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Windows Phone 8 - 8 Tiles and Lock Screen Notifications
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Windows Phone 8 - 8 Tiles and Lock Screen Notifications


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  • 1. Oliver Scheer Senior Technical Evangelist Microsoft Deutschland Tiles and Notifications
  • 2. Agenda  Tiles in Windows Phone 8  Local Tiles API  Updating Tiles from ShellTileSchedule  Updating Tiles from Background Agents  Lock screen notifications for Windows Phone  Lock screen background for Windows Phone
  • 3. 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential3 Tiles on Windows Phone 8
  • 4. Live Tiles on Windows Phone • Windows phone has the unique ability to provide the end user glanceable access to the information they care most about, via Live Tiles • Push Notifications offer developers a way to send timely information to their applications even when they are not running • In Windows Phone 7.1 and later, the Local Tiles API allows apps to create and update tiles
  • 5. Live Tiles 101 • Shortcuts to apps • All apps have at least one tile, known as the default tile • Created by user pinning your app to the Start Screen • Launch to app main page • Apps can create secondary tiles • Created programmatically • Launch to any page in your app • Static or dynamic • Tiles can be updated • Application code • Background agents • Push Notifications • In Windows Phone 7.1, only one tile size for third party apps • In Windows Phone 8.0, you can support three different tile sizes 5
  • 6. Tile Templates and Tile Sizes •Windows Phone 8 supports three Tile templates • Flip – flips from front to back (similar to the WP 7.1 Tile template) • Iconic – clean iconic layout designed to reflect Windows Phone design principles • Cycle – cycles through up to nine images 6
  • 7. Tile Content • The Tile content is built up from a fixed set of data properties • Data Properties for Text elements, Count elements and Image elements • Content that displays depends on the template you choose and the tile size • Not all elements need to be used • Not all elements used in all templates • WXGA resolution Image sizes • Automatically scaled for WVGA and 720p 7 Tile Size Flip and Cycle Images Iconic Images Small 159 x 159 pixels 159 x 159 pixels 110 x 110 pixels Medium 336 x 336 pixels 336 x 336 pixels 202 x 202 pixels Wide 691 x 336 pixels 691 x 336 pixels N/A
  • 8. Flip Tile Template • Flips from front to back • Small size does not flip • Medium size is the same as the WP7.1 tile template 3/18/20148
  • 9. Cycle Tile Template • Cycles between from 1 to 9 images • Small tile does not cycle 3/18/20149
  • 10. Iconic Tile Template • Displays a small image in the center of the Tile and is designed to reflect Windows Phone design principles 3/18/201410
  • 11. Primary and Secondary Tiles • Application Tile • Can be created only when user taps and holds the application name in the Application List and then selects pin to start • Tile template and Properties are set initially in the Application Manifest • Template cannot be changed programmatically • Secondary Tile • Can be created only as the result of user input in an application • The application then uses the Create(Uri, ShellTileData) method to create a Tile on Start • Because the UI will navigate to Start when a new secondary Tile is created, only one secondary Tile can be created at a time
  • 12. Defining the Application Tile • Define your images • The standard new project templates already contain placeholder images of the correct size • FlipCycleTile*.png used for the Flip and Cycle Tile templates • IconicTile*.png used for the Iconic Tile templates • Replace these images with your own artwork 3/18/201412
  • 13. Defining the Application Tile in the Application Manifest • Double-click WMAppManifest.xml to open using the new Manifest Editor • On the Application UI tab, set the Tile Template, optional Title and Tile Images 3/18/201413
  • 14. Demo 1: Application Tile
  • 15. Creating and Updating Tiles with the Local Tile API •Local tile updates(these are *not* push) •Full control of all propertieswhen yourapp is in the foregroundor background •Manage SecondaryTiles •Create/Update/Delete •Launchesdirectlyto page/experience
  • 16. Creating Tiles public static void SetTile(RecipeDataItem item, string NavSource) { FlipTileData tileData = new FlipTileData() { //Front square data Title = item.Title, BackgroundImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///background1.png", UriKind.Relative), SmallBackgroundImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///smallbackground1.png", UriKind.Relative), //Back square data BackTitle = item.Title, BackContent = item.Ingredients, BackBackgroundImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///backbackground1.png", UriKind.Relative), //Wide tile data WideBackgroundImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///widebackground1.png", UriKind.Relative), WideBackBackgroundImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///widebackbackground1.png", UriKind.Relative), WideBackContent = item.Directions }; // Create Tile and pin it to Start. Causes a navigation to Start and a deactivation of our application ShellTile.Create(new Uri("/RecipePage.xaml?DefaultTitle=FromTile", UriKind.Relative), tileData, true); }
  • 17. Updating Tiles // Find the Tile we want to update. ShellTile TileToFind = ShellTile.ActiveTiles.FirstOrDefault( x => x.NavigationUri.ToString().Contains("DefaultTitle=FromTile")); // If the Tile was found, then update the Title. if (TileToFind != null) { FlipTileData NewTileData = new FlipTileData { Title = textBoxTitle.Text }; TileToFind.Update(NewTileData); }
  • 18. Updating the Application Tile public static void UpdateMainTile(RecipeDataGroup group) { //Get application's main tile – application tile always first item in the ActiveTiles collection //whether it is pinned or not var mainTile = ShellTile.ActiveTiles.FirstOrDefault(); IconicTileData tileData = new IconicTileData() { Count = group.RecipesCount, BackgroundColor = Color.FromArgb(255, 195, 61, 39), Title = "Contoso Cookbooks", IconImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///local/shared/shellcontent/newMedLogo.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute), SmallIconImage = new Uri("ms-appx:///local/shared/shellcontent/newSmlLogo.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute), WideContent1 = "Recent activity:", WideContent2 = "Browsed " + group.Title + " group", WideContent3 = "with total of " + group.RecipesCount + " recipes" }; mainTile.Update(tileData); }
  • 19. Demo 2: Tile API – Create, Update, Delete
  • 20. Updating Tiles with a Tile Schedule • Periodically updates the tile image without pushing message though • Can only update the image on the front of the tile • Updates images only from the web, not from the app local store • Sets up notification channel and binds it to a tile notification • Few limitations • Image size must be less than 150 KB (up from 80KB in WP7.1) • Download time must not exceed 45 seconds (up from 30 seconds in 7.1) • Lowest update time resolution is 60 minutes • If the schedule for an indefinite or finite number of updates fails too many times, OS will cancel it • Update recurrence can by Onetime, EveryHour, EveryDay, EveryWeek or EveryMonth 20
  • 21. Scheduling Tile Update 21 public partial class MainPage : PhoneApplicationPage { ShellTileSchedule SampleTileSchedule = new ShellTileSchedule(); private void buttonIndefinite_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) { // Updates will happen on a fixed interval. SampleTileSchedule.Recurrence = UpdateRecurrence.Interval; // Updates will happen every hour. // Because MaxUpdateCount is not set, the schedule will run indefinitely. SampleTileSchedule.Interval = UpdateInterval.EveryHour; SampleTileSchedule.RemoteImageUri = new Uri(@""); // Updates will apply to the application tile. SampleTileSchedule.Start(); } }
  • 22. Scheduling Secondary Tile Updates 22 foreach (ShellTile TileToSchedule in ShellTile.ActiveTiles) { ShellTileSchedule mySchedule = new ShellTileSchedule(TileToSchedule); mySchedule.Interval = UpdateInterval.EveryHour; mySchedule.Recurrence = UpdateRecurrence.Interval; mySchedule.RemoteImageUri = imageURI; mySchedule.Start(); } • Can also schedule updates for secondary tiles by passing the ShellTile object into the ShellTileSchedule constructor
  • 23. Updating Tiles From a Background Agent • In Windows Phone OS 7.0, only way of updating Live Tiles was from a Tile Schedule or from Push Notifications • Tile Schedule needs to fetch images from a web URI • Push Notifications require you to implement a backend service • To have control of shell tiles when the app is not running without using Push Notifications, a good solution is a Background Agent • Use the ShellTile API to locate and update tiles
  • 24. Demo 3: Updating Tiles From a Background Agent
  • 25. 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential25 Lock screen notifications on Windows Phone
  • 26. Lock Screen on Windows Phone 7 • On Windows Phone 7, Notifications area was reserved to first party apps • Next Calendar Appointment • Icons and counts for missed calls, new email, new SMS • User could select background image • From supplied Wallpapers • From their own pictures 26 NOTIFICATIONS AREA
  • 27. • End user can now select any app that has been enabled for lock screen notifications to show detailed status • Select any five apps to show quick status (icon and count) • For your app to be included in the notifications area, all you have to do is • Create an icon • Declare the app’s intent in the application manifest file 3/18/201427 Lock Screen on Windows Phone 8
  • 28. • Create a 24 x 24 pixel PNG image that will be used to identify your app on the lock screen • Contain only white pixels and transparent background • Default name is LockIcon.png • Use this name and you do not have to explicitly declare it in the application manifest • If you use another name, • Edit WMAppManifest.xml using the XML editor • Change the DeviceLockImageURI element which is listed inside the Tokens element: Creating a lock screen icon 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential28 <Tokens> <PrimaryToken TokenID="PhoneApp4Token" TaskName="_default"> <TemplateFlip> … <DeviceLockImageURI>MyLockIcon.png</DeviceLockImageURI> </TemplateFlip> </PrimaryToken> </Tokens>
  • 29. • Edit WMAppManifest.xml with the XML editor • Find the <Extensions> element. If not there, create it immediately following the <Tokens> element. • Inside the <Extensions> element, create <Extension> elements for each feature you want to support: Icon Count and/or Text <Extensions> <Extension ExtensionName="LockScreen_Notification_IconCount" ConsumerID="{111DFF24-AA15-4A96-8006-2BFF8122084F}" TaskID="_default" /> <Extension ExtensionName="LockScreen_Notification_TextField" ConsumerID="{111DFF24-AA15-4A96-8006-2BFF8122084F}" TaskID="_default" /> </Extensions> Updating the Application Manifest File 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential29
  • 30. • Lock Screen Icon Count and Text is taken directly from your applications primary tile • Secondary tiles are not used for this feature • Information is only displayed on the lock screen if the tile contains the information • For example, a count will only be displayed if the tile displays it • Primary tile does not need to be pinned to the Start Screen for lock screen notifications to be enabled • Update Primary Tile content in the usual way • Local Shell Tiles API • Push Notifications How to Update the Icon Count and Text 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential30
  • 31. • Simulation Dashboard allows you to display the Lock Screen on the emulator • Access the Simulation Dashboard from the Visual Studio Tools menu Testing with the Simulation Dashboard 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential31
  • 32. Demo 4: Lock Screen Notifications
  • 33. 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential33 Lock Screen Background
  • 34. • End user can choose a background image from their own photos or search for an image on Bing • In addition, they can choose an app to be the background image provider • For your app to be a lock screen background provider, all you have to do is • Declare the app’s intent in the application manifest file • Write code to change the background image 3/18/201434 Lock Screen Background on Windows Phone 8
  • 35. • Edit WMAppManifest.xml with the XML editor • Find the <Extensions> element. If not there, create it immediately following the <Tokens> element. • Inside the <Extensions> element, create an <Extension> element for LockScreen_Background <Extensions> <Extension ExtensionName="LockScreen_Background" ConsumerID="{111DFF24-AA15-4A96-8006-2BFF8122084F}" TaskID="_default" /> </Extensions> Updating the Application Manifest File 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential35
  • 36. Write Code to Change the Lock Screen Background private async void lockHelper(Uri backgroundImageUri, string backgroundAction) { try { //If you're not the provider, this call will prompt the user for permission. //Calling RequestAccessAsync from a background agent is not allowed. var op = await LockScreenManager.RequestAccessAsync(); //Check the status to make sure we were given permission. bool isProvider = LockScreenManager.IsProvidedByCurrentApplication; if (isProvider) { //Do the update. Windows.Phone.System.UserProfile.LockScreen.SetImageUri(backgroundImageUri); System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("New current image set to {0}", backgroundImageUri.ToString()); } else { MessageBox.Show("You said no, so I can't update your background."); } } catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString()); } }
  • 37. • Call to LockScreenManager.RequestAccessAsync is required • Checks if your app is already the selected lock screen background provider • If not, prompts user for permission to make your app the selected provider User Confirmation 3/18/201437 //If you're not the provider, this call will prompt the user for permission. //Calling RequestAccessAsync from a background agent is not allowed. var op = await LockScreenManager.RequestAccessAsync();
  • 38. • To use an image that you shipped in your app, use ms-appx:/// Uri imageUri = new Uri("ms-appx:///background1.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute); LockScreen.SetImageUri(imageUri); • To use an image stored in the Local Folder, use ms-appdata:///local/shared/shellcontent • Must be in or below the /shared/shellcontent subfolder Uri imageUri = new Uri("ms-appdata:///local/shared/shellcontent/background2.png", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute); LockScreen.SetImageUri(imageUri); Accessing Local Images 3/18/2014Microsoft confidential38
  • 39. Demo 5: Lock Screen Background
  • 40. Review • Shell Tile API allows easy manipulation of tiles from within an application • Tiles can have a front and a back, and apps can have secondary tiles • Tiles and Toasts can launch into a specific page within the app • Only the user can decide to pin an apps’ primary tile to the Start Screen, not from code • App can declare in the App manifest that it can be a lock screen notification provider • User must select apps to display lock screen notifications from phone Settings • Optionally supply count and/or text – these are pulled directly from the primary tile • App can also declare that it can be a lock screen background provider • Code used to request permission from the user and to change the lock screen background
  • 41. The information herein is for informational purposes only an represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. © 2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.