Apologetics 1 Lesson 10 Origins: Evolution and Creation

  • 58 views
Uploaded on

Lesson 10 of a multipart series. A survey of the various competing theories. Young Earth, Old Earth, Theistic Evolution, and Darwinian Evolution. Also covering the philosophical presuppositions …

Lesson 10 of a multipart series. A survey of the various competing theories. Young Earth, Old Earth, Theistic Evolution, and Darwinian Evolution. Also covering the philosophical presuppositions that guide interpretation of the data.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
58
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Third Column Ministries www.slideshare.net/ThirdColumnMinistries www.facebook.com/LearnApologetics | Twitter: @LApologetics www.ThirdColumnMinistries.org This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License..
  • 2. Key Terminology • Intelligent Design • Young Earth Creation • Old Earth Creation (Progressive Creation) • Theistic Evolution (Evolutionary Creation) • Deistic Evolution • Darwinian Evolution
  • 3. Young Earth Creation Position Young Earth Purpose Yes Universe Age 6,000-10,000 Micro Evolution Yes Macro Evolution No Inteligent Design Yes God's Intervention Direct Special Revelation Bible Human Life Adam & Eve Sin Yes Image of God Yes
  • 4. Old Earth Creation Position Old Earth Purpose Yes Universe Age 10-15 Billion Micro Evolution Yes Macro Evolution No Inteligent Design Yes God's Intervention Direct & Indirect Special Revelation Bible Human Life Adam & Eve Sin Yes Image of God Yes
  • 5. Theistic Evolution Position Theistic Evolution Purpose Yes Universe Age 10-15 Billion Micro Evolution Yes Macro Evolution Yes Inteligent Design Yes God's Intervention Indirect Special Revelation Bible Human Life Evolved Sin Yes Image of God Yes
  • 6. Deistic Evolution Position Deistic Evolution Purpose Yes Universe Age 10-15 Billion Micro Evolution Yes Macro Evolution Yes Inteligent Design Yes God's Intervention Indirect Special Revelation None Human Life Evolved Sin No Image of God No
  • 7. Neo-Darwinian Evolution Position Neo-Darwinian Evolution Purpose No Universe Age 10-15 Billion Micro Evolution Yes Macro Evolution Yes Inteligent Design No God's Intervention Random Chance Special Revelation N/A Human Life Evolved Sin No Image of God No
  • 8. “We…do not need to be committed to any particular version of how God created. But the notion that God intentionally created the world because he wanted to is at the heart of the Bible and the Christian worldview… there are those like myself , just plain Christian theists who believe the universe was created by God but not committed to a specific version of how it came to be in its current form.” -James Sire
  • 9. 3 Problems • Scientists are working under presuppositions that eliminate the possibility of a creator (bias). • Science cannot account for the first single cell or event how a single cell would come into existence. • Time is relative.
  • 10. “The Cosmos is all that is, or ever was, or ever will be.” - Carl Sagan Note that Sagan is making a philosophical claim and not stating a scientific fact.
  • 11. Philosophical Presuppositions • Materialistic naturalism presupposes that material is all there is. • Therefore there is nothing supernatural. • There presupposition limits possible explanations to only natural explanations. • Therefore even if it looks like design it can’t be designed. • Science is always based on philosophical presuppositions.
  • 12. “Our willingness to accept scientific claims that are against common sense is the key to an understanding of the real struggle between science and the supernatural. We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of its failure to fulfill many of its extravagant promises of health and life, in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a prior commitment, a commitment to materialism. It is not that the methods and institutions of science somehow compel us to accept a material explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on the contrary, that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counter-intuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.” - Harvard Genetics Professor, Richard Lewontin (Atheist)
  • 13. “When there is a conflict between methodology and materialism, the philosophy always trumps the facts. Modern science does not conclude from the evidence that design is not tenable. It assumes it prior to the evidence… This is not faith vs. evidence, but evidence vs. evidence.” (G. Koukl, Tactics 171)
  • 14. “It is best to let the Bible speak on its own terms and not force particular scientific theories out of it. It is best also to let science do its work, occasionally reminding scientist that they cannot claim neutrality.” – William Edgar, Reasons of the Heart: Recovering the Christian Persuasion
  • 15. “The atheist’s model begins with an even more impressive miracle – the appearance of all the matter in the universe from nothing, by no one, and for no reason.” - Chuck Missler/Mark Eastman, The Creator Beyond Time and Space
  • 16. Irreducible Complexity
  • 17. A system performing a given basic function is irreducibly complex if it includes a set of well-matched, mutually interacting, nonarbitrarily individuated parts such that each part in the set is indispensable to maintaining the system's basic, and therefore original, function. The set of these indispensable parts is known as the irreducible core of the system. - William Dembski A single system which is composed of several interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, and where the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning. - Michael Behe
  • 18. Irreducible Complexity This work has been released into the public domain by its author, LadyofHats.
  • 19. Irreducible Complexity • Macro Evolution only addresses change from one species to another. • Evolution does not explain the origin of life. • Neo-Darwinian Evolution requires reproducing life. • Without reproduction evolution is rendered meaningless. • It is through the reproduction process that random changes are introduced. • The simplest form of reproducing life is a single cell. • A single cell is highly complex. • There is noting simpler than a single cell that is self-replicating. • Building blocks may be found in nature, but none of the bio- machines in the cell that are required for reproduction, are found in nature outside of a cell. • None of the criticisms of irreducible complexity answer the fundamental question, how did the first, highly complex, self- replicating cell come into existence?
  • 20. “An irreducibly complex system cannot be produced directly (that is, by continuously improving the initial function, which continues to work by the same mechanism) by slight, successive modifications of a precursor system, because any precursor to an irreducibly complex system that is missing a part is by definition nonfunctional.” - Michael Behe
  • 21. Time • Theory of relativity – Time dilation is an actual difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by observers. • Motion (speed, direction) • Mass (gravity) – Scientists proved the hypothesis true in the '70s by sending an atomic clock into orbit.
  • 22. The universe is expanding. As the universe aged space and time were stretched. Light between stars also was stretched. Think of a balloon. Draw two dots and a line going from one to halfway between the two dots. Notice what happens when you blow the balloon up. The line is also stretched.
  • 23. Gerald Schroeder’s Theory • We see approximately 15 billion years of history. • The Torah says six days. • In truth, they both may be correct. • Remember the universe (space-time) has been stretched over time. • The universe is 15 billion years old as seen from the time-space coordinates of the earth. • The universe is approximately 7 days old as seen from the time-space coordinates of the big-bang. http://www.geraldschroeder.com/AgeUniverse.aspx
  • 24. 6 days equals 14.07 billion years 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Billions of Years
  • 25. Day 1 Day 2 3 4 5 6