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Space - The Elements of Art
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Space - The Elements of Art

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Learn how to create the illusion of space in artworks in this presentation on the element of art, space.

Learn how to create the illusion of space in artworks in this presentation on the element of art, space.

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  • 1. SpaceSpace The Elements of ArtThe Elements of Art TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 2. In terms of art,In terms of art, spacespace is theis the area above, around, andarea above, around, and within an object.within an object. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 3. With consideration toWith consideration to drawings and paintings, ourdrawings and paintings, our goal is to create thegoal is to create the illusionillusion ofof space.space. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 4. There are six ways to create the illusionThere are six ways to create the illusion of space on a 2-dimensional surface.of space on a 2-dimensional surface. OverlappingOverlapping SizeSize Placement on the surfacePlacement on the surface DetailDetail Color and ValueColor and Value Linear PerspectiveLinear Perspective TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 5. Overlapping occurs when objects thatOverlapping occurs when objects that are closer to the viewer prevent theare closer to the viewer prevent the view of objects that are behind them.view of objects that are behind them. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 6. Objects that are smaller will appearObjects that are smaller will appear further away from the viewer.further away from the viewer. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 7. Objects placed higher on the pictureObjects placed higher on the picture plane will appear further away.plane will appear further away. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 8. Objects that are further away shouldObjects that are further away should have less detail than objects that arehave less detail than objects that are closer.closer. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 9. Objects that are further away areObjects that are further away are cooler in color temperature.cooler in color temperature. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 10. Objects that are further away areObjects that are further away are lighter in value.lighter in value. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 11. Linear perspective is aLinear perspective is a drawing method that usesdrawing method that uses lines to create the illusion oflines to create the illusion of space on a flat surface.space on a flat surface. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 12. One point perspective usesOne point perspective uses one vanishing point toone vanishing point to accomplish this illusion.accomplish this illusion. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 13. The first step in one point perspectiveThe first step in one point perspective is to define theis to define the horizon linehorizon line.. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 14. The horizon line divides the sky fromThe horizon line divides the sky from the ground. It can also be the “eyethe ground. It can also be the “eye level” of the viewer.level” of the viewer. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 15. Next, define theNext, define the vanishing pointvanishing point on the horizonon the horizon line. The vanishing point is the point placed online. The vanishing point is the point placed on the horizon line where objects begin tothe horizon line where objects begin to disappear because of distance.disappear because of distance. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 16. Next, the shape of the object is drawn. MostNext, the shape of the object is drawn. Most commonly, a geometric shape is drawn.commonly, a geometric shape is drawn. Organic objects can be “carved out” of aOrganic objects can be “carved out” of a geometric shape.geometric shape. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 17. Lines are drawn from all four cornersLines are drawn from all four corners back to the vanishing point.back to the vanishing point. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 18. Next, a smaller rectangle is drawn soNext, a smaller rectangle is drawn so that each corner touches a line thatthat each corner touches a line that was drawn in the previous step.was drawn in the previous step. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 19. Lines that are no longer needed canLines that are no longer needed can be erased to reveal a cube.be erased to reveal a cube. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 20. Two point perspective usesTwo point perspective uses two vanishing points totwo vanishing points to create the illusion of space.create the illusion of space. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 21. Two vanishing points are placed on theTwo vanishing points are placed on the horizon line.horizon line. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 22. Next, the corner of the object is drawnNext, the corner of the object is drawn between the two vanishing points.between the two vanishing points. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 23. Lines are drawn from each end of theLines are drawn from each end of the corner to one of the vanishing points.corner to one of the vanishing points. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 24. This is repeated on the other side ofThis is repeated on the other side of the corner to the other vanishing point.the corner to the other vanishing point. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 25. Next, the ends of the cube are definedNext, the ends of the cube are defined by drawing vertical lines.by drawing vertical lines. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 26. A line is drawn from the edge of one ofA line is drawn from the edge of one of the back corners of the cube to thethe back corners of the cube to the opposite vanishing point.opposite vanishing point. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 27. This is repeated for the oppositeThis is repeated for the opposite corner.corner. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 28. Lines that were used as guides can beLines that were used as guides can be erased, revealing a 3-D cube.erased, revealing a 3-D cube. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com
  • 29. Perspective Drawing ExercisesPerspective Drawing Exercises Draw a small city using one pointDraw a small city using one point perspective. Include a fence and aperspective. Include a fence and a line of trees.line of trees. Draw a box above the horizon lineDraw a box above the horizon line and one below using two pointand one below using two point perspective.perspective. Draw your name using two pointDraw your name using two point perspectiveperspective Draw a 3-dimensional maze usingDraw a 3-dimensional maze using two point perspective.two point perspective. TheVirtualInstructor.comTheVirtualInstructor.com

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