For traditional panel, the connecting bridge use exterior temperature to transfer to the building interior, insulating qualities are compromised and moisture forms causing erosion. TST panel is completely sealed, with no openings
An entrepreneur is a person who has possession over a company, enterprise, or venture, and assumes significant accountability for the inherent risks and the outcome. The term is a loanword from French and was first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon. ... en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Entrepreneurship is the practice of starting new organizations or revitalizing mature organizations, particularly new businesses generally in ... en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Entrepreneurship
the art or science of innovation and risk-taking for profit in business; the quality of being an entrepreneur en.wiktionary.org /wiki/entrepreneurship
entrepreneur - someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
A total of 31 coastal cities, towns and areas were studied: Atlantic City, NJ, Boston, MA, Brigantine, NJ, Cape Coral, FL, Coronado, CA, Cypress Lake, FL, East Boston, MA, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Foster City, CA, Freeport, TX, Galveston, TX, Hampton, VA, Hollywood, FL, Honolulu, HI, Lavalette/Dover Beaches, NJ, Marina Del Ray/ Santa Monica, CA, Miami, FL, Miami Beach, FL, Naples/East Naples, FL, Newport Beach, CA, New Orleans, LA, New York City, NY, Oakland Airport, CA, Point Pleasant, NJ, Point Shirley, MA, Port Aransas, TX, San Diego, CA, San Francisco, CA, Savannah, GA, Seattle, WA and Silverton Area, NJ. 53 percent of all Americans live in and around coastal cities and towns.
From NASA on the East Coast to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory on the West Coast, indicates that, at approximately 450 parts per million (ppm) carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere (a greenhouse gas), we will reach a tipping point and trigger “dangerous climate change”
Concentrations of CO2 currently at 383 ppm, the planet is now approximately 0.8 °C warmer than pre-industrial levels.
Concentrations of 450 ppm corresponds to approximately 2 °C global warming above pre-industrial levels
A job focused on investigating uses for renewable energy sources, including biomass, wind, solar and geothermal power (Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory).
A job requiring skill in energy efficiency and renewable energy installations, and/or a job that produces clean energy and technologies, as well as energy-efficient components or end products that result in residential and commercial energy savings and, ideally, industry revenue (Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor Employment and Training Administration).
Study of alternative energy sources as a way to create cleaner technology:
The Dept. of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) is developing technology that would create ethanol from cellulose and hemi-cellulose, the fibrous material that makes up the bulk of most plant matter. The ethanol would be mainly used as a blending agent with gasoline, increasing the octane and cutting down carbon monoxide and other emissions (Source: NREL).
Ethanol made from cellulose has the potential to cut life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions by up to 86 percent relative to gasoline (Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy).
Partnership with the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), the EPA’s Environment Engineering Research Division (EERD) and the EPA’s Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics – Chemical Engineering Branch (OPPT-ChE):
Program sought to change how process and product design is undertaken. Focused on three main areas:
Developing a plan to evaluate commercial value and feasibility of new green engineering and green chemistry advancements.
Developing tools and methods that support sustainable manufacturing processes and products.
Promoting these concepts and their life-cycle to various stakeholders (Source: EPA Green Engineering).
Partnership with the EPA offices and the AIChE seeks to accelerate acceptance and use of those three emphases across a wide area of industry (Source: EPA Green Engineering).
On a smaller scale: Chad Joshi, a mechanical engineering graduate from Worcester Polytechnic Institute, is co-owner of Owl Power Co., Inc., a “co-generation system that turns used vegetable oil into electric power.” The company uses an internal combustion engine to create electricity from vegetable oil (WPI’s “Transformations”).
In higher education, “green” initiatives, such as the American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC), which addresses global warming by “garnering institutional commitments … to accelerate the research and educational efforts of higher education to equip society to re-stabilize the earth’s climate,” foster growth of sustainable facilities (Source: College Planning and Management, April 2009).
The 2030 Challenge encourages “public commitment to move toward addressing global warming by designing smarter, more efficient buildings (Source: CP&M, April 2009).
Sustainable manufacturing, materials/waste management, transportation, water management, construction/skilled trades, government oversight (U.S. Dept. of Labor Employment and Training Administration's “Framework for Action”).
Sustainable supply chains that improve workers’ lives and develop green practices in every aspect, from package delivery to waste removal (Discussed at Green Jobs Conference 2009, with International Labor Rights Forum, Coalition for Clean Air, and Consumers Union).
Alternative energy, such as jobs that create wind turbines and solar panels.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, signed into law February 2009, includes funds for wind and solar energy investments, as well as for improving energy efficiency in schools and federal buildings (Source: College Planning & Management, April 2009).
Replace a building’s HVAC system, and rebalance and rezone areas of the building.
Install solar-electric or other renewable energy systems to power the building.
Install daylight sensors to regulate the amount of electricity used for lighting based on the amount of sunlight coming through the windows, as the Alliance for Sustainable Colorado has done (Source: Alliance for Sustainable Colorado).
Large-scale (Source: College Planning & Management, April 2009)
Daylighting: Creating building designs that incorporate natural light.
Includes traditional methods, such as skylights and standard windows, and recent innovations, such as new glazing and window framing materials.
Reduces need for artificial lighting, and according to the U.S. Department of Energy, for the same amount of light, it produces less waste heat than electric lights.
Building orientation and treatments, automated lighting and shading controls, and selection of construction materials can help avoid potential challenges of allowing natural light into interior spaces without creating excessive heat gain or loss.
Large-scale (Source: College Planning & Management, April 2009)
Alternative construction plans
Rather than constructing a building in multiple phases, the structure’s “core and shell” are built, along with part of the planned interior space; this allows quicker usability and enables an efficient building process.
Design buildings to collect and reuse rainwater for needs such as landscaping, and install water-conserving fixtures and systems in restrooms and locker rooms.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute is working to LEED-certify its buildings. LEED, or the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a “national rating system by the U.S. Green Building Council for developing high-performance, sustainable buildings” (Source: WPI’s “Transformations”).
WPI planted 10,000 seedlings on top of one its buildings, creating natural thermal insulation and storm water filtration, and allowing students to study storm water quality and flow (Source: “Transformations”).
The school has also installed solar panels to light walkways, instituted paperless billing and begun recycling food to use at local hog farms (Source: “Transformations”).
Cross-training is nearly inevitable in many fields, since some of the areas emerging the strongest in “green-collar” development are already well-established blue- and white-collar fields.
Workers in construction and skilled trades could use their skills to retrofit existing buildings – especially in the current economy, when fewer new residential and commercial buildings are being built (Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor Employment and Training Administration's “Framework for Action”).
Waste management, supply chain and manufacturing, and others can all be made “green-collar” (“Framework for Action”).
In 2004, the Manufacturing Systems Research Group of the NIU College of Engineering & Engineering Technology received a $100,000 grant from the Illinois Dept. of Natural Resources to study “green” manufacturing.
CEET received a $1 million grant from the Department of Energy, in part to study ways to improve fuel efficiency of locomotives, and has partnered with Norfolk-Southern Railroad.
NIU has established the Task Force on Sustainable Campus Environment to promote “environmental responsibility and innovation throughout the institution, including its curricula, policies, operational practices and external ties.”
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