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Australia in-war-and-peace-1914-19

Australia in-war-and-peace-1914-19



Slides accompanying the 'Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19?' podcast. To listen to this podcast, please copy and paste this link into your browser: ...

Slides accompanying the 'Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19?' podcast. To listen to this podcast, please copy and paste this link into your browser: http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/australia-in-war-and-peace-1914-19



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    Australia in-war-and-peace-1914-19 Australia in-war-and-peace-1914-19 Presentation Transcript

    • Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19: Undertaking a majorcollaborative documents-basedresearch projectBy Dr. Jatinder Mann, King’s CollegeLondon (KCL) and University CollegeLondon (UCL)
    • Background to the project• The ‘Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19’ research projectis a major collaborative research project between theMenzies Centre for Australian Studies (MCAS), KCL and theDepartment of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) inCanberra, Australia.• The ultimate goal of the project is to produce a volume onDocuments on Australian Foreign Policy on War andPeace, 1914-19.• The publication will follow the model of the previousvolume MCAS worked on: Australia and the UnitedKingdom, 1960-1975; which consisted of painstakinglyselected, historically significant Australian and Britishdocuments.
    • Key members of the research project• Prof. Carl Bridge (KCL) (Director of MCAS and Professor of AustralianHistory, Department of History) - Head of the British end of theproject and book and section editor of volume• Dr. David Lee (DFAT) (Director of the Historical Publications andInformation Section) – Head of the Australian end of the projectand book and section editor of volume• Dr. Jatinder Mann (KCL) (Postdoctoral Research Fellow) - In chargeof the day-to-day running of the British end of the project , chiefliaison with the Australian end, and book and section editor ofvolume• Associate Professor Frank Bongiorno (ANU) (Associate Professor ofAustralian History, School of History) – Section editor of volume• Bart Zielinski (KCL) (Research Assistant) – Responsible for assistingPostdoctoral Research Fellow in the running of the project, carryingout research and proofing and editing
    • Documents on Australian ForeignPolicy on War and Peace, 1914-19• The Outbreak of War• Recruitment, Conscription and its Aftermath• The Dardanelles Commission• Administration of the AIF• Finance and Loans• Labour, Commodities and Shipping
    • Documents on Australian ForeignPolicy on War and Peace, 1914-19• Japan and the Pacific• Versailles• Demobilisation and repatriation• ‘Working in the Imperial System’ (to includeAustralia House and intra-imperialcollaboration and discussions re. doubleincome tax etc)
    • Publicising of the project• We have already presented papers on ‘TheDardanellesCommission’, ‘Recruitment, Conscription and itsAftermath’ and ‘Versailles’• We have also given papers on an overview of theproject at numerous prominent venues in bothAustralia and the UK• Furthermore, the British end of the projectpresented papers on various themes at aResearch Symposium held at MCAS in lateFebruary 2013
    • Timescale of the project• We are intending to publish the volume ofDocuments on Australian Foreign Policy onWar and Peace, 1914-19 in 2015• Alongside a hardcopy of the book, asubsequent online version will also be madeavailable so as to maximise accessibility toinstitutions, scholars, students and otherinterested individuals all across the world
    • Step 1: Background secondary reading• Andrews, E. M. The Anzac Illusion: Anglo-Australian Relations during WorldWar I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.• Bridge, Carl. Makers of the British World: William Hughes – Australia.London: Haus, 2011.• Connor, John. Anzac and Empire: George Foster Pearce and theFoundations of Australian Defence. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress, 2011.• Fitzhardinge, L. F. The Little Digger, 1914-1952: William Morris Hughes APolitical Biography, Volume II. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1979.• Fitzhardinge, L. F. William Morris Hughes A Political Biography: I - ThatFiery Particle, 1862-1914.
    • Step 1: Background secondary reading• McKernan, Michael. The Australian People and the Great War.Melbourne: Nelson, 1980.• Meaney, Neville. Australia and World Crisis, 1914-1923: Volume 2 –A History of Australian Defence and Foreign Policy, 1901-23. Sydney:Sydney University Press, 2009.• Scott, Ernest. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918:Vol. XI – Australia during the War. Sydney: Angus andRobertson, 1943.• Turner, Ian. Industrial Labour and Politics: The Dynamics of theLabour Movement in Eastern Australia, 1900-1921. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1965.
    • Step 2: Making a list of primarysources to consult
    • Step 3: Visiting archives and libraries• Australia- National Archives of Australia (NAA)- National Library of Australia (NLA)- Australian War Memorial (AWM)- Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA)- Australian National University (ANU) Archives
    • Step 3: Visiting archives and libraries• United Kingdom- The National Archives (TNA)- The British Library (BL)- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives- The University of London Library (ULL)- Parliamentary Archives- Imperial War Museum Archives- Bodleian Library, Oxford- Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge- The National Library of Scotland (NLS)
    • Personal papers consulted in the UK• Hamilton Papers• Robertson Papers• Kiggell Papers• Ashmead-Bartlett Papers• Bonar Law Papers• Dawney Papers• Asquith Papers• Harcourt Papers
    • Personal papers consulted in the UK• Milner Papers• Violet Milner Papers• Hankey Papers• Esher Papers• Fisher Papers• Churchill Papers• Rawlinson Papers• Amery Papers
    • Personal papers consulted in the UK• Lloyd George Papers• Haig Papers• Godley Papers• Edmunds Papers• Birdwood Papers• Long Papers• Balfour Papers• Northcliffe Papers
    • Step 4: Copying of useful material
    • Step 5: Importance of keeping lists
    • Meeting of the War Cabinetheld at 10, DowningStreet, on Tuesday January23, 1917 at 12 noon –Appendix I, p. 5‘There still remains a large reserve of man-power in Australia. In May last theCommonwealth Government held out hopes ofa sixth Australian division being raised, butwere not sanguine of being able to maintain itin the field. The result of the referendum oncompulsory service, however, has not onlyfalsified these hopes, but has led theGovernment to question the feasibility ofmaintaining the five existing divisions in thefield...From the figures given in Table II itappears that it should be feasible to raise asixth division and maintain adequate reservesfor all six divisions and the Mounted Division inEgypt.’The National Archives (TNA), CAB23/1/0041
    • Telegram from Bonar Lawto Munro-Ferguson, 17thNovember, 1915‘Agent General for New South Wales hasrepresented on behalf of his Governmentstrong objections on constitutional groundsto adhering to Agreement betweenCommonwealth and States...and urges thatNew South Wales should not be deniedaccess to English market on account ofnon-adherence...His Majesty’s Governmentdo not consider it desirable to expressopinion on constitutional issue and appearto have no alternative but to inform AgentGeneral for New South Wales that anapplication from the Government of thatState for permission to borrow in Londonwill be considered by Treasury on itsmerits...’TNA, T 1/12005
    • Secretary of the Association toProtest Against the Duplication ofIncome Tax Within the Empire to A.D. Steel-Maitland, House ofCommons, 8th August, 1916‘Double Income Tax within theEmpire is unjust, inequitableand contrary to Imperialinterests, that it will ofnecessity materially restrict andpenalise trade and investmentswithin the Empire, that in theinterest of the Unity andDevelopment of the Empire it isessential that such steps shouldbe taken by the ImperialGovernment as will enableimmediate relief to be given...’TNA, CO 532/90
    • Step 6: Document selection andsection editing• Choosing the highly significant documents toinclude in the section/s that you are responsiblefor• Writing an introduction to that section which willplace the documents in some sort of historicalcontext• Adding commentaries in footnotes or referenceto documents from which extracts are notincluded in the chapter but are still important
    • Benefits and challenges ofcollaborative research projects• Benefits:- The ability to attempt large international research projectswhich may not otherwise be feasible- In terms of the ‘Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19’project, getting the ‘whole’ picture of the period understudy• Challenges:- Making the research carried out in one end of theproject consistent with the other- In relation to the ‘Australia in War and Peace, 1914-19’project, the two ends of the project starting at differenttimes
    • Organisation! Organisation!Organisation!• This cannot be stressed enough• Without good organisation anylarge, collaborative documents-based researchproject will not succeed• If there is one thing I would like you all to takeaway from this talk it is this
    • Other outputs for dissemination• We have written or plan to write severaljournal articles on ‘The DardanellesCommission’, ‘Recruitment, Conscription andits Aftermath’, ‘Japan and the Pacific’ and‘Versailles’.• We also intend to publish small pieces innewspapers around significant dates such asAnzac Day and Remembrance Day over thenext few years.
    • Q and A