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History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games
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History of Computer Art X, Computer and Video Games

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Illustrations of the "History of Computer Art", …

Illustrations of the "History of Computer Art",
chap. VII.1, URL: http://iasl.uni-muenchen.de/links/GCA-VII.1e.html

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  • 1. 1 History of Computer Art Part X: Computer and Video Games Seminar, 28nd April 2014 Danube University Krems Department for Arts and Image Science MediaArtHistories: Masters of Art Thomas Dreher URL: http://dreher.netzliteratur.net URL: http://iasl.uni- muenchen.de/links/GCA_Indexe.html
  • 2. 2 Early Computer Games (I) Left and Middle: Condon, Edward U./Derr, Willard A./Gereld L. Tawney: Nimatron, 1940. Left: Realisation by the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, spring 1940, New York World´s Fair (source: The American Mathematical Monthly. Vol 49. January 1942, p.42ss.) Image source: URL: http://www.goodeveca.net/nimrod/nimatron.html Middle: Illustration of U.S. Patent 2,215,544. Image source: URL: http://www.1939nyworldsfair.com/ftp/MACHINE_TO_PLAY_GAME_OF_NI M.pdf Right: Redheffer, Raymond: Nim, box realised in using blue plexiglass, signed with "Raymond Redheffer MIT" (film by Mike Mozart, including some not quite correct informations according to the current level of knowledge). Image source: URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2NWnmvMOqS0
  • 3. 3 Early Computer Games (II) Left and Middle: Bennett, John/Stuart- Williams, Raymond: Ferranti Nimrod, 1951. Left, top and bottom: Industrial Exhibition, fair grounds, Charlottenburg/Berlin, opening day 6th October 1951, Federal Minister of Economic Affairs Ludwig Erhard (left bottom, at the centre) plays against Nimrod and looses three times (Borchers: Jahre 2001. Source of the images: Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum, Paderborn. URL: http://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Vor-50- Jahren-fing-alles-an-das-erste-Elektronenhirn-in- Deutschland-51722.html). Middle: Exhibition of Science, Science Museum, South Kensington/London, Part of the Festival of Great Britain, London 1951. Image source: URL: http://goodeveca.net/nimrod/ UR Right, bottom: Goldsmith Jr., Thomas T./Grove,Cedar/Mann, Estle Ray: Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device. U.S. Patent #2,455,992. 1948, Sheets 1 and 2, fig.1 - 4. Image source: URL: http://www.pong- story.com/2455992.pdf
  • 4. 4 Early Computer Games (III) UR Left: Douglas, Alexander S.: Tic Tac Toe, 1949, game for the Mainframe Computer EDSAC (illustration: Tic Tac Toe in the EDSAC emulator). Image source: URL: http://img.index.hu/cikkepek/0506/tech//oxo.jpg Right, top and bottom: Higinbotham, William: Tennis for Two, 1958, Systron Donner Analog Computer, Germanium transistors, oscillograph (diameter: 5 inches), 2 boxes with turning knobs and press keys. Exhibited at the visitor´s day of the Instrumentation Division at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Upton/Long Island ("Tennis for Two" is presented enlarged in the wider circle. Image source: Brookhaven National Laboratory). Image sources: Right, top: URL: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/2732 8345#.UHa_rY56STs Right, bottom: URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= s2E9iSQfGdg
  • 5. 5 Early Computer Games (IV) Left and right: Edwards, Dan/Graetz, Martin J./Kotok, Alan/Russell, Stephen R./Sampson, Peter/Wytanen, Wayne: Spacewar!, 1962, computer game for the minicomputer PDP-1, screen with two spaceships. Left: Monitor. Image source: URL: http://medienwissenschaft.uni- bayreuth.de/assets/Uploads/Koubek/forschung/KoubekSpielegesc hichte.pdf Right: console. Image source: URL: http://spacewar.zorg.org/origins-of- spacewar.php
  • 6. 6 Arcade Games and Consoles (I) Baer, Ralph: Tennis, one of the twelve games included in the Odyssey Home Entertainment System, Magnavox, 1972. Players with the console being connected to the TV. Image source: http://www.pong- mythos.net/index.php?lg=de &main=Odyssey-1972- &site=01:01:02 UR Bushnell, Nolan: Computer Space, Nutting Associates, 1971, arcade game. Left: the case. Image source: URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nutting_ComputerSpace -Blue.JPG Right: the screen. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nutting_ComputerSpace -Blue-Screen.JPG Nishikado, Tomohiro: Space Invaders, Taito, 1979, arcade game. Image source: URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QObneYZIdKI
  • 7. 7 Arcade Games and Consoles (II) Top, Left and middle: Rains, Lyle/Logg, Ed: Asteroids, Atari, 1979, arcade game. Image source: URL: http://www.retroland.com/asteroids/#.U2f0B2tsHc0 Alcorn, Allan: Pong, Atari. Bottom, left and middle: arcade game, 1972. Image sources: left: screenshot, URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3nu_L8uEzJw#t=221; middle: by ProhibitOnions, URL: http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:PongVideoGameCabinet.j Top, right: Alcorn, Allan/Brown, Bob/Lee, Harold: Home Pong, Atari, 1975, game console. Image source: URL: http://www.pong- mythos.net/index.php?lg=de&main= Atari_Home_Pong&site=01:01:04
  • 8. 8 Ego Shooter (I) Colley, Steve/Palmer, Howard/Thompson, Greg: Maze War, 1973-74, game for the minicomputer Imlac PDS- 1. Left: printout of a screenshot (from an implementation on the personal computer Xerox Star 8010), 1985-86. Image source: URL: http://www.digibarn.com/collections/games/xerox-maze- war/maze-war.jpg Right: child playing Maze War on an Imlac PDS-1, 30th Maze War Anniversary Event, DigiBarn Computer Museum, Mountain View/California 6th-7th November 2004. Image source: URL:http://www.digibarn.com/history/04-VCF7- MazeWar/imlac-maze-kids/DSC00804.JPG Bowery, James Allan: Spasim, 1973-74, multiplayer online game for the PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations) system. Screenshot from: URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMZv5Akcum8
  • 9. 9 Ego Shooter (II) Rotberg, Ed/Hoff, Morgan: Battlezone, Atari, 1980, arcade game. Screenshot from URL: http://www.atari.com/play/atari/battlezone Kellner, Charlie/Seleme, Lance: The Eidolon, Lucasfilm Games/Epyx, 1985, computer game. Image source: URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/atari-8- bit/eidolon/screenshots/gameShotId,150348/
  • 10. Ego Shooter (III) Right: Xanth Software F/X: Midi Maze, Hybrid Arts, 1987, computer game. Screenshot from URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29sT ZedLcWk Left: id Software (Romero, John/Carmack, John/Hall, Tom): Wolfenstein 3D, Apogee Games, 1992, computer game. Image source: URL: http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=SYEzMIBe57kC&pg=PT7 4&dq=IE+2009+Proceedings+Australasian+Conference+Inte ractive+Entertainment&hl=de&sa=X&ei=oKJoU5_WLYmgyQP aqoGQDg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=IE%202009 %20Proceedings%20Australasian%20Conference%20Interact ive%20Entertainment&f=false
  • 11. 11 Ego Shooter (IV) id Software (Romero, John/Carmack, John/Hall, Tom): Doom, Cdv Software Entertainment, Pearl Agency, 1993, computer game. Image source: URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/dos/doom/screenshots/gameShotId, 369142/ Montgomery, Robert: Lady in the Lake, 1947, movie. Screenshot from URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v04AKDw2wi5l
  • 12. 12 Strategy Games/God Games (I) Left: Center for Educational Services and Research of the Board of Educational Services (BOCES)/William McKay (IBM): The Sumerian Game 1962-64, computer game for a timesharing system (Wing: Economics 1966, p.33). Right: Ahl, David H.: Hammurabi (Ahl: BASIC 1978, p.78).
  • 13. 13 Strategy Games/God Games (II) Daglow, Don: Utopia, Mattel Electronics, 1981, game for the console Mattel Intellivision (since 1980). Screenshot from URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DS6fMMDAplk Right, top and bottom: Crane, David/Gold, Rich: Little Computer People, Activision, 1985, computer game. Images from Apple II version, top: URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/apple2/little-computer- people/screenshots/gameShotId,191391/; bottom: http://www.mobygames.com/game/apple2/little-computer- people/screenshots/gameShotId,191390/
  • 14. 14 Strategy Games /God Games (III) Left: Favaro, Peter J.: Alter Ego, Activision, 1986, computer game. Images of the Commodore 64 version, above: URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/c64/alter- ego/screenshots/gameShotId,240198/; bottom: URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/c64/alter- ego/screenshots/gameShotId,240199/ Right: Bullfrog Productions: Populous, Electronic Arts. 1989, computer game. Image source: URL: http://www.kultpower.de/archiv/heft_powerplay_1989- beste-spiele_seite76
  • 15. 15 Strategy Games/God Games (IV) Left, top and bottom: Wright, Will/Maxis: Sim City, Electronic Arts, 1989, computer game. Images of the Windows version, URL: http://www.mobygame s.com/game/win3x/sim city/screenshots Right, top and bottom: Meier, Sid/Shelley, Bruce: Civilization, Micro Prose, 1991, computer game. Images of Amiga version, URL: http://www.mobygames.com/game/amiga/sid-meiers- civilization/screenshots
  • 16. Literatur 8 Bibliography with informations about the abbreviations used in the captions: Dreher, Thomas: History of Computer Art. Chap. Bibliography. In: URL: http://iasl.uni-muenchen.de/links/GCA- IXe.html

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