Sex refers to the biological differences between women and
men.
 
 Gender refers to:
• The roles and responsibilities of women and men and the
relationship between them.
• The way behavior...
Socialisation starts from birth
People are born male and female
 Learn to become boys & girls
 Grow into men and women i...
“SEX” and “GENDER” are not the same!
SEX
 Biological
 Constant across time
and location
 Universal

GENDER
 Social
 V...
 

These roles and expectations are:
Usually unequal in terms of
• power and control
• over decision-making
• assets and f...
Women-Productive life
+ Reproductive life

Do you see any imbalance?
Gender inequity to equity
Definition of Roles
 

• Productive roles
• Work done by women and men for payment in cash or kind.

 

• Reproductive rol...
WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix
Research and Evidence
Biological and
Social variables

Exposure and
vulnerability

• Biolo...
WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix
Biological and
Social variables

Exposure and
vulnerability

Outcomes and
Impact

Access a...
WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix
Biological and
Social variables

Exposure and
vulnerability

Outcomes and
Impact

Access a...
Gender
Is a dimension that has to be incorporated in all policies,
programmes and organizations------since it helps to
und...
Gender Mainstreaming
Women and men are biologically different

& Women and men are shaped by different gender
constructio...
WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix
Actions to be taken
Influence of
gender roles in
sex differentials

Policy/ Legislati...
WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix
Actions to be taken
Influence of
gender roles in
sex differentials

Policy/ Legislati...
WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix
Actions to be taken
Influence of
gender roles in
sex differentials

Policy/ Legislati...
Gender and malaria 3rd june
Gender and malaria 3rd june
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Gender and malaria 3rd june

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Gender and malaria 3rd june

  1. 1.   Sex refers to the biological differences between women and men.  
  2. 2.  Gender refers to: • The roles and responsibilities of women and men and the relationship between them. • The way behaviors and identities are determined through the process of socialization.  
  3. 3. Socialisation starts from birth People are born male and female  Learn to become boys & girls  Grow into men and women in a socio cultural context  Gender-the socially defined roles and responsibilities assigned to men and women in a given culture, location, society and time  Training for adult roles imparted through play and education 
  4. 4. “SEX” and “GENDER” are not the same! SEX  Biological  Constant across time and location  Universal GENDER  Social  Varies across time and location  Contextual
  5. 5.   These roles and expectations are: Usually unequal in terms of • power and control • over decision-making • assets and freedom of action • culturally specific • change over time
  6. 6. Women-Productive life + Reproductive life Do you see any imbalance?
  7. 7. Gender inequity to equity
  8. 8. Definition of Roles   • Productive roles • Work done by women and men for payment in cash or kind.   • Reproductive roles • Childbearing/rearing responsibilities and domestic tasks   required to guarantee the maintenance and well-being of all family members. • Community management roles • Activities taken at the community level for its development and political organization • Usually voluntary, unpaid work
  9. 9. WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix Research and Evidence Biological and Social variables Exposure and vulnerability • Biological: sex Outcomes and Impact Access and Utilization Women during pregnancy Women becos’ of Malaria cause abortion, SB and too much house work cannot go to (reproductive organ) maternal deaths RHC Midwife only give MCH service Age • Middle age men work in forest Gender-men has to work outside to earn Illness due to malaria/CM/D Work loss becos’ of illness Less income -Not easily access to health service -Late case to hosp -Poverty hinder access to health All information in each column and row should be given separately for male and female
  10. 10. WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix Biological and Social variables Exposure and vulnerability Outcomes and Impact Access and Utilization •Social: Education Women /menuneducated refer malaria to eating banana/stream water -Do not know to sleep under bed nets -Men and children sleep under bed nets -Do not know ITN Infection off and on –chronic malaria Anaemia in women-become pregnant---------- -Afraid to go to health personnel -Use traditional medicine -pamphlets are there but not literate to read -no TV Occupation Men work in forest Malaria attack more vulnerable than Cerebral malaria women -Less income and unable to pay for treatment -reluctant due to unaffordability -men avoid hosp/ health post Death Aggravated by -Malnutrition Alcohol
  11. 11. WHO SEAR Gender Analysis Matrix Biological and Social variables Exposure and vulnerability Outcomes and Impact Access and Utilization •Rural/urban rural-less availability of HE media -still stick to misinformation -No idea of ITN -rely on (aq; -Rural groups expose more to malaria -traditional belief iIlness to both men and women Tribal groups •Qualitative data on observed gender differences +rD;wdk)
  12. 12. Gender Is a dimension that has to be incorporated in all policies, programmes and organizations------since it helps to understand better attitudes, needs and roles of women and men in society, on the basis of social, economic, political and cultural factors. Gender has to be considered as part of the general analysis of an activity, policy, programme, event or process. It should be mainstreamed and should not be considered as a separate issue.
  13. 13. Gender Mainstreaming Women and men are biologically different & Women and men are shaped by different gender construction Women and men have different health needs This must be understood so as to respond in an equitable and efficient manner Understanding and responsiveness to differential needs of women and men in a sensitive and fair manner-Gender Mainstreaming
  14. 14. WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix Actions to be taken Influence of gender roles in sex differentials Policy/ Legislation Programme and Budget allocation services: for gender activities Clinical, communication administration Information Systems: Reports, monitoring, evaluation • Observations related to exposure and vulnerability • Observations related to outcomes and impact • Observations related to access and utilization of services Budget allocation for management of pregnant women with malaria -Include sex disaggregated data for malaria morbidity and mortality -monitor pregnant women with malaria to prevent abortion, SB and MMR Encourage policy for case detection of women in remote areas with pregnancy and malaria MCH services integrate with Malaria program to help pregnant women with malaria -train midwives on early Dx and prompt Rx for malaria -free of charge?
  15. 15. WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix Actions to be taken Influence of gender roles in sex differentials Policy/ Legislation Programme and Budget allocation services: for gender activities Clinical, communication administration Information Systems: Reports, monitoring, evaluation • Observations related to exposure and vulnerability • Observations related to outcomes and impact • Observations related to access and utilization of services -Enhancement on EDPT to both men and women -Prevention of Malaria drug R -Allocate budget for gender specific research-why women with malaria come late to health post -Include gender success stories and patient based reporting at every level: eg Design and use simple diag method and to reach both men and women -Expand CORP to other townships -Free malaria treatment case detection, number of women reporting on their own and according to age and locality
  16. 16. WHO SEAR Gender Mainstreaming Matrix Actions to be taken Influence of gender roles in sex differentials Policy/ Legislation Programme and Budget allocation services: for gender activities Clinical, communication administration Information Systems: Reports, monitoring, evaluation • Observations related to exposure and vulnerability • Observations related to outcomes and impact • Observations related to access and utilization of services Allocate budget for dissemination of information on use of ITN -program for use of ITN to both men, women and children -include sex disaggregated data on use of ITN More collaboration with other sectors forestry, mining, dam construction -media communication -success stories on use of ITN by men and women in villagesinformed by CORPs INGOs collaboration -correct method of impregnation of bed nets in communuity

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