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World History - Unit 1 Test Review

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  • You can use this as a warm-up activity to post about 10 minutes before the start of class. Then when class starts, you can discuss the words the students posted.
  • Answer: E. Have the students brainstorm what they know about each one, and generate examples. Top right: Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean. Bottom right: A French Jesuit attempts to convert the Iroquois in North America.
  • The African coast in yellow shows the extent of Henry’s progress. It would not be until 1488, 28 years after Henry’s death, that one of his Portuguese countrymen would reach the southern tip of Africa, Bartholomew Dias and the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Fill in the blank: Mayflower and Pilgrims. The Mayflower was supposed to land in Northern Virginia, but was blown off course. They ran out of provisions (including beer), and were forced to land in Massachusetts. William Bradford became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Religious freedom and toleration became the motivation for many more colonists to “New England”.Bottom right: William Bradford and others sign the “Mayflower Compact”, the first “constitution” in the new American colonies.
  • Be sure to take note of the TOMATO, which was unknown to Europe before the Columbian Exchange. That just might be on the test. Can you imagine pasta in Italy without tomato sauce, or pizza for that matter! Inconceivable!
  • Top right: a drawing of an African slave ship from Portugal. Bottom right: actual photo of Jamaican slaves working a sugar field, ca. 1850.
  • What was it about the sale of indulgences that pushed many like Martin Luther to the point of PROTEST against the Catholic Church?Was a split inevitable after 1000 years of a Catholic monopoly on Christianity?
  • You may want to consider the event known as the “Defenestration of Prague” which occurred in 1618. In that year, HRE Ferdinand II was elected crown prince of Bohemia (modern Czech Republic), one of his many titles. Ferdinand sent representatives to Prague, the capital, where they were rudely met by a group of Bohemian nobles who threw Ferdinand’s representatives out of a window (defenstrated) and into a pile of horse manure. This angered Ferdinand, who declared war on the nobles. Bohemia soon erupted in open revolt, and various allies jumped in to help Bohemia and in the process attack the Holy Roman Empire. The 30 Years War had officially begun!
  • Open up a brief discussion here.
  • Peter the Great so despised the long beards that were commonly worn in Russia (symbolizing the old ways), that he issued a new tax on anyone who wore a beard. Apparently mustaches were ok though.
  • Before the reforms of the English Monarchy in 1660, Parliament could only meet when the King called for them to do so. Because Charles I wasn’t very popular among the members of Parliament, he simply decided to just not call them. So they had no voice at all in the government, which is what forced them to declare war. Interesting note about Oliver Cromwell. He had become so hated by pretty much everyone in England that when the Royalists returned to power in 1660, they had Cromwell’s body dug up, his skull removed from his body and placed on a pike outside the Tower of London! That’ll teach you to ban Christmas, Oliver!
  • Ok, so James II technically abdicated the throne and fled to France, where he lived in the court of his cousin, Louis XIV.What made the Revolution “Glorious”? It was won without bloodshed, and was a total victory for Parliament and the people.The English Bill of Rights not only officially gave the throne to William and Mary, but it also:1.) Placed limits on the king’s power. Now Parliament called on the King, not the other way around.2.) Members of Parliament now had Freedom of Speech: could not be arrested for criticizing the king3.) Parliament now had to hold regular elections for to bring in new members4.) Re-affirmed England as a Protestant country with no ties to the Catholic Church5.) The king could not tax the People without consent of Parliament6.) Parliament alone, not the King, determines what is law in England
  • http://jeopardylabs.com/play/world-history-unit-1-jeopardyThis is a fun Jeopardy game based on what we learned in Unit 1. Play it and see how much you know!
  • Transcript

    • 1. What did you enjoy learning about MOST in
      UNIT ONE?
      Click on the “A” button and type your answer on this board!
    • 2. Unit 1 Test: Review
      Mandatory Session!
      2/14/11
      Cupid
      Martin Luther
      A Spanish galleon, ca. 1600
      Louis XIV of France
    • 3. How to Prepare for your Test
      Complete the Student Guides from the lessons in Unit 1 (print them out!)
      Complete all the Unit 1 Checkpoints and Quizzes!!
      Read the Study GuideI pushed out at the beginning of this session.
      This is an OPEN NOTE TEST!!
      ASK QUESTIONS!!
    • 4. The Test
      Unit 1 Test – PART I - Worth 60 Points
      There are 20 multiple choice questions
      You have unlimited time to take the exam
      You may RETAKE the exam for a higher score
      It is DUE by Sunday, Feb. 20th at midnight
      • Unit 1 Test – PART II – Worth 20 Points
      • 5. You must complete the essay portion of the test!
      • 6. The Essay should be 2 paragraphs, at least 8 sentences:
      • 7. Use the Essay Guide to complete the essay
      • 8. Click on Unit 1 Test: Part 2, download the Essay Guide
      • 9. Save your essay, then upload it in the DROPBOX!
      • 10. Essay Topic: The Catholic Counter-Reformation!
    • What motivated European Exploration during the Age of Discovery?
      • A – Finding a newer and faster sea route to China and India
      • 11. B – Conquering new lands and people, spreading Christianity
      • 12. C– A spirit of intellectual curiosity
      • 13. D – Trading gold, spices and other resources to get rich and powerful
      • 14. E – All of the Above
    • Prince Henry and the dawn of Discovery
      Portuguese sailor and explorer, born in 1394
      Set up a “school” for navigators and map-makers in 1427
      Set his sights on AFRICA
      Wanted to find a route around Africa to Asia
      Helped establish the first slave trade between Portugal and Africa 
    • 15. Two Important Sailing Innovations
      THE CARAVEL
      Invented by the Portuguese in the 15th century
      Light, maneuverable sailing ship
      Used a TRIANGULARSAIL that allowed ships to move AGAINST THE WIND!
      Allowed for greater speed as well
      • THE COMPASS
      • 16. Earliest known use of it was in China, ca. 250 BC
      • 17. First used by European sailors in the 13th century
      • 18. Uses a magnetized lodestone
      • 19. Enabled voyages beyond coasts
      • 20. Helps sailors find DIRECTION!
      VS.
    • 21. English Colonies in North America:
      Virginia Company established Jamestown in 1607
      Trading site for gold, furs and tobacco. Lasted until 1705.
      1620 – The __________________ landed at Plymouth Rock, Mass.
      102 colonists came, looking for RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
      We call them Puritans or __________________.
      They were persecuted by the Church of England for their Protestant (Calvinist) beliefs.
    • 22. TheMAYFLOWER COMPACT, Nov. 12 1620
      “Having undertaken a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these present solemnly and mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.”
      Why is this document so important?
      The Original copy!
    • 23. A New World of Trade
      • What kinds of things were traded back and forth in the Columbian Exchange?
      • 24. What were the positives and negatives for each side?
    • SLAVERYcomes to Africa and the New World…
      Countries like Portugal, England and Spain traded guns in Africa to local chiefs for slaves and captured prisoners.
      Slaves made the MIDDLE PASSAGE from Africa to the West Indies.
      There, the slaves worked in sugar caneplantations, which led to higher European demand and increased slave trade across the Atlantic
    • 25. TheProtestant Reformation
      How much for no Purgatory?
      Which of the following was a CAUSE of the Protestant Reformation:
      A – Church clergy were abusing their power
      B – The poor were being neglected while bishops and cardinals grew wealthier
      C – Kings and Popes fought back and forth over who was more powerful
      D – The sale of indulgences to pay for Church building projects
      E – All of the Above
    • 26. After 100 years of growing hatred…
      Thirty Year’s War! (1618 – 1648)
      • The Cause: HRE Ferdinand II wanted to make Bohemia Catholic; it was Protestant.
      • 27. Catholics, Lutherans and Calvinists all fought each other in GERMANY,
      the Holy Roman Empire fell apart and was divided up into small principalities.
      • So: France, Spain, Sweden and Denmark all tried to snatch parts of Germany!
      • 28. The Result: more then 3 million Europeans died. FRANCE won BIG TIME!
    • The Peace of Westphalia and the Results of Reformation in Europe
      The Peace of Westphalia (1648) ended the Thirty Years War
      Spain, Germany and Sweden were all weakened by war, loss of land
      FRANCE grew in size and power after the war: centralized
      New borders were drawn, official “countries” were established
      Absolute Monarchies became the new way to govern
      What does it mean to be an “Absolute Monarch”?
      What is the “Divine Right of Kings”?
    • 29. TwoAbsolute Monarchs:
      • Peter the Great - RUSSIA
      • 30. Ruled for 42 years (d. 1725)
      • 31. Through military victories , he created the Russian Empire, the largest in the world at the time
      • 32. Modernized Russia by making it more “European”; brought ships, technology and new ideas to Russia: no beards!
      • 33. Reformed the Russian Orthodox Church
      • 34. Built St. Petersburg, and made it his new capital
      LOUIS XIV - FRANCE
      Ruled France for 72 years: The “Sun King” (d. 1715)
      Ended Feudalism, made Paris the official Capital
      Controlled every aspect of French government
      Built the Palace of Versaillesas a symbol of his wealth and power
      “I am the State.” – Louis XIV
    • 35. The ENGLISH CIVIL WAR: King – No King – King Again!
      King Charles I of England refused to give in to Parliaments demands
      He claimed Divine Right to Absolute Rule – Parliament declared war!
      Charles I lost the Civil War, was arrested and beheaded in 1649
      Parliament’s leader, Oliver Cromwell, took over as “Lord Protector” until his death in 1658 – He was a Puritan: NO FUN 
      Parliament restored the Monarchy in 1660, allowing Charles II to be king
      England was back where it started, almost…
      Parliament was now calling the shots!
    • 36. The Glorious Revolution - 1688
      King James II of England was Catholic, so was his new son…
      Parliament wanted to keep England Protestant, so it called on William III of Holland to fight James II
      James II ran away like a little girl…
      William and Mary become King and Queen of England
      Parliament has major pull now, so:
      ENGLISH BILL of RIGHTS in 1689
      What did it guarantee?
    • 37. QUESTIONS???
      • Secret Phrase: “I must complete BOTH parts of the Unit 1Test by Sunday night.”
      • 38. GOOD LUCK on the TEST!
      Palace of Versailles

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