© Public Partners 20061|HillsboroughThe Tangled WebThe National ArchivesTuesday 16thApril 2013Christine GiffordHillsboroug...
© Public Partners 2006April 15th1989FA Cup Semi FinalLiverpool FC v Nottingham Forest FCatHillsborough SheffieldThe home o...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebAttendance: over 54000Kick Off – 3.00 pmGame stopped by referee at 3.0...
© Public Partners 2006How and why did this terrible disasterhappen?•Not something we are going to consider today•We are ho...
© Public Partners 2006The search for the truth 1989 – 2009:-Immediate aftermath•Internal inquiry established on the day by...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebHome Office•Interim report published August 1989•Final Report of Lord ...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tanged WebIndependent Police Complaints Commission•Directed that disciplinary pro...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebCivil Litigation• Compensation Hearings• Test cases for Pre – death tr...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHillsborough Family Support Group; JusticeCampaign and the role of Ann...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebInterested Parties•The Families, HFSG, Justice Campaign, Anne Williams...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tanged WebHillsborough Independent Panel•Panel not Public Inquiry•Wide ranging te...
© Public Partners 2006PanelChair – The Rt Rev James Jones – Bishop of LiverpoolMembers•Raju Bhatt•Christine Gifford•Katy J...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebFocus of the Panel•Principle of ‘Families First’•Discovery of relevant...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebFramework and Processes within whichPanel worked.•Identification of po...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebMajor Contributing Organisations andIndividuals•The Groups representin...
© Public Partners 2006Access and DisclosureMemoranda of Understanding and the Redaction Framework•Same rules for all organ...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebAssumptions made within the RedactionframeworkFOI•That for public sect...
© Public Partners 2006Principle of parallel disclosure•Simultaneous workstreams – Disclosure and ResearchDisclosure•All re...
© Public Partners 2006Digitisation and QA•Huge amount of paper informationIssues relating to duplication•Process of digiti...
© Public Partners 2006
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebThe construction of the Report•Parallel disclosure•The role of the res...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHow successful were we?•Identified a potential of 150+ organisations o...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHow successful were we?•Held to the principle of ‘Families First’•Repo...
© Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebReport of the Hillsborough Independent Panelhttp://hillsborough.indepe...
Hillsborough: the tangled web
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Hillsborough: the tangled web

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Slides accompanying Hillsborough: the tangled web podcast. To listen to this podcast, please copy and paste this link into your browser: http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/hillsborough-the-tangled-web/

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Hillsborough: the tangled web

  1. 1. © Public Partners 20061|HillsboroughThe Tangled WebThe National ArchivesTuesday 16thApril 2013Christine GiffordHillsborough Independent Panel
  2. 2. © Public Partners 2006April 15th1989FA Cup Semi FinalLiverpool FC v Nottingham Forest FCatHillsborough SheffieldThe home of Sheffield Wednesday FC
  3. 3. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebAttendance: over 54000Kick Off – 3.00 pmGame stopped by referee at 3.06 pm96 people dead or dying by 3.15 pm•400 treated in a number of hospitals•Spectators and members of the emergency servicestraumatised some dying prematurely•Families lives changed forever
  4. 4. © Public Partners 2006How and why did this terrible disasterhappen?•Not something we are going to consider today•We are however going to look at– The search for the truth 1989 - 2009– The establishment of the Hillsborough Independent Panel– The framework and processes within which the Panel worked– The construction of the Report of the Hillsborough IndependentPanel– The context of the publication of the Report – for the future.Hillsborough – the Tangled Web
  5. 5. © Public Partners 2006The search for the truth 1989 – 2009:-Immediate aftermath•Internal inquiry established on the day by South YorkshirePolice•Criminal Inquiry led by West Midlands Police and fed into– Home Office Inquiry – The Taylor Report– Director of Public Prosecutions– The legal responsibilities of the South Yorkshire CoronerThree distinct lines of inquiryCriminal – Public - CoronialHillsborough – the Tangled Web
  6. 6. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebHome Office•Interim report published August 1989•Final Report of Lord Justice Taylor published January1990Director of Public Prosecutions•Decision announced that there would be no criminalprosecutions August 1990Inquests•Held 18thApril 1989 – 28thMarch 1991•Verdict – Accidental Death
  7. 7. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tanged WebIndependent Police Complaints Commission•Directed that disciplinary proceedings be instituted againstChief Superintendent Duckenfield and Superintendent Murrayfor neglect of duty•Duckenfield retired on medical grounds; January 1992 decidednot to pursue Murray aloneJudicial Review of Inquest Decision• November 1993•No evidence to support new inquests
  8. 8. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebCivil Litigation• Compensation Hearings• Test cases for Pre – death trauma and secondary trauma• Appeals to the House of LordsStewart Smith Judicial Scrutiny• Ordered by Home Secretary Jack Straw• To look at evidence previously unavailable• Report February 1998
  9. 9. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHillsborough Family Support Group; JusticeCampaign and the role of Anne Williams•Formed in aftermath of the disaster•HFSG brought private prosecution of manslaughter againstDuckenfield and Murray June 2000•Murray acquitted•Jury undecided on Duckenfield•Application for a retrial refusedDemonstration at Hillsborough MemorialService April 2009•Andy Burnham, Health Secretary and Liverpool MP•Hillsborough Family Support Group met with Home Secretary•January 2010 – Appointment of Hillsborough IndependentPanel
  10. 10. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebInterested Parties•The Families, HFSG, Justice Campaign, Anne Williams•Organisations involved in the arrangements for the match•Spectators not attached to any group•Organisations and individuals with roles and responsbilities inthe aftermath•The general public
  11. 11. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tanged WebHillsborough Independent Panel•Panel not Public Inquiry•Wide ranging terms of reference•Limited to ‘the historical truth’.•No powers to compel disclosure•No recommendations for further actionKey Task – to add to public understandingof what happened through discovery andexamination of relevant documents
  12. 12. © Public Partners 2006PanelChair – The Rt Rev James Jones – Bishop of LiverpoolMembers•Raju Bhatt•Christine Gifford•Katy Jones•Bill Kirkup CBE•Paul Leighton CBE, QPM•Prof Phil Scraton•Peter Sissons•Sarah Tyacke CBHillsborough- The Tangled Web
  13. 13. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebFocus of the Panel•Principle of ‘Families First’•Discovery of relevant documents•Leave no stone unturned•Negotiation over access and disclosure•Importance of the Historical Truth•Content of the report must be evidenced by direct referenceto documentation which had been seen by Panel
  14. 14. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebFramework and Processes within whichPanel worked.•Identification of potential information holders– Not all public sector– FOI•Was information ever held and did it still exist?– Most important organisations easily identifiable– Others the subject of considerable detective work!•If it still existed what format was it in?– Access to paper records
  15. 15. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebMajor Contributing Organisations andIndividuals•The Groups representing the families•South Yorkshire Police•Sheffield City Council•Yorkshire Ambulance Service•The Home Office•The Department for Culture Media and Sport•The NHS•The Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions•The Football Association•Sheffield Wednesday Football Club•Lawyers for most of the contributing organisations
  16. 16. © Public Partners 2006Access and DisclosureMemoranda of Understanding and the Redaction Framework•Same rules for all organisations but for FOI•Overarching principle of disclosure in the public interest•For public sector organisations– Presumption of disclosure in line with FOI– Limited opportunity for redaction• Legal and Professional Privilege• Confidentiality and statutory prohibitions on disclosure• Information indicating the views of ministers, where release wouldprejudice the convention of Cabinet collective responsibility.•No information held by government was withheld from thePanel including full access to relevant Cabinet MinutesHillsborough – The Tangled Web
  17. 17. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebAssumptions made within the RedactionframeworkFOI•That for public sector organisations where legal andprofessional privilege might have applied this would bewaivedData Protection•With the agreement of the families sensitive data relating tovictims would be seen by the Panel and included in the reportand supporting documents where relevantInvolvement of Information Commissioner•SI to protect processing by organisations•Available for advice and assistance
  18. 18. © Public Partners 2006Principle of parallel disclosure•Simultaneous workstreams – Disclosure and ResearchDisclosure•All redactions the subject of the specific agreement of thepanel and many challenged•Sensitive personal data – proper processingResearch•All material seen by Reseachers in un-redacted formatHillsborough – The Tangled Web.
  19. 19. © Public Partners 2006Digitisation and QA•Huge amount of paper informationIssues relating to duplication•Process of digitisation•Audit trail•Use of Lextranet – Merrill Corp•Access by all organisations initially in silos•Approval and QA by Panel membersHillsborough – The Tangled Web
  20. 20. © Public Partners 2006
  21. 21. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebThe construction of the Report•Parallel disclosure•The role of the research teams and panel members•The identification of the phases of events•All statements relating to events supported and linked todocumentary evidence•Accessibility of that evidence to the reader•The construction of the website
  22. 22. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHow successful were we?•Identified a potential of 150+ organisations or individuals whomight have held information•Confirmed 85 organisations or individuals who contributedrelevant information•Not all public sector•Probable 450000 pages of information which might berelevant•Eventually 350000 pages digitised•Only two organisations refused to release information to thePanel.
  23. 23. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – the Tangled WebHow successful were we?•Held to the principle of ‘Families First’•Report universally very well received•Apology on behalf of the nation by the Prime Minister•Setting aside of the Inquest verdicts – new inquests to be held.•IPCC investigation into actions of Police•Criminal investigation into other issues
  24. 24. © Public Partners 2006Hillsborough – The Tangled WebReport of the Hillsborough Independent Panelhttp://hillsborough.independent.gov.uk/repository/report/HIP_reportChristine Giffordchris.gifford@publicpartners.orgwww.publicpartners.org©Public Partners 2013
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