World History - Unit 1 Test ReviewPresentation Transcript
What did you enjoy learning about MOST in UNIT ONE? Click on the “A” button and type your answer on this board!
Unit 1 Test: Review Mandatory Session! 2/14/11 Cupid Martin Luther A Spanish galleon, ca. 1600 Louis XIV of France
How to Prepare for your Test Complete the Student Guides from the lessons in Unit 1 (print them out!) Complete all the Unit 1 Checkpoints and Quizzes!! Read the Study GuideI pushed out at the beginning of this session. This is an OPEN NOTE TEST!! ASK QUESTIONS!!
The Test Unit 1 Test – PART I - Worth 60 Points There are 20 multiple choice questions You have unlimited time to take the exam You may RETAKE the exam for a higher score It is DUE by Sunday, Feb. 20th at midnight
Unit 1 Test – PART II – Worth 20 Points
You must complete the essay portion of the test!
The Essay should be 2 paragraphs, at least 8 sentences:
Use the Essay Guide to complete the essay
Click on Unit 1 Test: Part 2, download the Essay Guide
Save your essay, then upload it in the DROPBOX!
Essay Topic: The Catholic Counter-Reformation!
What motivated European Exploration during the Age of Discovery?
A – Finding a newer and faster sea route to China and India
B – Conquering new lands and people, spreading Christianity
C– A spirit of intellectual curiosity
D – Trading gold, spices and other resources to get rich and powerful
E – All of the Above
Prince Henry and the dawn of Discovery Portuguese sailor and explorer, born in 1394 Set up a “school” for navigators and map-makers in 1427 Set his sights on AFRICA Wanted to find a route around Africa to Asia Helped establish the first slave trade between Portugal and Africa
Two Important Sailing Innovations THE CARAVEL Invented by the Portuguese in the 15th century Light, maneuverable sailing ship Used a TRIANGULARSAIL that allowed ships to move AGAINST THE WIND! Allowed for greater speed as well
Earliest known use of it was in China, ca. 250 BC
First used by European sailors in the 13th century
Uses a magnetized lodestone
Enabled voyages beyond coasts
Helps sailors find DIRECTION!
English Colonies in North America: Virginia Company established Jamestown in 1607 Trading site for gold, furs and tobacco. Lasted until 1705. 1620 – The __________________ landed at Plymouth Rock, Mass. 102 colonists came, looking for RELIGIOUS FREEDOM We call them Puritans or __________________. They were persecuted by the Church of England for their Protestant (Calvinist) beliefs.
TheMAYFLOWER COMPACT, Nov. 12 1620 “Having undertaken a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these present solemnly and mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.” Why is this document so important? The Original copy!
A New World of Trade
What kinds of things were traded back and forth in the Columbian Exchange?
What were the positives and negatives for each side?
SLAVERYcomes to Africa and the New World… Countries like Portugal, England and Spain traded guns in Africa to local chiefs for slaves and captured prisoners. Slaves made the MIDDLE PASSAGE from Africa to the West Indies. There, the slaves worked in sugar caneplantations, which led to higher European demand and increased slave trade across the Atlantic
TheProtestant Reformation How much for no Purgatory? Which of the following was a CAUSE of the Protestant Reformation: A – Church clergy were abusing their power B – The poor were being neglected while bishops and cardinals grew wealthier C – Kings and Popes fought back and forth over who was more powerful D – The sale of indulgences to pay for Church building projects E – All of the Above
After 100 years of growing hatred… Thirty Year’s War! (1618 – 1648)
The Cause: HRE Ferdinand II wanted to make Bohemia Catholic; it was Protestant.
Catholics, Lutherans and Calvinists all fought each other in GERMANY,
the Holy Roman Empire fell apart and was divided up into small principalities.
So: France, Spain, Sweden and Denmark all tried to snatch parts of Germany!
The Result: more then 3 million Europeans died. FRANCE won BIG TIME!
The Peace of Westphalia and the Results of Reformation in Europe The Peace of Westphalia (1648) ended the Thirty Years War Spain, Germany and Sweden were all weakened by war, loss of land FRANCE grew in size and power after the war: centralized New borders were drawn, official “countries” were established Absolute Monarchies became the new way to govern What does it mean to be an “Absolute Monarch”? What is the “Divine Right of Kings”?
Peter the Great - RUSSIA
Ruled for 42 years (d. 1725)
Through military victories , he created the Russian Empire, the largest in the world at the time
Modernized Russia by making it more “European”; brought ships, technology and new ideas to Russia: no beards!
Reformed the Russian Orthodox Church
Built St. Petersburg, and made it his new capital
LOUIS XIV - FRANCE Ruled France for 72 years: The “Sun King” (d. 1715) Ended Feudalism, made Paris the official Capital Controlled every aspect of French government Built the Palace of Versaillesas a symbol of his wealth and power “I am the State.” – Louis XIV
The ENGLISH CIVIL WAR: King – No King – King Again! King Charles I of England refused to give in to Parliaments demands He claimed Divine Right to Absolute Rule – Parliament declared war! Charles I lost the Civil War, was arrested and beheaded in 1649 Parliament’s leader, Oliver Cromwell, took over as “Lord Protector” until his death in 1658 – He was a Puritan: NO FUN Parliament restored the Monarchy in 1660, allowing Charles II to be king England was back where it started, almost… Parliament was now calling the shots!
The Glorious Revolution - 1688 King James II of England was Catholic, so was his new son… Parliament wanted to keep England Protestant, so it called on William III of Holland to fight James II James II ran away like a little girl… William and Mary become King and Queen of England Parliament has major pull now, so: ENGLISH BILL of RIGHTS in 1689 What did it guarantee?
Secret Phrase: “I must complete BOTH parts of the Unit 1Test by Sunday night.”