0
Internet	
  of	
  Things
	
  
Picture	
  courtesy	
  h:p://www.ymag.it/	
  

LAILI	
  AIDI	
  
Kapita	
  Selekta	
  -­‐	
 ...
Internet of Things

Hejsan..!	
  

Home	
  town:	
  BukiJnggi	
  
M.Sc	
  (Teknologie	
  Masterexamen)	
  	
  
KTH	
  Roya...
Internet of Things

Lets	
  check	
  this	
  out..	
  

Video courtesy Ericsson
h:p://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5AuzQXBsG4	...
Internet of Things

”If	
  we	
  had	
  computers	
  that	
  knew	
  everything	
  ..	
  
using	
  data	
  they	
  gathere...
Internet of Things

Once	
  open	
  a	
  Ome…	
  

Internet	
  -­‐	
  1969	
  
Gregory R. Gromov
History	
  of	
  Internet...
Internet of Things

Once	
  open	
  a	
  Ome…	
  

Internet	
  -­‐	
  1972	
  
Gregory R. Gromov
History	
  of	
  Internet...
Internet of Things

History	
  
1999	
  	
  Kevin	
  Ashton	
  
Auto-­‐ID	
  Center	
  founded	
  in	
  MIT	
  
2005	
  ...
Internet of Things

History	
  
1999	
  	
  Kevin	
  Ashton	
  
Auto-­‐ID	
  Center	
  founded	
  in	
  MIT	
  
2005	
  ...
Internet of Things

History	
  
1999	
  	
  Kevin	
  Ashton	
  
Auto-­‐ID	
  Center	
  founded	
  in	
  MIT	
  
2005	
  ...
Internet of Things

DefiniOon	
  

Wireless	
  network	
  between	
  objects,	
  	
  
usually	
  the	
  network	
  will	
  ...
Internet of Things

Paradigm	
  

Enabling	
  Technologies	
  
“Tagging	
  things”	
  
“Feeling	
  things”	
  
“Shrinking	...
Internet of Things

CharacterisOcs	
  
Pervasive	
  	
  
	
  Embedded	
  everywhere	
  
Ubiquitous	
  	
  
	
  Invisible...
Internet of Things

CharacterisOcs	
  
Pervasive	
  	
  
	
  Embedded	
  everywhere	
  

Architecture	
  

Ubiquitous	
  ...
Internet of Things

OpportuniOes	
  

“There	
  are	
  four	
  levels	
  of	
  requirement	
  	
  
for	
  a	
  successful	...
Internet of Things

Trend	
  
Growing	
  interest	
  
Large	
  Investments	
  
Open	
  issues	
  

Why	
  Sweden	
  
Googl...
Internet of Things

Hype	
  Cycle	
  development	
  	
  

Source	
  Gartner	
  

Bandung,	
  May	
  4,	
  2013	
  

Kapita...
Internet of Things

Hype	
  Cycle	
  development	
  	
  

Source	
  Gartner	
  

Bandung,	
  May	
  4,	
  2013	
  

Kapita...
Internet of Things

Vision	
  

IERC	
  -­‐	
  European	
  Research	
  Cluster	
  on	
  the	
  Internet	
  of	
  Things	
 ...
Internet of Things

Vision	
  

“We	
  think	
  in	
  2020	
  
	
  there	
  will	
  be	
  50	
  billion	
  connected	
  de...
Internet of Things

Possible	
  ImplementaOons	
  

IERC	
  -­‐	
  European	
  Research	
  Cluster	
  on	
  the	
  Interne...
Internet of Things

Have	
  you	
  seen	
  this?	
  

Video courtesy Google
h:p://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5AuzQXBsG4	
  
...
Internet of Things

Wireless	
  Sensor	
  Network	
  
Gathering	
  informaOon	
  through	
  densely	
  distributed	
  node...
Internet of Things

Wireless	
  Sensor	
  Network	
  
CharacterisKcs	
  
 Dense	
  distribuOon	
  
	
  
 Low	
  power,	
...
Internet of Things

Condroid	
  WSN/DTN	
  Gateway	
  

Bandung,	
  May	
  4,	
  2013	
  

Kapita	
  Selekta	
  –	
  Polit...
Internet of Things

“Nothing	
  is	
  par?cularly	
  hard,	
  	
  
if	
  you	
  divide	
  it	
  into	
  small	
  jobs”	
  ...
Internet of Things

Main	
  Challenges	
  
Legal	
  &	
  
Regulatory	
  

Technical	
  
Control	
  

How	
  to	
  
humaniz...
Internet of Things

Open	
  Issues	
  
Heterogeneity	
  
StandardizaOon,	
  applicaOon,	
  environment,	
  device	
  

How...
Internet of Things

Open	
  Issues	
  
Heterogeneity	
  
Transport	
  protocol	
  
Most	
  IoT	
  applicaOons	
  require	
...
Internet of Things

Open	
  Issues	
  
Heterogeneity	
  
Transport	
  protocol	
  
Security	
  and	
  Privacy	
  
 IoT	
 ...
Internet of Things

Open	
  Issues	
  
Heterogeneity	
  
Transport	
  protocol	
  
Security	
  and	
  Privacy	
  
Naming	
...
QuesOon?	
  

References:	
  	
  
 Giacomo	
  Morabito,	
  	
  “Internet	
  of	
  Things	
  OpportuniOes,	
  technologies...
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  1. 1. Internet  of  Things   Picture  courtesy  h:p://www.ymag.it/   LAILI  AIDI   Kapita  Selekta  -­‐  Politeknik  Telkom  
  2. 2. Internet of Things Hejsan..!   Home  town:  BukiJnggi   M.Sc  (Teknologie  Masterexamen)     KTH  Royal  InsOtute  of  Technology,  Sweden  2013     Bachelor  (Sarjana  Teknik)  and  Diplom  (Ahli  Madya)   IT  Telkom,  Indonesia  2005  and  2008     DAAD  scholarship  receiver   Summer  course  of  “Wireless  CommunicaOon”,   TU  Ilmenau,  Germany,  2011   Soware  Engineer  at  Mobafone  Indonesia,     Research  Intern  at  Ericsson  Sweden,     Research  Engineer  at  KTH  Sweden   Laili  Aidi   laili.aidi   /id/lailiaidi   lailiaidi   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Interests:     Soware  Engineering,  Mobile  Services,     Network  &  Security,  Techno-­‐Economic   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   2  
  3. 3. Internet of Things Lets  check  this  out..   Video courtesy Ericsson h:p://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5AuzQXBsG4   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   3  
  4. 4. Internet of Things ”If  we  had  computers  that  knew  everything  ..   using  data  they  gathered  without  any  help  from  us,   we  would  be  able  to  track  and  count  everything,     and  greatly  reduce  waste,  loss  and  cost”.     -­‐  Kevin  Ashton   What  is  IoT?   Picture  courtesy    h:p://news.com.au/   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   4  
  5. 5. Internet of Things Once  open  a  Ome…   Internet  -­‐  1969   Gregory R. Gromov History  of  Internet  &  World  Wide  Web     Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   5  
  6. 6. Internet of Things Once  open  a  Ome…   Internet  -­‐  1972   Gregory R. Gromov History  of  Internet  &  World  Wide  Web     Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   6  
  7. 7. Internet of Things History   1999    Kevin  Ashton   Auto-­‐ID  Center  founded  in  MIT   2005    ITU  Internet  Reports  &  WSIS*   World  Summit  on  the  InformaOon  Society,  Tunis  phase,  Nov  16-­‐18,  2005   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   7  
  8. 8. Internet of Things History   1999    Kevin  Ashton   Auto-­‐ID  Center  founded  in  MIT   2005    ITU  Internet  Reports  &  WSIS*   World  Summit  on  the  InformaOon  Society,  Tunis  phase,  Nov  16-­‐18,  2005   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   8  
  9. 9. Internet of Things History   1999    Kevin  Ashton   Auto-­‐ID  Center  founded  in  MIT   2005    ITU  Internet  Reports  &  WSIS*   1st  internaOonal  conference  of  IoT   World  Summit  on  the  InformaOon  Society,  Tunis  phase,  Nov  16-­‐18,  2005   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   9  
  10. 10. Internet of Things DefiniOon   Wireless  network  between  objects,     usually  the  network  will  be  wireless  and  self-­‐configuring.                                                                                                                       -­‐  Wikipedia     By  embedding  short-­‐range  mobile  transceivers     into  a  wide  array  of  addi?onal  gadgets  and  everyday  items,     enabling  new  forms  of  communica?on  between  people  and  things,     and  between  things  themselves.   -­‐  WSIS  2005     Number  of  technologies  and  research  disciplines     that  enable  the  Internet  to  reach  out     into  the  real  world  of  physical  objects.                                                                                                                               -­‐  IoT  2008     Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   10  
  11. 11. Internet of Things Paradigm   Enabling  Technologies   “Tagging  things”   “Feeling  things”   “Shrinking  things”   “Thinking  things”   Giacomo  Morabito,     “Internet  of  Things  OpportuniOes,  technologies,  and  challenges“   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   The  Internet  of  Things,  ITU  Report,  November  2005   11  
  12. 12. Internet of Things CharacterisOcs   Pervasive       Embedded  everywhere   Ubiquitous       Invisible   Heterogenic        Many  technologies,                  interact  each  other   Scale       rder  of  magnitude  higher     O        than  current  Internet.     “From  any  ?me,  any  place  connec?vity  for  anyone,     we  will  now  have  connec?vity  for  anything!”   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   12  
  13. 13. Internet of Things CharacterisOcs   Pervasive       Embedded  everywhere   Architecture   Ubiquitous       Invisible   Heterogenic        Many  technologies,                  interact  each  other   Scale       rder  of  magnitude  higher     O        than  current  Internet.     Ericsson   “Internet  of  Things,  from  the  network  to  networked”   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   13  
  14. 14. Internet of Things OpportuniOes   “There  are  four  levels  of  requirement     for  a  successful  introduc?on  of  new  technologies:   code,  node,  link,  and  network”.     -­‐  Rob  Van  Kranenburg   Picture  courtesy    h:p://www.2050publicaOons.com/   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   14  
  15. 15. Internet of Things Trend   Growing  interest   Large  Investments   Open  issues   Why  Sweden   Google  trend,  accessed  May  1,  2013   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   15  
  16. 16. Internet of Things Hype  Cycle  development     Source  Gartner   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   16  
  17. 17. Internet of Things Hype  Cycle  development     Source  Gartner   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   17  
  18. 18. Internet of Things Vision   IERC  -­‐  European  Research  Cluster  on  the  Internet  of  Things   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   18  
  19. 19. Internet of Things Vision   “We  think  in  2020    there  will  be  50  billion  connected  devices”   …   “Anything  that  will  be  benefit  from  being  connected,   will  be  connected”   Ericsson  White  Paper,  Feb  2011   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   19  
  20. 20. Internet of Things Possible  ImplementaOons   IERC  -­‐  European  Research  Cluster  on  the  Internet  of  Things   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   20  
  21. 21. Internet of Things Have  you  seen  this?   Video courtesy Google h:p://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5AuzQXBsG4   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   21  
  22. 22. Internet of Things Wireless  Sensor  Network   Gathering  informaOon  through  densely  distributed  nodes   Each  sensor  node  contains  mulOple  funcOons:    Sensing,        Processing  (compuOng),        Networking,        CommunicaOon,  etc.     “SituaKon  awareness”  implementaOons    Biomedical  monitoring      Environmental  monitoring        Building  control  &  Home  security      Automobile  monitoring/control        Manufacturing  automaOon       GIEE/NTU  Tsung-­‐Hsien  Lin   IntroducOon  to  Machine-­‐to-­‐Machine  Network  (IOT,  WSN)   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   22  
  23. 23. Internet of Things Wireless  Sensor  Network   CharacterisKcs    Dense  distribuOon      Low  power,  low  cost,  and  low  duty  cycle     Thus,     InformaOon  is  provided  only  when    Scheduled      Requested      Triggered     Wireless  interface  opKons   Wi-­‐Fi  (WLAN,  IEEE  802.11  a/b/g/n)            Bluetooth  (IEEE  802.15.1)         UWB  (IEEE  802.15.3)         Zigbee  (IEEE  802.15.4)         WBAN  (IEEE  802.15.6)         IEEE  P1451.5       Proprietary  soluOons         Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   23  
  24. 24. Internet of Things Condroid  WSN/DTN  Gateway   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   24  
  25. 25. Internet of Things “Nothing  is  par?cularly  hard,     if  you  divide  it  into  small  jobs”       -­‐  Henry  Ford   Open  Issues   Picture  courtesy    h:p://www.2050publicaOons.com/   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   25  
  26. 26. Internet of Things Main  Challenges   Legal  &   Regulatory   Technical   Control   How  to   humanizing  IoT?   Social  Ethics   Market  &   Self-­‐ Regulatory   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   26  
  27. 27. Internet of Things Open  Issues   Heterogeneity   StandardizaOon,  applicaOon,  environment,  device   However,  not  integrated  in  a  comprehensive  framework.   Giacomo  Morabito,     “Internet  of  Things  OpportuniOes,  technologies,  and  challenges“   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   27  
  28. 28. Internet of Things Open  Issues   Heterogeneity   Transport  protocol   Most  IoT  applicaOons  require  reliability    TCP  implements  a  connecKon  setup           introduce  too  much  of  overhead.      TCP  implements  congesKon  control           not  effecOve.      TCP  use  receiver  buffers  data  to  support  ordered  data         IoT  will  be  ba:ery-­‐less,  this  will  be  too  costly.    AlternaOves  to  TCP  are  required!     Image  source  from  Dr.  Jorge  Pereir’s  slide,  “From  Autonomous  to  CooperaOve  Distributed  Monitoring  and  Control:  Towards  the  Internet  of  Smart  Things”   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   28  
  29. 29. Internet of Things Open  Issues   Heterogeneity   Transport  protocol   Security  and  Privacy    IoT  components  spend  most  of  their  Ome  una:ended       asy  to  physically  a:ack   E  IoT  communicaOons  are  wireless       avesdropping?     E  Limited  in  energy  and  compuOng  capabiliOes      No  complex  schemes  security     ISO/IEC  14443,  IEC  62591  (WirelessHART),  GS1  keys,  ucode,  ..   Giacomo Morabito, “Internet of Things Opportunities, technologies, and challenges“ Rodrigo Roman, Pablo Najera, and Javier Lopez, “Securing  the  Internet  of  Things”   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   29  
  30. 30. Internet of Things Open  Issues   Heterogeneity   Transport  protocol   Security  and  Privacy   Naming  &  Addressing     Availability,  mobility,  scalability     Scalability  &  Affordability   Bandung,  May  4,  2013   Kapita  Selekta  –  Politeknik  Telkom   30  
  31. 31. QuesOon?   References:      Giacomo  Morabito,    “Internet  of  Things  OpportuniOes,  technologies,  and  challenges“      Tsung-­‐Hsien  Lin,  “IntroducOon  to  Machine-­‐to-­‐Machine  Network  (IOT,  WSN)”      Jianhua  Ma,  “Internet  of  Things  (IoT),  Web  of  Things  (WoT)”      Florian  Michahelles,  “ The  Internet  of  Things:  How  it  has  started  and  what  to  expect”        Future  Internet  The  Cross-­‐ETP  Vision  Document      IERC  –  Strategic  Research  Agenda  2012      Patrizia  Macrina,  “Internet  of  Things,  from  the  network  to  networked”,  Ericsson      Rodrigo  Roman,  Pablo  Najera,  and  Javier  Lopez,  “Securing  the  Internet  of  Things”        
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