Recipe Cards - Task 4

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Recipe Cards - Task 4

  1. 1. FACTFILE: VEGETARIAN Aby and Shania
  2. 2. Definition: A vegetarian is essentially an individual who does not partake in the consumption of any sort of meat products, that being white meat, red meat, glucose etc. instead of eating these food products, vegetarians exchange meat for non-meat products such as: vegetables, fruit, glucose free products i.e. bread, soya products, sweets such as haribo and Jaffa cakes. Vegetarianism has many roots the: “far eastern roots are well known and stem almost exclusively from the doctrine of ahimsa” which is closely related to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. “Ahimsa is the doctrine of the sanctity of all life, of kindness, and of noninjury.” this originated in Indian Vedic literature and was made popular by “Gautama Buddha who lived around the fifth century b.c.” (Atlas, N (1999) Vegetariana: A Rich Harvest of wit, lore and recipes. New York: Comet, p4 – p5) There are a few famous people who were vegetarians such as: Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519) – “passionate humanitarian”, “Vegetarian for most of his life”, “Used to buy caged birds just to set them free”, “Love of animals”
  3. 3. Demographics: • The current UK population being: 62.3 million – statistics say that 2% of adults and children are vegetarian – this is around 1.2 million individuals. • Year 2000 – 3 million vegetarians in the UK (5% of total population) 3,153 adults • Year 2010 – 583 children (1.5-18years) 548 adults • Year 2011 – 1,095 children (1.5-18 years) 1,031 adults • Year 2012 – 1,582 children (1.5-18 years) 1,491 adults • https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=753 • https://www.vegsoc.org/statistics There are sometimes a few social problems when it comes to becoming a vegetarian, for example: if you are the only one in your family or a group of friends who is a vegetarian, social pressures can arise especially if the family or group disagree with the idea of vegetarianism – having a personal friend who has become a vegetarian I have seen these pressures first hand. The family often try to pressure my friend in to eating meat when she‟s made it evident that she doesn‟t want to, I understand that having to cook two separate meals is a bit of an issue on the economic side of things, but it‟s not right to pressure someone to do something they don‟t want to, they also talk about her choice of diet in a very discriminatory manner right in front of her saying things such as: “Maybe she chose this lifestyle to lose weight” or often point out her choice of non-meat products which makes her uncomfortable.
  4. 4. Reasons: Here are just a few reasons why people might choose to turn to vegetarianism although there thousands more reasons why people choose to make the change: • To “ward off disease” – the vegetarian diet is more healthy than the „average American diet‟ by „preventing, treating or reversing heart disease and reducing the risk of cancer. A low-fat vegetarian diet is the single most effective way to stop the progression of coronary artery disease or prevent it entirely” http://www.vegetariantimes.com/article/why-go-veg-learn-about-becoming-a- vegetarian/ • Ethics – “Love of animals. I love animals as I love myself. I have no desire to kill them or cause them harm” http://www.britishmeat.com/49.htm • Global Food Shortage – “raising cattle requires massive amount of water that could be used elsewhere”, “According to the Vegan Society, more than one- third of grain grown worldwide is fed to animals.” http://www.naturalnews.com/030890_vegetarian_reasons.html • My friends personal reason: The idea of eating meat makes me feel ill and some people/companies treat the animals that are sent to slaughter super bad – this is just not appealing to me, therefore I became a vegetarian. - Alix Burrell, 16, Ripon – Gone 265 days without eating meat
  5. 5. Companies: Quorn: leading brand of „faux meat mycoprotein‟ in the UK – this is made out of the fungus: Fusarium Venenatum. This was developed by Rank Hovis McDougall and Imperial Chemical Industries. Quorn is produced as a cooking ingredient and as ready meals, it‟s sold as a healthy alternative to meat that has the „seal of approval‟ from the Vegetarian Society. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quorn Linda McCartney foods: a British food company „specializing in vegetarian and vegan food.‟ this was „created in 1991 by Linda McCartney (1941 – 1998)‟ the brand was then sold to Heinz in 2000 and again to Hain Celestial Group in 2006. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_McCartney_Foods VeggieLand: Found in 1994, it‟s „mission was to create foods to appeal to not only vegetarians but also health conscious consumers seeking protein alternatives‟ – „VeggieLand is now the premier processor of fine vegetarian foods‟. http://www.veggieland.com/
  6. 6. Non vegetarian products: • (Besides the obvious, there are a surprising amount of items vegetarians need to avid when eating and drinking. Use this space to detail some of those things which vegetarians need to be careful to avoid.) • Refried Beans – contain hydrogenated lard (pig fat) • Tropicana Heart Healthy Orange Juice – contains tilapia, sardine and anchovy • Marshmallows – contain gelatine (protein made of skin and bones from pig or cow) • Gummy bears - gelatine • Skittles - gelatine • Smoothies/yogurts – gelatine • Worcestershire Sauce – contain anchovies • Some bagels – contain L-cysteine – come from either human hair or poultry feathers • Beer – contain isinglass (fish bladder) • Red candies e.g. red sour patch kids – contain carmine (a colouring made from crushed up beetles) • White Sugar – contains bone char (made from the bones of cattle) • Cake Mix – use lard (beef fat) • Bananas – a „new spray-on coating designed to lengthen the shelf life of the banana.‟ • Cheese – contains rennet (extracted from animal intestine linings) • http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09 /20/non-vegetarian-ingredients- foods_n_3942454.html • http://www.buzzfeed.com/jessicamisen er/9-surprising-things-that-might-not- be-vegetarian
  7. 7. Bibliography: • (Atlas, N (1999) Vegetariana: A Rich Harvest of wit, lore and recipes. New York: Comet, p4 – p5) • Website: https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=753 – Vegetarian Society webpage • Website: https://www.vegsoc.org/statistics - Vegetarian Society Info & Advice webpage • Website: http://www.vegetariantimes.com/article/why-go-veg-learn-about- becoming-a-vegetarian/ - vegetarian times website • Website: http://www.britishmeat.com/49.htm - 49 reasons why I am A Vegetarian from The Whole Earth Vegetarian Catalogue • Website: http://www.naturalnews.com/030890_vegetarian_reasons.html - Natural news: Natural Health news & Scientific Discoveries webpage • Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quorn - Quorn Wikipedia webpage • Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_McCartney_Foods - Linda McCartney Foods Wikipedia webpage • Website: http://www.veggieland.com/ - VeggiLand main webpage • Website: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/20/non-vegetarian-ingredients- foods_n_3942454.html - Huffpost Healthy Living website • Website: http://www.buzzfeed.com/jessicamisener/9-surprising-things-that-might- not-be-vegetarian - BuzzFeed Food website
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