Serialism Explained

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Serialism Explained

  1. 1. Serialism <br />
  2. 2. Serialismis a method or technique of composition, that uses a series of values to manipulate different musical elements. <br />Serialism began primarily with Arnold Schoenberg and his twelve-tone technique.<br />Serialism of the first type is most specifically defined as the structural principle according to which a recurring series of ordered elements happen. <br />
  3. 3. Twelve Tone Technique<br />The basis of twelve-tone technique is the tone row, an ordered arrangement of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale <br />(every note has equal value, so the music is Atonal). <br />Set a specific ordering of all twelve notes<br />2. No note is repeated within the set<br />
  4. 4. Prime Order<br />C♯/DbF♯/Gb D♯/EbC A A♯/Bb G E B F DG♯/Ab<br />One you have written your ‘Prime Order’ you can then apply certain rules to modify this form but still stay within the constrains of your selected order. <br />There are four main transformations you can apply to the Prime Order;<br />Transposition – Retrograde – Inverted – Retrograde Inverted <br />
  5. 5. Prime Order<br />Transposed<br />(Pitch up or down in)<br />Retrograde<br />(Reversed) <br />Inverted <br />(Opposite Intervals) <br />Retrograde Inverted <br />(Opposite Intervals & Reversed ) <br />
  6. 6. Inversion<br />Up 5 Semitone <br />Down 5 Semitone <br />Described simply, it is the upside-down version of the prime order. For example the interval between the 1st and 2nd note is up 5 semitones, so this would mean going down 5 semitones and repeating this throughout. <br />
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