by Executive Council in 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Grimes (Canada) and Greg Ayers (Australia) nominated as co-chairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WMO Members (18) nominated 24 experts to participate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EC-PORS is contact within WMO for SAON </li></ul>
    22. 22. EC-PORS Mandate & Challenges <ul><li>Broad Scope – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value-added chain from Acquisition, Exchange, Products & Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weather, climate, water, oceans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user requirements, technologies, standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>observation gaps (e.g., polar oceans, snow cover) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>configuration / interoperability with other polar observing networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WIS/WIGOS compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GCW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remote and hostile environments </li></ul><ul><li>Operational and financial challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Varied and complex organizational structures </li></ul>EC Science Dept’s & Agencies INAC DFAIT Ad-hoc DM Arctic Cmtee Northern Strategy Arctic Council IPY IPY Canada Federal Dept’s & Agencies ADM Northern S&T ADM S&T Integration Board IPY ADM Cmtee SAO & Delegation Coordination for AC activities SAON WMO Permanent Rep WMO ICSU (International Council for Sciences) SAON Canada AC Programs Int’l Science Groups IASC (International Arctic Science Committee) EC-PORS ( Ex. Council on Polar Observations, Research and Services) Organizational Framework for Arctic Observing in Canada (DRAFT)
    23. 23. EC-PORS Priorities <ul><li>“ Services” are the driver that anchors the Panel’s work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polar NWP, GMDSS, Polar Climate Outlook Forums (PCOF) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polar Prediction System – a framework for moving forward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WCRP Workshop, “Polar Climate Predictability” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAS Workshop on Polar Prediction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting a Polar Climate Outlook Forum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implementation of Global Cryosphere Watch </li></ul><ul><li>Essential nature of remote sensing / Space assets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polar Communication and Weather Satellite Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>refine the charge to the IPY Space Task Group (STG) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supersites - promote notion of integrated monitoring and linkage with WMO Integrated Global Observing System </li></ul>
    24. 24. Polar Prediction System: a unifying focus <ul><li>There is a need for an immediate, high-level and sustained focus on polar prediction services (PPS) </li></ul><ul><li>PPS would involve the Earth System approach, from daily to seasonal to decadal and longer timescales, and must include the human dimension </li></ul><ul><li>PPS would stimulate integration of observations to enhance prediction systems </li></ul><ul><li>PPS would provide forecasts, predictions and projections to governments for adaptation, providing a synergy with the outcomes of WCC-3 and the Global Framework for Climate Services </li></ul><ul><li>A polar prediction system will draw and coordinate many research and operational elements of WMO and related agencies, of national modeling centers and of other polar science organizations into common purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>A polar prediction system could represent the central motivating idea of an International Polar Decade. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Next Steps <ul><li>International Polar Decade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations on modalities – report to EC 62 - June 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entrench activities in WMO Strategic Plan and secure resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage contributions to the Trust Fund </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintaining connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal Secretariat - WIKI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EC – PORS II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hobart – October 2010 (TBC) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. International Polar Decade <ul><li>Define the scientific basis of an IPD </li></ul><ul><li>Concept and structure IPD workshop (Feb 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant Organizations to engage </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes to consider at WMO Congress XVI 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Task team would be established for this activity </li></ul>
    27. 27. The Arctic provides great challenges for observation, research and provision of services. WMO (and SAON) need to meet the challenge – partnership and collaboration are essential.

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