Visual Dictionary<br />Thermal<br />BSCI 2300<br />
Air Barrier Paper<br />A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier.  It blocks the air flow.<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent – used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.<br />...
Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent – allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.<br />Ridge Vent<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent – used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic. <br />Gable Vent<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine – dome shaped structures that draw air out of the attic while they spin in the wind.<b...
Backhoe<br />An excavating machine with a bucket that is attached to a rigid bar hinged to a boom and is drawn toward the ...
Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame built just outside the corner of the excavation to carry marks that lie on the surfac...
Brick Arches<br />Brick Arch #1<br />Brick Arch #2<br />
Brick Arches<br />Arch with Keystone<br />Keystone<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond<br />(stretchers offset)<br />Flemish Bond<br />(Stretcher, Header, Stretcher)<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Rowlocks<br />Headers<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Sailor<br />Shiner<br />
Brick Sizes<br />Engineer Brick<br />Width = 3-5/8”<br />Height = 2-3/4”<br />Length = 7-5/8<br />
Brick Sizes<br /> Modular Brick<br />Width = 3-5/8” <br />Height = 2-1/4”<br />Length = 7-5/8”<br />
Bulldozer<br />Is a crawler, equipped with a substantial metal plate, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, and rub...
Cladding<br />Brick Clad Structure<br />EFIS Clad Structure<br />
Cladding<br />Stone Clad Structure<br />Random Ashlar Pattern<br />
Cladding<br />Wood Board Clad Structure<br />
Cladding<br />Wood Shake Clad Structure<br /> Wood Shingle – a thin piece wood that is laid in overlapping rows to cover t...
Code Requirements<br />Window<br />Width = 34”<br />Height = 60”<br />Area = 14 sq ft <br />AFF = 24”<br />IBC Code<br />W...
Code Requirements<br />Stairs<br />Tread = 11” <br />Riser = 7-3/4”<br />IBC Code<br />Tread = 10” min<br />Riser = 7-3/4”...
Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint – An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a ...
Concrete Joints<br />Isolation Joint – They separate or isolate slabs from other parts of the structure such as walls, foo...
Concrete Masonry Unit<br />1 CMU = 3 Brick Courses<br />
Concrete Masonry Unit<br />A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same man...
Concrete Masonry Unit<br />CMU Blocks<br />
Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Split Block<br />Ribbed Block<br />
Doors<br />Exterior Panel Door<br />Exterior Flush Door<br />Top Rail<br />Stile<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rai...
Doors<br />Transom – a small window directly above a door.<br />Sidelight – a tall, narrow window along the side of a door...
Electrical Components<br />Transformer – an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.<br />
Electrical Components<br />Service Head – the assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter b...
Electrical Components<br />Meter – a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a res...
Electrical Components<br />Service Panel – metal container that houses and supports a receptacle, switch, or fixture and i...
Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle – an electrical wall outlet having two plug receptacles.<br />Duplex Receptac...
Framing Elements<br />(1) Anchor Bolt<br />
Framing Elements<br />(2) Sill Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br />(5) Sole Plate<br />(4) Subflooring<br />(3) Floor Joists<br />
Framing Elements<br />(7) Top Plate<br />(6) Stud<br />
Framing Elements<br />(8) Ceiling Joists<br />
Framing Elements<br />(9) Rafters<br />(11) Sheathing<br />(10) Roof Decking<br />
Framing Elements<br />(12) Stringer<br />
Front End Loader<br />A heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to load material into or onto another type of machi...
Gypsum Board<br />An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall...
Heat Pump<br />Advantage – The most efficient system you can buy to heat the home, it also is a lot quieter than most elec...
Heat Pump<br />Air Handling Unit – sends cooled refrigerant to a coil in the supply duct that cools the circulated air.<br...
Heat Pump<br />Compressor – extracts heat from outdoor air, and this <br />heat is transported through refrigerant lines t...
Insulation<br />Batt Insulation – most common, used between studs in walls <br />and joists. Have a solid facing on one si...
Insulation<br />Loose Fill Insulation – used in attics because they are <br />inexpensive and leave few voids and no gaps ...
Insulation<br />Foamed Insulation – a spray foamed insulation used on <br />pipes and to fill spaces between walls and cav...
Insulation<br />Ridge Board Insulation – is commonly used where a high R value is needed. Some composites are water resist...
Lintel<br />A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or a door opening.<br />
Mortar<br />Joint #1<br />Tooled Joint<br />3/8”<br />Education Building<br />Mortar Type – S<br />
Mortar<br />Joint #2<br />Tooled Joint<br />¼”<br />Fireplace<br />Mortar Type – O<br />
Oriented Strand Board<br />A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber composed of long shreds of wood fiber or...
Plumbing<br />Lavatory<br />Water Closet<br />1-1/2” drain pipe <br />3” waste pipe<br />
Plumbing<br />Plumbing Roof Vent – pipe that maintain a system of plumbing drains and waste <br />lines at atmospheric pre...
Plumbing<br />Bathroom Sink – undermount sink<br />
Plywood<br />A wood panel product composed on an odd numbers of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.<br />
Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the pas...
Rebar<br />Diameter = .75”    (#6 American or #19 Metric)<br />The deformations help it to bond tightly to concrete.<br />...
Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.<br />Downspout – a...
Steep Roof Drainage<br />Splash block – a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of...
Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and r...
Steep Roof Materials<br />Shingle – a small unit or water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other...
Steep Roof Materials<br />Metal Panel Roof – usually made out of galvanized or <br />aluminized steel<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel Roof<br />Gable Roof<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />Hip Roof<br />
Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge – the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.<br />Valley – a trough formed by ...
Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave – the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.<br />Rake – the sloping edge of a stee...
Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit – the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof ...
Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />Coursed Rubble Pattern<br />
Stone<br />Random Ashlar Pattern <br />Coursed Ashlar Pattern<br />
Vapor Retarder<br />A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.<br />
Waterproofing<br />An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation.<br />Waterproofing<br />
Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside of a building componen...
Welded Wire Fabric<br />
Windows<br />Awning Window – a projected window that rotates upward <br />vertically from its frame. <br />
Window<br />Casement Window– a projected<br />window that rotates horizontally outward from its frame.<br />
Window<br />Double Hung Window – has two operable sashes, where the<br />upper sash over laps the lower sash to keep out t...
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Visual Dictionary - Thermal

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Visual Dictionary - Thermal

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />Thermal<br />BSCI 2300<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. It blocks the air flow.<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent – used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.<br />Soffit Vent<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent – allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.<br />Ridge Vent<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent – used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic. <br />Gable Vent<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine – dome shaped structures that draw air out of the attic while they spin in the wind.<br />Roof Turbine<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe<br />An excavating machine with a bucket that is attached to a rigid bar hinged to a boom and is drawn toward the machine in operation. <br />Backhoe<br />Used primarily for <br />digging trenches and <br />ditches on construction <br />sites. <br />Width of Bucket = 24”<br />
  8. 8. Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame built just outside the corner of the excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the the basement that will be built in the excavation.<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arches<br />Brick Arch #1<br />Brick Arch #2<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arches<br />Arch with Keystone<br />Keystone<br />
  11. 11. Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond<br />(stretchers offset)<br />Flemish Bond<br />(Stretcher, Header, Stretcher)<br />
  12. 12. Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Rowlocks<br />Headers<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds<br />Sailor<br />Shiner<br />
  14. 14. Brick Sizes<br />Engineer Brick<br />Width = 3-5/8”<br />Height = 2-3/4”<br />Length = 7-5/8<br />
  15. 15. Brick Sizes<br /> Modular Brick<br />Width = 3-5/8” <br />Height = 2-1/4”<br />Length = 7-5/8”<br />
  16. 16. Bulldozer<br />Is a crawler, equipped with a substantial metal plate, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, and rubble during construction work.<br />
  17. 17. Cladding<br />Brick Clad Structure<br />EFIS Clad Structure<br />
  18. 18. Cladding<br />Stone Clad Structure<br />Random Ashlar Pattern<br />
  19. 19. Cladding<br />Wood Board Clad Structure<br />
  20. 20. Cladding<br />Wood Shake Clad Structure<br /> Wood Shingle – a thin piece wood that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house.<br />Wood Shake – a split piece of wood with an uneven surface that is laid in overlapping rows just like a shingle.<br />Wood Shake<br />
  21. 21. Code Requirements<br />Window<br />Width = 34”<br />Height = 60”<br />Area = 14 sq ft <br />AFF = 24”<br />IBC Code<br />Width = 20”<br />Height = 24”<br />Area = 5.7 sq ft<br />AFF = no more than 44”<br />Yes, it meets code<br />
  22. 22. Code Requirements<br />Stairs<br />Tread = 11” <br />Riser = 7-3/4”<br />IBC Code<br />Tread = 10” min<br />Riser = 7-3/4” max<br />Yes, it meets code<br />
  23. 23. Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint – An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane or weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.<br />Control Joint<br />Crack<br />
  24. 24. Concrete Joints<br />Isolation Joint – They separate or isolate slabs from other parts of the structure such as walls, footings, or columns. <br />Isolation Joint – Brick wall from the concrete slab<br />
  25. 25. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />1 CMU = 3 Brick Courses<br />
  26. 26. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. <br />Typical Dimensions<br />Actual<br />Length = 15-5/8” <br />Width = 7-3/8”<br />Height = 7-5/8” <br />Nominal<br />Length = 16”<br />Width = 8”<br />Height = 8”<br />
  27. 27. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />CMU Blocks<br />
  28. 28. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Split Block<br />Ribbed Block<br />
  29. 29. Doors<br />Exterior Panel Door<br />Exterior Flush Door<br />Top Rail<br />Stile<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  30. 30. Doors<br />Transom – a small window directly above a door.<br />Sidelight – a tall, narrow window along the side of a door. <br />Transom<br />Sidelight<br />
  31. 31. Electrical Components<br />Transformer – an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.<br />
  32. 32. Electrical Components<br />Service Head – the assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base.<br />Service Head<br />
  33. 33. Electrical Components<br />Meter – a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence.<br />Meter<br />
  34. 34. Electrical Components<br />Service Panel – metal container that houses and supports a receptacle, switch, or fixture and its connections to a circuit.<br />
  35. 35. Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle – an electrical wall outlet having two plug receptacles.<br />Duplex Receptacle<br />
  36. 36. Framing Elements<br />(1) Anchor Bolt<br />
  37. 37. Framing Elements<br />(2) Sill Plate<br />
  38. 38. Framing Elements<br />(5) Sole Plate<br />(4) Subflooring<br />(3) Floor Joists<br />
  39. 39. Framing Elements<br />(7) Top Plate<br />(6) Stud<br />
  40. 40. Framing Elements<br />(8) Ceiling Joists<br />
  41. 41. Framing Elements<br />(9) Rafters<br />(11) Sheathing<br />(10) Roof Decking<br />
  42. 42. Framing Elements<br />(12) Stringer<br />
  43. 43. Front End Loader<br />A heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to load material into or onto another type of machinery.<br />Front End Loader<br />
  44. 44. Gypsum Board<br />An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard.<br />
  45. 45. Heat Pump<br />Advantage – The most efficient system you can buy to heat the home, it also is a lot quieter than most electric heaters.<br />Disadvantage – You may have to buy a backup unit, and the initial price can be a deterrent. <br />
  46. 46. Heat Pump<br />Air Handling Unit – sends cooled refrigerant to a coil in the supply duct that cools the circulated air.<br />Air Handling Unit<br />
  47. 47. Heat Pump<br />Compressor – extracts heat from outdoor air, and this <br />heat is transported through refrigerant lines to a heat <br />exchanger in the furnace.<br />Compressor<br />
  48. 48. Insulation<br />Batt Insulation – most common, used between studs in walls <br />and joists. Have a solid facing on one side to prevent water <br />from coming in. <br />
  49. 49. Insulation<br />Loose Fill Insulation – used in attics because they are <br />inexpensive and leave few voids and no gaps between pieces. <br />
  50. 50. Insulation<br />Foamed Insulation – a spray foamed insulation used on <br />pipes and to fill spaces between walls and cavities.<br />
  51. 51. Insulation<br />Ridge Board Insulation – is commonly used where a high R value is needed. Some composites are water resistant and used below sub grade. <br />
  52. 52. Lintel<br />A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or a door opening.<br />
  53. 53. Mortar<br />Joint #1<br />Tooled Joint<br />3/8”<br />Education Building<br />Mortar Type – S<br />
  54. 54. Mortar<br />Joint #2<br />Tooled Joint<br />¼”<br />Fireplace<br />Mortar Type – O<br />
  55. 55. Oriented Strand Board<br />A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.<br />
  56. 56. Plumbing<br />Lavatory<br />Water Closet<br />1-1/2” drain pipe <br />3” waste pipe<br />
  57. 57. Plumbing<br />Plumbing Roof Vent – pipe that maintain a system of plumbing drains and waste <br />lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.<br />
  58. 58. Plumbing<br />Bathroom Sink – undermount sink<br />
  59. 59. Plywood<br />A wood panel product composed on an odd numbers of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.<br />
  60. 60. Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. <br />
  61. 61. Rebar<br />Diameter = .75” (#6 American or #19 Metric)<br />The deformations help it to bond tightly to concrete.<br />Rebar<br />
  62. 62. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.<br />Downspout – a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.<br />Gutter<br />Downspout<br />
  63. 63. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Splash block – a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.<br />Splash block<br />
  64. 64. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.<br />Underlayment<br />
  65. 65. Steep Roof Materials<br />Shingle – a small unit or water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. <br />Wood Shingle Roof<br />
  66. 66. Steep Roof Materials<br />Metal Panel Roof – usually made out of galvanized or <br />aluminized steel<br />
  67. 67. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel Roof<br />Gable Roof<br />
  68. 68. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />Hip Roof<br />
  69. 69. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge – the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.<br />Valley – a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.<br />Ridge<br />Valley<br />
  70. 70. Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave – the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.<br />Rake – the sloping edge of a steep roof.<br />Rake<br />Eave<br />
  71. 71. Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit – the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang.<br />Fascia – the exposed vertical face of an eave. <br />Fascia<br />Soffit<br />
  72. 72. Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />Coursed Rubble Pattern<br />
  73. 73. Stone<br />Random Ashlar Pattern <br />Coursed Ashlar Pattern<br />
  74. 74. Vapor Retarder<br />A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.<br />
  75. 75. Waterproofing<br />An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation.<br />Waterproofing<br />
  76. 76. Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside of a building component or assembly. <br />Weep Hole<br />
  77. 77. Welded Wire Fabric<br />
  78. 78. Windows<br />Awning Window – a projected window that rotates upward <br />vertically from its frame. <br />
  79. 79. Window<br />Casement Window– a projected<br />window that rotates horizontally outward from its frame.<br />
  80. 80. Window<br />Double Hung Window – has two operable sashes, where the<br />upper sash over laps the lower sash to keep out the weather.<br />

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