British Computer Society ( West Yorkshire ) The Mainframe ( System z ) in 2006   6 th  December 2006   Paul Carruthers –  ...
The Mainframe in 2006  Introduction
Mainframes are expensive There’s nothing new in mainframes ISV’s aren’t enthusiastic Mainframe skills aren’t available Mai...
Continuous development HW SW S/370 S/360 S/370XA 31bits ESA/390 CMOS Parallel Sysplex z/Architecture 64bits MVT, PCP, MFT,...
Key benefits of the modern mainframe <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Serviceability <...
Mainframe usage Mainframe processing jobs
Mainframe workloads Batch Input data Output data Print File Database Application Programme Performs the task
Shared data Request Response 1000’s of users Mainframe workloads 1000’s of users Online (real time) transaction Applicatio...
New workloads 60% of revenue driven by new workloads Java Linux Database SOA
Increasing MIPS
<ul><li>Enhance the value and lower the cost of computing on System z </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the on demand characteristi...
The Mainframe in 2006 Innovation
 
<ul><li>Advanced 95mm x 95mm MCM </li></ul><ul><li>PU = Processor Units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be defined as a CP, SAP,...
Note : 1. Concept Illustration only - not to scale  2. 4 or 8 pluggable Memory Cards  3. Each MBA fanout card is hot-plugg...
Hybrid Cooling Processor Books and Memory CEC Cage STI cables Support Elements 3x I/O cages Power Supplies Internal Batter...
<ul><ul><ul><li>FI bre  CON nection (Introduced with s/390 G5 Processors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-mode op...
<ul><ul><li>OSA Express </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Open System Adapter” – interface for networking </li></ul></ul></...
Internal Coupling  Facility (ICF) 1997 Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) 2001 IBM System z9 Integrated Information Proce...
System z Servers – Logical Partitioning
<ul><li>Can allow 32 Lpar’s to workload share if application and subsystem is enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a coupling fa...
System z9 Security Certifications <ul><li>Cryptographic Security Certification </li></ul><ul><li>- Crypto Express2 – Desig...
SOA and the Mainframe <ul><li>Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) </li></ul><ul><li>A business-centric IT architectural ap...
A hub for data  and SOA -  massive scalability centralized management <ul><ul><li>Built upon a strong foundation: </li></u...
<ul><li>At a recent exclusive briefing to selected industry analysts and editors, Steve Mills, senior vice president for I...
Linux on System z Example architecture for an on-demand business
The Mainframe in 2006  Value
2094-702 2way z9 1132MIPS = = Distributed UNIX Server Farm – 9 UNIX Servers is equal to 1132 of Mainframe MIPS  MF and Ser...
The ‘Green’ Mainframe IBM System z9 BC Help reduce your Carbon Footprint Replace 60 Intel-powered servers with a single z9...
<ul><li>Same as general purpose CPU’s except limited to specific uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>zAAP runs any Java workload </...
Consider a transactional environment that would execute on a 2-processor z9 EC mainframe (1132 MIPS). In this example, wit...
Consider a data warehouse environment that would execute on a 2-engine z9 EC mainframe (1132 MIPS). In this example, with ...
* IBM WebSphere Application Server for Linux 60 Linux Servers 1 IFL $1.8M saving over 3 years Consolidation to System z Th...
<ul><li>Security Server for z/OS  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RACF – Resource Access Control Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Share processor, memory, I/O, and network among multiple operating environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolate work...
Continuous Availability In 1999 EBay's server farm crashed. The site was offline for 2 days. Ebay conducted an investigati...
The Mainframe in 2006  Community
<ul><li>Mainframe education delivered to 10,000 students to date via Academic Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 230 sc...
<ul><li>Offering  “Introduction to z/OS and the IBM System z”  class  for customers new to the mainframe or retraining for...
<ul><li>On 2nd October the first UK IBM Mainframe Contest was launched in the UK, and it has proved to be a phenomenal suc...
<ul><li>Accelerating WebSphere ®  z/OS applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased investment and resources to assist  IS...
<ul><li>Mainframe Blog for two-way communication with customer, partner, and analyst community:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mai...
<ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Growing IBM  internal skills  in region </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing  Technical Support  st...
<ul><li>Enhance the value and lower the cost of computing on System z </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the on demand characteristi...
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The Mainframe in 2006, Part One(7.03MB)

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  • Reliability Involves the use of high-quality hardware and software components, and extensive self-checking and self-recovery by hardware components. Availability The ability of hardware to detect and automatically replace failing hardware elements, and for system software to detect, isolate, and recover failing software components. Serviceability Through well-defined units of replacement, the hardware and software can often be non-disruptively serviced or upgraded, with little or no impact to the operational system. A secure computer system prevents users from accessing or changing any objects on the system, including user data, except through system-provided interfaces that enforce authority rules. Mainframe computers can provide a very secure system for processing large numbers of heterogeneous applications that access critical data. By scalability we mean the ability of the hardware, software, or a distributed system to continue to function well as it is changed in size or volume; for example, the ability to retain performance levels when adding processors, memory, and storage. The need to support applications of varying ages imposes a strict compatibility demand on mainframe hardware and software, which have been upgraded many times since the first System/360 mainframe computer was shipped in 1964. Applications must continue to work properly. Thus, much of the design work for new hardware and system software revolves around this compatibility requirement. Each new generation of mainframes has added improvements in one or more of the following areas: More and faster processors More physical memory and greater memory addressing capability Dynamic capabilities for upgrading both hardware and software More sophisticated automated hardware error checking and recovery Enhanced devices for input/output (I/O) and more and faster paths ( channels ) between I/O devices and processors Sophisticated I/O attachments, such as LAN adapters with extensive inboard processing Increased ability to divide the resources of one machine into multiple, logically independent and isolated systems, each running its own operating system Enhanced clustering technologies, such as Parallel Sysplex, and the ability to share data among multiple systems.
  • Consider the following elements at work in the scheduled batch process: 1. At night, many batch jobs executing programs and utilities are processed. These jobs consolidate the results of the online transactions executed during the day. 2. The batch jobs generate reports of business statistics. 3. Backups of critical files and databases are made before and after the batch window. 4. Reports with business statistics are sent to a specific area for analysis during the following day. 5. Reports with exceptions are sent to the branch offices. 6. Monthly account balance reports are generated and sent to all bank customers. 7. Reports with processing summary are sent to the partner credit card company. 8. A credit card transaction report is received from the partner company. 9. In the production control department, the operations area is monitoring the messages on the system console and the execution of the jobs. 10. Jobs and transactions are reading or updating the database (the same database used by online transactions) and many files are written to tape.
  • A batch job is submitted on the computer, reads and processes data in bulk, and produces output. A batch job can last for hours. While batch processing is possible on distributed systems, it is not as commonplace as on mainframes because distributed systems often lack: Sufficient data storage Available processor capacity or cycles Sysplex-wide management of system resources and job scheduling.
  • Mainframes serve a vast number of online transaction processing (OLTP) systems. These are often mission-critical applications that businesses depend on for their core functions. Some industry uses of online systems: Banks – ATMs, teller systems for customer service Insurance – Agent systems for policy management and claims processing Travel and transport – Airline reservation systems Manufacturing – Inventory control, production scheduling Government – Tax processing, license issuance and management.
  • Source = Historical Data for MIPS Inventory Graph 4Q05.xls
  • Innovation Provide leadership in innovation to enhance the use of IBM eServer zSeries to support increasingly integrated and flexible business processes for the on demand business. Maintain zSeries&apos; position as a benchmark for flexible, efficient, and responsive platforms for highly complex, integrated environments running a wide range of mission-critical workloads. Improve the autonomic and self-managing capabilities Value Enhance the value proposition and lower the cost of computing of zSeries solutions in a way that is compelling, clear, and consistent. Extend the on demand characteristics of zSeries servers, highlighting its strengths as an environment for usage-based computing. Increase the ability to account for allocation and use of zSeries resources in an on-demand environment. Community Support programs designed to foster vitality in the zSeries community, helping to promote a strong application portfolio and world-class support services. Provide the skills and expertise to assist customers in designing, developing , and deploying on demand solutions built on a foundation whose cornerstone is zSeries. Leverage key open standards and common structures to enhance the use of zSeries in large, heterogeneous environments.
  • And we see a couple of unique I/O interfaces for the zSeries. First is what I refer to as the “LAN Adapter for the mainframe”. The Open Systems Adapter- Express, or OSA Express, provides direct connectivity to Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Token Ring, and ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networks. The OSA can be defined to carry TCP/IP, SNA, or ATM traffic. It can be shared across LPARs using EMIF, just like an ESCON channel. With the OSA Express, QDIO mode (Queued Direct I/O) is available. This allows a much more direct I/O path from the device to the processor, reducing I/O interrupts and the I/O pathlength, improving I/O performance up to 20%. Hipersockets is another key I/O feature. This allows in-memory network connectivity between LPARs on the zSeries box. By avoiding a trip across a network “wire”, Hipersockets gives a significant networking performance boost. A virtual LAN is defined to set up the Hipersocket connection between partitions. Up to four Hipersockets can be defined on a zSeries server. Since this is an in-memory function, Hipersockets is a much better performing alternative than other technologies such as high-speed busses that require data to travel outside the server across a wire..
  • The title is true….a 2 way z processor is about 1/10 the environmental costs of 9 HP Superdome processors. The 2way z9 is 1132 MIPS or is rated at 38,714 RPEs. The 38,714 RPEs are about equal to 9 HP Superdome 4 way processors. The power requirements are approximately 8000 watts per hour or about $7,708.00 dollars per year. The air conditioning costs of the processor are about 7617 watts per hour or approximately $7,323.00 per year. The 9 HP 4 way Superdome processors are approximately 40,050 RPEs. The power costs of the 9 HP Superdome processors are 76,400 watts per hour or $73, 619 per year….the air conditioning costs are 76,338 watts per hour or $73,522.00 per year. The combined costs for power and a/c of the z processor is $15,071 and the costs of power and a/c for the 9 HP Superdome processors are $147,141.00 or a 1:10 cost ratio.
  • CPs and zAAPs in the same z/OS LPAR Java work ONLY directed to zAAPs by z/OS 1.6+ No IBM software charges on zAAPs
  • These are customer illustrations from a colleague in the US. Pricing is not my area, but they are from a colleague in that field. Strategic Intent and Concept Overview of zAAP: Strategic Web based applications are increasing at exponential rates Much of this is driven by JAVA technology-based applications JAVA applications require more IT resources than traditional applications Levels of abstraction, code generation, and reuse result in longer path lengths Web based application workloads are often unpredictable Web based applications can be a source of Competitive Advantage Budgets are not growing exponentially so customers are more open than ever to low cost, more efficient solutions. Objective: Move JAVA processing cycles to a lower cost, fully integrated z- Operating Environment
  • Strategic Intent and Concept Overview of zAAP: Strategic Web based applications are increasing at exponential rates Much of this is driven by JAVA technology-based applications JAVA applications require more IT resources than traditional applications Levels of abstraction, code generation, and reuse result in longer path lengths Web based application workloads are often unpredictable Web based applications can be a source of Competitive Advantage Budgets are not growing exponentially so customers are more open than ever to low cost, more efficient solutions. Objective: Move JAVA processing cycles to a lower cost, fully integrated z- Operating Environment
  • The Mainframe in 2006, Part One(7.03MB)

    1. 1. British Computer Society ( West Yorkshire ) The Mainframe ( System z ) in 2006 6 th December 2006 Paul Carruthers – BCS Chartered IT Professional IBM UK, Software Group, ATG / TechWorks ( System z - CICS Tools ) IBM Software Group
    2. 2. The Mainframe in 2006 Introduction
    3. 3. Mainframes are expensive There’s nothing new in mainframes ISV’s aren’t enthusiastic Mainframe skills aren’t available Mainframes aren’t flexible Dispelling the myths Mainframes aren’t expensive Mainframes are up to date ISV’s are enthusiastic Mainframes skills are available Mainframes are flexible
    4. 4. Continuous development HW SW S/370 S/360 S/370XA 31bits ESA/390 CMOS Parallel Sysplex z/Architecture 64bits MVT, PCP, MFT, DOS MVS, VTAM CICS / IMS VM MVS/XA DB2 MVS/ESA OS/390 USS – TCP/IP WebSphere z/OS Linux, z/VM
    5. 5. Key benefits of the modern mainframe <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Serviceability </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized control </li></ul><ul><li>Workload management </li></ul><ul><li>Partitioning / virtualization </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing compatibility </li></ul><ul><li>Evolving architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Application enablement, complexity, variety </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for hundreds of thousands users </li></ul>
    6. 6. Mainframe usage Mainframe processing jobs
    7. 7. Mainframe workloads Batch Input data Output data Print File Database Application Programme Performs the task
    8. 8. Shared data Request Response 1000’s of users Mainframe workloads 1000’s of users Online (real time) transaction Application Programme Access shared data on behalf of user Internet connection via firewall Request Response
    9. 9. New workloads 60% of revenue driven by new workloads Java Linux Database SOA
    10. 10. Increasing MIPS
    11. 11. <ul><li>Enhance the value and lower the cost of computing on System z </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the on demand characteristics of System z </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the use and accountability of System z resources </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leadership in innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain System z position </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the autonomic and self-managing capabilities of System z </li></ul><ul><li>Support programs designed to foster vitality in the System z community </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the skills and expertise to assist System z customers </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage key open standards and common structures </li></ul>Innovation Value Community IBM is committed to delivering innovative solutions to meet our customers’ on demand business requirements. The Mainframe Charter
    12. 12. The Mainframe in 2006 Innovation
    13. 14. <ul><li>Advanced 95mm x 95mm MCM </li></ul><ul><li>PU = Processor Units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be defined as a CP, SAP, IFL, zAAP, zIIP, ICF or spare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SD = 4 System Data Cache chips </li></ul><ul><li>SC = 1 Storage control chip </li></ul><ul><li>MSC = 2 memory storage control chips </li></ul><ul><li>CLK = 1 Clock chip </li></ul>Z9 Multi Chip Module ( MCM ) MSC MSC PU PU PU PU PU PU PU PU SD SD SD SD SC CLK
    14. 15. Note : 1. Concept Illustration only - not to scale 2. 4 or 8 pluggable Memory Cards 3. Each MBA fanout card is hot-pluggable and has 2 STIs Front View Side View Memory Cards Up to 128 GB MCM Up to 8 Hot pluggable MBA/STI fanout cards Z9 EC Processor book layout &quot;D6&quot; &quot;D4&quot; &quot;D5&quot; &quot;F1&quot; &quot;D1&quot; &quot;D2&quot; &quot;D3&quot; &quot;D7&quot; &quot;D8&quot; MSC MSC CP 2 CP CP Hitachi CP Hitachi CP SD SD SD SD SC
    15. 16. Hybrid Cooling Processor Books and Memory CEC Cage STI cables Support Elements 3x I/O cages Power Supplies Internal Batteries (optional) Front View Fiber Quick Connect Feature (optional) Z9 EC Processor book layout
    16. 17. <ul><ul><ul><li>FI bre CON nection (Introduced with s/390 G5 Processors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-mode operation: FCV, Native, or FCP (Fibre Channel Protocol) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linux connectivity to SCSI via FCP </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data transfer characteristics: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full duplex data traffic (one-way in ESCON) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 4Gbs data transfer speed (with FICON Express 4) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peak of 270MB per second aggregate data transfer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 10,000 I/O per second (500 with ESCON) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrent I/Os can occur to/from controllers, unlike ESCON’s sequential I/O processing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can uses FICON switches, similar function to ESCON Director, or direct connect </li></ul></ul></ul>FICON Channels zSeries processor FICON Channel FICON Channel I/O Control Unit FICON switch I/O Control Unit I/O Control Unit Device Device Device Device
    17. 18. <ul><ul><li>OSA Express </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Open System Adapter” – interface for networking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Token Ring, Ethernet (up to 10 Gigabit) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A “LAN adapter” for the mainframe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Console Controller – elimination of separate control unit for system consoles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HiperSockets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows server-to-server TCP/IP networking within the System z box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High-performance Linux-to-Linux or Linux-to-z/OS communication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>z/OS-to-z/OS or another other combination of OS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TCP/IP networking at memory speeds between Lpars </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>System z Processor Complex – I/O System z processor OSA Adapter LAN
    18. 19. Internal Coupling Facility (ICF) 1997 Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) 2001 IBM System z9 Integrated Information Processor (zIIP) 2006 IBM System z Application Assist Processor (zAAP) 2004 Building on a strong track record of technology innovation with specialty engines, IBM introduces the System z9 Integrated Information Processor <ul><li>Support for new workloads and open standards </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to help improve resource optimization for eligible data workloads within the enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized data sharing across mainframes </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to help improve resource optimization for z/OS Java ™ technology-based workloads </li></ul>Technology Evolution through speciality engines
    19. 20. System z Servers – Logical Partitioning
    20. 21. <ul><li>Can allow 32 Lpar’s to workload share if application and subsystem is enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a coupling facility and high speed links for communication and synchronization </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery is automatic </li></ul>Concept of Parallel Sysplex
    21. 22. System z9 Security Certifications <ul><li>Cryptographic Security Certification </li></ul><ul><li>- Crypto Express2 – Designed to meet FIPS 140-2 Level 4 </li></ul><ul><li>- Smart Cards – Certified to meet FIPS 140-2 Level 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Common Criteria (ISO/IEC 15408) Evaluation Assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Levels reference : http://niap.nist.gov/cc.scheme/ </li></ul><ul><li>- z/OS 1.6 with RACF – Certified for Controlled Access Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Profile (CAPP) EAL3+ and Labelled Security Protection Profile (LSPP) EAL3+ </li></ul><ul><li>- SUSE Linux SLES 3 - Certified for Controlled Access Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Profile (CAPP) EAL3+ </li></ul><ul><li>- zVM V5.1 with RACF for z/VM – Certified for Controlled Access Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Profile (CAPP) EAL3+ and Labelled Security Protection Profile (LSPP) EAL3+ </li></ul>
    22. 23. SOA and the Mainframe <ul><li>Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) </li></ul><ul><li>A business-centric IT architectural approach that supports integrating your business as linked, repeatable business tasks, or services. </li></ul><ul><li>SOA helps users build composite applications, which are applications that draw upon functionality from multiple sources within and beyond the enterprise to support horizontal business processes </li></ul>
    23. 24. A hub for data and SOA - massive scalability centralized management <ul><ul><li>Built upon a strong foundation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security-rich, Resilient, and Virtualized capabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40 years of data serving heritage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad set of Open and industry standards </li></ul></ul>XML <ul><li>Designed to deliver: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater value from mainframe assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower marginal cost of growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New capabilities faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater flexibility to meet new business opportunities ( Both for Customer & Software Vendors ) </li></ul></ul>AOV0406_110 System z is designed for data serving and SOA
    24. 25. <ul><li>At a recent exclusive briefing to selected industry analysts and editors, Steve Mills, senior vice president for IBM Software Group, shared these mainframe key facts: </li></ul><ul><li>* 95 percent of the Fortune 1000 enterprises use IMS, originally written in 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>to support NASA's Apollo moon landing program. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>* 25 of the world's top 25 banks, 23 of the top 25 US retailers and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 out of 10 of the world's largest insurance companies run DB2 for z/OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* 490 of IBM's top 500 customers run CICS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* IBM's CICS handles more than 30 billion transactions a day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* IBM has 50,000 CICS customer licenses, and 16,000 customers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* There are more than 950,000 CICS application programmers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Continuing demand growth from emerging markets </li></ul></ul>6 bullets Mainframe dominance of top enterprises
    25. 26. Linux on System z Example architecture for an on-demand business
    26. 27. The Mainframe in 2006 Value
    27. 28. 2094-702 2way z9 1132MIPS = = Distributed UNIX Server Farm – 9 UNIX Servers is equal to 1132 of Mainframe MIPS MF and Servers are installed in Poughkeepsie, NY…. Price is $.11/KWH The ‘Green’ Mainframe Annual costs = $15,031/yr = = 7,617 watts at $.11 per KWH …7.6*$.11*24*365= $7,323/yr A/C 8,000 watts at $.11 per KWH …8*$.11*24*365= $7,708/yr Power Annual costs = $147,141/yr = = 76,338 watts at $.11 per KWH, 76.3*.11*24*365= $73,522/yr A/C 76,410 watts at $.11 per KWH, 76.4*.11*24*365=$73,619/yr Power
    28. 29. The ‘Green’ Mainframe IBM System z9 BC Help reduce your Carbon Footprint Replace 60 Intel-powered servers with a single z9 BC could save 160,944 kWh each year (that’s a per year reduction of 69 tonnes of CO2 emissions!). (source – www.carbonneutral.com) That is the equivalent CO2 reduction as performed by a mature forest the size of 17 football pitches. (source – www.merseyforest.org.uk) For more information visit – ibm.com /systems/uk/z/ecoframe
    29. 30. <ul><li>Same as general purpose CPU’s except limited to specific uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>zAAP runs any Java workload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>zIIP runs specified data base workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFL runs Linux (natively or under VM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardware is $95K–$125K one time charge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 14% of general purpose price </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No charge for software running on zAAP/zIIP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM software running on IFL is priced per IFL processor (not per image) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free upgrade to next generation! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In typical scenarios, zAAP/zIIP can reduce annual (software) charges by 37% and OTC charges (hardware and software) by 43% </li></ul>Speciality Processors
    30. 31. Consider a transactional environment that would execute on a 2-processor z9 EC mainframe (1132 MIPS). In this example, with zAAP, the annual (software) charges are reduced by 37% and OTC charges (hardware and software) are reduced by 43% They may be additional savings if sub-capacity pricing were used WAS 1132 MIPS $29K (maintenance) CICS 1132 MIPS $390K DB2 1132 MIPS $327K z/OS 1132 MIPS $621K TOTAL $1,367K annual charges WAS 580 MIPS $16K (maintenance) CICS 580 MIPS $272K DB2 580 MIPS $223K z/OS 580 MIPS $349K TOTAL $860K annual charges If one of the general processors were converted to a zAAP to run most of the Java, leaving a 1-processor z9 EC mainframe (580 MIPS) Two general purpose processors $1,600K WAS $145K TOTAL $1,745K One time charge One general purpose processor $800K One zAAP processor $125K WAS $80K TOTAL $1,005K One time charge Example of a zAAP
    31. 32. Consider a data warehouse environment that would execute on a 2-engine z9 EC mainframe (1132 MIPS). In this example, with zIIP, the annual (software) charges are reduced by 40% and OTC charges (hardware) are reduced by 42% There may be additional savings if sub-capacity pricing were used DB2 1132 MIPS $327K z/OS 1132 MIPS $621K TOTAL $948K annual charges DB2 580 MIPS $223K z/OS 580 MIPS $349K TOTAL $572K annual charges If one of the processors were converted to a zIIP to run remote SQL, parallel queries, and DB2 utilities, leaving a 1-processor z9 EC mainframe (580 MIPS) Two general purpose processors $1,600K TOTAL $1,600K One time charge One general purpose processor $800K One zIIP processor $125K TOTAL $925K One time charge Example of a zIIP
    32. 33. * IBM WebSphere Application Server for Linux 60 Linux Servers 1 IFL $1.8M saving over 3 years Consolidation to System z The cost is now $274,122 when using Linux for System z and an IFL Speciality engine . This ‘Sample’ Linux workload would cost a customer about $2,091,564 .
    33. 34. <ul><li>Security Server for z/OS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RACF – Resource Access Control Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LDAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firewall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encryption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-board cryptographic hardware in System z9 servers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Cryptographic Service Facility (ICSF) in z/OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Callable APIs to perform crypto functions from software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables a PKI on z/OS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates a Certificate Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides administration application, end-user interface, integration with z/OS LDAP, ICSF, and HTTP server </li></ul></ul>z/OS Security
    34. 35. <ul><li>Share processor, memory, I/O, and network among multiple operating environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolate workloads with EAL5 level security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share resources among workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable communication for workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>30+ year history of virtualization, innovation and refinement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware and software based for optimum performance and flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robust suite of function for provisioning, and managing virtual servers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>z/VM Virtualization to simplify your IT infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support up to hundreds of concurrent applications with z/VM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share resource among large numbers of servers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management tools for operation, maintenance, and accounting </li></ul></ul>Virtualization Mainframes – The Innovator and Leader in Virtualization Function
    35. 36. Continuous Availability In 1999 EBay's server farm crashed. The site was offline for 2 days. Ebay conducted an investigation to calculate the cost of this downtime…… Their conclusion….. $150 million!
    36. 37. The Mainframe in 2006 Community
    37. 38. <ul><li>Mainframe education delivered to 10,000 students to date via Academic Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 230 schools enrolled (up from 20+ in early ‘04) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over half of the schools are outside the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 300 professors registered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 200 IBM mainframe ambassadors reaching out to schools worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Developing mainframe and enterprise computing specializations and certificate programs </li></ul><ul><li>Customers working with IBM to reach out to schools </li></ul><ul><li>12 existing school courses and more planned (Networking, Security, eBusiness with Java ™ , large scale commercial computing) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased remote access to mainframe hubs </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Student Mainframe contest planned in Europe and other locations – Autumn 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completed first contest: 700+ students from 85 schools participated in US / Canada </li></ul></ul>More information : http://www.ibm.com/jct09002c/university/scholars/products/zseries/ The System z University Programme
    38. 39. <ul><li>Offering “Introduction to z/OS and the IBM System z” class for customers new to the mainframe or retraining for the mainframe </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced skills portal for easy access to centralized skills building and education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ibm.com /systems/z/about/charter/skills.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM System z ™ Academic Initiative courses now accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>z/OS Introduction class materials available to download </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education curriculum roadmaps for beginner through advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coming in the future: System z course roadmap updates and other training alternatives such as distance learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other skills help available: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>z/OS Basic Skills Information Center – on the job training publib.boulder. ibm.com /infocenter/zoslnctr/v1r7/index.jsp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>zNextGen – an open community for the next generation of mainframe experts share.org/events/Seattle/znextgen.cfm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The New Face of z/OS – making mainframes easier to use ibm.com /servers/eserver/zseries/zos/eou/ </li></ul></ul>Client Mainframe skills class
    39. 40. <ul><li>On 2nd October the first UK IBM Mainframe Contest was launched in the UK, and it has proved to be a phenomenal success! </li></ul><ul><li>To date there are 730+ university students registered for the contest!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>40 Individual Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Number who have completed part 1 - 177 ( 204 have started & 149 successfully completed ) </li></ul><ul><li>Number who have completed part 2 - 42 ( 92 have started ) </li></ul>Mainframe Contest in the UK <ul><li>University of Wales, Aberystwyth 104 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Manchester 71 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Kent 61 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Leeds 44 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Portsmouth 40 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Sheffield 39 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Bristol 33 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Southampton 33 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Surrey 31 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Edinburgh 25 </li></ul>Top 10 schools based on number of registrations :-
    40. 41. <ul><li>Accelerating WebSphere ® z/OS applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased investment and resources to assist ISVs in enabling on WebSphere z/OS and other IBM middleware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 30% growth in Linux apps & tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>275 ISVs and 800 applications today </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong data serving and System z9 ™ Integrated Information Processor (zIIP) support </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of ISVs maintain OS currency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>78% within 6 months of GA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthened relationships and teaming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WebCollage offering to share Web content and speed info delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>z/OS and ISV development collaboration to aid problem handling and determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partner testimonial ibm.com/ systems/z/testimonials/partners/ </li></ul>Heterogeneous Enterprise IT simplification Virtualization Data transactions Java IMS ™ CICS ® DB2 ® Linux Linux Java WebSphere WebSphere Enterprise Apps Enterprise Apps <ul><li>“ IBM's newest upgrades to the System z9 server platform continue to enhance an already superior platform for delivering WebFOCUS, our scalable Enterprise Business Intelligence solution. The development of the zIIP engine will give our customers one more way to optimize the configuration of their servers to the needs of the reporting and analysis applications we provide.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gerald Cohen, President/CEO of Information Builders </li></ul></ul>ISV’s and System z Ongoing search for more ISV’s…
    41. 42. <ul><li>Mainframe Blog for two-way communication with customer, partner, and analyst community: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainframe.typepad.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System z involvement in User Groups, Councils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SHARE & Inner Circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer councils and Open standards communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>z/VSE ™ Vendor Council </li></ul></ul><ul><li>zNextGen community to address the next generation of technical mainframe leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM & SHARE jointly announced Aug 2005 in Boston </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating as a new SHARE Project in Mar 2006 at Seattle session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 100 Activities, networking sessions and recommended zNextGen technical tracks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of students, new hires & retrainees from all over the world </li></ul></ul>User groups and System z
    42. 43. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Growing IBM internal skills in region </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing Technical Support structure, i.e., new Beijing System Center </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Initiative growing future skills – 5 systems and courses shared by 8 schools </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Onshore growth leveraging offshore skill base and IBM resource and training </li></ul><ul><li>Kick starting local Academic Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Growing IBM skills locally </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging advocates and workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Initiative at UniCamp Hub – educating students and porting ISV applications </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Mainframe workshops & education for IBM and customers </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with local System integrators </li></ul>System z Community in emerging markets
    43. 44. <ul><li>Enhance the value and lower the cost of computing on System z </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the on demand characteristics of System z </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the use and accountability of System z resources </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leadership in innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain System z position </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the autonomic and self-managing capabilities of System z </li></ul><ul><li>Support programs designed to foster vitality in the System z community </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the skills and expertise to assist System z customers </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage key open standards and common structures </li></ul>Innovation Value Community IBM is committed to delivering innovative solutions to meet our customers’ on demand business requirements. The Mainframe Charter
    44. 45. Play TV Advert
    45. 46. Thank you for attending this presentation. I hope it has been informative.
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