• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
glossary
 

glossary

on

  • 1,633 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,633
Views on SlideShare
1,633
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft Word

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    glossary glossary Document Transcript

    • Literature Review – SCM 1 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION A ABC ........................................................ Activity based costing ABM ........................................................ Activity based management ACD ........................................................ Automated call distribution ADF ........................................................ Abnormal demand filter AGV ........................................................ Automatically (Automated) guided vehicle AI ........................................................ Artificial intelligence AIAG ........................................................ Automotive industry action group AIM ........................................................ Asset information management ANSI ........................................................ American national standards institute ANX ........................................................ Automotive network exchange AP ........................................................ Accounts payable API ........................................................ Application programming interface APICS ........................................................ American association for production & Inventory control APS ........................................................ Advanced planning systems (scheduling) AR ........................................................ Accounts receivable ARL ........................................................ Automated reverse logistics ASCII ........................................................ American standard code for information exchange ASN ........................................................ Advanced shipping notification ASIC ........................................................ Application specific integrated circuit ASP ........................................................ Application service provider ASR ........................................................ Automated storage & retrieval ATO ........................................................ Assemble to order ATP ........................................................ Available to promise ATS ........................................................ Available to sell AQL ........................................................ Acceptable quality levels B B2B ........................................................ Business to business B2C ........................................................ Business to consumer B2E ........................................................ Business to extended enterprise BBP ........................................................ Business to business procurement BER ........................................................ Beyond economic repair BOGOF ...................................................... Buy one get one free BOL ........................................................ Bill of lading BOM ........................................................ Bill of material BOMP ........................................................ Bill of material processor BPI ........................................................ Business process integration BPO ........................................................ Business process outsourcing BPR ........................................................ Business process re-engineering BRC ........................................................ British rail consortium BSI ........................................................ British standards institute
    • Literature Review – SCM 2 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION BSP ........................................................ Business systems planning BTS ........................................................ Balance to ship BURP ........................................................ Bottom-up re-planning C CAD ........................................................ Computer aided design CAE ........................................................ Computer aided engineering CAM ........................................................ Computer aided manufacturing CDG ........................................................ Carriage of dangerous goods CDP ........................................................ Continuous deal pricing CE ........................................................ Current engineering CEA ........................................................ Comprehensive enterprise application CEI ........................................................ Contract end item CFM ........................................................ Customer focused manufacturing CI ........................................................ Continuous improvement CIC ........................................................ Customer interaction centre CIM ........................................................ Computer integrated manufacturing CLM ........................................................ Council of logistics management CMI ........................................................ Co-managed inventory CMMS ........................................................ Computerised maintenance management systems CO ........................................................ Call off COF ........................................................ Customer orientated fulfilment COGS ........................................................ Cost of goods sold COO ........................................................ Call off order COMMS .................................................... Customer orientated manufacturing Management system (now ERP) COS ........................................................ Costs of sale COSH ........................................................ Control of substances hazardous to health CP ........................................................ constraint programming CPC ........................................................ Collaborative product commerce CPD ........................................................ Collaborative product development CPDM ........................................................ Collaborative product definition Management CPFR ........................................................ Collaborative planning, forecasting & Replenishment CPG ........................................................ Consumer packaged goods CRINE ........................................................ Cost reduction in the new era CSF ........................................................ Critical success factor CRP ........................................................ Continuous Replenishment Programme CRM ........................................................ Customer relationship management CRS ........................................................ Customer replenishment system CSCP ........................................................ Collaborative commerce & supple chain Planning CSM ........................................................ Component & supplier management CSRP ........................................................ Customer synchronised resource planning
    • Literature Review – SCM 3 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION CTI ........................................................ Computer – telephone integration CTO ........................................................ Configure to order CTP ........................................................ Capable to promise CTRT ........................................................ Cycle-time reduction team D DC ........................................................ Distribution centre DCF ........................................................ Discounted cash flow DCM ........................................................ Distribution channel management DEA ........................................................ Dynamic engineering applications DFU ........................................................ Demand forecasting unit DFM ........................................................ Design for manufacturing DFT ........................................................ Demand flow technology DII ........................................................ Days in inventory DLT ........................................................ Dynamic lead time DOS ........................................................ Days of supply DPC ........................................................ Direct product cost DPM ........................................................ Dynamic performance management DPO ........................................................ Days purchased outstanding DPP ........................................................ Direct product profitability DPS ........................................................ Detailed planning schedule DRP ........................................................ Distribution requirement planning DSD ........................................................ Direct store delivery DSO ........................................................ Days sales outstanding DSS ........................................................ Decision support system DTC ........................................................ Direct to consumer E EAI ........................................................Enterprise application integration EAN ........................................................ European article number EAM ........................................................ Enterpriser asset management EBR ........................................................Electronic batch record E/M ........................................................ Ends/ means EC ........................................................European community ECM ........................................................ Enterprise commerce management ECO ........................................................ Engineering change order ECR ........................................................ Efficient consumer response EDI ........................................................Electronic data Interchange EDIA ........................................................ Electronic data interchange association EDIFACT .................................................... EDI for administration, commerce & Transport EDLP ........................................................ Every day low pricing EFQM ........................................................ European framework for quality management
    • Literature Review – SCM 4 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION EFT ........................................................ Electronic funds transfer EIS ........................................................ Executive (enterprise) information system EMA ........................................................ Enterprise marketing automation EOI ........................................................ Economic order interval EOQ ........................................................ Economic order quantity EPO ........................................................ Enterprise profit optimisation EPOS ........................................................ Electronic point of sale EPP ........................................................ Emergency planning & preparedness EPS ........................................................ Earnings per share ERM ........................................................ Enterprise relationship management ERO ........................................................ Enterprise resource optimisation ERP ........................................................ Enterprise resource planning ETL ........................................................ Extraction, transformation & loading ETO ........................................................ Engineer to order EVA ........................................................ Economic value added F FCP ........................................................ Finite capacity planning FCS ........................................................ Finite capacity scheduler FDEA ........................................................ Food & drug administration FEA ........................................................ Finite element analysis FEFO ........................................................ First expired first out FFA ........................................................ Field force automation FIFO ........................................................ First in first out FMCG ........................................................ Fast moving consumer goods FMEA ........................................................ Failure mode effect analysis FOB ........................................................ Free on board FOI ........................................................ Fax of intent FOQ ........................................................ Fixed order quantity FMS ........................................................ Flexible manufacturing systems FPGA ........................................................ Field programmable gate array FPO ........................................................ Firm planned order FRM ........................................................ Floor ready merchandise FTL ........................................................ Full truckload FTP ........................................................ File transfer protocol G GAMP ....................................................... Good automated manufacturing practice GATP ........................................................ Global available to promise – see CTP GIGO ........................................................ Garbage in garbage out GFSS ........................................................ Global forecasting & supply system GL ........................................................ General ledger GLN ........................................................ Global location number GLS ........................................................ Global logistics system
    • Literature Review – SCM 5 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION GMA ........................................................ Grocery manufacturers association GMP ........................................................ Good manufacturing practice GMROII ..................................................... Gross margin return on (inventory) Investment GRN ........................................................ Goods receipt note GT ........................................................ Group technology GTIN ........................................................ Global trade item number GUI ........................................................ Graphical user interface GUS ........................................................ General, unique, specific H HCM ........................................................ Human capital management HMI ........................................................ Human machine interface HR ........................................................ Human resources I IATA ........................................................ International air transport association IBS ........................................................ Integrated business system ICAO ........................................................ International civil aviation organisation ICO ........................................................ Inventory chain optimisation ICT ........................................................ Information & communications technologies IEM ........................................................ Integrated enterprise management IGD ........................................................ Institute of grocery distribution ILOC ........................................................ International letter of credit IMDG ........................................................ International maritime dangerous foods code IOIS ........................................................ Interorganisational Information System IRA ........................................................ Inventory record accuracy IRM ........................................................ Internet relationship management IS ........................................................ Information system ISO ........................................................ International standards organisation ISS ........................................................ Inventory stock status ISV ........................................................ Independent software vendor IT ........................................................ Information technology ITT ........................................................ Invitation to tender IVO ........................................................ Inventory visibility & optimisation J JAD ........................................................ Joint Application Design JIT ........................................................ Just in time
    • Literature Review – SCM 6 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION K KPI ........................................................ Key performance indicator L LBPO ........................................................ Logistics business process outsourcing LDI ........................................................ Logistics development incentive LLP ........................................................ Lead logistics partner LOC ........................................................ Letter of credit LOI ........................................................ Letter of intent LTL ........................................................ Les than (truck) load M MAA ........................................................ Management analysis & accounting MAPS ........................................................ Manufacturing accounting & planning System MAS ........................................................ Managed application solution MES ........................................................ Manufacturing execution system MHE ........................................................ Materials/mechanical handling equipment MOM ........................................................ Manufacturing operations management MPS ........................................................ Master production schedule MRP ........................................................ Maintenance repair overhaul MRP ........................................................ Materials requirements planning MSDS ........................................................ Material safety data sheet MTBF ........................................................ Mean time between failure MTD ........................................................ Make to demand MTF ........................................................ Make to forecast MTO ........................................................ Make to order MTS ........................................................ Make to stock MVA ........................................................ Market value added N NDC ........................................................ National distribution centre NFA ........................................................ Net fixed assets NPD ........................................................ New product development NPDI ........................................................ New product development & introduction NPV ........................................................ Net present value NRP ........................................................ Network resource planning NSC ........................................................ Network supply chain
    • Literature Review – SCM 7 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION O OCT ........................................................ Order cycle time ODBC ........................................................ Open database connectivity OEE ........................................................ Overall equipment effectiveness OEM ........................................................ Original equipment manufacturer OLAP ....................................................... On-line analytical processing OLTP ....................................................... On-line transaction processing O&M ........................................................ Organisation & method OMS ....................................................... Order management system OPEX ....................................................... Operating EXpenditure OPT ........................................................ Optimised production technology OR ....................................................... Operations research OSB ....................................................... Order, shipping & billing OTB ....................................................... Open to buy OTC ....................................................... Order to cash OTIF ........................................................ On-time, in-full P PAN ....................................................... Personal area network PDA ....................................................... Personal digital assistant PDCA ....................................................... Plan-do-check-act PDM ....................................................... Product data management PE ....................................................... Purchase enquiry P&IC ....................................................... Production & inventory control PLC ....................................................... Programmable logic controller PLM ....................................................... Product lifecycle management (or plant) PLT ....................................................... Purchasing lead time PLU ....................................................... Price-luck-up PMMS ....................................................... Plant maintenance systems PO ........................................................ Purchase order POD ....................................................... Proof of delivery POP ....................................................... Purchase order processing or Point of purchase POR ....................................................... Pick on receipt POS ....................................................... Point of sale PPS ....................................................... Production, planning & scheduling PR ....................................................... Purchase requisition PRIME QR ................................................ Product replenishment & inventory management edge for quick response PRM ....................................................... Partner relationship management PSA ....................................................... Professional services automation PSMD ....................................................... Plan, source, make, deliver PTD ....................................................... Produce to demand
    • Literature Review – SCM 8 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION PTO ....................................................... Package to order PTP ....................................................... Profitable to promise PTX ....................................................... Private trading exchange Q QA ....................................................... Quality assurance QC ....................................................... Quality control QCM ....................................................... Quality control management QCO ....................................................... Quick change over QFD ........................................................ Quality function deployment QoE ....................................................... Quality of experience QOTIF ....................................................... Quality on time in full QR ........................................................ Quick response QRM ....................................................... Quick response manufacturing R R&D ....................................................... Research & development RAMP ....................................................... Rapid acquisition of manufactured parts RBWA ....................................................... Routing by walking about RCCP ....................................................... Rough cut capacity planning RDBMS ...................................................... Relational data base management systems RDC ....................................................... Regional distribution centre RDT ....................................................... Radio data terminals REQ ....................................................... Requisition – the precursor of a purchase order RF ....................................................... Radio frequency RFB ....................................................... Request for a bid RFC ....................................................... Request for comment RFID ....................................................... Radio frequency identification RFP ....................................................... Request for proposal RFQ ....................................................... Request for quotation RFx ....................................................... Request for information & quotations RIP ....................................................... Resources in progress RLM ....................................................... Repair loop management RMA ....................................................... Return material authorisation (or merchandise) ROA ....................................................... Return on assets ROI ........................................................ Return on investment ROIC ....................................................... Return on invested capital ROL ....................................................... Re-order level ROP ........................................................ Re-order point RP ....................................................... Repair period
    • Literature Review – SCM 9 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION RRP ....................................................... Resource requirement planning RTD ....................................................... Ready to drink RTP ....................................................... Returnable transit packaging RTRT ....................................................... Rapid turn around time S SAP ....................................................... Systems, application, products SBT ....................................................... Scan-based training SCADA .................................................... Supervisory control & data acquisition SCC, SCCI ............................................... Supply chain council – international SCE ....................................................... Supply chain execution SCEM ....................................................... Supply chain event management SCI ....................................................... Supply chain integration SCIV ....................................................... Supply chain inventory visibility SCM ....................................................... Supply chain management SCOR ........................................................ Supply chain operations reference SCP ....................................................... Supply chain planning SCPM ....................................................... Supply chain performance management SFA ....................................................... Sales force automation SFC ....................................................... Shop floor control SFDC ....................................................... Shop floor data collection SG&A ....................................................... Sales, general & administrative - costs SIC ........................................................ Standard industrial classification SKU ........................................................ Stock keeping unit SLA ....................................................... Service level agreement SME ....................................................... small to medium sized enterprise SMED ........................................................ Single minute exchange of dies S&OP ....................................................... Sales & operations planning SO ....................................................... Service order SOP ....................................................... Sales order processing SPC ....................................................... Statistical process control SPO ....................................................... Service process automation SRM ....................................................... Supplier relationship management SQL ........................................................ Structured query language T TAC ....................................................... Total acquisition costs TBC ....................................................... Time based competition TCO ....................................................... Total cost of ownership TL ....................................................... Truck load TMS ....................................................... Transportation management system TPI ....................................................... Third party inspection
    • Literature Review – SCM 10 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION TPM ....................................................... Total preventative maintenance TPS ....................................................... Transportation planning & scheduling TOC ....................................................... Theory of constraints TQC ........................................................ Total quality control TQM ........................................................ Total quality management TREMCard ................................................ Transport emergency card U UCC ....................................................... Uniform code council UCS ....................................................... Uniform communications standard UN/SPSC ................................................. United nations standard product & service code UOM ....................................................... Unit of measure UPC ....................................................... Universal product code UPN ....................................................... Universal product number USPSC ....................................................... Universal standard product & services classification V VA ....................................................... Value Analysis VAN ....................................................... Value added network VAR ....................................................... Value added reseller VAT ....................................................... Value added tax VCA ....................................................... Value chain analysis VE ....................................................... Value engineering VICS ....................................................... Voluntary inter-industry commerce standard VMI ....................................................... Vendor-Managed Inventory W WAM ....................................................... Work & asset management WERC ....................................................... Warehousing education & research council WIGIG ....................................................... When it’s gone, it’s gone WIP ....................................................... Work in progress (process) WLC ....................................................... Whole life cost WMS ....................................................... Warehouse management system X XBRL ....................................................... Extensible business reporting mark up language XML ....................................................... Extensible mark up language XPI ....................................................... Extended process integration
    • Literature Review – SCM 11 _______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY TERM DEFINITION XRM ....................................................... Extended relationship management XRP ....................................................... Extended resource planning