For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson ( disambiguation ) ((((retirar essa parte....))))
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009), dubbed the " King of Pop ", was an American musician and one of the most commercially successful entertainers of all time. His unique contributions to music and dance, along with a highly publicized personal life, made him a prominent figure in popular culture for four decades.
He started a solo career in 1971, having made his debut in 1964 as a member of The Jackson 5 . His 1982 album Thriller remains the best-selling album of all time, with four others — Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), and HIStory (1995) — among the best selling. He popularized several physically complicated dance moves, such as the robot and the moonwalk . He is widely credited with having transformed the music video from a promotional tool into an art form, with videos for his songs " Billie Jean ", " Beat It " and " Thriller " making him the first African American artist to amass a strong crossover following on MTV
Twice inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame , his other achievements feature multiple Guinness World Records — including the "Most Successful Entertainer of All Time" — 13 Grammy Awards , 17 number one singles (including the four number ones with Jackson 5), and estimated sales of over 750 million records world-wide. He was also a notable philanthropist and humanitarian who donated and raised million of dollars through his own Heal the World Foundation , and support of 39 other charities.
Jackson's personal life generated significant controversy. His changing appearance was noticed from the early 1980s, with changes to the shape of his nose and to the color of his skin drawing media publicity. He was accused in 1993 of child sexual abuse , although no charges were brought. He married twice, first in 1994 and again in 1996, and brought up three children, one born to a surrogate mother . In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of child molestation allegations. While preparing for the This Is It concert tour in 2009, Jackson died at the age of 50 in Los Angeles, California , after suffering from cardiac arrest . His memorial service was broadcast live around the world .
Appearance, tabloids, Bad , autobiography, and films
Jackson's skin had been a medium-brown color for the entire duration of his youth, but starting in the mid 1980s, it gradually grew paler. The change gained widespread media coverage, including rumors that he was bleaching his skin. According to J. Randy Taraborrelli 's biography, in 1986, Jackson was diagnosed with vitiligo and lupus ; the vitiligo partially lightened his skin, and the lupus was in remission ; both illnesses made him sensitive to sunlight. The treatments he used for his condition further lightened his skin tone, and, with the application of pancake makeup to even out blotches, he could appear very pale.The structure of his face changed too: several surgeons speculated that he had undergone multiple nasal surgeries, a forehead lift, thinned lips, and cheekbone surgery.
He lost weight in the early 1980s because of a change in diet and a desire for "a dancer's body". Witnesses reported that he was often dizzy and speculated that he was suffering from anorexia nervosa ; periods of weight loss would become a recurring problem later in life.Some medical professionals have said he was suffering from body dysmorphic disorder , a psychological condition whereby the sufferer dislikes his appearance and has no concept of how he is viewed by others.He had a fourth rhinoplasty in 1986, and had a cleft put in his chin.However in the documentary Living with Michael Jackson he stated in an interview that only had two rhinoplasties and no other facial modifications
He became the subject of increasingly sensational reports. In 1986, the tabloids ran a story claiming that Jackson slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber to slow the aging process; he was pictured lying down in a glass box. Although the claim was untrue, Jackson had disseminated the fabricated story himself.[When Jackson bought a chimpanzee called Bubbles from a laboratory, it was reported as an example of increasing detachment from reality.It was reported that Jackson had offered to buy the bones of Joseph Merrick (the "elephant man") and although untrue, Jackson did not deny the story.He stopped leaking untruths to the press, so the media began making up their own stories.[
These reports became embedded in the public consciousness, inspiring the nickname "Wacko Jacko," which Jackson came to despise.Responding to the gossip, Jackson remarked to a reporter:
Why not just tell people I'm an alien from Mars. Tell them I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight. They'll believe anything you say, because you're a reporter . But if I, Michael Jackson, were to say, "I'm an alien from Mars and I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight," people would say, "Oh, man, that Michael Jackson is nuts . He's cracked up. You can't believe a damn word that comes out of his mouth."
Jackson starred in the Francis Ford Coppola -directed 3-D film Captain EO . It was the most expensive film produced on a per-minute basis at the time, and was later hosted in Disney theme parks. Disneyland featured the film in its Tomorrowland area for nearly 11 years, while Walt Disney World screened the film in its Epcot theme park from 1986 to 1994.[With the industry expecting another major hit, Jackson's first album in five years, Bad (1987), was highly anticipated. It had lower sales than Thriller , but was still a substantial commercial success, spawning seven hit singles in the U.S., five of which (" I Just Can 't Stop Loving You ", " Bad ", " The Way You Make Me Feel ", " Man in the Mirror " and " Dirty Diana ") reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, more than any other album. As of 2008, the album had sold 30 million copies worldwide.
In 1987, Jackson disassociated himself from the Jehovah's Witnesses, in response to their disapproval of the Thriller video .The Bad World Tour began on September 12 that year, finishing on January 14, 1989. In Japan alone, the tour had 14 sellouts and drew 570,000 people, nearly tripling the previous record of 200,000 in a single tour.He broke a Guinness World Record when 504,000 people attended seven sold-out shows at Wembley Stadium . He performed a total of 123 concerts to an audience of 4.4 million people, and gained a further Guinness World Record when the tour grossed him $125 million. During the trip he invited underprivileged children to watch for free, and gave donations to hospitals, orphanages, and other charities.
It's close to midnight Something evil's lurkin'in from the dark Under the moonlight You see a sight that almost stops your heart You try to scream But terror takes the sound before you make it You start to freeze As horror looks you right between the eyes You're paralyzed
'cause this is thriller Thriller night And no one's gonna save you From the beast about to strike You know it's thriller Thriller night You're fighting for your life Inside a killer Thriller tonight, yeah
You hear the door slam And realize there's nowhere left to run You feel the cold hand And wonder if you'll ever see the sun You close your eyes And hope that this is just imagination But all the while You hear a creature creepin' up behind You're outta time
'cause this is thriller, thriller night There ain't no second chance against the thing with forty eyes, girl Thriller, thriller night You're fighting for your life inside a killer, thriller tonight
Night creatures callin' The dead start to walk in their masquerade There's no escaping the jaws of the alien this time (they're open wide) This is the end of your life
They're out to get you There's demons closing in on every side They will possess you Unless you change that number on your dial Now is the time For you and i to cuddle close together, yeah All through the night I'll save you from the terror on the screen I'll make you see
'cause this is thriller, thriller night Girl, i can thrill you more than any ghost would ever dare try Thriller, thriller night So let me hold you tight and share a killer, thriller, ow!
Darkness falls across the land The midnight hour is close at hand Creatures crawl in search of blood To terrorize y'alls neighborhood And whosoever shall be found Without the soul for getting down Must stand and face the hounds of hell And rot inside a corpse's shell The foulest stench is in the air The funk of forty thousand years And grizzly ghouls from every tomb Are closing in to seal your doom And though you fight to stay alive Your body starts to shiver For no mere mortal can resist The evil of the thriller