A Grounded Theory Analysis of the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and PROTECT-IP (PIPA)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

A Grounded Theory Analysis of the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and PROTECT-IP (PIPA)

on

  • 527 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
527
Views on SlideShare
523
Embed Views
4

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

2 Embeds 4

http://www.linkedin.com 3
https://www.linkedin.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Introduce myself & read information
  • SOPA was unprecedented for mobilizing large swaths of citizens in a very short time. It also shines a very strong light on some potential issues with our political system, especially when it comes to technology. There's a lot of questions to ask about the future, but how do we answer them?
  • History of SOPA and PIPA. Started in May 2011. Was not paid much attention to at first, but then momentum picked up. Republicans, Democrats, rich, poor, technical, policy, corporations, public interest groups.
  • Grounded Theory has been around since the mid-60s, and there has been significant controversy over what it means and how it should be done. Glaser and Strauss, the two originators, had an immense falling out, and they've each made a number of additions and modifications to the original theory. Others have taken Grounded Theory in their own direction. There is no full universal consensus, but you can see hear some definitions of the process from some esteemed scholars.
  • Grounded Theory has been around since the mid-60s, and there has been significant controversy over what it means and how it should be done. Glaser and Strauss, the two originators, had an immense falling out, and they've each made a number of additions and modifications to the original theory. Others have taken Grounded Theory in their own direction. There is no full universal consensus, but you can see hear some definitions of the process from some esteemed scholars.
  • Go into greater detail about data sources
  • Expand on codes
  • There is a lot more information that I need. I don't expect to be anywhere near exhaustive, but with more targeted searching I can find the data that can help me much more easily. There are many many actors involved with ideas and things to say – I need to figure out how to filter them better.
  • Introduce myself & read information

A Grounded Theory Analysis of the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and PROTECT-IP (PIPA) A Grounded Theory Analysis of the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and PROTECT-IP (PIPA) Presentation Transcript

  • A Grounded Theory Analysis ofKey Players in the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT-IP Act (PIPA) Jeremy Pesner Communication, Culture & Technology Georgetown University STGlobal 2012
  • Research Goals➲ Policy is not transparent – Examine consequences of this➲ Understanding policy process in new ways➲ What sort of information did our representatives & their staff receive?➲ Who was listened to? Did they provide balanced perspectives?➲ What does this mean for the future of “Internet authority?”➲ How would we even go about finding the answers?
  • Case Study: SOPA/PIPA➲ SOPA – Stop Online Piracy Act➲ PIPA – PROTECT-IP Act➲ Caused significant debate over the past few months➲ Legislation introduced in the House (SOPA) and the Senate (PIPA) to curtail piracy and counterfeiting➲ Proposed means included technical and social components Domain Name System blocking Authority to the Department of Justice to rescind site funding pursuant to a formal complaint Bills were modified and changed frequently➲ Resulted in uproar amongst the Internet Community January 18, 2012 – “Black Wednesday”
  • Sample: Conversation from Hearing➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity.➲ Rep Watt: Well, I dont believe --➲ Rep Chaffetz: And other than saying, well, we have got to dosomething, I agree with you.➲ Rep Watt: I do not believe that.➲ Rep Chaffetz: But with all due respect, how – to just say, well, I dont believe that, these guys are experts. I am looking for somebody to come before this body and testify in a hearing and say this is why they are wrong, because to date we havent had anybody do that.Source: Full Committee Markup of: H.R. 3261, the “Stop Online Piracy Act”Thursday, December 15, 2011 10:00 a.m. 2141 Rayburn House Office Building
  • Grounded Theory➲ “An initial, systematic discovery of the theory from the data of social research.” - Barney Glaser & Anselm Strauss (1967)➲ “Grounded Theory methods consist of systematic, yet flexible guidelines for collecting and analyzing qualitative data to construct theories grounded in the data themselves.” - Kathy Charmaz (2006)➲ “A means to examine trends and topics of interest while accounting for unforeseen and unexpected connections and occurrences.” - Jeremy Pesner (today)➲ Most important: Does not rely on existing theory
  • Grounded Theory Process1. Data Gathering2. Qualitative Coding & Categorization3. Memo Writing4. Theoretical Sampling5. Theory Construction6. Repeat7. Always RepeatNot a waterfall model. Very agile
  • Coding
  • Coding➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity. • Codes: Opinion of expertise (paper), evidence for argument
  • Coding➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity. • Codes: Opinion of expertise (paper), evidence for argument➲ Rep Watt: Well, I dont believe –
  • Coding➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity. • Codes: Opinion of expertise (paper), evidence for argument➲ Rep Watt: Well, I dont believe –➲ Rep Chaffetz: And other than saying, well, we have got to do something, I agree with you • Codes: Assertion of principle, statement of camaraderie
  • Coding➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity. • Codes: Opinion of expertise (paper), evidence for argument➲ Rep Watt: Well, I dont believe –➲ Rep Chaffetz: And other than saying, well, we have got to do something, I agree with you • Codes: Assertion of principle, statement of camaraderie➲ Rep Watt: I do not believe that. • Code: Disregarding of evidence
  • Coding➲ Rep Chaffetz: We have a number of papers from some very qualified people who say that this hurts cybersecurity. • Codes: Opinion of expertise (paper), evidence for argument➲ Rep Watt: Well, I dont believe –➲ Rep Chaffetz: And other than saying, well, we have got to do something, I agree with you • Codes: Assertion of principle, statement of camaraderie➲ Rep Watt: I do not believe that. • Code: Disregarding of evidence➲ Rep Chaffetz: But with all due respect, how – to just say, well, I dont believe that, these guys are experts. I am looking for somebody to come before this body and testify in a hearing and say this is why they are wrong, because to date we havent had anybody do that. • Codes: Bolstering of evidence, challenge for veracity
  • Data Sources➲ Interviews with qualified professionals – Policy – Technical – User/Entrepreneur➲ Articles & statements about bills – Wikipedia – White House – Reddit – Ars Technica➲ Committee Hearings – Reasoning – Amendments
  • Preliminary Categories➲ Lack of Understanding➲ Need for Opportunity➲ Limited Input➲ Community (of practice)➲ Compromises (security, Internet structure, etc.)➲ Apolitical (with respect to parties)➲ Lawless
  • Work Still Needed➲ More data – Reddit – Wikipedia – Cheezburger – Internet Society – ACM/IEEE➲ Theoretical Sampling – New interviews – More targeted questions – Bounded demographics➲ What precise question will/can I answer? – Whose views were heard on SOPA? – Could we have avoided Black Wednesday? – Who represents the Internet?
  • Questions? jp659@georgetown.edu