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State PapersPapers relating to day to day working of principalsecretaries of state1509   Henry VIII1518   Develops into la...
SP 16/517 f.35King:             Will you heare me a word sirLord President:   Sir you are not to be heard after the Senten...
SP 11/2 f. 2Jackman sayde that before twel monthes you shall See all Howses ofRelygyon uppe agayne withe the popes lawesCo...
Muster roll forAshover, Derbys           1638          SP 16/405
State Papers Domestic & Foreign
State Papers Domestic & Foreign     DomesticSovereigns       Haste, Poste haste, Haste with       all diligence, For thy L...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign     DomesticSovereigns    Interregnum                                               SP19/2...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign      Domestic Sovereigns    Interregnum Henry VIIICollections                             ...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign      Domestic Sovereigns    Interregnum Henry VIII              MiscellaneousCollections  ...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign       Domestic Sovereigns    Interregnum Henry VIII              MiscellaneousCollections ...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign       Domestic Sovereigns     Interregnum Henry VIII               MiscellaneousCollection...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign       Domestic                                Foreign                                     ...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign       Domestic                                Foreign                                     ...
State Papers Domestic & Foreign                               Scotland       Domestic                                     ...
Calendar of State Papers Domestic – Charles I
Machine forattackingtowns andcastles1628              SP 16/111
State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes
State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes
State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes
State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes
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State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes

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Slides accompanying State papers podcast. To listen to this podcast, please copy and paste this link into your browser: http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/there-is-no-aspect-of-government-activity-on-which-the-state-papers-may-not-throw-light-the-papers-of-the-secretaries-of-state-1509-1782/

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  • Office archives of the secretaries of state, ie correspondence and papers of the chief executive ministers of the crown , Refer to internal govt of the country and conduct of foreign policy. Elton p.69 ‘there is no aspect of gov activity on which the state papers may not throw light.’ individuals, personalities, women appear from obscurity; go behind the scenes , 1 st time discover motive. Policy-making; ideas and ideals emerge. Transforms the historians’ approach. New type of record – nothing like them for the MA . Represent transition to modern times. Archive only really exists cos certain collections were acquired from individuals (esp papers of Thomas Cromwell) confiscated at his fall) or later made up out of other collections (Joseph Williamson). For some like Wolsey we have v. little and some went to eg Hatfield House or to what is now BL . Tendency for secretaries to retain their papers on retirement. Series called by this name starts in 1509 . Begin to develop into large class quite suddenly c. 1518. From 1547 it is divided into domestic and foreign with Scotland and Ireland sandwiched in-between. In 1782 the Home office and Foreign Office replace the old state paper office.
  • 1.    January 29, between 3 and 4 a.m 1547.    Enfield Edward [Seymour], earl of Hertford to Sir William Paget, principal secretary I received your letter between 1 and 2 this morning and much liked the first part, that the will should [not] be opened until further consultation, and that it might be well considered how much ought to be published. For divers respects I think it not convenient to satisfy the world. In the meantime I think it sufficient, when you publish the king's death at the times and places you have appointed, to have the will with you, showing it to be the will and naming the executors whom the king specially trusted, and the councillors. The contents at the breaking up thereof shall be declared to them on Wednesday morning in parliament. In the meantime we should meet and agree so there may be no controversy hereafter. For the rest of your appointments, the keeping of the Tower and the king's person, do not be too hasty. Postscript. I have sent you the key of the will. Note the letter includes the ps that he is sending the key to the casket that holds Henry’s recently revised last will and testament.  The letter has written on the outside “ Haste, Poste haste, Haste with all diligence, For thy life, For thy life ”.   There is a great sense of moment and urgency about this letter from Seymour, the new king’s uncle and soon-to-be Protector.  The rider would have ridden through the cold winter morning from Enfield (where the 9 year old Edward VI had been hurriedly brought from Hertford under armed guard and where his half sister Elizabeth was staying) to Westminster where the king’s body lay.  The king’s death was kept secret for nearly three days, meals even being brought to his bedchamber.   His death saved the duke of Norfolk from execution by one day!  It was the end of an era.
  • 1.    January 29, between 3 and 4 a.m 1547.    Enfield Edward [Seymour], earl of Hertford to Sir William Paget, principal secretary I received your letter between 1 and 2 this morning and much liked the first part, that the will should [not] be opened until further consultation, and that it might be well considered how much ought to be published. For divers respects I think it not convenient to satisfy the world. In the meantime I think it sufficient, when you publish the king's death at the times and places you have appointed, to have the will with you, showing it to be the will and naming the executors whom the king specially trusted, and the councillors. The contents at the breaking up thereof shall be declared to them on Wednesday morning in parliament. In the meantime we should meet and agree so there may be no controversy hereafter. For the rest of your appointments, the keeping of the Tower and the king's person, do not be too hasty. Postscript. I have sent you the key of the will. Note the letter includes the ps that he is sending the key to the casket that holds Henry’s recently revised last will and testament.  The letter has written on the outside “ Haste, Poste haste, Haste with all diligence, For thy life, For thy life ”.   There is a great sense of moment and urgency about this letter from Seymour, the new king’s uncle and soon-to-be Protector.  The rider would have ridden through the cold winter morning from Enfield (where the 9 year old Edward VI had been hurriedly brought from Hertford under armed guard and where his half sister Elizabeth was staying) to Westminster where the king’s body lay.  The king’s death was kept secret for nearly three days, meals even being brought to his bedchamber.   His death saved the duke of Norfolk from execution by one day!  It was the end of an era.
  • Little bit about the archive Sec of state orig king’s private clerk or sec. Assumed a position of real imp and indep. under Henry VIII (Guiseppi, ii, 1) with appointment of Thomas Cromwell in 1534 (Atherton, p. 8). Step from monarch’s chief sec to HM Principal Sec of State taken under Elizabeth – first incumbent William Cecil, Lord Burghley. Not until Anne and George and the rise of the cabinet that the sec .entered upon his career as a great exec official. 1603 first keeper of the records appointed. From Henry VIII to Charles I 1 or 2 secs at a time, after that 2. 1640 king divided foreign business between the two secs , who after Restoration look after northern and southern depts. Southern dept dealt mainly with catholic countries inc Fr, Italy and Iberia, Ottoman Emp and Switzerland, Southern : colonies Ireland , Protestant countries like German state, Holland Scandinavia, Poland, Russian (Atherton) . Remarkable that this county was administered as late as 1782 by only two secretaries of state.
  • Transcript of "State papers podcast slides – Adrian Ailes"

    1. 1. State PapersPapers relating to day to day working of principalsecretaries of state1509 Henry VIII1518 Develops into large class1547 Domestic/Foreign1782 Home Office & Foreign Office
    2. 2. SP 16/517 f.35King: Will you heare me a word sirLord President: Sir you are not to be heard after the SentenceKing: Noe SirLord President: Noe Sir by your favour, Guard withdrawe your Prisoner.
    3. 3. SP 11/2 f. 2Jackman sayde that before twel monthes you shall See all Howses ofRelygyon uppe agayne withe the popes lawesConlyn seide we ought not have a woman to bere the swerdeJackman saide if a Woman bere the swerde my lady Elyzabethe oughtto bere hit fyrst
    4. 4. Muster roll forAshover, Derbys 1638 SP 16/405
    5. 5. State Papers Domestic & Foreign
    6. 6. State Papers Domestic & Foreign DomesticSovereigns Haste, Poste haste, Haste with all diligence, For thy Life, For thy Life SP 10/1 no.1
    7. 7. State Papers Domestic & Foreign DomesticSovereigns Interregnum SP19/23 no.27
    8. 8. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Sovereigns Interregnum Henry VIIICollections SP 5/4
    9. 9. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Sovereigns Interregnum Henry VIII MiscellaneousCollections SP 9/1/10
    10. 10. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Sovereigns Interregnum Henry VIII MiscellaneousCollections Military & Navy SP 42/31/53
    11. 11. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Sovereigns Interregnum Henry VIII MiscellaneousCollections Entry Books & Military Administrative & Navy Papers State Paper Office
    12. 12. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Foreign Sovereign Sovereigns Interregnum Countries s Henry VIII Treatie News Maps Miscellaneous LettersCollections s Entry Books & Letters Cipher Military Legation Administrative & Entry s & Navy s Papers Books
    13. 13. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Domestic Foreign Sovereign Sovereigns Interregnum Countries s Henry VIII Treatie News Maps Miscellaneous LettersCollections s Entry Books & Letters Cipher Military Legation Administrative & Entry s & Navy s Papers Books Venetian America , & West Spanish Indies etc
    14. 14. State Papers Domestic & Foreign Scotland Domestic Foreign & Ireland Sovereign Sovereigns Interregnum Countries s Henry VIII Treatie News Maps Miscellaneous LettersCollections s Entry Books & Letters Cipher Military Legation Administrative & Entry s & Navy s Papers Books Venetian America , & West Spanish Indies etc
    15. 15. Calendar of State Papers Domestic – Charles I
    16. 16. Machine forattackingtowns andcastles1628 SP 16/111
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