Nelson Mandela


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Nelson Mandela

  1. 1. Struggle Life Done By: Thamer Harbi
  2. 2. Who is our figure ? <ul><li>* He was born 18 July 1918 in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>* He was an anti-apartheid activist . </li></ul><ul><li>* He received more than 20 awards ( Nobel Peace Prize 1993). </li></ul><ul><li>* He served in the jail 27 years. * President of South Africa. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nelson Mandela
  4. 4. <ul><li>* His father died when he is 9 years. </li></ul><ul><li>* Mandela began to study for a Bachelor of arts at the Fort Hare University. </li></ul><ul><li>* Worked as clerk at a Johannesburg law firm . </li></ul><ul><li>* He got B.A degree via correspondence from London . </li></ul><ul><li>* After that he studied Laws in Johannesburg . </li></ul>Early Life
  5. 5. Political Activity <ul><li>* He began participating politics in 1948 . </li></ul><ul><li>* Mandela and 150 others were arrested on 5 December 1956 and charged with treason . </li></ul><ul><li>* In 1961, he became the leader of ANC wing . </li></ul><ul><li>* Mandela coordinated sabotage campaigns against military and government targets . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>* He planned for war if the sabotage failed. * He raised funds for paramilitary training for his group. * In 1980, anti-apartheid group waged war and many civilians became casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>* Until 2008, Mandela and his members were banned from entering the United States </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arrest Story <ul><li>* On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested and imprisoned in Johannesburg fort. </li></ul><ul><li>* 25 October 1962, Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison and after that the 27 years imprisonment. * Mandela and his members were charged with capital crimes of sabotage ( He admitted). * He was charged with planning for foreign invasion on South Africa. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Statement of Mandela <ul><li>During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination . I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve . But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die </li></ul>
  9. 9. In Prison <ul><li>* Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island 18 years ( of 27 ). * Reputation was growing up as important black leader for south Africa . * In jail, he was studying Bachelor of Laws via corresponding from London . * on 11 February 1990 he was released . </li></ul>
  10. 10. After Release <ul><li>* Mandela began negotiating and talks with government and other parties. </li></ul><ul><li>* In 1993, ANC leader was assassinated. </li></ul><ul><li>* Mandela addressed nation for calm. * Preparing to be a New President. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Presidency of South Africa <ul><li>* In 1994,First Multi-racial Elections were granted and taken place. </li></ul><ul><li>* ANC and Mandela won 62% of the votes in the election. * He is the first black leader there. * His presidency lasted to 1999. </li></ul>
  12. 12. His Efforts <ul><li>- In 2000, he called to charity for poor children and raised over 20 Million rand . - He became a supporter of SOS children's villages to raise orphaned and abandoned children. - He has efforts to eliminate AIDS in South Africa . - He attacked USA for dropping the atomic bombs in Japan and for Iraq invasion . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank You For Listening