Shobha Devi on edible plantsPresentation Transcript
Urban Farming:By BCIL
What is Urban Agriculture?• Urban agriculture is the practice of growing edible plants inurban spaces such as terraces, backyards, and unused plots ofland
Facts..• 50% of the world’s populationlives in cities• Low income urban dwellersspend between 40% and 60%of their income on food alone• Only one benefiting fromagriculture is the middle man, neither farmer nor consumer.
City’s Food Needs• Average purchase of fruits & vegetables to afamily is 1 kg.• Middle- and upper classes in Bangalore countup to 1 million in a city of 8.5 million. That’s1000 tons a day.• Average distance of travel of vegetables inBangalore : 100 km. That’s 30 liters for every 5tons of fruits and vegetables.• That’s 200 trucks a day!
The Benefits of Urban Farming• Energy Saving: Urban agriculture produces food that istruly local while reducing food miles (the distance foodtravels before you get to eat it)• Reduced Use of Pesticides: Crops produced on asmaller scale are less likely to be devastated by pestsand disease, particularly when biodiversity is practiced• Reduced Need for Preservatives: Food producedwithin the city is not transported over long distances anddoes not require extra measures to increase its lifespan
What it takes ?• Sun, little water, cow dung or organic manure,little soil.• organic waste generated in the house, and containers
Recycled containers• Recycled cements bags / poly bags• Recycled drums• Recycled containers• Planter boxes• Old tiers• Concrete structures• Any structure that can hold a garden
Locations• Balcony: Vegetables like a couple of beets,carrots, some spinach, methi, coriander, onionscan be grown in a container.• Productive Public Spaces: Convert public landsinto productive farms of organic vegetableproduce• Schools and Educational institutions: Makestudents care for vegetable gardens whose produce could be Used in their canteens.
Locations• Corporates: Empty spaces around officebuildings could serve to grow veggies for employees. Would serve to green office areas and makeemployees healthy and happy – De-stressing forthe mind, a good exercise and relaxing for body• Terraces: Apartment dwellers in cities couldtake our services to reduce their food milesby letting us convert their terraces into productive vegetable growing spaces
Vegetables and gourds
“How to”• First step of sowing the seed begins with finding the right container
Punching the hole• Punch four holes in the container
Draining• Add a layer of draining materials like, Coconut shells,brickbats,baby jelly orCharcoal.• Charcoal , apart from draining excess water ,retains the moisture forplants
soil mix• Terrace/Container garden soil mix consist of soil, manure, sand and coirpith and other inert material like purlite, vermiculate to add volume andhold moisture .• Soil mix consist of soil, manure, sand and coir pith
Treat the seed• Coriander seeds are crushed before they are sowed in the soil
Spread the seeds on soil• A thick layer of seed to be spread over the soil
Cover it with a layer of soil• After the seeds are been spread they have to be covered with a layer ofsoil
Watering• Water the container thoroughly
Select a sapling• Select a healthy sapling
Plant the sapling
Watering• Water the sapling and keep it in the place with good sunlight