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The Resurrection of Jesus Christ: The Critical Evidence for Christianity
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The Resurrection of Jesus Christ: The Critical Evidence for Christianity

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These slides are designed around two resources. Video Lectures: The Case for the Resurrection, by Dr. Michael Licona & Michael Patton (available from Credo House) and Book: The Case for the …

These slides are designed around two resources. Video Lectures: The Case for the Resurrection, by Dr. Michael Licona & Michael Patton (available from Credo House) and Book: The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus by Gary R. Habermas and Michael R. Licona. The slides were designed to be used with the book and using the lecture videos as supplements.

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  • What kind of evidence does Christianity have?
    “In our opinion, the quality and quantity of evidence that Christianity is true far surpasses the evidence in favor of any other religion or worldview.” (Kindle location 60)
    “The evidence suggests that God exists and has actually revealed himself to us in Jesus Christ. The evidence attests that Christians have the most accurate view of reality.” (Kindle location 61)
  • Most genuine scholars reject their methods or conclusions
    Luke Timothy Johnson says the group is self-selected based on prior commitment to radical liberal views. (Kindle location 106 [see endnote 2])
    Craig Blomberg says their methodology is seriously flawed and their conclusions are unnecessarily skeptical. (Kindle location 107 [see endnote 3])
    Crossan admits his views are not representative of most scholar’s (Kindle location 109 [see endnote5])
  • What can make proclaiming the gospel difficult?
    Culture is constantly bombarded with different worldviews (Kindle location 133)
  • Christianity therefore is falsifiable.
    Meaning, in theory, it can be proven to be false.
    If Jesus did not rise form the dead we can’t take His claims seriously.
    However, if He did, we can be confident that His statements are true.
  • “I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: “I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.” That is the one thing we must not say. A man who said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic — on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg — or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.” - C. S. Lewis
  • Proof does not aim at “absolute historical certainty” (Kindle location 193)
    It is impossible to have absolute certainty about anything.
    Degrees of certitude
  • Jesus disciples believed that he rose and appeared to them
    First they claimed to have see, talked with, walked with, ate with and touched the risen Jesus
    Second their lives were dramatically transformed
    They did not change that belief in the face of imprisonment, torture or martyrdom
  • Paul
    Paul’s Letters and Acts
    Oral Tradition
    Creeds (1 Cor 15:3-8)
    Sermon Summaries (Acts 2)
    Written Tradition
    Gospel Accounts (Matthew, Mark, Luke/Acts, John)
    Apostolic Fathers (Clement and Polycarp)
  • The woman are listed as primary witnesses
    Generally a woman’s testimony was held in low esteem in Jewish and Roman cultures of the day
    The woman’s testimony would be seen as questionable and certainly not as good as a man’s testimony
    Why included it, if it wasn’t true?
  • Jesus died by crucifixion
    Jesus disciples believed that he rose and appeared to them
    The church persecutor Paul was suddenly changed
    The skeptic James, brother of Jesus, was suddenly changed
    The tomb was empty (+1)
  • Is it fair to seek naturalistic explanations over supernatural explanations?
    If there is a God there is no reason to exclude supernatural explanations
    Is Christianity exempt from examining claims of miracles?
    We examine reports from other religions and should welcome investigation.
  • The resurrection passes the first three and is plausible for the fourth
    It does not fail the fourth – many will claimed it is not a naturalistic explanation and thus fails the fourth
    However, there is no definitive proof of naturalism over supernaturalism
    It is an a priori rejection of supernaturalism
  • Embellishments
    It is a non-historical literary style
    Myths from other religions
  • Generally legend takes time to grow
    Difficult but not impossible to happen quickly
    People were still alive when the tradition started – could have refuted the legend
    Even liberal scholar Bart Erhman agreed 1 Cor 15 verbal creed was popular within 2 years
    New Testament completed within 60 years
  • Claim Christians took from previous mystery cults
    The question is who copied who?
    Most are vague and not actual parallel
    Many are written after the New Testament is complete
    Many are associated with agriculture or seasons
    Some like Marduk are not clearly dead
    Osiris did not bodily rise (plus conflicting stories)
  • The story of Jesus resurrection was made up
    Motive
    Save face, gain, promote their views
    Matthew’s gospel records Jews claimed fraud
  • People die for causes they think are true
    People don’t die for their lies
  • “Swoon Theory”
    Jesus had not actually died
    Accounts empty tomb
    Accounts for bodily appearances
    Attempts to account for death by crucifixion
  • Illusions, delusions and hallucinations
    Illusion is a distorted perception of something
    Delusion is a false belief
    Hallucination is a false perception
    Hallucination theory was popular over a hundred years ago
  • Hallucinations are private experiences
    Hallucinations are not collective experiences
    Group Hallucination
    Groups of people have hallucinations at the same time don’t hallucinate the same things
    Hallucinations don’t transform lives
    No naturalistic explanations for collective hallucinations


    http://www.garyhabermas.com/articles/crj_explainingaway/crj_explainingaway.htm#_edn14
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    • 1. ©2013 Third Column Ministries
    • 2. ©2013 Third Column Ministries Third Column Ministries www.slideshare.net/ThirdColumnMinistries www.facebook.com/LearnApologetics | Twitter: @LApologetics www.LearnApologetics.com www.SearchApologetics.com www.ThirdColumnMinistries.org This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License..
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    • 8. ©2013 Third Column Ministries 1 Corinthians 15:12-17 • 12Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: 14And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. 15Yes, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. 16For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: 17And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; you are yet in your sins.
    • 9. ©2013 Third Column Ministries Absolute Certainty Virtual Certain Extremely Likely Highly Likely Likely Neutral Unlikely Highly Unlikley Extreamly Unlikely Virtually Impossible Absolute Impossibility
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    • 21. ©2013 Third Column Ministries Chapter 1 Unwrapping the Gift
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