The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – In Russian CCCR - Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
• Illustrate the major
of Psychedelic Rock
and Rock Steady .
• Listen to different
examples of these
genres and be about
to notice key details in
• Able to record your own
notes from the lecture
and class discussions.
• Have an understanding
of Psychedelic Rock and
• Able to explain some of
the leading elements of
the Cold War and its
affect on Popular Music
at the time.
• The rebellious tones and image of
American ‘Rock ‘n’ Roll and Blues musicians
became very popular with British musicians.
• A style known as ‘Skiffle’ emerged –
a jazz influenced sound using readily
available objects such as and
• John Lennon’s
Quarrymen were a
sound of the
Beatles in later
• Musicians took the American sound and gave it a
British flavor, so that the style they came up with
became known as ‘British R&B’.
Examples of British R&B were:
- Rolling Stones
- John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers
• In February 7th 1963 The Beatles
arrive in America for the first time. A
national news correspondent stated
the British invasion has arrived and it
goes by the name of ‘Beatlemania’!
• Two days later they appeared on the
Ed Sullivan Show..
• Psychedelic rock emerged during the mid 1960’s and
is closely connected to mind-altering drugs and their
effects. It is said to replicate, enhance and even
summarize the effects these drugs had on an person.
In the tradition of Jazz and
Blues, many folk and rock
musicians began to take
drugs and included drug
references into their music.
In the UK the leading
psychedelic group was
The Beatles; important
albums were ‘Sgt.
Pepper’s Lonely Hearts
Club Band’ and ‘Magical
Mystery Tour’. Also
Rolling Stones with
‘Their Satanic Majesties
Request’ and Pink Floyd
‘The Piper at the Gates’.
The USA had groups like
The Doors, ‘Light My
Fire’, Jimi Hendrix,
‘Electric Ladyland’ and
‘Are You Experienced’.
Also Jefferson Airplane,
These trends climaxed
in the 1969 with the
Considered the height
of the ‘Summer of
Love’, people had
massed to develop
social harmony and
prove we could come
together as a race.
- This was taking place
in historic times where
the future was unclear,
and the middle of the
Cold War; Left against
Characteristics of the genre…
• Electric Guitars: often used with feedback, wah wah and
• Elaborate Studio effects: such as backwards tapes, panning,
phasing, long delay loops and extreme Reverb.
• Exotic Instrumentation: sitar and tabla.
• Instrument Solos: often at great length and without structure.
• Complex song structures: Key signature changes, modal
melodies and drones
• Strange Lyrics: Often surreal, whimsical and with themes of
drugs and sex.
At the end of WWII Germany had been broken into two (East
and West), West run by Capitalists (Allies) and the East by
Communists (USSR). Although NO battles took place it was
a time of extreme tension between the world’s leading
The Cold War
The Major Events:
• USSR takes Berlin and
Germany is broken into two.
• NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
Organization) is developed by
• People’s Republic of
China is formed (Communist
state) and makes packs with
• Korean War: North Korea
invades South Korea, both
these countries were backed
by different leading powers
(USSR & USA). Many
Americans did not want this
war, leading theme at
• Cuban Missile Crisis:
when the world was closet to
nuclear war than ever before.
• Space Race: More a race
in technology; was a key
aspect throughout the Cold
One of the most
famous bands to use
LSD and allow it to
inspire their music was
The Beatles.For example ‘Sgt.
Hearts Club Band’
had the song ‘Lucy in
the Sky with
Diamonds’. Full of
bizarre sounds and
and strange audio
landscapes.This album was also
appreciated for its
advance in studio
• Since the introduction of
Magnetic Recording tape in 1949,
multitask recording had been
developed. By 1967 all of the Sgt.
Pepper tracks could be recorded
at Abby Road using Mono, Stereo
and Four-track recorders.
• The recording made extensive use of the technique
known as ‘Bouncing Down’ (also called Reduction
Mix), in which a number of tracks are recorded across
the four tracks of one recorder, which were then mixed
and dubbed down onto one track of the master four-
•This allowed the studio engineers to give the Beatles a
virtual multi- track studio.
• Wall of Sound is a music production technique for pop
and rock music recordings developed by record producer
• This rich texture used echo, tape loops, multi layering
and a powerful backbeat. Famously found in hits by the
Ronettes, Crystals, Righteous Bros., Ike and Tina
3. The echo-laden sound was channeled back to
the control room, and transferred to tape. The
reverberation and echo from the room gave his
production their distinctive quality and resulted in
a rich and complex sound when played on AM
radio with am impressive depth rarely heard in
2. The signal from the studio would be
played through the speakers and would
reverberate around the room, being
picked up by the microphones.
1. Microphones in the recording studio
captured the sound, which was then
transmitted to an echo chamber
One of the biggest complaints about
the Let It Be album throughout the
years has centred on Spector's
‘Wall of Sound’ technique, with
some critics claiming the quality of
the music was diminished by his
orchestration and use of choirs.
The songs on Let It Be... Naked
differ greatly from the versions
presented on the original
‘The Long and Winding Road’
different take, with electric piano
and guitar that was not on the
original, but without orchestral
• This Year’s (2010/2011) main genres to research are ‘Indie Rock’
and ‘Soul’. These will be the genres that you will need to know the
most about as the exam will ask you more in-depth questions about
these.• To start you researching about the SOUL genre you will
work in a group and develop a presentation.
- Groups of 2/3 people
- Minimum of 5 minutes of talking
- MUST have 1 hand-out for peers (A4)
- Explain Artists, Songs, Styles, instrumentation and
Studio Production used in the ‘Soul’ genre.
- Important artists to consider: The Temptations, Aretha
Franklin, Marvin Gaye and Booker T & the MG’s.