Lord of the Flies: Introductory Notes


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Baiic introductory materials for the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding.

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Lord of the Flies: Introductory Notes

  1. 1. 1954
  2. 2. William Golding was born onSeptember 19, 1911 in England.
  3. 3. Golding served in World WarII and fought in the invasionof Normandy on D-Day.
  4. 4. This experience had aprofound effect on hisview of humanity and theevils of which it wascapable.
  5. 5. His first and greatestsuccess as a writercame with Lord ofthe Flies.
  6. 6. The Premise ofthe Novel
  7. 7. Set in the mid1940’s when Europeengulfed in war...
  8. 8. ...a planecarrying Britishschool boys ismistaken for amilitary craftand shot down.
  9. 9. Only the boys survive the crash, landingon a deserted island and trying to forma society and govern themselves.
  10. 10. Genres
  11. 11. AllegoryA story in which the various characters,objects, or events represent or symbolizelarger, abstract ideas and concepts
  12. 12. Adventure Novela story in which an excitingundertaking involving risk and physicaldanger forms the main storyline
  13. 13. Setting
  14. 14. Point ofView
  15. 15. The story is delivered by way of anomniscient third-person narrator.
  16. 16. This narrator conveys the events of the novelwithout judgement or interference and hasaccess to the characters’ inner thoughts—focusing primarily on Ralph, but also followsJack and Simon in certain episodes.
  17. 17. Major Characters
  18. 18. Ralph: the charismatic,handsome, fit, level-headed protagonist; theelected leader whovalues fairness; notwithout his own flawsand weaknesses.
  19. 19. Piggy: Ralph’s “lieutenant”;intellectual, rational,scientific, but can be whiny.
  20. 20. Simon: a shy,sensitive boy; worksfor the good of thegroup; his sense ofmorality is notimposed by thegroup but is innateand born of aconnectedness tonature.
  21. 21. Jack: the novel’santagonist; growsincreasinglysavage, selfish, andpower-hungry asthe novelprogresses.
  22. 22. Roger: Jack’s sadistic “lieutenant”
  23. 23. Samneric:Twins named Sam and Eric who arereferred to as one entity.They represent thegeneral masses of people.They are basicallygood citizens who work for the good of thewhole community, but can fall victim to themanipulations and coercion of the wicked.
  24. 24. Thematic Concernsexplored by the novel:
  25. 25. Human Nature
  26. 26. Civilization vs. Savagery
  27. 27. Loss of Innocence
  28. 28. The novel is rifewith symbolism.
  29. 29. The Concha symbol of order and civility
  30. 30. Piggy’s Glassesa symbol of intellect, science,and rational thought
  31. 31. Fire Signala measure of the boys’ connection to civility
  32. 32. The Beastthe darkness, savagery, and evil thatexists within each human heart
  33. 33. Lord ofthe Fliesa man-made Satan-like figurewho allows us to surrenderto the evil within
  34. 34. Biblical Imagery
  35. 35. While the novel does notdirectly parallel any specific taleor portion of the Bible, the novelis rife with biblical imagery.
  36. 36. The EdenicParadise Island
  37. 37. The Snake-LikeCreeper-ThingBeastie
  38. 38. Naked and Unashamed
  39. 39. The Christ-like Simon
  40. 40. The Meaningof the Title
  41. 41. Beel’zebub, a Biblical nickname for Satan,is the Hebrew for “Lord of the flies”
  42. 42. Some quotes byWilliam Golding aboutwriting the book:
  43. 43. “It was simply what seemed sensible forme to write after the war wheneveryone was thanking God they weren’tNazis. I’d seen enough to realize thatevery single one of us could be Nazis.”
  44. 44. “The theme is an attemptto trace the defects ofsociety back to the defectsof human nature.”
  45. 45. fin.