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  1. 1. Chickenpox By: Patrick Flores, Period 2
  2. 3. What is it? <ul><li>Chickenpox is a contagious disease caused by infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). </li></ul><ul><li>Chickenpox can spread easily from one person to the other from either coughs or sneezes. </li></ul>
  3. 4. History <ul><li>Chickenpox was first discovered by the Persian scientist Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi in the late 800’s or early 900’s AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Later in the 1500’s, Giovanni Filippo provided more details on chickenpox. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 5. Symptoms <ul><li>The symptoms of chickenpox include muscle pain, itching, nausea, fever, sore throat, or pain in both ears. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of chickenpox begin with an itchy rash that can spread through the entire body. </li></ul><ul><li>The rash starts as red spots, but progress to fluid-filled blisters that will drain and scab open. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Blisters <ul><li>Chickenpox blisters are usually less than a quarter of an inch wide, have a reddish base, appear in 2 to 4 days. </li></ul><ul><li>The rash may be more extensive to children with other disorders such as eczema. </li></ul><ul><li>The blister wall will soon break and will leave open spores, which then crust up to make brown scabs. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Shingles <ul><li>After a chickenpox infection, the virus remains dormant in the body’s nerve tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>The immune system keeps the virus at bay, but the virus and can be reactivated later in life. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 8. Infection in Pregnancy <ul><li>For pregnant women, previous infections are transferred via the placenta to the fetus. </li></ul><ul><li>Women immune to chickenpox do not need to worry about themselves or their infant during pregnancy. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Hygiene Measures <ul><li>The spread of chickenpox can be prevented by isolating infected individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>The chickenpox is susceptible to disinfectants, such as chlorine bleach, heat and detergents. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Treatment <ul><li>Varicella treatment mainly consists of easing the symptoms, for there is no absolute cure for the condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Some treatments are available to relieve the symptoms while the immune system clears the virus from the body. </li></ul><ul><li>To relieve the symptoms of chickenpox, most people commonly use anti-itching creams and lotions. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Chickenpox is usually a mild illness, but can affect some infants, teens, adults, and people with weak immune systems more severely. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people can develop serious infections in the skin, lungs, bones, joints, and brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who has had chickenpox as a child is at a risk of developing shingles, and 20% of patients do. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Bibliography <ul><li> (November 2009), Chicken Pox, retrieved on November 26, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li> (2011), Chicken Pox History , retrieved on November 28, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Chicken Pox, retrieved on November 26, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Chicken Pox photo, retrieved on November 26, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Chicken Pox photo, retrieved on November 26, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube, Symptoms of Chickenpox , retrieved on November 26, 2011, from http:// =VejdeAqm6Dc </li></ul><ul><li>Alchemipedia, Giovanni Filippo photo , retrieved on November 29, 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>Nndb, Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Razi photo , retrieved on November 29, 2011, from </li></ul>