Finding the There There: theory and praxis of location-aware systems design
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Finding the There There: theory and praxis of location-aware systems design

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I first gave this talk at the Pitney Bowes Innovation Day 2013. The goals for the presentation were to 1) use theories of context and embodied interaction to examine the ways our conceptions of space ...

I first gave this talk at the Pitney Bowes Innovation Day 2013. The goals for the presentation were to 1) use theories of context and embodied interaction to examine the ways our conceptions of space and place have evolved, 2) illustrate new complexities of location-aware mobile design, and 3) suggest some new theoretical frameworks for thinking about designing location-aware systems.

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Finding the There There: theory and praxis of location-aware systems design Finding the There There: theory and praxis of location-aware systems design Presentation Transcript

  • Finding the There There Theory and Praxis of Location-Aware Systems Design Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt thomas@srsg.co srsg.co
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Thomas Wendt UX Strategist and Researcher Founder of Surrounding Signifiers, a strategy and design consultancy Background in continental philosophy, psychology, and literary theory
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/Seining_salmon.jpg
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://img103.fansshare.com/pic12/w/non-celebrity/ 800/8520_jean_baudrillard.jpg “We live in a world where there is more and more information, and less and less meaning.” Jean Baudrillard
  • Data is complicated. Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • Context is complex. Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt • Question the ways we currently think about location. • Illustrate the complexity of location context. • Start establishing some theoretical models. Why are we here?
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Embodiment Space Place Praxis
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Layers situation environment cognition emotion
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Layers situation environment cognition emotion
  • But what does “context” mean? Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context ≠ Sensors
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt 1. The parts of a discourse that surround a word or passage and can throw light on its meaning 2. The interrelated conditions in which something exists or occurs. Webster says
  • “The notion of “context” has been adapted to computing from its original use referring to language, which is reflected in the structure of the word itself: con (with) text. In using language we produce a text, either written or oral, intended to be interpreted by one or more other people. That text is not an encapsulated representation of an intended meaning, but rather is a cue that allows the anticipated audience to construct an appropriate meaning.” Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Winograd says Terry Winograd
  • “Context is an operational term: Something is context because of the way it is used in interpretation, not due to its inherent properties.” Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Winograd says Terry Winograd
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://beautifultrouble.org/wp-content/http://fanart.tv/fanart/music/382f1005- e9ab-4684-afd4-0bdae4ee37f2/albumcover/all-eyez-on- Context creates meaning
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://www.deviantart.com/download/281824001/reading_book_by_srnnrgz- d4nsgsh.jpg Context shapes experience
  • Context is always of something http://www.movpins.com/big/ MV5BMTg4NDY3MDc1N15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMzIzNDMzNQ/still-of-tom-cruise-
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context is never static https://www.google.com/url? sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=qpWnd3U5dLkNYM&t
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt https://www.cbsoutdoor.com/PhotoGallery/Subway%20Corridor_New %20York_Retail.JPG Architecture for everyday life
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://fogsmoviereviews.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/ blue_velvet_frank_booth_jeffrey_beaumont_dennis_hopper_kyle_maclachlan.png Context is all we know
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Embodiment Space Place Praxis
  • The body presents a problem. Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • 1) We’re thrown into the world. 2) We interact with objects. 3) We cope.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Smooth Coping User is in the midst of a seamless experience, acting-through, without distinction between self and object.
  • Section Title Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://img.tjskl.org.cn/nimg/44/9f/ 5592a0632b61a239fbc95349e778-0x0-1/
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://cdn.dottech.org/media/2013/02/nexus4.png
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Theoretical knowledge, disconnected from here and now. World presents itself as an obstacle. Intentionality
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Smooth Coping Intentionality
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Smooth Coping Intentionality
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Coping Intentionality
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Intentionality Coping
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wxrYOHd_MKA/T9d3EJi8LXI/AAAAAAAAAB8/ TzmCg7Htk9k/s1600/andyclark.jpg “Intelligence and understanding are rooted not in the presence and manipulation of explicit, language-like data structures, but in something more earthy: the tuning of basic responses to a real world that enables an embodied organism to sense, act, and survive.” Andy Clark
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wxrYOHd_MKA/T9d3EJi8LXI/AAAAAAAAAB8/ TzmCg7Htk9k/s1600/andyclark.jpg “Embodiment is the property of our engagement with the world that allows us to make it meaningful.” Paul Dourish
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://macaulay.cuny.edu/eportfolios/adesignaday/files/2009/06/ dadcard2-03.jpg Moravec’s Paradox “High order” tasks are easy to program. “Low order” tasks are difficult to program.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://www.cnmeonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/IBM- Watson.jpg Cognition
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/ 02_ASIMO_Climbing_Stairs_2.jpg Cognition in context
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://cdn.dottech.org/media/2013/02/nexus4.png
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://www.far-flungfitness.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/ freeimage-1325989.jpg Proprioception
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://www.antiquemaps.com/uk/mzoom/29900.jpg Disembodied navigation
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn:ANd9GcTsGdgmZIXGdJ4xsc5Vv3EYuGeIbju5OXkMdBq5caUonl7UME Embodied navigation
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Proprioception Our phones sense our bodily orientation and act accordingly.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Hyperception Ambient perception. Our new subconscious relation to the world.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Embodiment Space Place Praxis
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Henri Lefevre “The living organism has neither meaning nor existence when considered in isolation from its extensions, from the space that it reaches and produces.” Henri Lefevre
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://www.museumsyndicate.com/images/4/39690.jpg Modernist Tension
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://img103.fansshare.com/pic12/w/non-celebrity/ 800/8520_jean_baudrillard.jpg "What we have forgotten in modernity [...] is that force comes from subtraction, power from absence. [W]e are immersed in the opposite illusion, the disenchanted illusion of the proliferation of screens and images. Now, the image can no longer imagine the real, because it is the real." Jean Baudrillard
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://thisisthestoryof.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/nyc-central-park-aerial- photo.jpg “Space is not a thing, but rather a set of relations between things.”Henri Lefebvre
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://www.extravaganzi.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Andy-Warhol- Diamond-Dust-Shoes-1980.jpg Postmodern textualization
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQSXOkeST8J6dCjUmZVh6qWylDh3hRcHBYXiSo-J_RGaeL9Mycrvg, https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn:ANd9GcSB_dncvweNPE7bBIp1BTQ0NUA3QvJ5e9ieHKYdWRmNu5MD2b8Ncg, https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRGwwS8pGUtqNyqxFwlSHz5RsPGIng2Bbri5Lh3cvZ-MMvp_Gyu, https://encrypted- tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQAlnTusCSAQf1OPI1a-EevqQTm_Eu9_Dvv_xfJM8x31uUNbH-1, https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTkLTzM2hE6_hhYZMezbQTepRJqv7txpPaZBjqIC_907LGM11WXAA, https:// encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTt056KrYKfU-ob1pocGDCy824wz2QkFt-DxtuQZ3MMSl6BZXUB, https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTcaD_JLBUFz51mTtgvbcZBgWt5XVgyEdx_SnKhBWeltrcxzeax, https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTPS41FufOwxOBaSvhCSyj8m-ow0eorFzlKrQsetKnh1Gz5WCv2, https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTNp3krLDMnJnmjN3Zfg2PDHts0i0ANt6OvWSMWnvh0- wRUb-BlRA
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://i.imgur.com/Gyzht.jpg "Today abstraction is no longer that of the map, the double, the mirror, or the concept. Simulation is no longer that of a territory, a referential being, or a substance. It is the generation by models of a real without origin or reality: a hyperreal […] The desert of the real itself." Jean Baudrillard
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lqauptxLYL1qfrkx1o1_1280.jpg Disappear here
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/experts/portraits/111602247.jpg “The mobile interface offers us a distinctly fluid relationship between space and representations of space [...] The interaction between these spaces continues to become mutually constructive.” Jason Farman
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://cdn.dottech.org/media/2013/02/nexus4.png
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://cdn.dottech.org/media/2013/02/nexus4.png Ears Eyes Skin
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://cdn.dottech.org/media/2013/02/nexus4.png Ears Eyes Skin Orientation
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Embodiment Space Place Praxis
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/experts/portraits/111602247.jpg "We have thus moved beyond the theorization of our mobile devices as a type of prosthetic to our bodies—an extension of ourselves out into the material world—but instead have to conceive of our devices as absolutely integral to the very foundations of embodied space in the digital age." Jason Farman
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Static map interactions
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea Representation Action Physical Space Static map interactions
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co “The map is not the territory”Alfred Korzybski
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea ActionPotentiality Representation Representation Physical Space Mobile map interactions
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Embodiment Space Place Praxis
  • Data is complicated. Context is complex. Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt
  • Text Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS5r6XAsLDivJ5hi8RxzgFDJtky9RY9V3JHZtQI2Fr2iKMNjTbx24JoiWM "A schizophrenic out for a walk is a better model than a neurotic lying on the analyst's couch." Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Intentionality Coping
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Static map interactions
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea ActionPotentiality Representation Representation Physical Space Mobile map interactions
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt WORLD Unfocused Existence Decision-oriented Influenced by Microworlds MICROWORLD Focused Existence Task-oriented Influenced by World
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Smooth Coping Intentionality
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Intentionality Smooth Coping World Microworld
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Fragments Sense of self is focused on many concerns at once.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Connections Context is found in the interconnections between self, world, and microworlds.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Differences Meaning emerges out of the differences between self, world, and microworld.
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Intentionality Coping
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Context Layers situation environment cognition emotion
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Layers Many experiences are layered upon each other. emotion cognition situation
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea ActionPotentiality Representation Representation Physical Space Mobile map interactions
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea ActionPotentiality Representation Representation Physical Space Mobile map interactions intentionality coping intentionality smooth coping coping smooth coping
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Idea ActionPotentiality Representation Representation Physical Space Mobile map interactions virtual virtual virtual physical virtual physical
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.cohttp://purple.fr/filestorage/magazines/21/galleries/234/A_MCQUEEN_2_0965.jpg We need more models
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Ggm6VG5Pzow/Tgbfk7qUGMI/AAAAAAAATWw/ K_dyeWw2C6I/s1600/scaffolding.jpg We’re starting to rebuild
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://img103.fansshare.com/pic12/w/non-celebrity/800/8520_jean_baudrillard.jpg We’re like babies... https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn:ANd9GcT1w4o80VnUC5wngejOh43euMjQIknvXe-e2kbIBcmljUXbmSeGCQ
  • Surrounding Signifiers srsg.co | @thomas_wendt | thomas@srsg.co http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/ 02_ASIMO_Climbing_Stairs_2.jpg Learning to walk
  • Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt Thanks! Thomas Wendt Surrounding Signifiers @thomas_wendt thomas@srsg.co srsg.co