Land use conflicts and projects related to Landless Workers' Movement (MST) in Brazil
RURAL DEVELOPMENT BIODIVERSITY PUBLIC POLICIESChallenges and conflicts
Building the concept of development... green Ecological Development economy Growth Sustainable Development Progress LOGIC BEHIND THE METHODS From a DYNAMIC From a STATIC point point of view, to of view, it leads to the innovation that idea of efficiency increases efficiency Furtado, 1981
O Estado de S. Paulo newspaper (2013/07/16)• Es
Rural development – LOGIC BEHIND THE METHODS EXTERNAL FACTORS NEW SIGNIFICANCE * Concentration of land ownershipBACKGROUND and income • Private space vs Public space• Rural v Urban * Monoculture relationship * Discrimination and social exclusion • Production vs Conservation• Agricultural evolution * Class struggle * Market model • Multifunctional (farming and• Several Green * Industrial corporations have taken landscape) command Revolutions * Systemic degradation • GREEN ECONOMY..... (social – environmental)
The dominant power in the countrysideDiffusionist methodology Research is popularizing unsuitabletechnologies Development of professionals whoare acritical regarding the model –UNIVERSITIES...
Development Sustainability Social Rural Development Cultural Biodiversity Environmental
New rural significance and attributes Public Space Private Space Multifuncional Agroecosystems ETC Land Agribusiness Family Farming Ecosystem Services Commodities Legislation Green Violence Economy Sustainability Sovereignty / nutritional security Biotechnology Agrarian Agricultural Biodiversity Ecological Reform Economy Agroecology
Conceptual framework – Looking for simplification! DISTINCT UNITS OF ANALYSIS IMPÉRIOS ALIMENTARES E OUTROS NO NEED FOR A PHYSICAL PRODUCTION UNIT SPECIFIC PRODUCTION UNIT OR ACTIVITY agriculture according agriculture according to to Capitalist Logic Business Logic agriculture according to Rural Logic (variety of forms) AGROECOSYSTEM WITH UNIT OF ANALYSIS State Society BiodiversityFigure : (adapted from PLOEG, 2008).
Brazilian social ‘mega’ diversity More than 200 different indigenous peoples Traditional peoples and communities occupy roughly 1/3 ofBrazil’s territory Micro-economy based onforest products Knowledge and practicesrelating to biodiversitymanagement Crianças kaxinawás, Feijó, Acre
Conflicts, degradation and social exclusion DEVELOPMENT vs Social andEnvironmental Issues “Public Policies” DEVELOPMENT MODELS / POLICIES
Conservation vs Preservation vs DevelopmentA challenge tosociety !!!For the firsttime in Brazil..apublic debate ...
Bioenergy plus Biodiversity and Nutritional Security
A. hassleri A. emensis A. glaucescens A. totaiSource: L.H.C.Berton Source : L.H.C.Berton Source : H.Lorenzi A. intumescens A. aculeata Lorenzi, 2010 Source : H.Lorenzi Source : H.Lorenzi Source : L.H.C.Berton
Macaw palm (Acrocomia aculeata) Bioenergy- Native, rustic and abundant- Longevity: about 100 years- Starts to produce after 3 to 4 years- Oil has excellent physical and chemical characteristics- Multiple uses: 2 types of oil, 2 types of cake, activated charcoal, integration- with livestock and crop farming, agroforestry systems- Plantation density: 120 to 400 plants/ha- Considerable research efforts and growth in commercial initiatives ;- High productivity: 30 t. of biomass/ha and up to 4 t. of oil/ha- SOYBEANS - 550 KG/HA OF OIL !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 36
BIODIVERSE AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS What is Agroforestry? Subsistence Generation of Living savings Community(nutritional security) monthly income (forest products) Investments Restoration and RL + APP + Environmental Adaptation Landscape