Land use conflicts and projects related to Landless Workers' Movement (MST) in Brazil

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João Dagoberto Santos, ESALQ/USP - Land use conflicts and projects related to Landless Workers' Movement (MST) in Brazil

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Land use conflicts and projects related to Landless Workers' Movement (MST) in Brazil

  1. 1. GOOD AFTERNOON
  2. 2. RURAL DEVELOPMENT BIODIVERSITY PUBLIC POLICIESChallenges and conflicts
  3. 3. Building the concept of development... green Ecological Development economy Growth Sustainable Development Progress LOGIC BEHIND THE METHODS From a DYNAMIC From a STATIC point point of view, to of view, it leads to the innovation that idea of efficiency increases efficiency Furtado, 1981
  4. 4. O Estado de S. Paulo newspaper (2013/07/16)• Es
  5. 5. Rural development – LOGIC BEHIND THE METHODS EXTERNAL FACTORS NEW SIGNIFICANCE * Concentration of land ownershipBACKGROUND and income • Private space vs Public space• Rural v Urban * Monoculture relationship * Discrimination and social exclusion • Production vs Conservation• Agricultural evolution * Class struggle * Market model • Multifunctional (farming and• Several Green * Industrial corporations have taken landscape) command Revolutions * Systemic degradation • GREEN ECONOMY..... (social – environmental)
  6. 6. The dominant power in the countrysideDiffusionist methodology Research is popularizing unsuitabletechnologies Development of professionals whoare acritical regarding the model –UNIVERSITIES...
  7. 7. Development Sustainability Social Rural Development Cultural Biodiversity Environmental
  8. 8. Sustainability (Utopia)• Social• Economic• Cultural• Political• Ethical• Ecological-Environmental More than 200 definitions !!
  9. 9. New rural significance and attributes Public Space Private Space Multifuncional Agroecosystems ETC Land Agribusiness Family Farming Ecosystem Services Commodities Legislation Green Violence Economy Sustainability Sovereignty / nutritional security Biotechnology Agrarian Agricultural Biodiversity Ecological Reform Economy Agroecology
  10. 10. Conceptual framework – Looking for simplification! DISTINCT UNITS OF ANALYSIS IMPÉRIOS ALIMENTARES E OUTROS NO NEED FOR A PHYSICAL PRODUCTION UNIT SPECIFIC PRODUCTION UNIT OR ACTIVITY agriculture according agriculture according to to Capitalist Logic Business Logic agriculture according to Rural Logic (variety of forms) AGROECOSYSTEM WITH UNIT OF ANALYSIS State Society BiodiversityFigure : (adapted from PLOEG, 2008).
  11. 11. BrazilianBiomes
  12. 12. Brazilian social ‘mega’ diversity More than 200 different indigenous peoples Traditional peoples and communities occupy roughly 1/3 ofBrazil’s territory Micro-economy based onforest products Knowledge and practicesrelating to biodiversitymanagement Crianças kaxinawás, Feijó, Acre
  13. 13. Conflicts, degradation and social exclusion DEVELOPMENT vs Social andEnvironmental Issues “Public Policies” DEVELOPMENT MODELS / POLICIES
  14. 14. Conservation vs Preservation vs DevelopmentA challenge tosociety !!!For the firsttime in Brazil..apublic debate ...
  15. 15. Examples Action Projects Policies...
  16. 16. Development plus Biodiversity: Research and outreach at Ruralsettlements in the Vale do Ribeira – São Paulo state
  17. 17. Management... Is it sustainable ?
  18. 18. Respect, Manage and Coexist with the regional biodiversityFruit of the Bromelia pinguin, used to make Jaguar footprint at the Apiaí settlementa medicinal syrup.
  19. 19. Farmers participating in the surveying of the biodiversity at the Apiaí settlement – training / skill building / participative planning
  20. 20. Agroecological tomato production Biological pest control – bait (Tajujá
  21. 21. Pontal do Paranapanema- SP
  22. 22. State of São Paulo
  23. 23. Settlement, Santa Zélia, 2010
  24. 24. Bioenergy plus Biodiversity and Nutritional Security
  25. 25.  A. hassleri  A. emensis  A. glaucescens  A. totaiSource: L.H.C.Berton Source : L.H.C.Berton Source : H.Lorenzi  A. intumescens  A. aculeata Lorenzi, 2010 Source : H.Lorenzi Source : H.Lorenzi Source : L.H.C.Berton
  26. 26. Macaw palm (Acrocomia aculeata) Bioenergy- Native, rustic and abundant- Longevity: about 100 years- Starts to produce after 3 to 4 years- Oil has excellent physical and chemical characteristics- Multiple uses: 2 types of oil, 2 types of cake, activated charcoal, integration- with livestock and crop farming, agroforestry systems- Plantation density: 120 to 400 plants/ha- Considerable research efforts and growth in commercial initiatives ;- High productivity: 30 t. of biomass/ha and up to 4 t. of oil/ha- SOYBEANS - 550 KG/HA OF OIL !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 36
  27. 27. Estimates of biodiesel production/ha Soybean420 kg.ha.year-1 Sunflower 890 kg.ha. year-1 Castor bean 1,320 kg.ha. year-1 (CESAR, 2003) (AMBIENTE, 2005) Macaw palm (average) (Berton et al.) 4,966 kg.ha. year-1 10,926 kg.ha.year-1
  28. 28. In 2,480 fruit,the individualmass variedfrom 14.8 to63.6 g
  29. 29. 39 S. Motoike
  30. 30. Sustainable Rural Landscapes Production plus Conservation: Family farmingadhering to agrobiodiversity in the far south region of Bahia state Others....
  31. 31. Regional Context Technology, Wealth and Poverty ! In an essentially rural region..
  32. 32. 6th / 8th year0 to 6 years
  33. 33. Diagnóstico de conflitos sócio-ambientais em relação à plantações deárvores; Coord. Anna FanzeresRelatório Final; Março 2005www.ufrrj.br/institutos/if/lmbh
  34. 34. Reactions in the past...
  35. 35. ? ? ?
  36. 36. ? ?? ?? ?? ?
  37. 37. BIODIVERSE AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS What is Agroforestry? Subsistence Generation of Living savings Community(nutritional security) monthly income (forest products) Investments Restoration and RL + APP + Environmental Adaptation Landscape
  38. 38. AiiiGuri..
  39. 39. Cocoa plantation as a theoretical and methodological reference
  40. 40. Thank You

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