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UN Workshop
UN Workshop2
UN Workshop3
• Organization of the United Nations •   Overview •   Triangular Structure •   General Assembly •   Security Council •   S...
UN WorkshopORGANIZATION OF THE UN      5
Overview“The United Nations is an international organization whosestated aims are facilitating cooperation in internationa...
UN Workshop7
Triangular Structure         General        Assembly                          UN Workshop               SecuritySecretaria...
Triangular Structure          General            • Core of the entire United Nations System         Assembly            • ...
General Assembly  General Assembly                     UN Workshop  6 MainCommittees           10
General Assembly• The ‘World Parliament’• 193 equal members• 6 official languages  • Arabic, Russian, English, Spanish, Fr...
General Assembly• 6 Main Committees (~parliamentary committees)  • First Committee (DISEC): disarmament and related intern...
General Assembly• The course of a United Nations Session (63th Session):  •   1 year: September 18th 2012 – September 17th...
General Assembly   United Nations   Model United Nations• Diplomacy         • Parliament• Consensus         • Opposition  ...
Security Council• ‘International government’• 15 members (P5, 10 non-permanent)• Chaired by President of Security Council ...
Security Council• Reform of the United Nations Security Council:  • Expansion track    • More seats    • Permanent/Non-Per...
Secretariat & Secretary-General• ‘International civil service’• 43,747 staff members• Presided by Secretary-General  • Ele...
Secretary-General       Secretary                    General• Head of a ‘business’      • Face of the UN• Administrative t...
UN Workshop19
UN WorkshopGROUNDS FOR THE UN   20
Law• Resolutions:  • Security Council: binding for all member states  • General Assembly: non-binding  • Mostly by consens...
LawLegal status of international (binding) treaties• Treaties in national law system:  • Monism: ratification implies auto...
Philosophical view                                    UN WorkshopPremodernity        Modernity                            ...
Philosophical view                          Premodernity   ModernityMeaningful & complete world view• Every individual kno...
Philosophical viewProblem of social order:• People only driven by self-interest            “Bellum omnium contra omnes”   ...
Philosophical view          People                          StatesProblem of social order         Problem of order• State ...
Philosophical view             The fate of liberal democracy         Liberal                  Democratic• Individual liber...
Philosophical viewNational democracy under pressure• Globalization:  • Intensification of international activities (econom...
Philosophical view: global democracy?  Westphalian Model         Multi-level governance• Sovereign nation state    • Verti...
Philosophical view: global democracy               Paradox (Robert Dahl)Reach of democraciesCitizens => identification & s...
Philosophical view  Evolution?                     UN Workshop                     31
UN Workshop32
DEBATE         UN Workshop 33
UN WorkshopMORE ABOUT THE UN   34
Employment at the UN• Work at certain organization  • Apply on website• Work for UN Secretariat  •   Website: http://caree...
Sources• UN Charter: constitution!• UN library:    •   http://unbisnet.un.org/    •   Voting records                      ...
KULMUN Challenge                   UN Workshop                   37
UN WorkshopQUESTIONS?             38
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Transcript of "Un workshop"

  1. 1. UN Workshop
  2. 2. UN Workshop2
  3. 3. UN Workshop3
  4. 4. • Organization of the United Nations • Overview • Triangular Structure • General Assembly • Security Council • Secretariat & Secretary-General UN Workshop• Grounds for a United Nations • Law • Philosophy• Debate• More about the UN • Employment at the UN • (UN) sources 4
  5. 5. UN WorkshopORGANIZATION OF THE UN 5
  6. 6. Overview“The United Nations is an international organization whosestated aims are facilitating cooperation in internationallaw, international security, economic development, socialprogress, human rights, and achievement of world peace.”• Charter of the United Nations = constitution of the UN UN Workshop• Purposes (Art. 1): • Peace and security • Human rights • Development • Cooperation• Principles (Art. 2): • Sovereign equality 6 • universality
  7. 7. UN Workshop7
  8. 8. Triangular Structure General Assembly UN Workshop SecuritySecretariat Council 8
  9. 9. Triangular Structure General • Core of the entire United Nations System Assembly • Power lies with the member states • Entirely funded by the member states: • ~ 5 billion/year • ~ capacity to pay (Gross National Income) SecuritySecretariat • GA: ‘World Parliament’ UN Workshop Council • Secretariat: ‘International Civil Service’ • Security Council: ‘International Governement President of GA • Respective heads of 3 main bodies • Ensure the continuous link between them • Their relationship is vital Security President Council of SC 9
  10. 10. General Assembly General Assembly UN Workshop 6 MainCommittees 10
  11. 11. General Assembly• The ‘World Parliament’• 193 equal members• 6 official languages • Arabic, Russian, English, Spanish, French, Chinese UN Workshop• Divided into 5 regional groups • African, Asia-Pacific, Eastern European, Latin American and Caribbean and Western European and Others Group • Important for elections• Chaired by the President of the General Assembly • Elected by all member states • 1 year General • Rotation between 5 regional groups Assembly • Assisted by General Committee 11 6 Main Committees
  12. 12. General Assembly• 6 Main Committees (~parliamentary committees) • First Committee (DISEC): disarmament and related international security questions. • Second Committee (EcoFin): economic questions. • Third Committee (SocHum): social and humanitarian issues. UN Workshop • Fourth Committee (SpecPol): a variety of political subjects not dealt with by the First Committee, as well as decolonization. • Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary Committee): the administration and budget of the United Nations. • Sixth Committee (Legal Committee): international legal matters.• Goal: to proceed swiftly and more accurately• Not all member states represented: election• Rapporteur to General Assembly 12
  13. 13. General Assembly• The course of a United Nations Session (63th Session): • 1 year: September 18th 2012 – September 17th 2013 • The General Committee makes up a provisional agenda • September 21th: plenary decides on the agenda • September 24th-October 5th: general debate • Secretary-General and President of GA open the general debate UN Workshop • Speakers’ list of member states: Brazil always first • Presence of head of states • Elections of main bodies • Voting on resolutions (coming from main committees) • Plenary session stops in December • Rest of the year: negotiations and executing 13
  14. 14. General Assembly United Nations Model United Nations• Diplomacy • Parliament• Consensus • Opposition • Voting UN Workshop 14
  15. 15. Security Council• ‘International government’• 15 members (P5, 10 non-permanent)• Chaired by President of Security Council • Elected every month UN Workshop• Purpose: • Art. 24 of UN Charter: “In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security…” • Chapters VI, VII, VIII and XII specify the powers attributed 15
  16. 16. Security Council• Reform of the United Nations Security Council: • Expansion track • More seats • Permanent/Non-Permanent • Regional groups UN Workshop • Working Method track • Abolition of veto power • Transparency • Relationship SC-GA 16
  17. 17. Secretariat & Secretary-General• ‘International civil service’• 43,747 staff members• Presided by Secretary-General • Elected every 5 years UN Workshop• Deputy Secretary-General: administrative responsibilities• Assisted by 50 Under-SGs • Responsible for certain branches: media, peace operations... 17
  18. 18. Secretary-General Secretary General• Head of a ‘business’ • Face of the UN• Administrative tasks • Leadership UN Workshop 18
  19. 19. UN Workshop19
  20. 20. UN WorkshopGROUNDS FOR THE UN 20
  21. 21. Law• Resolutions: • Security Council: binding for all member states • General Assembly: non-binding • Mostly by consensus. Why? UN Workshop• Presidential statements of Security Council 21
  22. 22. LawLegal status of international (binding) treaties• Treaties in national law system: • Monism: ratification implies automatic integration • Dualism: after ratification new national laws needed for integration UN Workshop• Belgium: monism • Endorsement by all authorized parliamentary assemblies • Publication • Individual can call upon treaties with direct effect 22
  23. 23. Philosophical view UN WorkshopPremodernity Modernity 23
  24. 24. Philosophical view Premodernity ModernityMeaningful & complete world view• Every individual knows its place UN Workshop Mechanisation• Community > individuals Individuals > Community• Based on the will of God Which will of God? Social order => Self-interests Europe: 16th century • Science • Humanism • Religious pluralism 24 WHAT IS THE BASIS OF SOCIAL ORDER IN MODERNITY?
  25. 25. Philosophical viewProblem of social order:• People only driven by self-interest “Bellum omnium contra omnes” “Homo homini lupus” UN Workshop• How to escape this state of nature? LEVIATHAN 25
  26. 26. Philosophical view People StatesProblem of social order Problem of order• State of Nature • State of Nature • People driven by self- • Sovereign states driven by UN Workshop interest self-interest • Homo homini lupus • Regio regioni lupusHow to escape? How to escape?Leviathan= higher authority Leviathan= higher authorityRole of national government Role of the United Nations? 26
  27. 27. Philosophical view The fate of liberal democracy Liberal Democratic• Individual liberties • General interest UN Workshop• Universalistic • Political freedom • National 27
  28. 28. Philosophical viewNational democracy under pressure• Globalization: • Intensification of international activities (economical, financial, political, cultural and ecological) UN Workshop • Threat? Democratic legitimacy not assured Decision-makers & decision-takers Global Democracy? 28
  29. 29. Philosophical view: global democracy? Westphalian Model Multi-level governance• Sovereign nation state • Vertical hierarchical• National government = system highest political • Several levels of UN Workshop authority authority• Equality between states Intensive cooperation 29
  30. 30. Philosophical view: global democracy Paradox (Robert Dahl)Reach of democraciesCitizens => identification & solidarity UN WorkshopLarger ‘demos’, more difficult to generate solidarity 30
  31. 31. Philosophical view Evolution? UN Workshop 31
  32. 32. UN Workshop32
  33. 33. DEBATE UN Workshop 33
  34. 34. UN WorkshopMORE ABOUT THE UN 34
  35. 35. Employment at the UN• Work at certain organization • Apply on website• Work for UN Secretariat • Website: http://careers.un.org • Personal history file • Apply for specific job UN Workshop • Patient & perseverant • Exam system• Internships • 2 months unpaid in NY Headquarters• UN volunteers program • UN field operation • Paid • Building credibility• Young professional program • Program to ensure diversity in the UN 35 • Under 33 years
  36. 36. Sources• UN Charter: constitution!• UN library: • http://unbisnet.un.org/ • Voting records UN Workshop • Speeches • …• Gapminder: data• CIA World Factbook: data• Flipboard: world news• Google Currents: world news 36
  37. 37. KULMUN Challenge UN Workshop 37
  38. 38. UN WorkshopQUESTIONS? 38
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