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  1. 1. Lithium is part of the alkali metals in the group of chemical elements. The atomic number of lithium is 3 and it is represented on the periodic table under the symbol Li. It is silver-white in color and soft. Lithium instandard conditions has the lowest density of all solid elements and is also the lightest of the metals. As with all of the alkali metals, lithium is extremely flammable and reactive. This is why it is usually stored in mineral oil.silver mining stocks
  2. 2. The high reactivity of lithium means that it does not occur freely innature and is only seen in compounds Typically these compoundsare ionic There are a number of pegmatitic minerals that containlithium However, because of its water solubility, it is found in theocean and usually gathered from clays and brines
  3. 3. For commercial use, lithium is electrolytically isolated from a mix ofpotassium chloride and lithium chloride History In 1800, petalite,was found by Jose Bonifacio de Andrada, a Brazilian It was found inUto, Sweden within a mine that is part of the island However, JohanAugust Arfwedson discovered the new element in 1817 whileworking in the lab of Jons Jakob Berzelius
  4. 4. The new element would form compounds that were similar tocompounds formed by potassium and sodium, but the hydroxide andcarbonate were not as soluble in water, it was also more alkalineBerzelius named the material "lithionlithina" which comes from theGreek word lithos that means stone This was to reflect that it hadbeen discovered in a solid mineral This was different thanpotassium, which was discovered in the ashes of plants and sodiumthat is highly abundant in the blood of animals
  5. 5. Production The production of lithium has increased greatly sinceWorld War II ended Lithium salts are pulled from water in brinepools, brine deposits, and from mineral springs The metal can thenbe produced using electrolytic processes that use a combination ofpotassium chloride and lithium chloride There are deposits oflithium found throughout the Andes Mountains in South America
  6. 6. Chili is the top producer of lithium, with Argentina following Both ofthese countries get the lithium from brine pools Within the UnitedStates, there are brine pools in silver mining stocks Nevada thatlithium is recovered from Lithium Uses There are many differentuses of lithium
  7. 7. Lithium oxide can be used for improving the physical properties ofglass and ceramics Ovenware uses lithium oxides and is the largestuse for lithium compounds throughout the world In the late part ofthe 20th century, lithium became an important anode material that isused for making lithiumion batteries The high electrochemicalpotential of lithium allows it to generate around 3 volts of energycompared to 2
  8. 8. 1 volts that are generated from lead/acid batteries or the 1 5 voltsgenerated from zinc-carbon cells Lithium is also commonly used ingreases A strong base is made from lithium hydroxide, which can beheated with fat to produce soap from the lithium stearate
  9. 9. The lithium soap can thicken oils, which is used for hightemperature, all purpose greases To find out more about thechemical element lithium or lithium mining companies[ please visitPublicMining org, a free resource directory showcasing public miningcompanies [
  10. 10. silver mining stocks