American Humane Association - Policy priorities and data needs regarding the protection of childrenPresentation Transcript
Introduction to the theme of the Working Group 1 : policy priorities and data needs regarding the protection of children against exploitation and violence John Fluke, Ph.D. Vice President, Child Protection Research Center Child Welfare American Humane Association EUROPEAN UNION AGENCY FOR FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Stakeholders Meeting “Applying FRA’s indicators on the rights of the child: policy priorities for data collection” 22 February, 2011
Relation with EU context:
ChildONEurope is the scientific support of the permanent Inter-governmental group L’Europe de l’Enfance
Official member of the EU Forum established by the EU Commission Communication on a new EU strategy on children’s rights (4 July 2006)
Review on national systems of statistics and registration on child abuse (concluded in 2007) www.childoneurope.org
Working group composition: experts coming from the ChildONEurope Partners
Guidelines published in 2009. http://www.childoneurope.org/issues/publications/childabuse_guidelines.pdf
Bianchi D., & Ruggiero R. (2009). Guidelines on data collection and monitoring systems on child abuse . ChildONEurope. Florence, Italy.
Steps in designing and building a child maltreatment data collection and surveillance system from International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect Child Maltreatment Data Working Group Toolkit, 2010
Example Comparative Data Child Maltreatment Data Collection with Some Pertinence to the European Area
Multi-Indicators Trends: Incidence rate ratios for maltreatment indicators compared with Country A, based on 3 year average rate centred on 2005 or 2006. Incidence Rate Ratio is presented for < 1 year (on left), 1-<5 years, and 5+ years (on right) Notif , notifications. Inv , investigations. ORM , officially recognised maltreatment. OR Neg , officially recognised neglect. ORPA , officially recognised physical abuse. OHC , out of home care. MR , maltreatment-related hospital admissions for injury. M+A , maltreatment syndrome or assault. Deaths , homicides and violent deaths. Country B Country C Country D Country E Country F
Decision Making Ecology (Baumann, Fluke &Kern, 1997) External Factors Decision Maker Factors Organizational Factors Decision Making Outcomes Influences Decisions Outcomes Case Factors
Example Normative Indicator Development: US Child and Family Service Review (CFSR) Maltreatment Recurrence
As of June 2006 national standard for recurrence
Of all children who were victims of a substantiated or indicated maltreatment allegation during the first 6 months of FY 2004, what percent were not victims of another substantiated or indicated maltreatment allegation within the 6-months following that maltreatment incident?
National Standard Based on 45 States: 94.6% or higher
Policy and Trends (Example) : How is Data Translated Into Policy and Programs?
Specific States not meeting standard must implement a 3 year Program Improvement Plan (PIP) approved by the US government
Plans address a range of programmatic and intervention strategies, for example:
Multiple maltreatment and chronic neglect
Alternative response systems
Safety and risk assessment systems
Additional research and evaluation
States not in compliance may be subject to penalties
After each three year cycle the US standards are reviewed and revised.
Summary – Child Maltreatment Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: Some Key Issues/Questions
Goals and Aims
Scope Responsibilities Options for Data Collection
Institutional, overlapping multi-sector (health, social services, judicial)
Appropriate Comparisons Across Countries/Jurisdictions
Translation of Data Into Policy and Practice
Contact: John D. Fluke, Ph.D., Vice President Child Protection Research Center Child Welfare American Humane Association 63 Inverness Dr. E. Englewood, CO 80112 USA p 720-873-6793 | fax: 303 862 3703 | email [email_address]