@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 1Outsourcing Assignments? ExposingThe Threat Posed By C...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 2A Bit Of Background
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 3What We’re Covering…An introduction to contract cheati...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 4Who Are We?Dr. Thomas LancasterSenior Lecturer in Comp...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 5Introduction
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 6Wouldn’t It Be Nice?If you could have someone do your ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 7US Employee ‘OutsourcedJob To China’“A security check ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 8Cat Videos?http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 9Hiring Workers Can BeLegitimatehttp://www.freelancer.com
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 10Outsourcing Websites CanBe Useful…For CompaniesBring ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 11Leads To A CompetitiveTender Processhttp://www.freela...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 12Where Contract CheatingComes In…
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 13The Problem?http://www.freelancer.com/projects/Financ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 14Project Description:2500 words;Due in 5 days;High qua...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 15We Also Know…(as of 23 April 2013)
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 16And Previously…
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 1752 Bidding
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 18Including…
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 19Currently Working On…
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 20What We Have Is KnownAs Contract CheatingContract che...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 21How Students Cheat
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 22Categories Of UniversityCoursework CheatingCollusionc...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 23More Contract CheatingSourcesFriends and family“Will ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 24Essay Mills Come In AllTypes
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 25This Is What The BBC Thinkhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/e...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 26The Biggest Problem WithContract Cheating?If work has...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 27Example Turnitin
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 28Example JPlagJPlag is a system that finds similaritie...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 29Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsIn...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 30Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsIn...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 31Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsIn...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 32The Extent Of ContractCheating
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 33Is Contract Cheating ReallyMuch Of A Problem?Freelanc...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 34Extent of Contract CheatingCountry nCases %USA 459 50...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 35Original Survey ofRentacoderThe “average” student pos...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 36Types of Assignments Posted - ComputingOnlyAssessing ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 37Larger RentACoder Study(2007)Mostly computing topics ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 38EssayBay Study (2010)0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 18...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 39EssayBay Study (2010)0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 40EssayBay - conclusionsFirst study of a web-site dedic...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 41Anthropology #06942 (nottraced)Topic: a.) Select a to...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 42Theology #06360 (nottraced)The paper should focus on ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 43EssayBayAnalysis by Source Institution0 100 200 300 4...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 44Business studies # 06724(not traced)Take Home ExamAn ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 45Detecting Contract Cheating
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 46Stages of Detection andAttributionAssignmentsPostedSo...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 47Methods of AttributionGoogle searchText in the body o...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 48Closing the LoopThe “Holy Grail” is to get hold of th...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 49A New Success? - Assignment Briefson TurnitinSmall %a...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 50Upcoming Challenges
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 51Students Can Be SophisticatedVB.net HelpRentacoder Bi...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 52Does Anyone Lose OutWith Contract Cheating?Student – ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 53Not Victimless - Example 1ASSINMENT TITLE:Models of d...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 54Not Victimless - Example 2Radar system designThe desi...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 55Not Victimless - Example 3Nuclear Engineeringthis a a...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 56Not Only AssignmentsShe posted work-related items as ...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 57Other Requests to“Outsource”Completion of “pre-interv...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 58And It’s Not Just ContractCheating…http://www.bbc.co....
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 59Recommendations
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 60The Future?The challenge of contract cheating needs t...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 61It’s Not all Sophisticated…
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 62Further Resources
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 63For More InformationWikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 64Our Contact DetailsThomas LancasterEmail: thomas.lanc...
@MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 65Questions?
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Outsourcing Assignments? Exposing The Threat Posed By Contract Cheating To The Computing Industry - BCS Wolverhampton - 24 April 2013

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The outsourcing of the production of assessed student work, known as contract cheating, poses a threat to the value of academic awards and the standard of Computing students supplied to industry. This talk, presented to the Wolverhampton branch of the British Computer Society on 24 April 2013, explores the issues surrounding contract cheating.

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Outsourcing Assignments? Exposing The Threat Posed By Contract Cheating To The Computing Industry - BCS Wolverhampton - 24 April 2013

  1. 1. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 1Outsourcing Assignments? ExposingThe Threat Posed By ContractCheating To The ComputingIndustryThomas Lancaster & Robert ClarkeBCS WolverhamptonWednesday, 24 April 2013
  2. 2. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 2A Bit Of Background
  3. 3. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 3What We’re Covering…An introduction to contract cheating, suitablefor both IT practitioners and academics(not a research heavy talk, but our research hasinformed the session)The focus is on:Examples of contract cheatingExtent and areas of contract cheatingIntroduction to the detection of contract cheatingRecommendations for the IT sector
  4. 4. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 4Who Are We?Dr. Thomas LancasterSenior Lecturer in ComputingPhD “Effective And EfficientPlagiarism Detection”CD BSc Computer ScienceRobert ClarkeEducational ConsultantVisiting Lecturer/Principal Lecturer30 Years Experience Teaching At BCU“Detective Bob”
  5. 5. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 5Introduction
  6. 6. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 6Wouldn’t It Be Nice?If you could have someone do your job for you?!
  7. 7. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 7US Employee ‘OutsourcedJob To China’“A security check on a US company has reportedlyrevealed one of its staff was outsourcing his work toChina.The software developer, in his 40s, is thought to havespent his workdays surfing the web, watching catvideos on YouTube and browsing Reddit and eBay.He reportedly paid just a fifth of his six-figure salary toa company based in Shenyang to do his job.”BBC News, 16 January 2013 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-21043693
  8. 8. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 8Cat Videos?http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=cat+videos
  9. 9. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 9Hiring Workers Can BeLegitimatehttp://www.freelancer.com
  10. 10. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 10Outsourcing Websites CanBe Useful…For CompaniesBring in technical skills thatyou the company lacksReduce administrativeworkloadsUse workers from cost-effective economiesGet more projects completedFor ContractorsFind additional workMake longer-term contactsAccess jobs outside your localareaDevelop a part-time incomeGet positive testimonials
  11. 11. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 11Leads To A CompetitiveTender Processhttp://www.freelancer.com/projects/PHP-Java/find-code-location-within-image.html
  12. 12. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 12Where Contract CheatingComes In…
  13. 13. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 13The Problem?http://www.freelancer.com/projects/Financial-Research-Finance/word-essay-finance-trade.html
  14. 14. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 14Project Description:2500 words;Due in 5 days;High quality;Zero Plagiarism;Send me PM about your background and qualifications and Iwill send you file details.There will be a steady stream of essays, and I look forward tolong term cooperation if this one is good.Skills required:Academic Writing, Business Analysis, Finance, FinancialMarkets, Financial Research
  15. 15. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 15We Also Know…(as of 23 April 2013)
  16. 16. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 16And Previously…
  17. 17. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 1752 Bidding
  18. 18. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 18Including…
  19. 19. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 19Currently Working On…
  20. 20. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 20What We Have Is KnownAs Contract CheatingContract cheating occurs when a student hasoriginal work produced for them, which theythen submit for academic credit
  21. 21. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 21How Students Cheat
  22. 22. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 22Categories Of UniversityCoursework CheatingCollusioncopying from studentsin same cohortContractCheatingwork is produced byan external agentPlagiarismcopying from booksor internet
  23. 23. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 23More Contract CheatingSourcesFriends and family“Will you help me – you’ve studied this before?”Explicit Essay Writing Sites“How much will my essay cost?”Private Tutors“Will you come, teach me and help me to write this?”
  24. 24. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 24Essay Mills Come In AllTypes
  25. 25. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 25This Is What The BBC Thinkhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-20330590
  26. 26. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 26The Biggest Problem WithContract Cheating?If work has been produced using contractcheating methods, it is entirely originalIt won’t be detected using plagiarism detectionsystems, such as TurnItInA (labour-intensive) detective role is required
  27. 27. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 27Example Turnitin
  28. 28. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 28Example JPlagJPlag is a system that finds similaritiesamong multiple sets of source codefiles.JPlag does not merely compare bytes oftext, but is aware of programminglanguage syntax and program structureand hence is robust against many kindsof attempts to disguise similaritiesbetween plagiarized files.JPlag currently supportsJava, C#, C, C++, Scheme and naturallanguage text.
  29. 29. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 29Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsInternetSearchEnginesNon-originalityEngineDatabase ofpreviouslyscannedstudent workxxx xxxxxxxx xxx x xx x xx x x xx x x x x x xNon-originalityReport
  30. 30. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 30Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsInternetSearchEnginesNon-originalityEngineDatabase ofpreviouslyscannedstudent workxxx xxxxxxxx xxx x xx x xx x x xx x x x x x xNon-originalityReportDetection of “non-original”work relies on being able tocompare an assignmentagainst other sources.
  31. 31. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 31Plagiarism and CollusionDetectionStudentassignmentsInternetSearchEnginesNon-originalityEngineDatabase ofpreviouslyscannedstudent workxxx xxxxxxxx xxx x xx x xx x x xx x x x x x xNon-originalityReportDetection of “non-original”work relies on being able tocompare an assignmentagainst other sources.Work produced by “contractcheating” is original – but it wasnot done by the student.
  32. 32. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 32The Extent Of ContractCheating
  33. 33. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 33Is Contract Cheating ReallyMuch Of A Problem?Freelancer (+ previouslyvWorker)main sites we examineeasy to searchgive most details of userstracking sub-contractorsvWorkerhas “no homework”policybut closed auctionsKasamba (Liveperson)“tutorial” siteStudent Of Fortune + Transtutorssells HW solutions17251032162917211178543264550 2000 4000 6000 8000TRANSTUTORSODESKOTHERKASAMBASCRIPTLANCEESSAYBAYGETACODERVWORKERFREELANCERPostings by source 2005-2012Total of 14,438 detected items
  34. 34. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 34Extent of Contract CheatingCountry nCases %USA 459 50%United Kingdom 239 26%Australia 101 11%Canada 61 7%Other 34 4%Turkey 18 2%Total 912 100%Number of cases of Contract Cheating by Country where the source was identified(912 cases from Mar 04 to Oct 06)The “average student” posts between 4 and 7 assignmentsR. Clarke, and T. Lancaster, “Eliminating the Successor to Plagiarism? Identifying the usage of contract cheating sites”, inProceedings of 2nd International Plagiarism Conference, Gateshead, United Kingdom, June 19-21, 2006
  35. 35. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 35Original Survey ofRentacoderThe “average” student posts 4-7 assignmentsThey are not getting detectedThey are getting “value for money”Source mostly courses in English languageMostly USA, UK, AustraliaOther countries run courses in EnglishTurkey shows up because material is easily GoogledSmall number of high number of postingsIdentifies “contractors” who do post work for othersUsually work from different colleges and subjects
  36. 36. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 36Types of Assignments Posted - ComputingOnlyAssessing Contract Cheating Through Auction Sites – A Computing Perspective, Lancaster, T and Clarke, R.8th Annual Conference of the Higher Education Academy for Information and Computer Sciences, August 2007(910 cases from Mar 04 to Dec 06)
  37. 37. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 37Larger RentACoder Study(2007)Mostly computing topics (910 out of 950)Reflects bias in website name (does what it says on the tin)Programming in C++/Java most common typeReflects the types of assignments we post (40%)32 “Major projects” were detectedOnly 3.5% overall in this surveyBut 9.5% (22 out of 231) bid requests from UKAverage number of postings per student downBecause we are detecting more first-time offenders?Wider awareness of the problemMore students starting to use outsourcing
  38. 38. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 38EssayBay Study (2010)0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180R European Langs, Lit & relatedP Mass Comms and DocumentationW Creative Arts & DesignF Physical SciencesK Architecture,Build & PlanH EngineeringM LawG Mathematical & Comp SciQ Linguistics, Classics & relatedC Biological SciencesX EducationB Subjects allied to MedicineV Hist & Philosophical studiesL Social StudiesN Business & Admin studiesPostings by UCAS Subject CategoryDealing with Contract Cheating: A Question of Attribution;Lancaster & Clarke; HEA STEM Conference April 2012(627 cases in 5 months)
  39. 39. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 39EssayBay Study (2010)0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500International BaccPhD ?GNVQAdvanced PlacementPhDHigh SchGCSE A/A2MastersUndergraduatePostings by level
  40. 40. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 40EssayBay - conclusionsFirst study of a web-site dedicating to enabling contractcheatingRentacoder (now vWorker) 85% legitimate workSite ceased fully functioning in Aug 2010Shows wide range of subjects involvedMaths & Computing only 5%Business Studies main category (25%)Everything from “anthropology to theology”Range of levels of workDifficult to verify (mostly self-reported by student)Significant number at Masters level (21%)Some PhD requests – mostly research proposals
  41. 41. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 41Anthropology #06942 (nottraced)Topic: a.) Select a topic or issue you would find within a culture (i.e. artforms, health issues, family relations, hairstyles, food, symbolism, beliefs).Select any topic that you think could capture your interest:warfare, transportation, political systems, money, styles of dress – there is nolimit. b.) Once you have selected a topic or issue, select a living culture anddiscuss your selected topic or issue within that culture. For instance, you maybe interested in the rise of diabetes in indigenous people such as theKayapo, or the educational boundaries of women in the Middle East. Or youmay compare and contrast two cultures with the same issue, such as the roleof adolescence in the United States and China, or the comparison betweenthe Amish consumption and labor to that of their neighboring cities. Be sureto choose a culture(s) appropriate for a study within cultural anthropology (astudy of living people).Thesis: Develop a clear thesis statement/topic sentence. This will become thepoint or perspective you will compare or discuss in the paper.
  42. 42. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 42Theology #06360 (nottraced)The paper should focus on the discrete aspect of KarolWojtyla/John Paul IIs anthropology or ethics. This is areflection paper that analyzes his book "Love andResponsibility" and Wojtylas sexual ethic. Choose someaspect of "Love and Responsibility" (such as thepersonalistic norm, the nature of love, or chastity etc) towrite about and then also demonstrate the issuesrelationship to anthropologyI am not the smartest student in the class so please makethe paper believable (a 80%-90% grade range)
  43. 43. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 43EssayBayAnalysis by Source Institution0 100 200 300 400 500 600UnknownAUSCANUKUSA76%Only 24% of postings traced back to their originating institutions“Attributability” of assignments is a key factor
  44. 44. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 44Business studies # 06724(not traced)Take Home ExamAn Innocent Abroad: Fred Bailey in Tokyo CaseStudy Analysis based on Cross Cultural Managementview point (using Hofstedes Cultural Indices andMBI Frame work)Google finds About 181,000 results
  45. 45. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 45Detecting Contract Cheating
  46. 46. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 46Stages of Detection andAttributionAssignmentsPostedSourceAttributedStudentIdentified1 in 3 postingsdetected1 in 3attributed1 in 3students found1 in 27cheatersdealt with
  47. 47. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 47Methods of AttributionGoogle searchText in the body of the postingText in attachmentsMay also use TurnitinAlias used by studentAlso used on social networking sitesGives details of locationPhoto used by studentUsually relies on trace evidenceuse text editor to examine filesMultiple postings may be neededBy same student over a period of timeBy different students at same timeMay need to use several itemse.g. module code + location
  48. 48. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 48Closing the LoopThe “Holy Grail” is to get hold of the original the student boughtContact the auction sitethey will claim client confidentiality without a court orderBid for your own assignment (“Doin’ a Dan”)but could be “entrapment”; evidence could be “tainted”Post the assignment yourself and select the same coderexpect a similar solution to be providedPay the coder to hand over the originalunlikely to succeed – unless student is in dispute with coderIf the coder is a student at another institutioncontact the HoD and persuade the coder to hand over the items
  49. 49. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 49A New Success? - Assignment Briefson TurnitinSmall %ages canbe significantmatches occurswhen student papercontains parts ofassignment briefWe recommend that staff uploadassignment briefs to Turnitin as soon asthe assignment is released to students
  50. 50. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 50Upcoming Challenges
  51. 51. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 51Students Can Be SophisticatedVB.net HelpRentacoder Bid Request Id: 456292I need help with VB.net i will be having a online quizz quizz its not aprogramming or something like thatit will be multiple choice questionsand this online quiz will be 50 MINs and it i will start at 9.30 PM please checkthe time at http://www.worldtimeserver.com/current_time_in_US-TX.aspx soi will chat from MSN and i will ask question with the multiple choice and youanswer the questionsthe topics will be ( but there will be no programming questions like do theprogram or something like that all will be multiple choice questions) if you areknow about all this topic please bid with confident
  52. 52. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 52Does Anyone Lose OutWith Contract Cheating?Student – they have not gained the skills for thejobUniversity – perception of poor quality studentsEmployer – wasted recruitment costSociety – perception that students are not hardworkers, as portrayed by the mediaProfessional Bodies – ethical considerations, riskto accreditation
  53. 53. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 53Not Victimless - Example 1ASSINMENT TITLE:Models of death and dying and grief and lossenhance our understanding of and guide thedelivery of palliative care practice.Critically analyse this statement with reference tothe provision of palliative care to individuals with alife limiting illness and their families.Would you like tobe treated by thisnurse?
  54. 54. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 54Not Victimless - Example 2Radar system designThe design of Air-Traffic-Control radar system. The proposedsystem should have the capability to detect common civilianaircraft within a range of 100km.The proposal should consist of detail description of the radarsubsystem which includes antenna system, transmitter, receiverand data acquisition unit. All necessary calculations based on thespecification provided, system block diagram, component levelblock diagram, and all the components used in the design mustbe included in the proposal.Could you rely onthis technician?
  55. 55. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 55Not Victimless - Example 3Nuclear Engineeringthis a assignment for do shielding for fast reactor i needthe materials, shape, attenuation coefficient and size ofthe shielding and dose analysis around the reactor. thisfor health physics or nuclear engineeringDo you want tolive within 5 milesof this person?
  56. 56. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 56Not Only AssignmentsShe posted work-related items as wellSystems Development paperSelect a sample system fordevelopment that would benefit abusiness of your choice. Prepare aplan for determining the feasibilityof the systems development.Present and explain both businessand system planning documentsand/or templates that allows youto state the objectives, goals andtactics. Explain how they are usedand show examples. Pleasecomment on how you wouldpresent risks and mitigationstrategies to users.1400-2450 words.UOP assignmentDB helpI need help with an exisiting database form. The formneeds to be searchable by patient name. And thefollow-up visits section shows 3 slots they would ratherhave one that shows ALL the follow-up visits. Let meknow if more info is needed. The database informationis CONFIDENTIAL. Thanks1600 “live”oncology recordsfrom hospital inCalifornia
  57. 57. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 57Other Requests to“Outsource”Completion of “pre-interview” on-line aptitude testsFake letters from an employer supporting a studentprojectMake up entries for a Personal Development ProfileAlter the marks on a Transcript of StudyProduce fake “course completion” certificates
  58. 58. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 58And It’s Not Just ContractCheating…http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-somerset-22269573“University of Bath student jailedover tutor bribe bid”“A failing student who tried to bribe his tutor while carrying aloaded air pistol has been jailed for 12 months.Yang Li, 26, placed £5,000 in cash on the professors table butwhen he was told to leave, the gun fell from his pocket…”BBC News – 23 April, 2013
  59. 59. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 59Recommendations
  60. 60. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 60The Future?The challenge of contract cheating needs to pull togetherstudents, academics and industryReal case studies and industry assessments are valued inside theclassroomUniversities struggling against increased on-line, distancelearning and franchise activitiesAn increased number of contractors providing solutionsopened up through the InternetMore robust (and automated) models of detection neededStill need to increase awareness (“My students don’t dothis!”)
  61. 61. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 61It’s Not all Sophisticated…
  62. 62. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 62Further Resources
  63. 63. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 63For More InformationWikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contract_cheatingContract Cheating Special Interest Group (support by the HigherEducation Academy):https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/webadmin?A0=CONTRACTCHEATINGSlides Available At:http://www.slideshare.net/ThomasLancaster
  64. 64. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 64Our Contact DetailsThomas LancasterEmail: thomas.lancaster@bcu.ac.ukWebsite: http://thomaslancaster.co.ukTwitter: @DrLancasterRobert ClarkeEmail: robert.clarke@bcu.ac.uk
  65. 65. @MyBCU www.facebook.com/birminghamcityuniversity #contractcheating 65Questions?

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