Lunularia cruciata It is native to the Mediterranean, butThe Crescent-cup now can be found allLiverwort over Europe, in is the only species in Australia, andits genus and family growing in California
Dendroceros NeesThis is a species of This genus ofhornwort that hornworts prefersgrows on trees. At humida distance, it is environmentsoften mistaken formoss
Sphagnum moss (peat moss) Sphagnum cristatumSpagnum is probably the mostuseful genus in the mossphylum. When dried, as above,it has been used all over theworld as fuel for millennia, andis still used today. This particular species is antiseptic, and was used as absorbent in Native American diapers, and also to dress soldier’s wounds in world war II.
Psilotum nudumNote whisk ferns’ This plant can bedistinctive lack of found in the tropicsleaves. and subtropics of continents bordering the pacific. The latin name means extremely naked fern
Equisetum arvense Unlike other horsetails, this species’ stem tips are notCommon Horsetail photosynthetic, awkward considering horsetails’ small leaves.Horsetails are mostly either male orfemale, but E. arvense can producespores of both on the same plant! Horsetails such as this were used to scrub pots with before washing machines were invented.
Lycopodium volubileThis is the climbing Club Moss.It is native to Australia (Queensland), Java, and New Zealand.It can, and does, climb vegetationto get better access to sunlight. This species grows bets on the outskirts of the bush and on disturbed turf.
The least adderstongue range is wide, but empty. ForUnlike the example, it can beaverage plant,this found to the westernadderstongue coat of Europe, and ingrows in winter Israel, but nowhere inand dies off in between. It can alsosummer be found in Australia and S. America
Azolla caroliniana Wild mosquito fern The wild mosquito fern looks more like a moss than a fern, but it is an excellent example of ferns’ adaptability and niche- finding. Pond ferns such as this The reason that it looks like a sometimes become moss is simply that the surface to pests. This species can mass ratio of the plant had to be double its mass in three greatly increased in order to days under good allow it to float on ponds. conditions.
Cycas rumphiiSago paste, thestaple of some Its native range iscultures in the the islandstropical eastern between Siampacific, is obtained and Australiafrom the pulp of this Although it is called acycad. This makes it palm, it is not even inone of the very few the same phylum.conifers to have an The visualimportant role in resemblance issustaining human superficialpopulations.
Their seeds look and taste like nuts, although they are not truly, and are thought to have many health benefits in East Asian society. The traditional remedies are not supported conclusively by science. The last of its Ginkgo biloba phylum, the gingko is considered a living fossilThese trees have been cultivated by Chinese monks for hundreds ofyears, (maybe thousands). These monks record that there are ginkgoes3000 years old.
sequoiadendron giganteum Giant sequoia These impressive trees are slow giants, some reaching an age of 3,500 years. Their cones can take 20 years just to open! The largest conifer, it reaches heights of 90+ft, diameters of 17ft, and volumes of over 42,500 cubic feet.
Welwitschia mirabilisThis plant is the only known member of the order Welwitschiales,.It is only found in the Namibian dessert, and as the last of itsorder, it is considered a living fossil. Although it doesn’t look like it, this plant only has two leaves, which grow for as long as the plant is alive and split into long straps due to weight and damage.The plant gets a significant portion of itswater from dew, as its leaves are able toopen like pores and absorb condensationduring the night. It is the only gymnosperm to use CAM carbon-fixation
Cat tail Typha latifolia It may not look appetizing either, but the base of theThis plant grows in stem if filled with a whiteriverbanks. Though starchy powder which can bethey may not look used as flour. The flowers arelike it, those brown high in protein.lumps are it’s flowers.
Rubus fruticosus Common BlackberryThis plant is itself perennial,but each of it’s vines arebiannual, leading to agradual buildup of old,dead vines if pruning is notdone. Alternating generations: However, these The vines grow their first dead vines still year, then produce fruit serve the plant the second, before dying. by protecting it from grazing animals.
Viscum album, European MistletoeThis plant is a hemi-parasitic vinefound in trees in many parts ofthe Old World and North Although it’s a parasite, recentAmerica. studies have shown that junipers benefit from its parasitic presence, making their Mistletoe can complete its life relationship mutualistic. cycle without touching the ground, it uses the tree for nutrients it cannot get from bird droppings and photosynthesis. Mistletoe was sacred to the ancient Celtic druids.