Cooperative learning

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Cooperative learning

  1. 1. Cooperative Learning <ul><li>Students work together in small groups and learn through interaction with each other while the teacher coaches the process. </li></ul>
  2. 2. 5 Major Phases <ul><ul><li>Teacher clarifies goals , provides a hook and introductory information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize student teams with clearly defined roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate team activities, including academic learning, social skills & cooperative behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess student knowledge throughout the process and/or by team presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize both group & individual efforts such as active participation and taking responsibility for learning </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Phase 1: Goals, Hook & Introduction <ul><li>The 3 instructional goals of cooperative learning are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic achievement, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerance and acceptance of diversity, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of social skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider how you will communicate these goals in your introduction </li></ul>
  4. 4. Phase 2: Teams and Roles <ul><li>Organize materials, learning experiences and small group activities by paying attention to 4 key features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form heterogeneous teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How students will work together in small groups ( Student Teams, Jigsaw, Group Investigation, Think-Pair-Share) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How behavior and results will be recognized or rewarded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realistic time estimate </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Jigsaw-Teams
  6. 6. Think-Pair-Share
  7. 7. Four- and Six-Cluster Seating Arrangements
  8. 8. The Swing Seating Arrangement
  9. 9. Cooperative Learning Roles May Include … <ul><li>Group recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Materials collector </li></ul><ul><li>Reporter </li></ul><ul><li>Final copy scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrator </li></ul><ul><li>Timekeeper </li></ul><ul><li>Cheerleader/ Facilitator </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Messenger </li></ul>
  10. 10. Phase 3: Facilitate learning, social skills & cooperative learning <ul><li>Help with Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Teach Cooperation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Task Interdependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing Skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation Skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Team Building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Social and Group Skills </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Phase 4: Assess Throughout and/or with Presentations <ul><li>Test Academic Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Grade Cooperative Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize Cooperative Effort </li></ul>
  12. 12. Scoring Procedures for Jigsaw
  13. 13. Quiz Score Sheet for Jigsaw
  14. 14. Rubric for Cooperation and Collaboration
  15. 15. Phase 5: Recognize Group & Individual Efforts <ul><li>Find ways to highlight group presentations by displaying results prominently in room. </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe invite guests to hear final reports. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider summarizing results through newsletters or other forums. </li></ul><ul><li>Each individual makes some kind of unique contribution – highlight those. </li></ul>
  16. 16. During today’s activities … <ul><li>Look for ways the learning experiences could be adapted for your students into cooperative learning activities </li></ul><ul><li>Choose 1 representative to record ideas for each of the 5 phases </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to share these ideas with the rest of us </li></ul>
  17. 17. Web Links to Cooperative Learning <ul><li>A guide to Cooperative Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Cooperative Learning Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Jigsaw </li></ul><ul><li>Group Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>The Collaborative Classroom </li></ul>

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