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Frits Feenstra - TNO
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  • 1. Standardisation of Additive ManufacturingFrits Feenstra
  • 2. 2OutlineWhy standardisationActivities WorldwideEU activitiesConclusion
  • 3. 3Why standardisation?Good progress in materialsMachines become mature(r) and betterBetter & appealing samples appear in labs and industryProperties are OK, however not according to a standard Makes it impossible for industrial uptake of AM!Action needed and identified 3 years ago
  • 4. 4 Why standardisation? Fast AM evolution outrun classical standardisation procedures No objective comparable data available for AM parts (rely on the information given by providers = conflict of interest!) Over-regulation of some existing industries (difficult for AM as competitor to conventional manufacturing techniques)Need setting up International and European AM Standards
  • 5. 5EU activitiesISO/TC + CEN project: link with existing actions/sectorsISO/TC 61"Plastics“ISO/TC 119 "Powder MetallurgyISO/TC 172/SC 9 "Electro-optical systems" = lasersISO/TC 184/SC 4 "Industrial Data" data exchangeCAD/CAMAM is disperse & different: we needs own norms!NWIP "Additive manufacturing - Rapid Technologies (RapidPrototyping) - Fundamentals, terms and definitions, qualityparameters, supply agreement" (ISO/TC 261).
  • 6. 6 Activities WorldwideEuropean National Standard Bodies:Germany (DIN) “NA 145-04 FB Additive Manufacturing”France (AFNOR) "UNM 920 Fabrication additive"NEN: starting upEurope: CEN (EU project initiative, Incl NEN)US:ASTM "Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Techn."Worldwide: ISO / TC 261
  • 7. 7 EU activitiesQuality Control and Inspection for:- Medical AM Sector- Automotive AM Sector- Manufacturing Equipment AM Sector- Aerospace AM sector -
  • 8. 8EU activitiesData processing, file format & design tools items:- 3D CAD exported file format norms- Designers make full use of the geometry/material freedoms- What will the various industrial sector demands be? INPUT- How can information from medical imaging systems be used- Colour, multimaterial, gradient, ….Note: INPUT from all stakeholders is needed! be represented = have influence=> consensus routeProf Hod Lipson in TCT Magazine 19/5 p63
  • 9. 9EU activities- Materials norms (powders, ..)- Process norms (build wise and rate)- Colour, multimaterial, gradient, inserts, ….
  • 10. 10Conclusion- Norming is enabler for industrial adoptation of AM- Much activity going on (US, EU, NL)- Invitation to JOIN! (or be surprised by a binding norm later on!)- Onset of commercial success of industrial AM
  • 11. Bart van de Vorst Envisioning the FutureQuestions? Interested / further info / please contact: Frits Feenstra frits.feenstra@tno.nl 088 866 53 72 TNO Eindhoven