Epoxy Flooring   Systems
Contents           Properties                               3           Substrate preparation                    5        ...
Reaction resin flooring systems are thin layers of epoxy or polyurethaneresins, which, after hardening, acquire high mecha...
BASIC PROPERTIES OF EPOXY FLOORINGS    HIGH MECHANICAL STRENGTH    Epoxy floorings are extremely resistant to mechanical w...
RAPID CURING - QUICK USEThe required time for the installment of an epoxy flooring system is particular short and depends ...
INSTALLATION PROCESS OF THE EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS    4-STEP INSTALLMENT     1       Substrate preparation     2       Sub...
Substrate grindingThe concrete substrate must be prepared properly by rubbing, pellet blasting, grinding etc. in order to ...
2       SUBSTRATE PRIMING    Priming shall take place on the thoroughly prepared surface to ensure the proper bonding of t...
DUROPRIMER-W 3-component, water-based epoxy primer In case the selected epoxy floor will be installed on wet (moisture con...
3         FILLING UP SURFACE IRREGULARITIES    After the primer has dried and before applying the final epoxy or polyureth...
4        FINAL COATINGFollowing the requirements for the final flooring, in terms of mechanical and chemical resistance, t...
Then it is applied in a thickness of 2-3 mm, using a notched                    The recent applied flooring layer should b...
Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR installed in a winery EPOXY FLOOR COATING SYSTEMDUROFLOOR-R Epoxy coating          ...
APPLICATION      Components A (resin) and B (hardener) are packed in two separate pots according                      Afte...
DUROFLOOR-R properties DUROFLOOR-R color shades                                                                    TECHNIC...
EPOXY FLOORING     DUROFLOOR 11 Epoxy flooring                                         DUROFLOOR 11 is a 2-component, solv...
POLYURETHANE FLOOR COATINGDUROFLOOR-PU Polyurethane floor coating                                      DUROFLOOR-PU is a 2...
SLIP RESISTANCE     Slip-resistant surface finish     After hardening, epoxy and polyurethane floorings provide a smooth s...
Slip resistanceThe slip resistance level of a floor should be selected carefully taking into consideration both the danger...
CONDUCTIVE SELF-LEVELING EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEM     DUROFLOOR-C Conductive self-leveling epoxy flooring                    ...
In order to confirm that the required level of conductivity has been accomplished the measuring of the electrical resistan...
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS     Sealing joints     Floors extended to long and wide areas contain both construction and expansion...
Connection points of epoxy flooring with other overlaysAreas that are exposed to heavy mechanical wear                    ...
Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR installed in the Olympic Sports Center, Attica, Greece           Self-leveling epox...
Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in a warehouse               Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R                                ...
Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in toy and childrens clothing store                Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R          ...
Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R on parking lots                                            EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS   26
1212THESSALONIKI, GREECE                            ISOMAT S.A.17th km Thessaloniki - Ag. Athanasios Road      ΒUILDING CH...
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ISOMAT_Epoxy flooring systems

  1. 1. Epoxy Flooring Systems
  2. 2. Contents Properties 3 Substrate preparation 5 Substrate priming 7 Filling up surface irregularities 9 Final coating DUROFLOOR 10 Final coating DUROFLOOR-R 12 Final coating DUROFLOOR 11 15 Final coating DUROFLOOR-PU 16 Slip resistance 17 Final coating DUROFLOOR-C 19 Construction details 21 Floor surface hardening 22 Applications of ISOMAT epoxy floorings 231 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  3. 3. Reaction resin flooring systems are thin layers of epoxy or polyurethaneresins, which, after hardening, acquire high mechanical strength andoutstanding chemical resistance. They can be applied to both new and oldfloors, in areas that are exposed to great mechanical or chemical wear.Epoxy floorings demonstrate excellent durability in time, keepingsimultaneously the maintenance cost at the minimum. Furthermore, theyform a smooth, durable, non-absorbent and easy-to-clean final surface.Considering the market requirements for floorings of high strength andexcellent level of aesthetics, ISOMAT based on its long-standingexperience has developed a complete range of epoxy and polyurethaneflooring systems that fulfill all modern design requirements. Besides that,ISOMAT offers the necessary technical know-how and solutions to anyindustrial flooring problem. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 2
  4. 4. BASIC PROPERTIES OF EPOXY FLOORINGS HIGH MECHANICAL STRENGTH Epoxy floorings are extremely resistant to mechanical wear, such as in areas with increased traffic loadings (industrial production sites and storage facilities, small industries, parking sites, hotels, shopping malls etc.). They are characterized by: Increased resistance to abrasion, as to avoid dusting and wearing out. Excellent compressive strength. High adhesion to the substrate, as to avoid delamination. Major punctual hardness, as to avoid incising. EXCELLENT CHEMICAL RESISTANCE, EASY-TO-CLEAN Epoxy floorings are non-absorbent, easy-to-clean layers that demonstrate exceptional chemical resistance. Therefore, they are suitable for use in production facilities, slaughterhouses, gas stations, car repair shops etc. They prove resistance to: Dilutions of organic and inorganic acids. Solvents, alkalis, salts, petrochemical products, lubricants, aggressive cleaning agents etc. CE MARKING Epoxy floorings of ISOMAT are certified with the CE marking according to the european standard EN 13813. COST-EFFICIENT FLOOR RESTORATION Epoxy floorings are a more cost-efficient solution comparing with other recommended alternatives for floor restoration, as they are easy-to-apply and can be walked on, shortly after application. Additionally, their ability to endure is longer when comparing with other floor construction alternatives. ADDITIONAL PROPERTIES SMOOTH OR NON-SLIP SURFACE FINISH A non-slip surface finish with different levels of slip resistance can be formed through a specific laying technique apart from the smooth finish, in areas where there is a high risk of slipping (industrial production facilities, ramps etc.). ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY In areas there is an increasing demand to prevent the negative impact of the static electricity, such as computer rooms, printing houses, textile factories, hospitals, gas stations, power stations, ammunition stores etc. the installment of conductive epoxy flooring systems is recommended. APPLICATION ON PARTICULARLY DIFFICULT SUBSTRATES Epoxy floorings are usually applied to clean and dry cementitious substrates that are at least 28 days old. However, by using adequate primers, they can be also applied to surfaces that are only 7 days old or appear to have rising moisture/damp problems. Moreover epoxy floorings can be installed to substrates that are contaminated with oil, provided that these surfaces have been previously treated chemically by special cleaning agents. HYGIENE, EASY-TO-CLEAN The epoxy flooring systems of ISOMAT have been certified for their suitability for use in food process and food storage facilities, freezers, and hospitals etc., where the decision for a proper floor covering is determined by strict hygienic requirements. Furthermore, due to their smooth surface finish, they can be cleaned fast and easy.3 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  5. 5. RAPID CURING - QUICK USEThe required time for the installment of an epoxy flooring system is particular short and depends on the substratescondition and the type of the epoxy flooring that shall be applied. The applied flooring system, depending on the prevailingtemperature conditions, may be walked on, already the following day upon completion of the laying works, while it can beexposed to maximum loading in a seven days time.SELECTION OF THE DESIRED COLORThe epoxy floorings are produced in a variety of colors so to meet the aesthetics criteria of each customer and fulfill alsothe utility requirements of the construction site (e.g. possibility of floor marking and floor lining).BASIC PROPERTIES OF POLYURETHANE FLOORINGSRESISTANCE TO SOLAR RADIATIONThe polyurethane floorings have an excellent resistance to solar radiation (UV).HIGH MECHANICAL STRENGTH AND ELASTICITYPolyurethane floorings offer high strength, abrasion resistance and they are used to areas that require high elasticity.Therefore, they are ideal for refrigerators and freezer rooms, industrial areas, warehouses, laboratories, hospitals, winefactories, slaughter-houses, canned food factories, car workshops etc.EXCELLENT CHEMICAL RESISTANCE, EASY-TO-CLEANPolyurethane floorings are non-absorbent, easy-to-clean and demonstrate exceptional chemical resistance to: Dilutions of organic and inorganic acids. Alkalis, petrochemical products, specific solvents, wastes, water, sea water and weather conditions.RESISTANCE TO LOW AND HIGH TEMPERATUREEpoxy floorings have been exposed to extreme weather conditions without abolishing their properties, if the temperaturechanges gradually. They can be applied both to areas with low and high temperature (e.g. freezers and industrialproduction facilities). EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 4
  6. 6. INSTALLATION PROCESS OF THE EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 4-STEP INSTALLMENT 1 Substrate preparation 2 Substrate priming 3 Filling up substrate irregularities 4 Final coating/sealing In every step of the installation process it is important to use the proper tools and materials and to have good knowledge of all construction details, for ensuring a sound construction solution. 1 SUBSTRATE PREPARATION The successful installation of an epoxy flooring system starts with the proper preparation of the substrate. The substrate (industrial floor, concrete slab, cementitious screed, mosaic floor) must be free of residues that prevent bonding of the flooring layer to the substrate (such as dust, loose particles, grease etc.), dry (moisture content < 4%) and sound with sufficient strength. Moisture content determination Measuring the moisture content of the concrete substrate is essential in order to decide for the adequate primer. Concrete floors that are 28 days old usually have moisture content less than 4%. However, when the concrete is relatively fresh or exposed to rising moisture, then it may not be free of excess moisture. Therefore it is recommended to determine the moisture content before any application either by use of an electronic moisture meter or by the following procedure described below: First, a small sample of the substrate is taken for testing. Thereafter, the sample is being weighed and crumbled. Subsequently, the sample is put into the moisture meter The moisture meter is sealed properly and shacked for together with all necessary reagents. 5 minutes, where, after approx. 10 minutes, the moisture content percentage of the concrete substrate is indicated.5 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  7. 7. Substrate grindingThe concrete substrate must be prepared properly by rubbing, pellet blasting, grinding etc. in order to remove cementlaitance and achieve an open textured surface, thus helping the primer penetrate deeper into the pores to induceincreased anchoring and bonding of the upcoming epoxy layer to the substrate, while reaching also sufficient surfaceleveling. Subsequently, all dust and loose particles should be thoroughly removed by a high suction vacuum cleaner.Grinding the surface with a mosaic machine. Grinding the surface by pellet blasting. Treatment residues and dust are cleaned up with a high suction vacuum cleaner.Substrates contaminated with oilSurfaces contaminated with oil require thorough cleaning before being laid withepoxy floorings. At first, the floor is cleaned from the superficial dirt by hot waterblasting. Then it is rubbed by pellet blasting in order to reach an open texturedsurface.Subsequently, the industrial cleaning agent FD-CLEAN is spread onto the surfaceand rubbed diligently with a hard brush, thus enabling the material to penetrateinto the floor pores and emulsify the oil.After 30 minutes the emulsified oil is removed by hot water blasting. Thereafter,the floor should be primed directly with a special primer before the oil rises to thefloor surface again. Hot water blasting to remove the oil from the floor.Metal substratesMetal substrates (e.g. lofts) which shall be covered by epoxy coatings must befree of rust and any type of erosion to ensure good bonding. The treatment ofthese substrates shall be done by sand blasting. Thereafter, the surface should becleaned thoroughly with a high suction vacuum cleaner. Sand blasting onto the metal substrate for the rust removal. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 6
  8. 8. 2 SUBSTRATE PRIMING Priming shall take place on the thoroughly prepared surface to ensure the proper bonding of the subsequent flooring. ISOMAT offers a wide range of primers, both solvent-based and solvent-free, dealing with all possible kinds of substrates (cementitious or metal substrates, green concrete, cementitious substrates with rising moisture or contaminated with oil). During application the primer penetrates and anchors in the pores of the substrate, thus stabilizing the substrate and acting as a bond layer between the substrate and the final coating. Epoxy primers DUROPRIMER 2-component epoxy primer with solvents Cement-based substrates (industrial floors, concrete, cement-mortar, mosaic) are primed with the 2- component epoxy primer DUROPRIMER. Due to solvents, the primer penetrates deeply into the substrate providing excellent anchoring. The surface must be clean, dry and protected from rising moisture. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. The 2 components are thoroughly mixed with a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). DUROPRIMER is applied by roller, brush or 2 spray in one layer, with consumption of 200-300 g/m depending on the substrate’s absorbency. The installation of the selected epoxy system follows within 24 hours after priming and when this has dried. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. DUROPRIMER is supplied in packages (A+B) of 3 kg and 9 kg. DUROFLOOR-PSF 2-component, solvent-free epoxy primer In cases where the presence of solvents is not desirable (e.g. in-cabin rooms with insufficient ventilation), the use of DUROFLOOR-PSF instead of DUROPRIMER is recommended. The surface must be clean, dry and protected from rising moisture. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. The 2 components are mixed with a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). 2 DUROFLOOR-PSF is applied by roller, brush or spray in one layer, with consumption of 200-300 g/m depending on the substrate absorbency. The installation of the selected epoxy system follows within 24 hours after priming and when this has dried. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. DUROFLOOR-PSF is supplied in packages (A+B) of 5 kg and 10 kg. EPOXYPRIMER-W 2-component, water-based epoxy primer In cases where the presence of solvents is not desirable, EPOXYPRIMER-W could be used alternative to DUROFLOOR-PSF. EPOXYPRIMER-W can be applied on dry to slightly wet substrates, without standing water. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. The 2 components are mixed with a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). EPOXYPRIMER-W is applied on the substrate as it is or diluted up to 10% b.w. with water. It can be applied by brush or roller in one layer, with consumption of 200-300 g/m2 depending on the substrates absorbency. The installation of the selected epoxy system follows within 24-48 hours and only when the moisture content of the primed surface is less than 4%. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. EPOXYPRIMER-W is supplied in packages (A+B) of 10 kg.7 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  9. 9. DUROPRIMER-W 3-component, water-based epoxy primer In case the selected epoxy floor will be installed on wet (moisture content higher than 4%) or green concrete (up to 5 days old), the substrate must be primed with the 3-component, water-based epoxy primer DUROPRIMER-W. It has the adequate diffusion coefficient to compensate the pressure created by the water vapor of moisture. At first, the whole quantity of component B is added to component A, and consequently both are poured into a clean container, where also component C is added under continuous stirring. Then the mixture is diluted 5-20% with water depending on the desired workability. DUROPRIMER-W is applied by brush or roller on the wet, with no standing water, substrate in one layer, 2 with consumption of 250-300 g/m . After 48 hours and provided that the moisture content of the DUROPRIMER-W layer is less than 4%, the installation of an epoxy system may follow. If the moisture content is more than 4%, then the mentioned process shall be repeated. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. DUROPRIMER-W is supplied in packages (A+B+C) of 21 kg. DUROPRIMER-SG 2-componenent, solvent-free special primer For oil contaminated concrete floors or floors with rising moisture, priming of the surface with the 2- component special primer DUROPRIMER-SG is required. Oil contaminated substrates must be treated with special cleaning agents chemically and then washed out with water (s. page 6). Due to its high specific weight DUROPRIMER-SG can displace the water from the capillary pores of the substrate, while anchoring sufficient. Mixing takes place by adding the whole quantity of component B into component A under continuous stirring with a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). DUROPRIMER-SG is applied on the wet, but without standing water, substrate by a roller or squeegee (consumption: 600-1000 g/m2) and brushed thoroughly.The installation of the final epoxy coating follows after 24 hours. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. DUROPRIMER-SG is available in packages (A+B) of 10 kg. EPOXYCOAT-AC 2-component, anticorrosive epoxy primer Metal surfaces can be primed with the anticorrosive epoxy primer EPOXYCOAT-AC. EPOXYCOAT-AC is a 2-component, colored epoxy system with solvents. It offers excellent protection against corrosion to metalic surfaces.The surface must be clean, dry and free of rust. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. The 2 components are mixed with a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). 2 EPOXYCOAT-AC is applied by roller, brush or spray in two layers, at a consumption of 150-200 g/m per layer. The second layer follows within 24 hours and when the first has dried. The installation of the selected epoxy coating should follow within the next 24 hours and after the second layer of the anticorrosive epoxy primer has dried. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. EPOXYCOAT-AC is supplied in packages (A+B) of 3 kg and 8 kg, in colors grey (RAL 7040) and redbrown (RAL 3009).Polyurethane primers PRIMER-PU 1-component polyurethane primer with solvents It is applied on porous of substrates and ensures the proper adhesion of the liquid applied, polyurethane coating DUROFLOOR-PU. It is suitable for substrates like concrete, cement-mortars, wood etc. The surface to be primed must be dry, free of dust, grease, dirt etc. PRIMER-PU is thoroughly stirred 2 and uniformly applied on the substrate by brush, roller or spraying. Consumption: 200-300 g/m . DUROFLOOR-PSF is supplied in packages of 1 kg, 5 kg and 17 kg. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 8
  10. 10. 3 FILLING UP SURFACE IRREGULARITIES After the primer has dried and before applying the final epoxy or polyurethane flooring, any existing substrate imperfections (cracks, holes etc.) shall be filled up in order to achieve a smooth and continuous surface. Especially in cases where the selected reaction resin flooring shall be installed in a thin layer (DUROFLOOR-R), the filling up of the surface irregularities is important for providing a smooth substrate. Patching and filling up of surface irregularities can take place with the ready-to-use epoxy putties EPOMAX-EK and EPOMAX-STUCCO especially when the area of application is limited, or by preparing a resin mortar (mixing of epoxy resin with quartz sand of particle size 0-0.4 mm). The reaction resin flooring shall be applied after the leveling material has hardened and within the time limits that are set for each type of primer (page 7-8). Filling up cracks and holes on mosaic floor. Filling up cracks and holes on industrial floor. Throughout application of self leveling resin mortar to restore surfaces smoothness. EPOMAX-EK 2-component epoxy putty EPOMAX-EK is a 2-component epoxy system without solvents. After hardening it offers very strong bonding to the substrate, high hardness and high mechanical resistance. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. The 2 components are mixed with a trowel. Consumption: approx. 1.85 kg/m2/mm of layer thickness. It is classified as a structural bonding agent for mortar or concrete according to EN 1504-4. EPOMAX-EK is supplied in packages (A+B) of 1 kg, 2 kg and 4 kg. EPOMAX-STUCCO 2-component epoxy putty, extra fine-graded EPOMAX-STUCCO is a 2-component epoxy system without solvents. After hardening it offers strong bonding to the substrate, high hardness and high mechanical resistance. The whole quantity of component A and component B is placed into a clean container. The 2 components are mixed with a 2 trowel. Consumption: approx. 1.35 kg/m /mm of layer thickness. It is classified as a structural bonding agent according to EN1504-4. EPOMAX-STUCCO is supplied in packages (A+B) of 1 kg. Resin-mortars can be prepared by the use of the epoxy primer DUROFLOOR-PSF with addition of quartz sand, in proportion 1:2 to 1:3 by weight. Alternatively, the epoxy resins DUROFLOOR and DUROFLOOR-R can be used for this purpose, by mixing with quartz sand in proportion 1:2-1:3 and 1:1.5-1:2 b.w. If the surface has been previously primed with DUROPRIMER-W, then the same epoxy primer must be used as it is for filling up any irregularities. Finally, in case of priming with EPOXYPRIMER-W, then only the same epoxy primer can be used as a resin mortar, mixed with quartz sand in proportion 1:2 to 1:3 b.w., for filling up any irregularities.9 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  11. 11. 4 FINAL COATINGFollowing the requirements for the final flooring, in terms of mechanical and chemical resistance, the appropriate finalepoxy coating and the matching application method are selected. DUROFLOOR is a self-leveling epoxy flooring suitablefor areas that are subjected to high wear, DUROFLOOR-R is a coating for areas that are subjected to wear of mediumintensity, while DUROFLOOR 11 can be applied as a self-leveling epoxy flooring or as an epoxy coating. DUROFLOOR-PUis a polyurethane coating with excellent resistance to solar radiation that is suitable also for exterior applications. Finally,DUROFLOOR-C is self-leveling, conductible epoxy flooring applied onto areas where static electricity is undesirable. SELF-LEVELING Ε Δ Ο Υ Μ Ε Ν Ο Ε SYSTEM Δ Ι Κ Ο Δ Α Π Ε Δ Ο Α Υ Τ Ο Ε Π Ι Π EPOXY FLOORING Π Ο Ξ Ε ΙDUROFLOOR Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR is a 2-component, solvent-free, colored, self-leveling epoxy system. It offers high strength and abrasion resistance. It is resistant to organic and inorganic acids, alkalis, petroleum products, wastes, water, sea water and a large number of solvents. Also, it is resistant to temperature alteration from -300C to +1000C for dry loading and, up to +600C for wet loading. During application it is mixed with quartz sand of 0-0.4 mm particle size (Q35) in proportion 1:2 by weight. It is applied in a thickness of 2-3 mm with a notched trowel. DUROFLOOR is used as pourable, self-leveling flooring on cement-based floors where high mechanical or chemical resistance is required. It is suitable for industrial areas, warehouses, stores, car workshops, super markets, laboratories, hotels, garages, gas stations, areas with heavy traffic etc. It is also suitable for coating surfaces that will come in direct contact with food products, according to W-347, ISO 8467. It is classified as SR-B2,0-AR0,5-IR4 according to EN 13813. DUROFLOOR is supplied in packages (A+B) of 9 kg in 8 different colors. Q35 quartz sand is supplied in bags of 18 kg.APPLICATION Components A (resin) and B (hardener) are packed in two separate packages that have the predetermined mixing proportion by weight. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. Mixing of the 2 components should take place for about 5 minutes using a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). It is important to stir the mixture thoroughly near the sides and the bottom of the pot, in order to achieve homogenous dispersion of the hardener. Hereupon, quartz sand with a particle size of 0-0.4 mm (or Q35) is gradually added into the mixture under continuous Subsequently, the resin-mortar is poured stirring, in proportion 1:2 by weight until a uniform epoxy mortar is formed. onto the primed surface. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 10
  12. 12. Then it is applied in a thickness of 2-3 mm, using a notched The recent applied flooring layer should be rolled with a trowel. Alternatively, an adjustable floor finish scraper may special spiked roller to facilitate the release of any entrapped be used. Consumption of DUROFLOOR (А+В) is 0.6 kg/m2 air and avoid therewith the creation of air bubbles that may and that of quartz sand is 1.2 kg/m 2 per millimeter of layer otherwise appear on the epoxy flooring surface. During thickness. application the use of spiked shoes is required. Due to its low viscosity, the mixture has self-leveling properties, while providing a smooth final surface. Due to the high fluidity of the initial mixture, in case installing DUROFLOOR onto inclined surfaces (e.g. ramps), the addition of a thickening agent in percentage 0.5% by weight is needed. DUROFLOOR properties DUROFLOOR color shades TECHNICAL DATA Sand grey PROPERTIES DUROFLOOR (A+B) STANDARD +Q35 (RAL 7032) 1. PHYSICAL Light grey Density 1.72 kg/lit (RAL 7035) Viscosity 15000 mPa.s BROOKFIELD Minimum hardening temperature +8°C Grey (RAL 7040) Walkability (+23°C) 24 h Final strength (+23°C) 7 days Redbrown Reaction to fire Efl EN 13501-1 (RAL 3009) 2. MECHANICAL Abrasion resistance - Taber test 80.5 mg ASTM D 4060 Beige (RAL 1015) Wear resistance - BCA AR0,5 EN 13892-4 Impact resistance IR4 EN ISO 6272 White-Beige Compressive strength 102.3 MPa ASTM D 695 (RAL 1013) Flexural strength 47 MPa DIN EN 196 Adhesion strength > 3.0 MPa EN 13892-8 Light green Hardness 80 - SHORE D DIN 53505 (RAL 6021) 3. CHEMICAL Pastel blue Resistance to chemical solutions (acetic, citric, sulfuric & lactic acid, (RAL 5024) hypoclorite and sodium hydroxide, None or slight alteration ASTM D 543-87 ethanol, xylene, olive oil) More color shades are available for orders Water absorption (14 days) 0.59 % ASTM D 570 of minimum 144 kg in quantity. Direct contact with food Suitable W-347, ISO 8467 The shades of the above printed colors Resistance to Dry loading -30°C up to +100°C might slightly differ from the real ones. temperature alteration Wet loading -30°C up to +60°C11 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  13. 13. Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR installed in a winery EPOXY FLOOR COATING SYSTEMDUROFLOOR-R Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R is a 2-component, solvent-free, colored epoxy system, offering high strength and abrasion resistance. It is resistant to organic and inorganic acids, alkalis, petroleum products, specific solvents, wastes, water, and sea water and weather conditions. It is resistant 0 0 0 to temperatures from -30 C up to +100 C in dry loading and up to +60 C in wet loading. DUROFLOOR-R is used as a coating on floors that require high mechanical or chemical resistance. It is suitable for cement-based substrates, e.g. concrete, cement screeds or asbestos cement, as well as for steel or iron surfaces in industrial areas, warehouses, laboratories, slaughter-houses, hospitals, wine factories, canned food factories, garages, car repair shops etc. It is also suitable for surfaces that shall come in direct contact with food, according to W-347, ISO 8467. It is classified as SR-B2,0-AR0,5-IR4 according to EN 13813. DUROFLOOR-R is supplied in packages (A+B) of 10 kg, in 8 different color shades. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 12
  14. 14. APPLICATION Components A (resin) and B (hardener) are packed in two separate pots according Afterwards, DUROFLOOR-R to the predetermined mixing proportion by weight. The whole quantity of is poured onto the primed substrate. component B is added into component A. Mixing of the 2 components should take place for about 5 minutes, using a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). It is important to stir the mixture thoroughly near the sides and the bottom of the container in order to achieve uniform dispersion of the hardener. Following that, it is being spread with a squeegee The fresh layer is treated with a mohair roller to enable good on the primed substrate. anchoring and uniform distribution of material, ensuring therewith same thickness all over the floor surface. The use of spiked shoes is needed for such application. Within 24 hours, and after the first layer of DUROFLOOR-R has dried, the second layer follows applied by the same method. Consumption of DUROFLOOR-R is 250-300 g/m2 per layer. Due to the fluidity of the product, in case of installing DUROFLOOR-R onto inclined or vertical surfaces (e.g. stairways, ramps, base boards etc.), a thickening agent should be added in percentage 2% by weight, in order to increase the thixotropy of DUROFLOOR-R.13 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  15. 15. DUROFLOOR-R properties DUROFLOOR-R color shades TECHNICAL DATA Sand grey PROPERTIES DUROFLOOR-R STANDARD (RAL 7032) 1. PHYSICAL Light grey Density 1.46 kg/lit (RAL 7035) Viscosity 1900 mPa.s BROOKFIELD Minimum hardening temperature +8°C Grey (RAL 7040) Walkability (+23°C) 24 h Final strength (+23°C) 7 days Redbrown Reaction to fire Efl EN 13501-1 (RAL 3009) 2. MECHANICAL Beige Abrasion resistance - Taber test 76.6 mg ASTM D 4060 (RAL 1015) Wear resistance - BCA AR0,5 EN 13892-4 Impact resistance IR4 EN ISO 6272 White-Beige Compressive strength 51 MPa DIN EN 196 (RAL 1013) Flexural strength 32 MPa DIN EN 196 Light green Adhesion strength > 3.0 MPa EN 13892-8 (RAL 6021) Hardness 80 - SHORE D DIN 53505 3. CHEMICAL Pastel blue Resistance to chemical solutions (RAL 5024) (acetic, citric, sulfuric & lactic acid, None or slight alteration hypoclorite and sodium hydroxide, ASTM D 543-87 ethanol, xylene, olive oil)More color shades are available for orders of minimum 150 kg in quantity. Water absorption (14 days) 0.94 % ASTM D 570 The shades of the above printed colors Direct contact with food Suitable W-347, ISO 8467 might slightly differ from the real ones. Resistance to Dry loading -30°C up to +100°C temperature alteration Wet loading -30°C up to +60°C Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed on the underground parking lot SALONICA PARK in Thessaloniki, Greece EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 14
  16. 16. EPOXY FLOORING DUROFLOOR 11 Epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR 11 is a 2-component, solvent-free, colored epoxy system. It offers high strength and abrasion resistance. It is resistant to organic and inorganic acids, alkalis, petroleum products, wastes, water, sea water and a large number of solvents. It is resistant to temperatures from -30oC to +100oC in dry loading and up to +60oC in wet loading. DUROFLOOR 11 is used, with the addition of quartz sand with a particle size of 0.1-0.4 mm (M32 quartz), in proportions 1:1 as a self-leveling epoxy flooring on cement-based floors that require extremely high mechanical or chemical resistance, in a thickness 2-3 mm. Its application is similar to the one of DUROFLOOR. It can also be used, without the addition of quartz sand, as a coating on floors that require extremely high mechanical or chemical resistance. It can be applied on cement-based substrates, as well as for steel or iron surfaces. it is suitable for industrial areas, warehouses, stores, car workshops, supermarkets, laboratories, hotels, garages, gas stations, areas with heavy traffic etc. It is classified as SR-B2,0-AR0,5-IR4 according to EN 13813. It is supplied in packages (A+B) of 16 kg. Q32 quartz sand is supplied in bags of 25 kg. DUROFLOOR 11 properties TECHNICAL DATA PROPERTIES DUROFLOOR 11 (A+B)+M32 DUROFLOOR 11 (A+B) STANDARD as self-leveling as coating 1. PHYSICAL Density 1.70 kg/lit 1.35 kg/lit Viscosity 10000 mPa.s 1400 mPa.s BROOKFIELD Minimum hardening temperature +8°C +8°C Walkability (+23°C) 24 h 24 h Final strength (+23°C) 7 days 7 days Reaction to fire Efl Efl EN 13501-1 2. MECHANICAL Abrasion resistance - Taber test 79 mg 77 mg ASTM D 4060 Wear resistance - BCA AR0,5 AR0,5 EN 13892-4 Impact resistance IR4 IR4 EN ISO 6272 Compressive strength 102.3 MPa 53 MPa DIN EN 196 Flexural strength 47 MPa 33 MPa DIN EN 196 Adhesion strength > 3.0 MPa > 3.0 MPa EN 13892-8 Hardness 80 - SHORE D 80 - SHORE D DIN 53505 3. CHEMICAL Resistance to Dry loading -30°C up to +100°C -30°C up to +100°C temperature alteration Wet loading -30°C up to +60°C -30°C up to +60°C DUROFLOOR 11 color shades Sand grey More color shades are available for orders (RAL 7032) of minimum 160 kg in quantity. The shades of the above printed colors Grey might slightly differ from the real ones. (RAL 7040)15 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  17. 17. POLYURETHANE FLOOR COATINGDUROFLOOR-PU Polyurethane floor coating DUROFLOOR-PU is a 2-component, solvent-free, colored polyurethane system. After its application it forms a strong and elastic membrane with excellent resistance to solar radiation (UV). It offers abrasion resistance, it is resistant to organic and inorganic acids, alkalis, petroleum products, to specific solvents, wastes, water, sea water and weather conditions. o o o It is resistant to temperatures from -30 C to +100 C in dry loading and up to +60 C in wet loading. DUROFLOOR-PU is used as a coating on floors that require high elasticity, mechanical and chemical strength. It can be applied on cement-based substrates, steel or iron surfaces, existing epoxy floors. It is suitable for refrigerator and freeze rooms, industrial areas, warehouses, laboratories, hospitals, wine factories, slaughter-houses, canned food facrories, garages, car workshops, etc. It is classified as SR-B1.5-AR2-IR8 according to EN 13813. It is supplied in packages (A+B) of 10 kg.APPLICATION DUROFLOOR-PU application should take place within 24 hours after priming. When the substrate contains humidity more than 4% or it’s a fresh concrete substrate, the surface should be primed with the water-based 3-component primer DUROPRIMER-W or with DUROPRIMER-SG. Its application is similar to the one of DUROFLOOR-R.DUROFLOOR-PU properties DUROFLOOR-PU color shades TECHNICAL DATA Grey PROPERTIES DUROFLOOR-PU (A+B) STANDARD (RAL 7040) 1. PHYSICALMore color shades are available for orders Density 1.40 kg/lit of minimum 150 kg in quantity. Viscosity 4000 mPa.s BROOKFIELD The shades of the above printed colors Minimum hardening temperature +8°C might slightly differ from the real ones. Walkability (+23°C) 24 h Final strength (+23°C) 7 days Reaction to fire F EN 13501-1 2. MECHANICAL Wear resistance - BCA AR2 EN 13892-4 Impact resistance IR8 EN ISO 6272 excellent resistance Adhesion strength > 1.5 MPa EN 13892-8 to solar radiation (UV) Hardness 80 - SHORE D DIN 53505 3. CHEMICAL Resistance to Dry loading -30°C up to +100°C temperature alteration Wet loading -30°C up to +60°C EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 16
  18. 18. SLIP RESISTANCE Slip-resistant surface finish After hardening, epoxy and polyurethane floorings provide a smooth surface finish of R9 slip resistance, suitable for ordinary use. In applications where there is high danger of slipping and thus the slip resistance is requested to be higher than R9, it is possible to form an adequate slip-resistant surface finish. Primarily, the first layer of the epoxy flooring is applied and then quartz sand is broadcasted until saturation on the still fresh layer. After hardening of the layer, any loose grains are removed using a high suction vacuum cleaner. Finally, a sealing layer of DUROFLOOR (A+B), DUROFLOOR-R, DUROFLOOR 11 or DUROFLOOR-PU is applied with a roller. The slip resistance of the floor surface depends on the particle size of the quartz sand that has been used and the density of spreading. DUROFLOOR or DUROFLOOR 11 (as self-leveling flooring) smooth slip-resistant sureface finish surface finish Sealing layer with DUROFLOOR (A+B), Final coating with self-leveling DUROFLOOR-R, epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR DUROFLOOR 11 or DUROFLOOR 11 or DUROFLOOR-PU. in thickness of 2.0-3.0 mm. Quartz sand spreading on fresh layer. Base layer with the self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR or DUROFLOOR 11 in thickness of 2.0-3.0 mm. Priming Prepared Patching layer substrate material DUROFLOOR-R or DUROFLOOR 11 (as floor coating) smooth slip-resistant sureface finish surface finish Second, sealing layer Final coating with with DUROFLOOR-R, the epoxy coating DUROLOOR 11 DUROFLOOR-R or DUROFLOOR-PU. or DUROFLOOR 11 Quartz sand broadcasted in 2 layers. on fresh layer. First layer with the brushable epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR-R or DUROFLOOR 11 in 1 layer. Priming Prepared Patching layer substrate material17 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  19. 19. Slip resistanceThe slip resistance level of a floor should be selected carefully taking into consideration both the danger of slippingaccording to the specific site conditions and the effort in maintaining cleanliness and hygiene. The greater thegranulometry of quartz sand, the greater the slip resistance, but cleaning and hygiene requirements become more difficultto maintain. R9 R10 R11 R12 Broadcasting quartz sand onto the fresh Depending on the particle size of the quartz sand layer of DUROFLOOR for reaching which will be used,the smooth floor surface finish the desired slip resistance. (R9) can be altered into a more slip-resistant surface with different levels of slip resistance (R10, R11 and R12.)The desired level of slip resistance depends both on the particle size of the quartz sand and the density of spreading.In the following table the consumption of the sealing layer is presented in relation to the desirable level of slip resistance. Quart sand Sealing layer Level of slip resistance Intended use particle size consumption (mm) (g/m2) R9 smooth surface finish Exhibitions, shops, hospitals, schools - - R10 low slip resistance Entrances, stairs, toilettes, parking lots 0.1 - 0.4 approx. 500 R11 medium slip resistance Car work shops, freezing chambers 0.3 - 0.8 approx. 700 R12 high slip resistance Food processing sites 0.5 - 1.0 approx. 900 R13 very high slip resistance Sites with special demands 0.7 - 1.2 approx. 900 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 18
  20. 20. CONDUCTIVE SELF-LEVELING EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEM DUROFLOOR-C Conductive self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR-C is a 2-component, solvent-free, colored epoxy system. It offers permanent conductivity that prevents the build-up of static electricity on floor surfaces. Its electrical 4 6 resistance is between 10 and 10 Ohm. DUROFLOOR-C provides high traffic and mechanical wear. It is resistant to organic and inorganic acids, alkalis, petroleum products, certain solvents, waste materials, water, and sea water and to weathering. DUROFLOOR-C is used as a pourable, self-leveling coating on cement-based floors, in areas where static electricity should be avoided. It is suitable for use in computer rooms, laboratories, printing rooms, textile mills, hospitals, gas stations, electric distribution stations, ammunition storages etc. It is classified as SR-B2,0-AR0,5-IR4 according to EN 13813. It is supplied in packages (A+B) of 10 kg, with components A and B having predetermined weight proportions. DUROFLOOR-CV Conductive epoxy varnish (primer) DUROFLOOR-CV is a 2-component, colored epoxy system with solvents. It offers strong bonding to the substrate and high conductivity that prevents the build-up of static electricity 4 on floor surfaces. Its electrical resistance is lower than 10 Ohm. DUROFLOOR-CV is used as an intermediate layer, below the epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR-C, to generate uniform conductivity on the whole floor surface. It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813. It is supplied in packages (A+B) of 8 kg, with components A and B having predetermined weight proportions. APPLICATION Components A (resin) and B (hardener) of DUROFLOOR-C and DUROFLOOR-CV are packed in two separate containers (pots) according to the predetermined mixing proportion by weight. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. Mixing of the 2 components should take place for about 5 minutes, using a low speed electric stirrer mixer (300 rpm). It is important to stir thoroughly the mixture near the sides and the bottom of the container in order to achieve uniform dispersion of the hardener. After hardening of the primer, special self-adhesive copper bands (conductors) should be installed on the floor in a grid formation of at least 5 m x 5 m connected with a closing circumferential cable. Then, an appropriate point of the circumferential cable of the grid formation is selected and connected to the ground. For safety reasons it is recommended to form two ground points. Afterwards, the primed surface is coated with DUROFLOOR-CV, which is applied by roller in a thin layer to cover the copper bands. (Consumption: approx. 200 g/m2).19 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  21. 21. In order to confirm that the required level of conductivity has been accomplished the measuring of the electrical resistance is recommended. The laying of DUROFLOOR-C should follow within 24 hours after the installment of DUROFLOOR-CV and when this has dried. DUROFLOOR-C is spread on the floor using a smooth trowel to a thickness of approx. 2 mm, at a consumption of approx. 1.5 kg/m2/mm. The self-leveling layer should be rolled on with a special spiked roller, to avoid the formation of bubbles by helping the entrapped air to escape. The use of spiked shoes during this process is necessary. Due to its low viscosity, the mixture is self-leveling, providing a smooth final surface.DUROFLOOR-C properties DUROFLOOR-C color shades TECHNICAL DATA 2 Grey PROPERTIES DUROFLOOR-C STANDARD (RAL 7040) 1. PHYSICAL Beige Density 1.45 kg/lit (RAL 1015) Viscosity 5700 mPa.s BROOKFIELD Minimum hardening temperature +8°C More color shades are available for orders of minimum 150 kg in quantity. Walkability (+23°C) 24 h The shades of the above printed colors Final strength (+23°C) 7 days might slightly differ from the real ones. Reaction to fire Efl EN 13501-1 2. MECHANICAL Abrasion resistance - Taber test 76.6 mg ASTM D 4060 Wear resistance - BCA AR0,5 EN 13892-4 Impact resistance IR4 EN ISO 6272 application in Compressive strength 43 MPa DIN EN 196 multi-media room, Flexural strength 25 MPa DIN EN 196 operating-theatres, Adhesion strength > 3.0 MPa EN 13892-8 printing-houses, Hardness 80 - SHORE D DIN 53505 cotton-mills, 3. CHEMICAL ammunition warehouses Resistance to chemical solutions (acetic, citric, sulfuric & lactic acid, None or slight alteration hypoclorite and sodium hydroxide, ASTM D 543-87 ethanol, xylene, olive oil) Water absorption (14 days) 0.90 % ASTM D 570 Electrical resistance 10 - 106 Ohm 4 Resistance to Dry loading -30°C up to +100°C temperature alteration Wet loading -30°C up to +60°C TOOL CLEANINGTools used in epoxy system applications must be thoroughly cleaned with the special solvent SM-12 immediately aftertheir use. Respectively, tools used in polyurethane system applications must be thoroughly cleaned with the specialsolvent SM-16. EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 20
  22. 22. CONSTRUCTION DETAILS Sealing joints Floors extended to long and wide areas contain both construction and expansion/contraction joints. These joints, after getting properly opened along their entire length by the help of a trimmer, should be cleaned and sealed with an elastomeric material that is able to withstand any possible expansion/contraction. The same method applies also for joints around metallic frames and cattle grids. FLEX-PU Polyurethane sealing mastics FLEX PU-20 is a one component, solvent- FLEX PU-40 is a one component, solvent- free polyurethane construction sealing free polyurethane adhesive and sealing mastic. It provides high elasticity and mastic. It is characterized by good elasticity excellent sealing ability. and high sealing ability. It is water-impermeable and has an Additionally, it provides excellent bonding admissible joint movement of 25%. to any kind of substrate. It is supplied in cartridges of 310 ml and It is supplied in cartridges of 310 ml and sausages of 600 ml, in grey color. sausages of 600 ml, in white and grey color. FLEX PU-30 S is a one component, FLEX PU-50 S is a one component, polyurethane construction sealing mastic polyurethane adhesive and sealing mastic with solvents. It provides high elasticity and with solvents . It is characterized by good excellent sealing ability. elasticity and high sealing ability. It is water-impermeable and has an Additionally, it provides excellent bonding admissible joint movement of 25%. to any kind of substrate. It is supplied in cartridges of 310 ml and It is supplied in cartridges of 310 ml and sausages of 600 ml, in grey color. sausages of 600 ml, in white and grey color. 3. Removal of polystyrene and 4. Filling up-Sealing of the joint 2. Filling-up the widened edges with the 4. Filling up- installation of a backing rod to same material used for the laying of floor Sealing of the joint adjust the desired depth of the 2. Filling the widened edges joint with the same material used 1. Trimming around 3. Installation of the 1. Widening the edges for the flooring works, having the manhole metallic manhole of the expansion joint previously protected the depth with a trimmer of joint (e.g. with polysterene) Sealing of a circumferential joint Sealing of floor expansion joint of a metallic manhole or cattle grid Baseboard installment in floor-wall intersection In areas where for hygienic reasons the floor-wall intersections have Sealing coating to be rounded (hospitals, medical laboratories, processed food of DUROFLOOR-R factories etc.), a skirting with the use of a polymer-modified cement- Baseboard made mortar (e.g DUROCRET) is installed. with DUROCRET During the laying of the main epoxy coating, the skirting is coated Epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR or with DUROFLOOR-R in order to form a continuous seamless surface DUROFLOOR-R with the epoxy flooring.21 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  23. 23. Connection points of epoxy flooring with other overlaysAreas that are exposed to heavy mechanical wear 3. Existing floor covered with tiles, cement screed etc.are the connection points of the flooring with 2. Filling-up the joint with the same materialother overlays like cement-mortars, tiles, used for the laying of the floor 1. Installment of a triangle (DUROFLOOR or DUROFLOOR-R) shaped joint alongmarbles etc. In these cases the joint should be to locally enhance the flexural strength the epoxy flooring sidesopened along the flooring sides and sealed withthe same material used for coating the floor(DUROFLOOR, DUROFLOOR-R), which acts as alocal reinforcement. FLOOR SURFACE HARDENINGDUROFLOOR-BI Transparent epoxy impregnation The mechanical properties on the surface of cement-based floors (industrial floors, concrete slabs, screeds, mosaic) can be improved cost-efficient with the use of the 2-component transparent epoxy impregnation DUROFLOOR-BI. DUROFLOOR-BI is a 2-component, transparent epoxy system with solvents. Due to its low viscosity and its great fluidity, it can penetrate deep into the substrate by filling pores and capillaries.Therewith the impregnated surfaces become sound and durable, and particularly resistant to abrasion, chemicals andfrost. Additionally, they prove enhanced resistance to wastes, mineral oils and petroleum products.DUROFLOOR-BI is suitable for floors in parking lots, warehouses, laboratories, industries, gas stations, car repair shops etc.It is classified as SR-B2,0 according to EN 13813.It is supplied in packages (A+B) of 4 kg and 10 kg, with components A and B having the predetermined weight proportion.APPLICATION In cases where the floor has to be leveled and the weak outer surface layer to be removed, the substrate must be mechanically rubbed (e.g. with a mosaic machine). Components A (resin) and B (hardener) of DUROFLOOR-BI are packed in two separate containers (pots), having the correct predetermined mixing proportion by weight. The whole quantity of component B is added into component A. Mixing of the 2 components should take place for about 5 minutes, using a low speed electric stirrer (300 rpm). DUROFLOOR-BI is applied by brush, roller or spray in 1-2 layers, according to the substrates absorbency. The second layer of the impregnation follows 15 min after the first one has been applied. 2 Consumption: 150-250 g/m /layer. “convenient, effective, simple & fast” EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 22
  24. 24. Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR installed in the Olympic Sports Center, Attica, Greece Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR Self-leveling epoxy flooring DUROFLOOR installed in a supermarket installed in a dairy industry23 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  25. 25. Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in a warehouse Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in the warehouse of an industrial company installed in an underground parking lot of a shopping mall Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-Rinstalled in the Archaeological Museum of Thassos, Greece installed in a dental clinic EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 24
  26. 26. Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in toy and childrens clothing store Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R Slip-resistant epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R installed in a school installed on a public parking lot25 EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS
  27. 27. Epoxy coating DUROFLOOR-R on parking lots EPOXY FLOORING SYSTEMS 26
  28. 28. 1212THESSALONIKI, GREECE ISOMAT S.A.17th km Thessaloniki - Ag. Athanasios Road ΒUILDING CHEMICALS & MORTARSP. O. BOX 1043, 570 03 AG. ATHANASIOS, GREECE www.isomat.euΤ +30 2310 576 000, F +30 2310 722 475 export@isomat.eu

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