The Role of Batteries
in the Green Economy


March 16th, 2009
Christina Lampe-Onnerud
What is a green economy?
     It’s the economics of the real world—
      the world of work, human needs, the
      Earth...
Energy storage: protecting the
    environment and saving the economy
        Multibillion dollar global industry
       ...
Global Warming

                                                 Global Warming Definition

                              ...
Risks and Impacts of Global Warming




                                                               Higher risk of irre...
Global Warming – Risk Timeline



                                                                                        ...
The effect of climate change

                                                 Stern Review estimates the overall costs
  ...
How do we get a truly green economy?
     Government/political networks
             – In order to distinguish and regula...
Political threats
     Changing political atmosphere in 2008-2009, US and European governments
     are demoting green pol...
Copenhagen 2009, next Kyoto protocol




     2009 is a crucial year in the international effort to address climate change...
Road to Copenhagen
      The Road to Copenhagen is an interactive initiative aimed at giving business,
      parliamentari...
Threat of green washing
        – how do consumers know?
      Threat: Over-touting in order to win points with consumers...
NGOs apply market pressure to be Green




13   2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
The market will decide on green
      - but needs help from accreditation
     The market can make the decision with
    ...
What does it mean to have an Eco-label?
     Ecolabel certification available for Li-ion batteries
            – the logo ...
Eco-label requirement for Li-ion
          Chemical requirement
                  – Mercury must not exceed 0.1 ppm.
    ...
Green jobs in a green economy




         Clean technologies have a huge potential in terms of job creation and
        ...
Green technology is emerging


      HP Enviro Series Notebook Batteries (Lithium-ion
          Sustainable Life Notebook...
Energy storage based on Li-ion
      Whole-system battery
      approach = applicable to a
      vast range of end
      a...
Transition to Next-Generation Power Trains

                                                  Environmental challenges an...
Reducing Environmental Impact
        in a Green Economy
          Commit to products that work
                  – Fewer...
‘There is still time to avoid the worst
        impacts of climate change, if we take
        strong action now.’
        ...
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Batteries In A Green Economy

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Dr. Christina Lampe-Onnerud Addresses 26th International Battery Seminar and Exhibit

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Batteries In A Green Economy

  1. 1. The Role of Batteries in the Green Economy March 16th, 2009 Christina Lampe-Onnerud
  2. 2. What is a green economy?  It’s the economics of the real world— the world of work, human needs, the Earth’s materials, and how they mesh together most harmoniously.  It’s about “use-value”, not “exchange- value” or money. It is about quality, not quantity for the sake of it. It is about regeneration---of individuals, communities and ecosystems---not about accumulation, of either money or material.  It is to operate within the ecological constraints of earth's natural resources.  It is a rapidly growing billion-dollar sector that includes renewable energy sources, organic produce and products, green buildings, alternative fuel vehicles, and more. 2 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  3. 3. Energy storage: protecting the environment and saving the economy  Multibillion dollar global industry at a crossroads – Insatiable demand – Strong growth rates – Mobility a requirement versus a luxury – Enabling clean tech and transportation  Battery industry opportunity on multiple levels – Performance and safety – Empowering existing and new markets – Environmental sustainability – Environmental accreditation 3 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  4. 4. Global Warming Global Warming Definition The increase in the average temperature of the Earth's : - near-surface air and - oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. 4 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  5. 5. Risks and Impacts of Global Warming Higher risk of irreversible transitions Higher total economic and ecological impact More global distribution and balance of impacts More frequency and more severity of extreme climate events Higher risk to unique and threatened systems 5 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  6. 6. Global Warming – Risk Timeline 2075 2050 2025 2025 1990 Higher risk of irreversible transitions Higher total economic and ecological impact More global distribution and balance of impacts More frequency and more severity of extreme climate events Higher risk to unique and threatened systems 6 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  7. 7. The effect of climate change Stern Review estimates the overall costs and risks of climate change:  large worldwide economic losses will be equivalent to - at least 5% GDP annually in the short term - may increase to 20%loss of GDP per year  points out the extensive risks of world economy also have implications on world peace  provides prescriptions including environmental taxes to minimize the economic and social disruptions. 7 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  8. 8. How do we get a truly green economy?  Government/political networks – In order to distinguish and regulate truly green products and services, the governments must take action. The main problem facing consumers is a lack of easily recognized accreditation. There is a lack of qualifiers imposed upon companies that make the green product claim. The only way to avoid false claims is by mandating that companies seek third party certification acknowledged by and promoted by our governments.  Business – Businesses need to drive to sustainable products and will be greatly helped by third party organizations. The regulatory framework gives businesses the long term commitment that green counts. And that there will be payback if all is green and penalties if not. This will stimulate economic growth. Capital will continue to flow into new green markets increasing innovation and collaboration.  Consumers – or “the people” . . . We are ultimately the real winners of true green. Many of us want to do the right thing and support honest companies. Third party regulations will empower and stimulate conscientious consumers, who will have confidence that the products they purchase are what they claim to be. 8 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  9. 9. Political threats Changing political atmosphere in 2008-2009, US and European governments are demoting green policies.  First, the global economic crisis has demoted green policies nearer to the bottom of the political agenda. Saving the economy and creating jobs take priority now.  Second, disillusionment with the failed Kyoto Protocol has turned utopian thinking into sobriety. After all, most of the Kyoto signatories failed to reduce their CO2 emissions during the last 10 years. There are also growing doubts about the long-term viability of the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme. The price of carbon credits has collapsed as a result of the financial crisis. The drop in demand and the recession are likely to depress carbon prices for years to come  Third, a number of countries have experienced a political backlash over their renewable energy schemes. Tens of billions of euros of taxpayers' money have been pumped into projects that depend on endless government handouts. Each of the 35,000 solar jobs in Germany, for instance, is subsidized to the tune of €130,000. According to estimates by the Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research, green subsidies will cost German electricity consumers nearly €27 billion in the next two years. 9 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  10. 10. Copenhagen 2009, next Kyoto protocol 2009 is a crucial year in the international effort to address climate change, culminating in the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, 7-18 December. The Working Group under the Kyoto Protocol and the Working Group on Long- term Cooperative Action under the Convention will operate in full negotiating mode in 2009. 10 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  11. 11. Road to Copenhagen The Road to Copenhagen is an interactive initiative aimed at giving business, parliamentarians, NGOs and individual citizens a voice. From Road to Copenhagen protocol to UN Climate negotiators in Poznan 2008: “Clean technologies have a huge potential in terms of job creation and improving economic and social prosperity. We need more research, development and supporting structures to enhance the diffusion of existing patented and retrofitted technologies.’” 11 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  12. 12. Threat of green washing – how do consumers know?  Threat: Over-touting in order to win points with consumers – some are real, but which ones?  Opportunity: Conscientious consumers will play an important role in ensuring that the truly environmentally sustainable products remain distinguished from those merely leveraging the empty promises 12 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  13. 13. NGOs apply market pressure to be Green 13 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  14. 14. The market will decide on green - but needs help from accreditation The market can make the decision with help of accreditation, which is standardized and government sponsored Private and public procurement involves huge amount of money, which, if put through the right channels, can drive the suppliers toward clean production and sustainable development Chinese government does 40% green procurement today and want to increase this number There are only two (as of Dec 2008) that give eco-label for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries The Nordic Ecolabel The Chinese Ecolabel 14 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  15. 15. What does it mean to have an Eco-label? Ecolabel certification available for Li-ion batteries – the logo demonstrates that a product is a good environmental choice – checks that products fulfill certain criteria using methods such as samples from independent laboratories, certificates and control visits – ensures that a product meets rigorous, science-based environmental leadership standards, which gives manufacturers the assurance to back up their claims and purchasers confidence that certified products are better for human health and the environment – is usually valid for a certain amount of years, after which the criteria are revised and the company must reapply for a license – the goal is to achieve a more sustainable world by promoting environmentally responsible production, purchasing, and products 15 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  16. 16. Eco-label requirement for Li-ion  Chemical requirement – Mercury must not exceed 0.1 ppm. – Arsenic must not exceed 20 ppm – Lead must not exceed 20 ppm – Cadmium must not exceed 20 ppm – Packaging with no PVC or other chlorinated plastics  Li-ion battery product and production requirements – long cycle life guarantee – full traceability of cells and chemicals – visible eco-labeling on outside of cell – auditing of manufacturing and supply chain 16 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  17. 17. Green jobs in a green economy  Clean technologies have a huge potential in terms of job creation and improving economic and social prosperity. We need more research, development and supporting structures to enhance the diffusion of existing patented and retrofitted technologies.  Obama promises to spend $150 billion over 10 years to create 5 million new green-collar jobs. (Time May 2008) 17 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  18. 18. Green technology is emerging  HP Enviro Series Notebook Batteries (Lithium-ion Sustainable Life Notebook Battery)  “Allows you to work on the go and provides the customer with the added assurance of a 3 year warranty, which helps the customer reduce their environmental footprint by consuming fewer batteries over time. The batteries utilize Boston- Power Sonata battery cells which are uniquely designed with sustainable life in mind.” 18 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  19. 19. Energy storage based on Li-ion Whole-system battery approach = applicable to a vast range of end applications – Portable power will continue to evolve and will require more customized battery solutions – High-energy density and high power energy storage enables clean teach energy solutions taking load off our grid – Evolving transportation market will require strong collaboration between car and battery industry 19 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  20. 20. Transition to Next-Generation Power Trains  Environmental challenges and increase of public's mobility •Growing petroleum consumption •Global climate change •Urban pollution  Leads to new innovation •IC engines and transmissions •Emission control technologies •Alternative power trains •New battery solutions •Tailored power cycle •High safety •Excellent predictability 20 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  21. 21. Reducing Environmental Impact in a Green Economy  Commit to products that work – Fewer replacements – Higher functionality – High brand loyalty  Focus on less use of resources – Energy and materials efficiencies – Promote recycling programs – Produce locally  Actively provide leadership – Participate in accreditation – Advocate recycling programs – Empower green electronics, emerging transportation, and provide energy storage for alternative energy solutions – Commit to Corporate Social Responsibility – Be active in National and Worldwide policymaking to enforce total cost considerations 21 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO
  22. 22. ‘There is still time to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, if we take strong action now.’ ‘The benefits of strong and early action far outweigh the economic costs of not acting.’ Lord Stern 22 2009-04-16 Batteries in Green Economy CLO

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