Comparing Scalable NOSQL Databases      Functionalities and Measurements                Dory Thibault                     ...
Motivation                   Overview of the databases                               Methodology                          ...
Motivation                                              Cassandra 0.6.10                  Overview of the databases       ...
Motivation                                              Cassandra 0.6.10                  Overview of the databases       ...
Motivation                                             Cassandra 0.6.10                 Overview of the databases         ...
guration servers that store the con
guration           The router servers that receive and route the requests      Existing and new data are sharded automatic...
Motivation                                             Cassandra 0.6.10                 Overview of the databases         ...
Motivation                Overview of the databases   The data used                            Methodology     The client ...
Motivation                Overview of the databases   The data used                            Methodology     The client ...
ed      Speci
c parts : read/write/update and MapReduce  Updates  The updates simply concatenate the string 1" at the end of the  articl...
Motivation                Overview of the databases   The data used                            Methodology     The client ...
cation This kind of computation implies that all the documents are crawled and take advantage of the speci
cations of MapReduce                                                                       9 / 18
Motivation                  Overview of the databases   The data used                              Methodology     The cli...
ve minutes and starts the benchmark again   5   Start the MapReduce benchmark   6   Add a new node to the cluster and wait...
Motivation              Overview of the databases                          Methodology                                Resu...
Motivation             Overview of the databases                         Methodology                               Results...
Motivation            Overview of the databases                        Methodology                              Results   ...
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Comparing noSQL databases : benchmark

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FOSDEM 2011 data analytics presentation about noSQL performances.
See http://www.nosqlbenchmarking.com

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Comparing noSQL databases : benchmark

  1. 1. Comparing Scalable NOSQL Databases Functionalities and Measurements Dory Thibault UCL Contact : thibault.dory@student.uclouvain.be Sponsor : Euranova February 4, 2011
  2. 2. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionMotivation YCSB Yahoo! Cloud Servicing Benchmark is the best known noSQL bench- marking application so why make another one? YCSB uses data generated from statistical distributions instead of real data YCSB only focuses on read/write/update/scan performances YCSB results for elasticity are not conclusive Idea Data and use case inspired by a concrete case : Wikipedia Test read/update performances Test MapReduce performances by computing an inverted search index 2 / 18
  3. 3. Motivation Cassandra 0.6.10 Overview of the databases HBase 0.20.6 Methodology mongoDB 1.6.5 Results Riak 0.14 Summary and conclusionCassandra 0.6.10 Overview Cassandra is a fully distributed column oriented data store that pro- vides a MapReduce implementation using Hadoop. All the nodes in the cluster play the same role The data (existing and new) are sharded automatically among the nodes The developer can choose the consistency level for each request 3 / 18
  4. 4. Motivation Cassandra 0.6.10 Overview of the databases HBase 0.20.6 Methodology mongoDB 1.6.5 Results Riak 0.14 Summary and conclusionHBase 0.20.6 Overview HBase is a column oriented database that aims to provide low latency requests on top of Hadoop HDFS An HBase cluster uses several kinds of servers : HDFS needs at least one namenode and several datanodes HBase needs a ZooKeeper cluster, a master and several regionservers The requests must be made to the master(s) On the HDFS level, existing data are not sharded automatically but new data are On the HBase level, the data are divided into regions that are sharded automatically across regionservers 4 / 18
  5. 5. Motivation Cassandra 0.6.10 Overview of the databases HBase 0.20.6 Methodology mongoDB 1.6.5 Results Riak 0.14 Summary and conclusionmongoDB 1.6.5 Overview mongoDB is a document oriented database that stores JSON dic- tionnaries. It provides auto sharding and a MapReduce implemen- tation. A mongoDB cluster is made of several kinds of servers : The shard servers that store data The con
  6. 6. guration servers that store the con
  7. 7. guration The router servers that receive and route the requests Existing and new data are sharded automatically MapReduce can only use one thread by server 5 / 18
  8. 8. Motivation Cassandra 0.6.10 Overview of the databases HBase 0.20.6 Methodology mongoDB 1.6.5 Results Riak 0.14 Summary and conclusionRiak 0.14 Overview Riak is a fully distributed key/bucket store with an implementation of MapReduce. Buckets can store the data directly or be a link to another bucket All the nodes in the cluster play the same role The data (existing and new) are sharded automatically amongs the nodes The developer can choose the consistency level for each request 6 / 18
  9. 9. Motivation Overview of the databases The data used Methodology The client Results The methodology Summary and conclusionThe data Wikipedia export 20.000 pages downloaded from Wikipedia Every document is in XML format All documents sum up to 620Mo Each document is associated to a single integer ID Insertions Each document is inserted only once during the whole benchmark 7 / 18
  10. 10. Motivation Overview of the databases The data used Methodology The client Results The methodology Summary and conclusionThe client Overview Fully random requests Acts as a perfect load balancer The proportion of updates can be speci
  11. 11. ed Speci
  12. 12. c parts : read/write/update and MapReduce Updates The updates simply concatenate the string 1" at the end of the article. 8 / 18
  13. 13. Motivation Overview of the databases The data used Methodology The client Results The methodology Summary and conclusionMapReduce Overview MapReduce is used to build a reverse index for a given keyword. The reverse index is a list of pairs made of : ID : the ID of the article if Count 6= 0 Count : the number of occurrences of the keyword in this article Justi
  14. 14. cation This kind of computation implies that all the documents are crawled and take advantage of the speci
  15. 15. cations of MapReduce 9 / 18
  16. 16. Motivation Overview of the databases The data used Methodology The client Results The methodology Summary and conclusionThe methodology 1 Start up a clean cluster of size 3 and insert all the documents 2 Choose a total number of requests, a read percentage and starts the benchmark 3 Wait one minute and starts the benchmark again 4 Wait
  17. 17. ve minutes and starts the benchmark again 5 Start the MapReduce benchmark 6 Add a new node to the cluster and wait for it to be ready then restart immediately the bench with the new nodes IP in the list 7 Jump to 3 until there are no more computer to add to the cluster 10 / 18
  18. 18. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionRead/update results 11 / 18
  19. 19. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionRead/update results without HBase 12 / 18
  20. 20. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionMapReduce performance 13 / 18
  21. 21. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionThe HBase case Veri
  22. 22. cations made : Checked the logs : nothing seemed problematic HDFS level : running the balancer with a very low threshold distributed the blocks evenly but without any impact on the performances HBase level : the regions where always nearly evenly distributed across the regionservers The number of rows did not change and the content of each row was correct 14 / 18
  23. 23. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionSummary of raw performances DB read/update performances MapReduce performances Cassandra Good Very Good HBase Bad / N.A. Average / N.A mongoDB Good Poor but scalable Riak Poor / unstable Average but scalable 15 / 18
  24. 24. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionSummary of scalability Going from 3 to 8 servers is a 266% increase in capacity, here are the observed increases in performances : DB read/update MapReduce Cassandra 153% 112% HBase 11% 43% mongoDB 145% 211% Riak 74% 189% Riak 7 nodes max 155% 168% 16 / 18
  25. 25. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionConclusion and future work Conclusion The elastic gain seems more apparent than with YCSB but not linear either It is worth testing MapReduce performances as the results vary a lot between databases for both raw and scalability performances Future work This is still a work in progress : Applying this benchmark to other databases (Terrastore, Voldemort, Scalaris ...) Trying with a growing/bigger data set 17 / 18
  26. 26. Motivation Overview of the databases Methodology Results Summary and conclusionQuestions and remarks Any questions or remarks? 18 / 18
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