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The Forests Dialogue (TFD) & IUCNREDD’s impact on Communities, Capacity and Corruption

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Presentation by Gary Dunning at UNFF9 1 February 2011 in New York, New York on REDD

Presentation by Gary Dunning at UNFF9 1 February 2011 in New York, New York on REDD

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  • 1. The Forests Dialogue (TFD) & IUCNREDD’s impact on Communities, Capacity and CorruptionGary DunningThe Forests DialogueUNFF91 February 2011New York, New York
  • 2. WelcomePanelists• Stewart Maginnis (IUCN)• Mario Rodriguez (INAB – Guatemala)• Gerhard Dieterle (World Bank)• Lambert Okrah (CEN-RCE)
  • 3. Initiative Sponsors
  • 4. The Forests DialoguePurpose and Mission• Established in 2000 by NGO and Business Leaders• Reduce conflict among stakeholders in the forest sector• International platform and process to discuss key SFM and conservation issues• Build mutual trust, enhanced understanding and commitment to changeStructure• Steering Committee• Secretariat• Network of Partners
  • 5. TFD InitiativesPriority SFM Issues• Forests and Climate• Free, Prior, and Informed Consent• Investing in Locally Controlled Forestry• Forests & Poverty Reduction and Rural Livelihoods• Intensively Managed Planted Forests• Illegal Logging and Forest Governance• Forests and Biodiversity Conservation• Forest Certification
  • 6. How TFD’s Initiatives WorkDialogue Phase• Scoping Dialogue• Experiential Field Dialogue• Wrap-Up WorkshopOutputs• Co-Chairs Summaries• TFD Reviews• Commissioned Papers• Consensus-based recommendations /guides/ suggestions.Outcomes• Trust among leaders• Next Phase of Engagement• Meetings with decision makers• Coalitions• Impact on policy
  • 7. TFD Statement“Consensus on forests is rare.When it is achieved, the worldshould listen. When it offers asolution to climate change, theworld must listen.” Launched October 2008 Contents • Executive Summary • Guiding Principles • Indicative Actions • Briefing Notes
  • 8. Investing in REDD-plusLaunched October 1st, 2009during UNFCCC Climate Changetalks in Bangkok:Twenty-six recommendations andan executive summary & matrix 100 Stakeholders Agreed recommendations Fed into IWG-IFR and UNFCCC processes
  • 9. Key Messages• Broad elements of REDD-plus should include: reducing emission from deforestation and degradation; conservation; SFM; enhancement of carbon stock• Base REDD-plus firmly on sustainability principles: ecological integrity; social integrity; atmospheric integrity; economic integrity• REDD-plus finance mechanism must be: effective; efficient; equitable• Financial stability for REDD-plus can only be achieved through a portfolio approach with a combination of public and private funding and with country’s commitments• The implementation of REDD-plus requires forest-governance reforms through inclusive processes that build on existing forest-governance systems.
  • 10. REDD ReadinessField Dialogues250 Stakeholders 5 Dialogues: • Brazil-10.09 • Ghana-11.09 • Guatemala-1.10 • Ecuador- 6.10 • Cambodia-11.10 Country Reports and Review Paper
  • 11. Initiative Objectives• Build a “Community of practice”• Link international MSD platform and national REDD related processes• Catalyze stakeholder engagement processes and create & support on- going local mechanisms• Build locally-rooted well- connected REDD protagonists
  • 12. Initiative Objectives• Raise awareness and promote exploration of national REDD readiness challenges among a wide spectrum of local and international stakeholders• Provide well-targeted recommendations at the local, national and international levels
  • 13. Context of Dialogue Conclusions• Not an evaluation of individual countries’ REDD process to date• REDD moving very quickly and unpredictably• Working with country and international stakeholders to build a learning experience that complements on going efforts• Identify additional measures critical for enhancing REDD Readiness process
  • 14. Common issues from REDD Readiness Dialogues • Information • Participation • Rights and tenure • Benefit Sharing Mechanisms • Integration with other sectoral and national development plans • Institutional and Policy Reform • Endorsement of REDD+
  • 15. Key ChallengesChallenge 1: Access to, and use and availability of, information and its use in capacity-buildingIssues:• Real information gaps at local level – not just among communities• Lack of understanding by governments about scope and nature of forest dependency• Limited two way flow
  • 16. Key ChallengesWays forward:• Collate information on forest- related dependency (gender!!)• Prioritize education and training programs on REDD-plus• Improve interagency collaboration particularly on policy analysis• Develop and fund a national REDD communication strategy• Establish information centers on REDD-plus to facilitate two way information flow
  • 17. Key ChallengesChallenge 2: Effectiveness of multi- stakeholder participation and engagement mechanisms and processesIssues:• There is some degree of stateholder engagement but seldom coherent and systematic• Stakeholder mapping is rarely comprehensive (gender not treated systematically)• Talking about major transformative change in land use but poor engagement outside forest sector
  • 18. Key ChallengesWays forward:• Establish a well resource package and process for stakeholder inclusion• Map stakeholders and spend time identifying appropriate engagement mechanisms• Establish a multi-stakeholder platform(s) outside national REDD Steering Committees.• Build on and integrate existing national mechanisms• Reinforce links with international learning platforms• Urgent need to close funding gap (MRV receives x3 resources allocated for info, capacity building and stakeholder engagement
  • 19. Key ChallengesChallenge 3: Reform of policy and legislative frameworks, particularly those on tree and carbon rightsIssues:• Perennial problems of forest and tree tenure could be major stumbling block• Contradictory land-use policies• Where good policy exists lack of enforcement• How do carbon rights related to tree and land rights
  • 20. Key ChallengesWays forward:• Conduct an analytical review of key legal and political stumbling blocks• Initiate process to help establish legally robust and practically secure rights for landholders to trees outside reserves• Clarify how carbon rights link to tree and land rights• Strengthen capacity among stakeholders to engage in legal reforms
  • 21. Key ChallengesChallenge 4: Establishment of a revenue and benefits distribution systemIssues:• Elephant in the room!!• Long history in many countries of weak benefit sharing arrangements when it comes to natural resources• Commonly regarded as an issue to address late in phase II• Wide range of expectations
  • 22. Key ChallengesChallenge 4: Establishment of a revenue and benefits distribution systemWays forward:• Canvass local views on legitimate benefit distribution mechanisms• Develop a framework for REDD- plus under share-cropping arrangements• Develop dispute-resolution procedures and capacity• Learn from & share with other countries’ experiences
  • 23. Key ChallengesChallenge 5: Integration of REDD-plus policies with broader land-use plans and other sector and development plansIssues:• Major vested interests in other land-use sectors (and sometimes linked to political elites)• Lack of coordination between Government Departments• REDD still seen in narrow sectoral terms• Weak conceptualisation of what REDD really involves – aims to turn around established land-use practices and patterns – not simply an issue of paying to keep trees (and carbon) standing
  • 24. Key ChallengesChallenge 5: Integration of REDD-plus policies with broader land-use plans and other sector and development plansWays forward:• Develop an effective cross-sectoral awareness and engagement mechanism• Differentiate REDD-plus plans by land-use system• Identify conflicts and synergies with other sectoral land-use plans• Periodically reassess land-use change processes• Extend focus on forest landscape restoration and agricultural enhancement• Install REDD-plus in key national development frameworks
  • 25. Thank You!TFD Documents andPublicationsAvailable electronically in English at:www.theforestsdialogue.org Follow us on Twitter: @forestsdialogue Like us on Facebook: the forests dialogue The Forests Dialogue Secretariat Yale University New Haven, CT, USA +1 203 432 5966 tfd@yale.edu www.theforestsdialogue.org
  • 26. The REDD Readiness process inGuatemala, with dialogue andparticipation Rafael Rodríguez Preinvest INAB Amauri Molina Deputy Director. INAB.
  • 27. The REDD+ Readiness process in Country CIVIL SOCIETY: Stakeholder on REDD Readiness Inter Ministries PROCESS commission of Climate Change REDD Forest Communities Organized Sub-national forest roundtables INSTITUTIONAL FOREST, BIODIVERSITY National Roundtable of CC. GOVERNMENT GROUP AND CLIMATE NGO’ Local Organizations CHANGE GROUPMARN, INAB, CONAP, MAGA Indigenous People. Private Sector ACADEMY
  • 28. Content of the Presentation• Guatemala: Phase 1. Readiness• Some advances in Phase 2.Guatemala Is a FCPF Country, not founded yet..
  • 29. • Phase 1. Readiness – Implementing national strategy against Ilegal Login. – Preparing the National Strategy to Reduce Deforestation and Forest Degradation. • REDD+ is a chapter or mechanism to implement this strategy. – Preparation of legal framework for REDD implementation, carbon rights, Benefit sharing mechanisms.. – Adapting the national forest resources
  • 30. • Phase 2. … finding phase 3 – Preparing a Sub-national base line for REDD+ – At least 4 pilot REDD projects with Forest Communities, Indigenous Peoples in process. – A Climate Change Law, in discussion in Congress. – National Forest Incentives program: for forest restoration, management, conservation, reforestation. A forest governance Reform with a new law to include IP´ FDC; Small land TENURES; s,
  • 31. • Challenges in the process – We have: legal, technical, social, economic, … – But one specific: To Build a national PARTICIPATORY AND INCLUDENT process. • At least 23 ethno linguistic groups; more than 40% of forest is tenure and managed by IP´ and FDC. s – We need to create and strength local, sub- national and national schemes for consultation, building and implementation of National Strategy.
  • 32. • International Initiatives like TFD, has supported our national process – Supporting the national discussion about forest issues like REDD; Local Forest Controls, Ilegal Loggin, etc. – Sharing experiences from other countries. – Allowing the participation of national key stakeholder (IP´ Forest Communities, Private s, Sector, Gov) in forest dialogues in other country realities. – Updating and providing feedback about the key forest issues. Eg. REDD+ around the world.
  • 33. • TFD REDD in Guatemala (January, 2010) allow discuss about:• International REDD process• To build a national strategy supported by previous national experiences• The government Rol• Involvement of deforestation drivers sectors• How to extend and strength the mutistakehoders platforms and dialogues• Land tenure and land rights liked with carbon rights?• Sharing benefit mechanism• REDD method´ issues s• Expectations management• MRV System and Reference levels• National Investments.
  • 34. ¡Muchas Gracias!THANK YOU.•Rafael Rodríguez, Preinvest INAB,Guatemala•Amauri Molina, Deputy Director. INAB,
  • 35. Thank You!TFD Documents andPublicationsAvailable electronically in english y español at:www.theforestsdialogue.org Follow us on Twitter: @forestsdialogue Like us on Facebook: the forests dialogue The Forests Dialogue Secretariat Yale University New Haven, CT, USA +1 203 432 5966 tfd@yale.edu www.theforestsdialogue.org