Child Abuse Defined: Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Neglect Emotional Abuse “At a minimum, any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.” – Child Abuse Defined by (CAPTA)
Overview of Child Maltreatment: Long history of child abuse Child abuse has gained recent acknowledgement and attention. First child abuse case in America - http://www.americanhumane.org/about-us/who-we- are/history/mary-ellen-wilson.html 1874 N.Y Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse 1974; The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) - Obama administration reauthorizes (CAPTA)
Causes of Child Abuse:Family Systems Perspective Family Characteristics Parent Characteristics 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr Child Characteristics 4th QtrCommunity 5th Qtr culture
Break the Cycle: Parents who have suffered child abuse in their own lives are 12x more likely to become abusers themselves.- (Ertern, Leventhal, and Dobbs, 2000 ) These parents frequently struggle with fears of passing on the abuse and desire support groups to prevent this from happening. –(Hall, 2011)
Group Design: Parents Breaking the Cycle. Group Design (# of sessions, length of sessions, etc) Group Leader ( roles, skills, techniques) Group contract (type, stipulations) Ground rules and polices Group members (volunteer, referred clients) Evaluation methodsWe come together as parents to break the cycle ofabuse; We seek to become the parents we neverknew but know we can become througheducation, support and courage”- BTC MissionStatement.
Empowerment: “The process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power so that individuals can take action to improve their life situations.” (Krist-Ashman, 2011) Empowerment Consciousness raising Mutual aid Power Socialization Group cohesion
Questions? Comments? “Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children”- Sitting Bull