Access to Environmental Information in Indonesia

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  • EIA reports don’t cover other harmful substances released/emitted into the environment e.g mercury, volatile organic compounds released by coal fired power plant

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  • 1. Environmental Law Framework Access to InformationEnvironmental Management &Protection Act (EPMA) No. 32 of2009Establish the right to access to environmental information,the development of Environmental Information SystemAir Pollution Control GovtRegulation No. 41 of 1999 andRelated RegulationsProvides obligation for business entities to announce itscompliance with the standards, conduct prevention andcountermeasures for the air pollutionProvides obligation for the government to announce to thepublic if the Air Pollution Index reached certain levelWater Pollution Control GovtRegulation No. 82 of 2001 andRelated RegulationsEstablish the right of community to obtain information andparticipate in the decision making process .
  • 2. Respond fromthe requestRespond from theAppealRespond from theDispute SettlementGranted 26 4 0Mute Refusal 48 9 0No Information held 7 2 0Pending/still in process 0 3 0Refused 0 0 0Get respond but therequester not satisfied3 0 0Total Requests 84, Internal Appeal: 18, Dispute Settlement: 0
  • 3. Respond fromthe requestRespond from theAppealRespond from theDispute SettlementGranted 10 0 0Mute Refusal 7 0 0No Information held 0 0 0Pending/still in process 0 0 0Refused 0 0 0Total Requests: 17, Internal Appeal: 0, Dispute Settlement: 0
  • 4. Respond fromthe requestRespond from theAppealRespond from theDispute SettlementGranted 11 6 2Mute Refusal 33 32 0No Information held 0 2 7Pending/still in process 0 0 0Refused 0 0 17Get respond but therequester not satisfied9 3 0Total Requests: 53 Internal Appeal: 43 Dispute Settlement: 26
  • 5. Respond fromthe requestRespond from theAppealRespond from theDispute SettlementGranted 1 1 3Mute Refusal 19 18 0No Information held 0 1 4Pending/still in process 0 0 0Refused 0 0 9Get respond but therequester not satisfied1 0 0Total Requests: 21 , Internal Appeal: 20 , Dispute Settlement: 16
  • 6.  Discrimination in service and issuance of environmentalinformation by Public Bodies; Environmental Information (e.g. EIA) is not available at thecommunity’s living area; There has not been any ‘transfer’ mechanism conducted bythe Public Bodies; The information provided by the Public Bodies is often rawun-interpreted data; Public Bodies are often unable to determine the correctdocuments to answer the requested information filed by thecommunity; No specific arrangement between the PIDA mechanism andthe records management within the Public Bodies
  • 7.  The result and location of the control stationed whichmonitor air quality are not shared with the community; EIA reports don’t cover other harmful substancesreleased/emitted into the environment; ISPA (upper respiratory tract infection) is relatively high andthis matter has been foreseen in EIA but no explanation onwhat the community should do; The ambient in the vicinity of TJB quality does not violateIndonesian standard but if it is converted to internationalstandard, it is considered a violation and might be harmfulto health.
  • 8.  The national quality standard of liquid waste in the pulp andpaper industry has not covered specific chemicals; The process of permit issuance regarding waste dumping tothe Ciujung River does not inform and involve the impactedcommunity; The format of the waste dumping permit is very simplecompared to the format required in other countries (i.e. USA); The extension of liquid waste dumping permits by the localGovernment is not based on the result of work and complianceassessment related to the environment; There are certain violations conducted by PT IKPP related witheffluent standards
  • 9. Improved regulations and implementation of PIDA;Capacity building for Public Bodies and communitymembers;Proactive release is already mandated by severalregulations, the Government have to do its obligation.
  • 10.  Improved regulations is needed; There is a need to monitor the health of thecommunities and analyze the correlation betweencoal power plant operation and their health; Accessible, understandable data and informationfor the community should be provided.
  • 11.  Improved regulation is needed concerning thequality standard of liquid waste from the pulp andpaper industries; Stronger law enforcement is required for violationscommitted by the companies; There is a need for proactive information from theGovernment to the community.
  • 12. TERIMA KASIHTHANK YOU