Overview & Plastic Film Case Study
<ul><li>“ to determine the best methods for improving the sustainability of the packaging industry” </li></ul>
<ul><li>What is the best method for benchmarking current packaging options? </li></ul><ul><li>Taking into consideration th...
 
<ul><li>The State of the Packaging World </li></ul><ul><li>Our Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>Packaging protects products during transport and can increase their lifespan. This decreases disposal due to spoil...
<ul><li>Natural Resource Depletion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarcity of raw materials, many of which are used in the producti...
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Generation, with Recycling (2006) <ul><li>32% of the weight & 50% of the volume of MSW is cont...
<ul><li>Complicated supply chains </li></ul><ul><li>Many stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Complex policy environment </li></ul>
Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Packaging Materials
Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Repair Refurbish Service Recycling Reman...
Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Packaging Materials Material Suppliers C...
= ban = levy
 
<ul><li>A lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Missing infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient incentives, conflict...
<ul><li>Sustainable Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Green Supply Chains </li></ul><ul><l...
 
<ul><li>Survey of current sustainable packaging environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conceptions of sustainability </li></ul>...
Society Environment Economics
Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria:  Used to check progress; Hard to compare tradeoffs; Implicit assumptions Regulations & ...
Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria:  Used to check progress; Hard to compare tradeoffs; Implicit assumptions Regulations & ...
<ul><li>Ecological Footprints </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Green Supply Chain Management </li><...
Green Operations Green Design Green Supply Chain Management Life Cycle Analysis Environmentally Conscious Design Waste Man...
Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies Ob...
Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <u...
Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <u...
Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <u...
<ul><li>Regulation compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Market differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Image/ Reputation of material </l...
 
Strategic business advantage Permanent waste creation Natural resource consumption <ul><ul><li>Pollution (including GHG em...
 
Oil Refinery Chemical Plant Extraction Raw Material Cracking Feedstock <ul><li>Energy Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ga...
 
 
 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Regulation Compliance Public Reputation Non-Renewable Resource Recycled Material Content Reusability Recycla...
<ul><li>Reduced Risk: Regulation compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Image & Reputation </li></ul>Non Renewable resourci...
<ul><li>Survey of the available sustainability metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Set of criteria to note the sustainability of pac...
 
 
<ul><li>Potential Future Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand sustainability metrics  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw le...
 
 
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  • Background picture….
  • Purpose – this project was conceived to.... Actors involved A part of the Sustainable Products &amp; Solutions (SPS) Program Principles D. Dornfeld (UCB-ME), M. Taylor (UCB-GSPP) , J. Greene (CSU-ME) Industrial Partners Roplast Industries, Oroville CA California Film Extruders and Converters Association (CFECA) Photo credits: http://www.cfeca.org/
  • http://www.haojieworld.com/image/cooperation.jpg http://nextup.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/collaboration.jpg http://www.i2eye.co.in/images/team.jpg Purpose of this meeting today = hopefully find a variety of avenues for collaboration, and mutual goals, as we have just started to explore this space... What we’re going to cover On that note…we’ll briefly go over what we’ve uncovered about the state of the packaging world, specifically what we see as the state of sustainable packaging, (including ) case study on plastic films unique position in this arena, and some avenues of things we’re examining where we go from here.
  • http://www.ccnh.edu/images/community/holistichome/plasticbag_0608.jpg http://knowledge.wpcarey.asu.edu/images/archive/metrics200.jpg
  • Images Shipping Box Lined With Polyurethane Foam:http://www.deluxepkg.com/foam.html Detergent bottle: http://www.buzzillions.com/dz_1000250_all_small_mighty_3x_concentrate_liquid_reviews Detergent bottle label: http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/housing/cleansafe/cleansafe.htm
  • bird: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-519770/Banish-The-Bags-The-Mail-launches-campaign-clean-country---planet.html Plastic Wave: http://www.dreamways.org/great-pacific-garbage-patch Beach Trash: http://algalita.org/gallery2/main.php?g2_itemId=109 Anti-pvc campaign: http://www.chej.org/BESAFE/pvc/about.htm http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_kmens/is_200412/ai_n8608992 http://www.mindfully.org/Plastic/Polyethylene/Polyethylene-Terephthalate-Sheftel.htm http://www.mindfully.org/Plastic/Bottled-Water-Toxic.htm http://www.mindfully.org/Plastic/Bottled-WaterTap-Water.htm http://www.cawrecycles.org/issues/eps_health http://www.sustainableplastics.org/problems/
  • Sources: US EPA. November 2007. Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2006 Facts and Figures . EPA530-F-07-030. Washington, DC: US EPA Office of Solid Waste. Available at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/pubs/msw06.pdf Daniel Imhoff, Paper or Plastic: Searching for Solutions to an Overpackaged World, Sierra Club Books (2005), note 2 at 11, at 9, 20.
  • http://search.live.com/images/results.aspx?q=laws&amp;FORM=ZZIR7#focal=55f47b38382f84ba47b029f2a3e36f36&amp;furl=http://www.calapa.org/attachments/wysiwyg/5360/j0399041.jpg
  • http://www.nauticawatches.com/ctfiles/world_map.jpg
  • Source: Billy B. Hwang. 2007. &amp;quot;Unpacking the Packaging Problem: An International Solution for the Environmental Impacts of Packaging Waste&amp;quot; ExpressO Available at: http://works.bepress.com/billy_hwang/1
  • http://www.pilgrimhall.org/images/WebPeregrineWhiteCradle.jpg http://pqi.arrs.org/images/clinicalGuidelines.jpg http://www.profitpt.com/images/green-supply-chain.jpg http://www.sedgwick.org/na/families/robert1613/4/1/1/3/4113S-king-sally-grave.jpg
  • So what have we been doing?? https://www.nbia.org/impact/images/tapemeasure.jpg http://www.winmarkets.com/archives/i/Measures.jpg http://wizarddetectors.com/metricandinchescloseup300.jpg
  • http://i76.photobucket.com/albums/j14/biopact/nbt0605-638-I1.jpg http://www.thebusinessofsports.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/measure.jpg http://www.polypakamerica.com/i/film_rolls.jpg http://blog.edelbioskincare.com/uploaded_images/packaging_sustainable-734592.jpg
  • Talk about 3 pilars of sustainability Regulation compliance : risk of mandatory changes Market differentiation of option Quality : properties of materials that make widely used Price/Possible profits Image/Reputation of material choice Raw Material consumption: based on present reserves (Non)Renewable resource use: amount of selected materials Recycled/Raw material content : % made from Reusable : Packaging can be used more than once Recyclable : from theoretical to average % recycled Amount of material : resources; ratio to product; minimize GHG Emissions Type of material : single type; ease of separation; best in class Clear labeling for customers : for EOL options Weight Transport: impacts, “savings”, renewable energy Production Waste Volume Void space Degradable material Risk of eco-accidents Air pollution (including ozone) Water pollution Labeling : minimizing label parts; muti-purposed components Water Use Energy Use Land use Innovation (secondary uses, part of product Supplier : ISO 14001 or renewable power; no violations Eutrophication: chemical waste causing excessive plant growth Environmental impact based on user impressions Energy recovery Litter: % of litter composition Portion variability, Auxiliary refill packs Fossil Fuel Consumption Material toxicity : hazardous, health &amp; safety Diversity Social right Impact on people/community Equality Education/Training
  • Although we could spend a lot more time going over many of the conceptual framewors we examined and their applicability to packaing… we want to give you a quick example of the usefulness of this to plastic film
  • Plastic film http://www.bioautocouncil.com/images/plastic_filmhands.jpg http://www.packagingsupplies.com/images/stretch_wrap.jpg http://www.kissner.com/images/plastic-wrap-stretch.jpg
  • Change transportation arrows to another color
  • http://k.b5z.net/i/u/6109363/i/fotoliaforkinroad.jpg http://blueroof.files.wordpress.com/2006/11/cooperation.jpg
  • http://www.archivalmetrics.org//images/tape.jpg http://www.emailfusion.net/images/metrics-chart.jpg http://www.naem.org/images/hands.jpg
  • http://home.debitel.net/user/geocaching/images/navigation.jpg http://www.taragon.net/taragonsgraphics/images/compass.jpg http://i.pbase.com/u18/merriwolf/upload/42991227.MountainRoad_7335.jpg http://www.operationterra.com/News/Archive/blueprint.jpg
  • Overview

    1. 1. Overview & Plastic Film Case Study
    2. 2. <ul><li>“ to determine the best methods for improving the sustainability of the packaging industry” </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>What is the best method for benchmarking current packaging options? </li></ul><ul><li>Taking into consideration the current state of packaging, what is needed to make it more sustainable? </li></ul><ul><li>Once assessed, how can the social, environmental, and economic aspects of packaging be improved upon? </li></ul>Although there are many benefits associated with packaging, there are also a number of important issues that could benefit from more analysis. In particular, we are interested in answering the following questions:
    4. 5. <ul><li>The State of the Packaging World </li></ul><ul><li>Our Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Forward </li></ul>
    5. 7. <ul><li>Packaging protects products during transport and can increase their lifespan. This decreases disposal due to spoilage or damage. </li></ul>Packaging provides information and increases appeal of items to consumer resulting in less stock going unsold.
    6. 8. <ul><li>Natural Resource Depletion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarcity of raw materials, many of which are used in the production of plastics, such as oil, natural gas, coal, and agriculture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associated with the green house gas intensity of product manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waste Creation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues of capacity for garbage disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dangers to Human Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerns over the toxicity of different source materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With decreasing capacity for waste disposal, trash ends up contaminating ecosystems, such as waterways. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 9. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Generation, with Recycling (2006) <ul><li>32% of the weight & 50% of the volume of MSW is containers and packaging </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of containers and packaging consumed equates to 300 pounds per American per year. </li></ul><ul><li>30% of all non-energy resources are consumed for packaging </li></ul>
    8. 10. <ul><li>Complicated supply chains </li></ul><ul><li>Many stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Complex policy environment </li></ul>
    9. 11. Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Packaging Materials
    10. 12. Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Repair Refurbish Service Recycling Remanufacturing Packaging Materials Disassembly Disposal Inspection/ Sorting Unused Packaging Used Packaging
    11. 13. Packaging Manufacturing Product Manufacturing Distribution Consumer Raw Materials Packaging Materials Material Suppliers Converters Fillers Brand Owners Retailers Consumers End-of-life handlers Recyclers Governments Industry Associations NGOs, Research Bodies
    12. 14. = ban = levy
    13. 16. <ul><li>A lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Missing infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient incentives, conflicting policies and standards </li></ul>Primary challenges for government, industry and individuals center around:
    14. 17. <ul><li>Sustainable Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Green Supply Chains </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive Regulatory Environment </li></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>Survey of current sustainable packaging environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conceptions of sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment techniques/methodologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicability to plastic film </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. Society Environment Economics
    17. 21. Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria: Used to check progress; Hard to compare tradeoffs; Implicit assumptions Regulations & Standards: Top-down; Specific goal(s); Gives directions or targets for industry Analytical Methods: Used to track improvements based on chosen criteria Design Guidelines: Simple; Oriented around sustainability objectives Assessment Methodologies Objectives Metrics Assessment Methodologies
    18. 22. Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria: Used to check progress; Hard to compare tradeoffs; Implicit assumptions Regulations & Standards: Top-down; Specific goal(s); Gives directions or targets for industry Analytical Methods: Used to track improvements based on chosen criteria Design Guidelines: Simple; Oriented around sustainability objectives Assessment Methodologies Objectives Metrics Assessment Methodologies
    19. 23. <ul><li>Ecological Footprints </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Green Supply Chain Management </li></ul>
    20. 24. Green Operations Green Design Green Supply Chain Management Life Cycle Analysis Environmentally Conscious Design Waste Management Network Design & Reverse Logistics Green Manufacturing & Remanufacturing Pollution Prevention Disposal Source Reduction Pre-processing Collecting Location & Distribution (Network Design) Inspection/ Sorting Inventory Management Reducing Production Planning & Scheduling Recycling Remanufacturing Product/ Material Recovery Reuse Repair/ Refurbish Disassembly Disassembly Levelling Disassembly Process Planning Source : Srivastava SK. Green supply chain management: a state-ofthe- art literature review. International Journal of Management Reviews 2007;9(1):53–80.
    21. 25. Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies Objectives Metrics
    22. 26. Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <ul><li>Environmental: </li></ul><ul><li>Material traits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virgin, Renewable, Degradable, or Recycled content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Packaging traits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity, Weight, Space utilization (Volume & Pallet use), Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of parts, Ease of separation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Use: Land, Water, Energy, Fossil Fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emissions and Pollution: GHG, Water, Air, Eutrophication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxicity and Risks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling and Reuse Possibilities and Rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Recovery Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Labeling for Customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste creation, Litter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovations </li></ul>Objectives Metrics
    23. 27. Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <ul><li>Business Advantage: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased competitiveness: Market differentiation, Image/ Reputation, Quality, Price/Possible profits </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce risk: Regulation compliance </li></ul>Objectives Metrics
    24. 28. Design Guidelines Scorecards, Checklists & Criteria Regulations & Standards Analytical methods Assessment Methodologies <ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on people/community </li></ul><ul><li>Social right </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Education/Training </li></ul>Objectives Metrics
    25. 29. <ul><li>Regulation compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Market differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Image/ Reputation of material </li></ul><ul><li>Price/ Possible profits </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled/ Raw material content </li></ul><ul><li>(Non)Renewable resource use </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil Fuel Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable </li></ul><ul><li>Recyclable </li></ul><ul><li>GHG Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Type of material </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of material </li></ul><ul><li>Clear labeling for customers </li></ul><ul><li>Portion variability, refill packs </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Volume </li></ul><ul><li>Land use </li></ul><ul><li>Water Use </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Use </li></ul><ul><li>Void space </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Litter </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of eco-accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Degradable material </li></ul><ul><li>Production Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Social right </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on people/ community </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Education/ Training </li></ul><ul><li>Material Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Raw Material </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Energy recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Supplier </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication </li></ul>Society Environment Economics
    26. 31. Strategic business advantage Permanent waste creation Natural resource consumption <ul><ul><li>Pollution (including GHG emissions across different lifecycle phases) </li></ul></ul>
    27. 33. Oil Refinery Chemical Plant Extraction Raw Material Cracking Feedstock <ul><li>Energy Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Feedstock </li></ul><ul><li>Ethane </li></ul><ul><li>Propane </li></ul><ul><li>Benzene </li></ul><ul><li>Naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Butene </li></ul>Process Material Examples Transportation Polymerization Polymer Plastic Processor <ul><li>Processing Aid Additives </li></ul><ul><li>Curing agents </li></ul><ul><li>Blowing agents </li></ul><ul><li>Heat stabilizers </li></ul><ul><li>antimicrobials </li></ul><ul><li>Fillers </li></ul><ul><li>Plasticizers </li></ul><ul><li>Antioxidants </li></ul><ul><li>Coupling agents </li></ul><ul><li>Colorants </li></ul><ul><li>UV and other weathering stabilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Polymeric impact modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-static agents </li></ul><ul><li>Flame retardants </li></ul><ul><li>Preservatives </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrances </li></ul><ul><li>Lubricants </li></ul><ul><li>Viscosity aids </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic Film Packaging Manufacturing Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Extrusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extrusion coating </li></ul><ul><li>Co-extrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Calendaring </li></ul>Compounding Plastic Fabrication Package
    28. 37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Regulation Compliance Public Reputation Non-Renewable Resource Recycled Material Content Reusability Recyclability Degradability 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    29. 38. <ul><li>Reduced Risk: Regulation compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Image & Reputation </li></ul>Non Renewable resourcing Degradable material Issues Recycled material content Increased average reuse Recyclable End of Life Options Bio-plastics Possible Solutions Benefits 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    30. 39. <ul><li>Survey of the available sustainability metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Set of criteria to note the sustainability of packaging choices </li></ul><ul><li>Several immediate options for investigating the improvement of plastic film: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess and improve the sustainability of supply chains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore analytical methodologies and metrics to guide and evaluate production and manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine end-of-life impacts and options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find regulatory tools to support stakeholders’ sustainability goals </li></ul></ul>
    31. 42. <ul><li>Potential Future Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand sustainability metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw lessons from other policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indentify additional applications of our research to other work being done in the field </li></ul>

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