Modular Mid-range UNIX Server July 13, 2004 p5-570 POWER5 server H C R U6 IBM pSeries server H C R U6 IBM pSeries server H C R U6 IBM pSeries server H C R U6 IBM pSeries
Notes to Presenter REQUIRED CHARTS The presenter must display the Special Notices chart, the Notes on Benchmarks and Values charts (if the referenced values are given), and the Notes on Performance Estimates chart (if the referenced performance estimates are given) during the course of the presentation. Any printed copies of this presentation that are distributed must include legible copies of these charts. If printed copies are not distributed, the attendees must be offered the option to receive legible printed copies of these charts. TRADEMARKS Please review the Special Notices page prior to updating this presentation to ensure all trademarks used are given proper attribution. SPEAKER NOTES This presentation may contain speaker notes available imbedded or as a separate file. Please ensure these are utilized if available. Revised January 9, 2003
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This document was developed for IBM offerings in the United States as of the date of publication. IBM may not make these offerings available in other countries, and the information is subject to change without notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the IBM offerings available in your area. Information in this document concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of these products or other public sources. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. Send license inquires, in writing, to IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, New Castle Drive, Armonk, NY 10504-1785 USA. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is provided "AS IS" with no warranties or guarantees either expressed or implied. All examples cited or described in this document are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some IBM products can be used and the results that may be achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual client configurations and conditions. IBM Global Financing offerings are provided through IBM Credit Corporation in the United States and other IBM subsidiaries and divisions worldwide to qualified commercial and government clients. Rates are based on a client's credit rating, financing terms, offering type, equipment type and options, and may vary by country. Other restrictions may apply. Rates and offerings are subject to change, extension or withdrawal without notice. IBM is not responsible for printing errors in this document that result in pricing or information inaccuracies. All prices shown are IBM's United States suggested list prices and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply. Many of the pSeries features described in this document are operating system dependent and may not be available on Linux. For more information, please check: http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/pseries/linux/whitepapers/linux_pseries.html . Any performance data contained in this document was determined in a controlled environment. Actual results may vary significantly and are dependent on many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been made on development-level systems. There is no guarantee these measurements will be the same on generally-available systems. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been estimated through extrapolation. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. Special Notices Revised February 6, 2004
The following terms are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and/or other countries: AIX, AIX/L, AIX/L(logo), alphaWorks, AS/400, Blue Gene, Blue Lightning, C Set++, CICS, CICS/6000, CT/2, DataHub, DataJoiner, DB2, DEEP BLUE, developerWorks, DFDSM, DirectTalk, DYNIX, DYNIX/ptx, e business(logo), e(logo)business, e(logo)server, Enterprise Storage Server, ESCON, FlashCopy, GDDM, IBM, IBM(logo), ibm.com, IBM TotalStorage Proven, IntelliStation, IQ-Link, LANStreamer, LoadLeveler, Lotus, Lotus Notes, Lotusphere, Magstar, MediaStreamer, Micro Channel, MQSeries, Net.Data, Netfinity, NetView, Network Station, Notes, NUMA-Q, Operating System/2, Operating System/400, OS/2, OS/390, OS/400, Parallel Sysplex, PartnerLink, PartnerWorld, POWERparallel, PowerPC, PowerPC(logo), Predictive Failure Analysis, pSeries, PTX, ptx/ADMIN, RISC System/6000, RS/6000, S/390, Scalable POWERparallel Systems, SecureWay, Sequent, ServerProven, SP1, SP2, SpaceBall, System/390, The Engines of e-business, THINK, ThinkPad, Tivoli, Tivoli(logo), Tivoli Management Environment, Tivoli Ready(logo), TME, TotalStorage, TURBOWAYS, VisualAge, WebSphere, xSeries, z/OS, zSeries. The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and/or other countries: AIX/L(logo), AIX 5L, AIX PVMe, AS/400e, BladeCenter, Chipkill, Cloudscape, DB2 OLAP Server, DB2 Universal Database, DFDSM, DFSORT, Domino, e-business(logo), e-business on demand, eServer, GigaProcessor, HACMP, HACMP/6000, i5/OS, IBMLink, IBM Virtualization Engine, IMS, Intelligent Micro-Partitioning, Miner, iSeries, NUMACenter, POWER, POWER Hypervisor, Power Architecture, Power Everywhere, POWER Hypervisor, PowerPC Architecture, PowerPC 603, PowerPC 603e, PowerPC 604, PowerPC 750, POWER2, POWER2 Architecture, POWER3, POWER4, POWER4+, POWER5, POWER5+, POWER6, Redbooks, Sequent (logo), SequentLINK, Server Advantage, ServeRAID, Service Director, SmoothStart, SP, S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, ThinkVision, Tivoli Enterprise, TME 10, TotalStorage Proven, Ultramedia, VideoCharger, Visualization Data Explorer, X-Architecture, z/Architecture. A full list of U.S. trademarks owned by IBM may be found at: http://www. ibm.com /legal/copytrade.shtml . UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries licensed exclusively through The Open Group. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT and the Windows logo are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Intel, Itanium and Pentium are registered trademarks and Intel Xeon and MMX are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States and/or other countries AMD Opteron ia a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. Special Notices (Cont.) Revised July 1, 2004
The benchmarks and values shown herein were derived using particular, well configured, development-level computer systems. Unless otherwise indicated for a system, the values were derived using external cache, if external cache is supported on the system. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems they are considering buying and should consider conducting application oriented testing. For additional information about the benchmarks, values and systems tested, contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller or access the following on the Web:
Unless otherwise indicated for a system, the performance benchmarks were conducted using AIX V4.3 or AIX 5L. IBM C Set++ for AIX and IBM XL FORTRAN for AIX with optimization were the compilers used in the benchmark tests. The preprocessors used in some benchmark tests include KAP 3.2 for FORTRAN and KAP/C 1.4.2 from Kuck & Associates and VAST-2 v4.01X8 from Pacific-Sierra Research. The preprocessors were purchased separately from these vendors. Other software packages like IBM ESSL for AIX and MASS for AIX were also used in some benchmarks.
The following SPEC and Linpack benchmarks reflect microprocessor, memory architecture, and compiler performance of the tested system (XX is either 95 or 2000):
SPECintXX - SPEC component-level benchmark that measures integer performance. Result is the geometric mean of eight tests comprising the CINTXX benchmark suite. All of these are written in the C language. SPECint_baseXX is the result of the same tests as CINTXX with a maximum of four compiler flags that must be used in all eight tests.
SPECint_rateXX - Geometric average of the eight SPEC rates from the SPEC integer tests (CINTXX). SPECint_base_rateXX is the result of the same tests as CINTXX with a maximum of four compiler flags that must be used in all eight tests.
SPECfpXX - SPEC component-level benchmark that measures floating-point performance. Result is the geometric mean of ten tests, all written in FORTRAN, included in the CFPXX benchmark suite. SPECfp_baseXX is the result of the same tests as CFPXX with a maximum of four compiler flags that must be used in all ten tests.
SPECfp_rateXX - Geometric average of the ten SPEC rates from SPEC floating-point tests (CFPXX). SPECfp_base_rateXX is the result of the same tests as CFPXX with a maximum of four compiler flags that must be used in all ten tests.
SPECweb96 - Maximum number of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) operations per second achieved on the SPECweb96 benchmark without significant degradation of response time. The Web server software is ZEUS v.1.1 from Zeus Technology Ltd.
SPECweb99 - Number of conforming, simultaneous connections the Web server can support using a predefined workload. The SPECweb99 test harness emulates clients sending the HTTP requests in the workload over slow Internet connections to the Web server. The Web server software is Zeus from Zeus Technology Ltd.
SPECweb99_SSL - Number of conforming, simultaneous SSL encryption/decryption connections the Web server can support using a predefined workload. The Web server software is Zeus from Zeus Technology Ltd.
SPEC OMP2001 - Measures performance based on OpenMP applications.
SPECsfs97_R1 - Measures speed and request-handling capabilities of NFS (network file server) computers.
Notes on Benchmarks and Values Revised May 28, 2003
SPECjAppServer200X (where X is 1 or 2) - Measures the performance of Java Enterprise Application Servers using a subset of J2EE APIs in a complete end-to-end Web application.
The Linpack benchmark measures floating-point performance of a system.
Linpack DP (Double Precision) - n=100 is the array size. The results are measured in megaflops (MFLOPS).
Linpack SP (Single Precision) - n=100 is the array size. The results are measured in MFLOPS.
Linpack TPP (Toward Peak Performance) - n=1,000 is the array size. The results are measured in MFLOPS.
Linpack HPC (Highly Parallel Computing) - solves the largest system of linear equations possible. The results are measured in GFLOPS.
STREAM is a simple synthetic benchmark program that measures sustainable memory bandwidth (in MB/s) and the corresponding computation rate for simple vector kernels. Both standard and tuned results may be reported. http://www.cc.virginia.edu/stream/
VolanoMark is a 100% pure Java server benchmark that creates long-lasting network client connections in groups of 20 and measures how long it takes for the clients to take turns broadcasting their messages to the group. The benchmark reports a score as the average number of messages transferred by the server per second.
The following Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC) benchmarks reflect the performance of the microprocessor, memory subsystem, disk subsystem, and some portions of the network:
tpmC - TPC Benchmark C throughput measured as the average number of transactions processed per minute during a valid TPC-C configuration run of at least twenty minutes.
$/tpmC - TPC Benchmark C price/performance ratio reflects the estimated five year total cost of ownership for system hardware, software, and maintenance and is determined by dividing such estimated total cost by the tpmC for the system.
QppH is the power metric of TPC-H and is based on a geometric mean of the 17 TPC-H queries, the insert test, and the delete test. It measures the ability of the system to give a single user the best possible response time by harnessing all available resources. QppH is scaled based on database size from 30GB to 10TB.
QthH is the throughput metric of TPC-H and is a classical throughput measurement characterizing the ability of the system to support a multiuser workload in a balanced way. A number of query users is chosen, each of which must execute the full set of 17 queries in a different order. In the background, there is an update stream running a series of insert/delete operations. QthH is scaled based on the database size from 30GB to 10TB.
$/QphH is the price/performance metric for the TPC-H benchmark where QphH is the geometric mean of QppH and QthH. The price is the five-year cost of ownership for the tested configuration and includes maintenance and software support.
Notes on Benchmarks and Values (Cont.) Revised February 6, 2004
The following graphics benchmarks reflect the performance of the microprocessor, memory subsystem, and graphics adapter:
SPECxpc results - Xmark93 is the weighted geometric mean of 447 tests executed in the x11perf suite and is an indicator of 2D graphics performance in an X environment. Larger values indicate better performance.
SPECplb results (graPHIGS) - PLBwire93 and PLBsurf93 are geometric means of literal and optimized Picture Level Benchmark (PLB) tests for 3D wireframe and 3D surface tests, respectively. Larger values indicate better performance.
SPECopc results - Viewperf 7 (3dsmax-01, DRV-08, DX-07, Light-05, ProE-01, UGS-01) and Viewperf 6.1.2 (AWadvs-04, DRV-07, DX-06, Light-04, medMCAD-01, ProCDRS-03) are weighted geometric means of individual viewset metrics. Larger values indicate better performance.
The following graphics benchmarks reflect the performance of the microprocessor, memory subsystem, graphics adapter and disk subsystem.
SPECapc Pro/Engineer 2000i2 results - PROE2000I2_2000370 was developed by the SPECapc committee to measure UNIX and Windows workstations in a comparable real-world environment. Larger numbers indicate better performance.
The NotesBench Mail workload simulates users reading and sending mail. A simulated user will execute a prescribed set of functions 4 times per hour and will generate mail traffic about every 90 minutes. Performance metrics are:
NotesMark - transactions/minute (TPM).
NotesBench users - number of client (user) sessions being simulated by the NotesBench workload.
$/NotesMark - ratio of total system cost divided by the NotesMark (TPM) achieved on the Mail workload.
$/User - ratio of total system cost divided by the number of client sessions successfully simulated for the NotesBench Mail workload measured. Total system cost is the price of the server under test to the client, including hardware, operating system, and Domino Server licenses.
SAP - Benchmark overview information: http:// www.sap-ag.de/solutions/technology/bench.htm ; Benchmark White Paper September, 2000;
Baan - The Baan benchmark demonstrates the scalability of Baan ERP solutions. The test results provide the number of Baan Reference Users (BRUs) that can be supported on a specific system. BRU is a single on-line user or a batch unit workload. These metrics are consistent with those used internally by both IBM and Baan to size systems. To get more information on Baan benchmarks, go to http://www.ssaglobal.com .
J.D. Edwards Applications - Product overview information at http://www.jdedwards.com.
Notes on Benchmarks and Values (Cont.) Revised December 9, 2003
rPerf (Relative Performance) is an estimate of commercial processing performance relative to other pSeries systems. It is derived from an IBM analytical model which uses characteristics from IBM internal workloads, TPC and SPEC benchmarks. The rPerf model is not intended to represent any specific public benchmark results and should not be reasonably used in that way. The model simulates some of the system operations such as CPU, cache and memory. However, the model does not simulate disk or network I/O operations.
rPerf estimates are calculated based on systems with the latest levels of AIX 5L and other pertinent software at the time of system announcement. Actual performance will vary based on application and configuration specifics. The IBM ~ pSeries 640 is the baseline reference system and has a value of 1.0. Although rPerf may be used to approximate relative IBM UNIX commercial processing performance, actual system performance may vary and is dependent upon many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration.
All performance estimates are provided "AS IS" and no warranties or guarantees are expressed or implied by IBM. Buyers should consult other sources of information, including system benchmarks, and application sizing guides to evaluate the performance of a system they are considering buying. For additional information about rPerf, contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller.
Notes on Performance Estimates Revised June 28, 2004
IBM ~ ® p5 570 Where does p5-570 fit? What does it do?
IBM ~ p5 and pSeries ® Product Lines POWER4+ ™ and POWER5 ™ Servers High-end pSeries 690 Mid-range p5-570 Entry deskside Entry rack pSeries 655 high-density cluster Cluster 1600 p5-550 p5-520 p5-520 pSeries 615 Model 6E3 IBM IBM server pSeries IBM server pSeries IBM IBM IBM IBM IBM IBM IBM H C R U6 p5-550 IBM IBM server pSeries server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server pSeries 615 Model 6C3 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server
Incredible Values and Performance at the Mid-range of POWER5 Product Line… the IBM ~ p5 570
Replaces the pSeries 650 and 670 mid-range products
Building block approach to help cover the mid-range server opportunity from 2-, 4-way up to 16-way symmetric multiprocessor
Flexibility of virtualization, dynamic LPAR, on demand processing
Retains mainframe inspired reliability, availability and serviceability (RAS) capabilities from the POWER4+ product line
Includes new POWER5 RAS enhancements for self-healing and additional concurrency
Outstanding value for a mid-range UNIX® server!
server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
TPC-C benchmark results*: 809,144 tpmC $4.95 / tpmC AIX 5L V5.3 with DB2® 8.1 Single SMP, non-clustered 16-way 1.9 GHz POWER5 processors 512GB of memory World Leadership Breakthrough Performance for 16-way SMP Transaction Processing *Note: Submitted 07/12/04, Availability 09/30/04 See www.tpc.org Higher than all previous 32-way results except IBMs p690 ! # 1 server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
Leadership Benchmark for SAP* 2-tier SD R/3 Users (Using 1.9 GHz p5-570, 4-, 8- and 16-way) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 4-w p5-570 8-w p5-570 1500 16-w p5-570 5056 2880 880 4-w HP 1.5 GHZ Itanium 2® 8-w HP 1.5 GHZ Itanium 2 16-w HP 1.5 GHZ Itanium 2 4900 32-w NEC 1.5 GHZ Itanium 2 5050 36-w Sun UltraSPARC IV 2600 1313 Scalability of p5-570 4 to 8-way = 98% 8 to 16-way = 94% 16-way 32-way 36-way * See httpww.sap.com/benchmark (results as of 7/13/04) SD USERS
Product Transition Path to IBM ~ p5 Servers p690 POWER4+ POWER5 2Q2004 3Q2004 p670 p655 p650 p630 p615 TBD p5-570 16-way p5-570 12-way p5-570 8-way p5-570 2- or 4-way p5-520 2-way TBD p5-550 2- or 4-way
Incredible Value at the Mid-range of POWER5 Product Line…the p5-570
Continuing to refresh and replace with new technology Added value p5-570 POWER5 p650 POWER4+ Processor speed 1.5, 1.65, 1.9 GHz 1.2 or 1.45 GHz Memory 512GB 64GB Micro-Partitioning™* up to 160 8 LPARs I/O drawers 20 8
* optional feature server H C R U6 IBM pSeries
Large Database Web Serving Server Consolidation e-Infrastructure Supply Chain Management Business Intelligence High Performance Computing Customer Relationship Management Small Medium Business Provides leadership partitioning and performance, low 2- to 16-way price points and mainframe-inspired reliability features for top mid-range UNIX opportunities p5-570 Mid-range Target Opportunities IBM
Continuing in the footsteps of the powerful, reliable line of IBM UNIX servers – the IBM ~ p5 570 will provide a comprehensive mid-range position into the POWER5 product line. Complementing this exciting value, IBM Global Financing can help make the difference . IBM Global Financing’s portfolio of offerings and services designed specifically for small and medium businesses, feature streamlined applications, simplified contracts and fast approvals . LINK TO: http://www-1.ibm.com/financing/it_products/hardware/servers/ pSeries.html Financing from IBM Global Financing can make acquiring complete multivendor IT solutions less expensive through competitive rates, fair market value leases, innovative offerings, and special financing promotions. Please visit our Web site for the latest on Special Promotions: LINK TO: http://www-1.ibm.com/financing/promotions/index.html For AP and EMEA go to ibm.com/financing and “select a country” from the right navigation drop down list. Financing Advantages* *Note: this is for North American clients only. Similar promotions may be available in other geographies
IBM ~ p5 570 Product Line Capabilities and Evolutions
Homogeneous Environment Across the Infrastructure to Help Lower TCO and Simplify Management IBM IBM pSeries 690 pSeries 670 p5-550 High-end Mid-range Entry Operational consistency across all levels for the system administrator IBM H C R U6 IBM H C R U6 Large database server Department servers, end-user applications Application servers, Web hosting IBM IBM p5-570 p5-520 p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server pSeries 650
POWER4+ Technology Across the Product Line pSeries pSeries Binary compatibility from over $6M … to under $6K! p655 p650 p630 p615 p690 p670 4.41 8.69 18.67 21.87 46.79 104.17 Max. rPerf 19-inch rack, deskside 19-inch rack, deskside 19-inch rack 1, 2 24-inch frames 1 24-inch frame 1, 2 24-inch frames Footprint, packaging 1.1TB 4.1TB 14.5TB 2.6TB 7.0TB 18.7TB Int. storage 1.2, 1.45 (2-w) 1.2, 1.45 1.2, 1.45 1.7 1.5 1.5, 1.7, 1.9 GHz clock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes HACMP™ Yes (6C3) Yes (6C4) Yes Yes Yes Yes Cluster 1600 N/A 4 (6C4) 8 4 16 32 LPARs N/A 2 (6C4) 8 1 3 8 I/O drawers 6 6 to 20 (6C4) 7 to 63 3 to 23 10 to 60 10 to 160 PCI-X slots 1 to 16 1 to 32 2 to 64 4 to 64 4 to 256 8 to 1024 GB memory 1, 2 1, 2, 4 2, 4, 6, 8 4, 8 4, 8, 16 8, 16, 24, 32 No. of SMPs IBM IBM server IBM H C R U6 IBM server pSeries server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM IBM
POWER5 Technology Product Evolution pSeries pSeries p5-570 p5-550 p5-520 * Note: includes I/O drawer capacity; ** 2-, 4-, 8-way only 9.86 19.66 77.45 Max. rPerf 19-inch rack, deskside 19-inch rack, deskside 19-inch rack 1, 2 24-inch frames 1, 2 24-inch frames Footprint, packaging 8.2TB 15.2TB 38.7TB Int. storage* 1.65 1.65 1.5**, 1.65, 1.9 GHz clock Yes Yes Yes HACMP Yes Yes Yes Cluster 1600 20 40 160 LPARs 4 8 20 I/O Drawers 6 to 34 5 to 60 6 to 163 PCI-X slots* 1 to 32 1 to 64 2 to 512 GB memory 2 2, 4 2, 4, 8, 12, 16 No. of SMPs IBM server IBM H C R U6 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM
POWER5 Reliability Across the Product Line pSeries pSeries Mainframe-inspired RAS* Reliability, Availability and Serviceability Functions First Failure Data Capture DDR ECC Chipkill memory Bit-steering/redundant memory Memory soft scrubbing Redundant power, fans Dynamic Processor Deallocation Deallocate PCI-X bus, L2/L3 cache Persistent memory deallocation Hot-plug PCI-X slots, fans, power Hot-swappable disk drives p5-570 p5-550 p5-520 Online firmware updates** *Note: Some RAS functions may not be available at the same time on SLES 9 and RHEL AS 3 **Note: Planned for 4Q04 Internal LED diagnostics IBM server IBM H C R U6 IBM server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server
IBM ~ Cluster 1600 Building Blocks* High-end pSeries 690 Mid-range pSeries 670 Entry pSeries 650 pSeries 655 pSeries 630 pSeries 615 p5-550 p5-570 p5-520 Cluster Systems Management (CSM v1.4) for AIX 5L V5.3 Manages POWER™ servers and xSeries® servers from a single-point-of-control. IBM IBM IBM IBM server pSeries IBM H C R U6 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server
IBM ~ p5 Model 570 POWER5 and IBM Virtualization Engine™ systems technologies
POWER™ Microprocessor Roadmap Distributed Switch 0.18 microns 2001 POWER4™ Distributed Switch Shared L2 LPAR Autonomic computing Chip multiprocessing 1.2 to 1.9 GHz Core 1.2 to 1.9 GHz Core Distributed Switch 0.13 microns 2002-3 Larger L2 More LPARs High-speed Switch Distributed Switch 0.13 microns 2004 Distributed Switch 0.09 microns ( Planned*) 2005 POWER5 Larger L2 and L3 caches Sub-processor partitioning Enhanced Distributed Switch Enhanced core parallelism Improved floating-point performance Faster memory environment Dynamic firmware updates POWER4+ 1.0 to 1.3 GHz Core Mem Ctl Mem Ctl 1.5 to 1.9 GHz Core >>> GHz Core >>> GHz Core * All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. 1-1.3 GHz Core Shared L2 Shared L2 1.4-2.0 GHz Core Shared L2 Shared L2
What’s New with the p5-570
1.5, 1.65 and 1.9 GHz 2-way POWER5 advanced technology processors
276 million transistors Small, dense chips (0.13 microns) 389 sq/mm die size 1.5 to 1.9 GHz clock speeds On-chip memory controller L3 cache no longer in path to memory Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
p5-570 Server Peak Bandwidth per 1.9 GHz 2-way Chip I/O Hub 4GB/sec Six PCI-X slots GX Bus 5.1GB/sec M E M O R Y L3 For 2-way chip 25.5GB/sec x 8 = 204.6GB/sec for 16-way (using 533 MHz DDR2 memory) 30.4GB/sec x 8 = 243.2GB/sec for 16-way 2 nd I/O Hub 4GB/sec Four I/O Drawers Four I/O Drawers I/O Hub adapter uses slot 6 real estate GX Bus on second processor card 5.1GB/sec (4-way only) 4GB/sec 4GB/sec 4-way Shared L2 Distributed switch Ctlr Shared L2 Distributed switch Ctlr 6
Standard Virtualization Capabilities
- Dynamic LPAR (AIX 5L and SLES 9)
- Virtual LAN
AIX 5L V5.2 AIX 5L V5.3 AIX 5L V5.2 4 CPUs 2 CPUs 4 CPUs Linux 1 CPU POWER Hypervisor™ . . .
Advanced POWER Virtualization Option
This feature includes:
- Shared processor pool
- Hosting LPAR for Virtual I/O (disk and LAN)
- Partition Load Manager for AIX 5L LPARs
Feature no. Server 7940 p5-520 7941 p5-550 7942 p5-570 Virtual Disks Hosting Partition AIX 5L V5.2 AIX 5L V5.3 POWER Hypervisor I/O Storage Network LAN, WAN, ... IP Routing Virtual Disks AIX 5L v5.3 AIX 5L V5.2 pool of 20 2 CPUs 4 CPUs 2 CPUs 4 CPUs AIX 5L V5.3 AIX 5L V5.3 AIX 5L V5.3 Linux Linux Virtual I/O Paths Partition Load Manager
Efficient Utilization Helps to LOWER COST of COMPUTING IBM POWER5 – Designed for Productivity
Allows the server to have more partitions than processors, in which processing resources can be fine- tuned with allocations as small as 1/10 th of a processor and increments of 1/100 th of a processor.
Efficient Utilization Helps to LOWER COST of COMPUTING IBM POWER5 – Designed for Productivity
Helps administrators reallocate system resources between partitions and across operating systems, including processors, memory, and I/O without rebooting the partition or system for faster response to changing workload requirements
*Note: optional feature **Note: Not available on Linux RHEL AS 3 Simultaneous Multi- threading Virtual I/O Virtual LAN* Dynamic Micro-Partitions* Capacity Upgrade on Demand* (select models) Shared Processor Pools* Dynamic LPAR** POWER Hypervisor
Efficient Utilization Helps to LOWER COST of COMPUTING IBM POWER5 – Designed for Productivity
Supports physical sharing of disk drives, communications adapters, helping to reduce the number of expensive devices and improve system utilization and administration.
Allows high-speed, secure partition-to-partition communications to help improve performance
Efficient Utilization Helps to LOWER COST of COMPUTING IBM POWER5 – Designed for Productivity
Servers with these features may be reconfigured dynamically with additional processors or memory to respond quickly to changing application workloads. Helps clients pay for what they use when they use it. With Reserve CoD the system can automatically adjust processing power for LPARs assigned to the shared processor pool.
Efficient Utilization Helps to LOWER COST of COMPUTING IBM POWER5 – Designed for Productivity
Simultaneous multi-threading technology allows latency times of one thread of instructions to be utilized by another totally independent thread of instructions, resulting in improved system throughput. Each processor looks like two to the system. Performance can be up to 30%** faster than same speed systems without simultaneous multi-threading.
*Note: optional feature; ** Based on IBM relative performance (rPerf) projections Simultaneous Multi- threading Virtual I/O Virtual LAN* Dynamic Micro-Partitions* Capacity Upgrade on Demand* (select models) Shared Processor Pools* Dynamic LPAR POWER Hypervisor
POWER5 Micro-Partitioning for p5-570 Increases System Productivity Dedicated, Under-utilized Resources POWER5 SMP virtualization with Micro-Partitioning*: Multiple partitions activated in each CPU Up to 160 Micro-Partitions in a 16-way SMP POWER4+ SMP partitioning: One partition per CPU Up to 16 partitions in a 16-way SMP *Note: optional feature CPU 0 CPU 2 CPU 3 CPU 1
POWER5 Virtualization POWER4+
AIX 5L V5.2 Flexibility
Move resources between partitions
Capacity on Demand
AIX 5L V5.3 and Linux Simplification through virtualization
Before resource tuning Unbalanced resource allocation 3 CPU Test LPAR Agent 5 CPU CRM LPAR Agent 6 CPU Finance LPAR Agent Partition Load Manager* 1 CPU Test LPAR Agent 3 CPU CRM LPAR Agent 10 CPU Finance LPAR Agent CPU CPU CPU Adjust resource allocation based on business priorities After tuning * Note: optional feature CPU CPU
POWER5 Simultaneous Multi-threading Thread1 active Thread0 active Legend No Thread active Execution units utilization POWER5 (Simultaneous Multi-threaded)
Utilizes unused execution unit cycles
Presents SMP programming model to software
Natural fit with superscalar out-of-order execution core
Higher performance Net result:
Higher system throughput
POWER4+ (Single Threaded) Execution units utilization FX0 FX1 LS0 LS1 FP0 FP1 BRX CRL FX0 FX1 LS0 LS1 FP0 FP1 BRX CRL System throughput SMT ST
IBM ~ p5 570 Operating System Options
POWER5 transitions on AIX 5L V5.2 and V5.3 AIX 5L V5.2 AIX 5L V5.3 POWER5 Hardware POWER5 RAS functions Simultaneous Multi-threading Dynamic LPAR Dynamic LPAR Advanced POWER Virtualization Partition Load Manager - Partition Load Manager - Micro-Partitioning - Shared processor pool - Virtual I/O New on demand capabilities
AIX 5L Software Delivers
Robust, scalable UNIX platform for critical applications
Connections needed for e-business
and network computing
Security you can count on
Systems and network management that puts you in control
Open and industry standards-based platform that offers freedom of choice
Service and support to help keep a business running
Strong affinity with Linux for flexible
solutions that fit your business
Enterprise Class Computing with Linux and POWER5
Flexibility with LPAR, DLPAR, and virtualization features
Reliability with built in self healing capabilities
Scalability from 2-way up to 16-way systems
Linux distributions available for IBM ~ p5 are: - SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9 for POWER (SLES 9) - Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS 3 for POWER (RHEL AS 3)
SUSE LINUX and Red Hat, Inc. also provide support, upgrades and maintenance. Technical support is also available through IBM SupportLine contract.
Linux on pSeries remains orderable from IBM or directly from Linux distributors
For more information about Linux running on IBM ~ p5 or pSeries systems: http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/pseries/linux http://www.redhat.com/software/rhel/as/ http://www.suse.com/us/business/products/server/sles/i_pseries.html
Linux on POWER*
Note, many of the features described in this document are operating system dependent and may not be available in Linux.
For more information, please check: www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/pseries/linux/whitepapers/linux_pseries.html.
IBM ~ p5 570 Product Description
Building Block Modules Create SMP Mid-range Servers
Configuration considerations of 16-way, 4-module server
Operator panel and service processor* required on first module. If required, one or two HMCs attached to first module only. Media required on first module only. One disk drive required on first module only. Attaches up to eight I/O drawers. Plus four more I/O drawers for 12 Plus four more I/O drawers for 16 plus four more I/O drawers for a maximum of 20 I/O drawers *Note: The service processor in the first or primary module controls the two serial ports on the rear of that module. If a HMC is chosen as an option, the two serial ports will not be available for use. A PCI-X slot will be required pSeries M1 pSeries pSeries pSeries M2 M3 M4
p5-570 SMP Building Block Modules Provide Flexible Scaling Choices 4-way 1.5, 1.65 or 1.9 GHZ 2 to 128GB memory 6 to 61 PCI-X slots* Up to 14.9TB storage* Up to 40 LPARs Up to 8 I/O drawers Maximum of 20 RIO-2 I/O drawers per 16-way server and a maximum of four drawers per RIO-2 loop. 8-way 1.5, 1.65 or 1.9 GHZ 8 to 256GB memory 12 to 95 PCI-X slots* Up to 22.9TB storage* Up to 80 LPARs Up to 12 I/O drawers 12-way 1.65 or 1.9 GHZ 12 to 384GB memory 18 to 129 PCI-X slots* Up to 30.8TB storage* Up to 120 LPARs Up to 16 I/O drawers 16-way **Note: 512GB is max for DDR1 memory, 64GB is max for DDR2 memory 1.65, or 1.9 GHz 16 to 512GB memory** 24 to 163 PCI-X slots* Up to 38.7TB storage* Up to 160 LPARs Up to 20 I/O drawers *Note: Includes capacity from attached 7311-D20 I/O drawers. server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
Example of Eight I/O Drawers, Four I/O Hub Adapters 16-way 1.9 GHz p5-570 4GB/sec 5.1GB/sec* Optional RIO-2 Hub adapter in slot # 6 off GX bus Standard RIO-2 ports off GX bus 4GB/sec 5.1GB/sec* 4GB/sec 5.1GB/sec* 4GB/sec 5.1GB/sec* Total I/O peak bandwidth of 36.4GB/sec Two I/O drawers per 4-way module attached to two GX buses Leaves five available slots in each 4-way module, and 56 slots in the I/O drawers for a total of 76 slots This configuration utilizes maximum I/O bandwidth for a 1.9 GHz p5-570 server * Note: Includes internal p5-570 slot bandwidth Eight 7311 D20 I/O drawers Standard RIO-2 ports
Building Block Modules Create SMP Mid-range Servers 16-way 12-way
SMP flex cabling contains the processor fabric bus
Up to 16-way server created using flat flex cabling to integrate individual 4-way servers into a single SMP server (front view)
Cabling may be detached to remove a module, and server rebooted to operate with fewer resources
Building Block Modules Create SMP Mid-range Servers 16-way 12-way
Service processor and clock use flat flex cabling to integrate individual 4-way servers into a single SMP server (rear view)
8-way 2-, 4-way
Internal Structure of p5-570 Building Block Module Two hot-plug slimline media bays (DVD-ROM standard) The IBM 7212-102 1U media drawer may be used for tape drives, etc. Hot plug Op-panel required in primary module RJ-45 connector Six hot-plug, blind-swap PCI-X slots: Five long 64-bit 133 MHz 3.3v One short 64-bit 133 MHz 3.3v Two processor and memory books, each with two processors and up to 64GB of memory. Processor options include 1.5, 1.65, 1.9 GHz clock speeds. Maximum of 4-way and 128GB DDR1 memory per module. Minimum entry of 2-way and 2GB of memory. Two processor and memory books Two hot-plug power supplies hot plug power supply fans Two hot-plug I/O blowers Three hot-plug processor power regulators, one optionally redundant. Three required for larger than 4-way Two SMP flex cable ports for inter-connecting up to four server building block modules (up to 16-way) Six Ultra320 hot-swappable 10K rpm disks with 36.4GB, 73.4GB or 146.8GB disks and 15K rpm disks with 36.4GB or 73.4GB capacities. Maximum internal storage of 880.8GB (dual SCSI controllers for 3+3 operation) service processor Planar board server H C R U6 pSeries
Rear View of p5-570 Building Block Module Two serial ports are active on first module only* Six hot-plug, blind-swap PCI-X slots: Five long 64-bit 133 MHz 3.3v Slot #6 is short 64-bit 133 MHz 3.3v Two hot-plug AC power supplies with dual isolated line cords Rack indicator light port Two 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet ports Two RIO-2 ports standard, two additional RIO-2 ports optionally available via the Dual Port I/O Hub Adapter (not PCI-X) that pre-empts slot number 6 allowing up to four additional I/O drawers Two USB 2.0 ports Two SPCN ports System connect for service processor and clock, using flex cabling * Note: If the HMC option is chosen, the two serial ports will not be available. S1 S2 Two HMC ports 1 2 3 4 5 6
p5-570 Supports I/O Drawer – 7311- D10 Rear View Front View Five 64-bit PCI-X hot-plug slots and one PCI slot with blind-swap capability. (Five 133 MHz @ 3.3v one 33 MHz @ 5v) PCI-X bus recovery at slot level keeps system running if a slot fails 4U high Two hot-plug, redundant power supplies for each I/O drawer Two RIO-2 ports per I/O drawer Two I/O drawers fit side-by-side in 19-inch rack Two SPCN ports per I/O drawer Rack indicator port 28 inches deep (Supported if migrated from another system, but not orderable as new) Eight I/O drawers supported per 4-way module 5V 5V
p5-570 Optional I/O Drawer – 7311- D11 Rear View Front View Six 64-bit 133 MHz @ 3.3v PCI-X hot-plug slots with blind-swap capability. PCI-X bus recovery at slot level keeps system running if a slot fails 4U high Two hot-plug, redundant power supplies for each I/O drawer Two RIO-2 ports per I/O drawer Two I/O drawers fit side-by-side in 19-inch rack Two SPCN ports per I/O drawer Rack indicator port 28 inches deep New model replacing the model D10 with full PCI-X Eight I/O drawers supported per 4-way module
p5-570 Optional RIO-2 I/O Drawer - 7311-D20 (Up to eight supported*) Ultra320 SCSI speed Six-pack of hot-swappable disks; 36.4, 73.4 or 146.8GB Six-pack of hot-swappable disks; 36.4, 73.4 or 146.8GB Seven PCI-X 64-bit 133 MHz 3.3v hot-plug slots Front Rear Two hot-plug power supplies and fans. The second is optional and redundant 110/220v AC Rack indicator light port RIO-2 ports *Note: Slot #6 of the p5-570 preempted if using more than four I/O drawers per module Op panel SPCN SPCN not used
p5-570 1.5, 1.65 or 1.9 GHz Processors
Processor cards protected by sturdy book packaging
Books each have two POWER5 64-bit processors for a 4-way maximum
Processors have 1.9MB L2 ECC shared cache and 36MB L3 ECC cache
Separate service processor directs RAS activities on server
Eight memory DIMMs are included on each card
On demand processors and memory for peak workloads
1.65 GHz processors use DDR1 memory
1.5 GHz processors provide 8-way max, no DDR2 memory or CoD functions
server H C R U6 pSeries Book #1 Book #2 Connector to backplane Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
p5-570 Capacity Upgrade On Demand - Processors
On demand processors available to order for peak workloads - A minimum of two processors with two activations is required. - A maximum of 16 processors may be ordered with a choice of activations depending on the reserve capacity required
Dynamic Processor Sparing - Inactive processors may be activated to replace a deallocated processor
Book #1 Book #2 server H C R U6 pSeries Connector to backplane Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
p5-570 Memory Quad Positioning
Main memory ranges from 2GB to 128GB ECC using 266 MHz DDR1 SDRAM per 4-way module
Main memory ranges from 4GB to 16GB ECC using 533 MHz DDR2 SDRAM per 4-way module. DDR2 memory only available on 1.9GHz processors using 1GB DIMMs only
Memory is configured in two quads on each processor card,
and is pre-balanced by design for optimal performance with
each quad split between two synchronous memory interface (SMI) controllers.
Plan ahead to reach desired maximum memory to avoid discarding memory.
Quad 1 Quad 2 2GB quad = 4 X 512MB DIMMs 4GB quad = 4 X 1GB DIMMs* 8GB quad = 4 X 2GB DIMMs 16GB quad = 4 X 4GB DIMMs 32GB quad = 4 X 8GB DIMMs SMI SMI * Note: DDR2 memory restricted to 1GB DIMMs Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
p5-570 DDR ECC Chipkill Memory Book #2 (4-way) Book #1 (2-way)
Eight memory DIMMs plug into slots
on each processor book
DIMM sizes are: 512MB, 1GB, 2GB, 4GB and 8GB for DDR1 (1GB DIMMs only for DDR2)
266 MHz memory may not be mixed with 533 MHz memory
RAS features include ECC, Chipkill, bit-steering to redundant memory bits, and soft error scrubbing
Memory options of
2GB, 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB, 64GB or 128GB Additional granularity is available between binary sizes, e.g. 6GB, 10GB, 12GB, etc.
1GB DIMMs only for 533 MHz DDR2 memory
CUoD memory not available for 533 MHz memory
DIMMs are installed in quads
(four quads per server)
Memory should be balanced between
the two processor books for best performance
Book #2 Book #1 Connector to backplane server H C R U6 pSeries Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
p5-570 Capacity on Demand - Memory
On demand memory available to order for peak workloads (available on DDR1 266 MHz memory only)
On demand memory not available on 1.5 GHz processor option
Available feature is:
Maximum CoD memory is 32GB with 16GB active for a 4-way module
Book #1 Book #2 server H C R U6 pSeries Connector to backplane Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl 8GB ordered 4GB Activated
2-way Model 570 Memory DIMM Positioning This set of examples is for a 2-way which can have a memory range of 2GB to 64GB* using one book Book #1 (2-way) Book #1 2GB Book #1 4GB * Note: 16GB , 32GB and 64GB available only on 266 MHz DDR1 memory, 8GB is maximum for 533 MHz DDR2 memory for 2-way Connector to backplane 8GB Book #1 16GB* Book #1 32GB* Book #1 DIMM Sizes 512MB 1GB 2GB 4GB 8GB 64GB* Book #1 Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8
4-way Model 570 Memory DIMM Positioning For a 4-way, memory should be balanced between both processor books for best performance. Books #1 and #2 (4-way) * Note: 32, 64 and 128GB available only on 266 MHz memory, 16GB is maximum for 533 MHz memory 8GB Book #1 Book #2 4GB Book #1 Book #2 16GB Book #1 Book #2 32GB* Book #1 Book #2 DIMM Sizes 512MB 1GB 2GB 4GB 8GB Book #1 Book #2 64GB* Book #1 Book #2 128GB* Connector to backplane Shared L2 Distributed switch Shared L2 Distributed switch Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Slot # 1 Slot # 2 Slot # 3 Slot # 4 Slot # 5 Slot # 6 Slot # 7 Slot # 8 Shared L2 Distributed switch Mem Ctl
Planning Ahead for Proper Memory Management
Plan ahead to avoid memory discarding when upgrading:
- Determine where maximum desired memory will be and work
backwards to determine proper starting point
- If eventually growing to 128GB, start with a 32GB 266 MHz quad
2-way server, since it takes all DIMM positions on a 4-way to make 128GB
- If starting with a 4-way server and performance is critical, then
place a 32GB quad in each processor book
Memory balancing is an important consideration for a 4-way server
- Better performance is achieved by balancing the quads
between the two processor books (highly application dependent)
Model 570 rPerf Performance Measurements 1.9 GHz processors 2-way = 11.16 4-way = 22.26 8-way = 42.14 12-way = 60.50 16-way = 77.45 1.65 GHz processors 2-way = 9.86 4-way = 19.66 8-way = 37.22 12-way = 53.43 16-way = 68.40 1.5 GHz processors 2-way = 9.13 4-way = 18.20 8-way = 34.46 Measured using AIX 5Lv5.3 server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
Hardware Management Console (HMC)
System control software
- Focal point for virtualization management
- Cluster control point - Controls multiple non-clustered servers
(dependent on server type and mixture)
Redundant HMC option Ethernet server H C R U6 IBM pSeries
Model 570s in T42 Rack Enclosure p5-570 installs in T00, T42 and other 19-inch non-IBM racks Needs to be installed below 36U point for shipping IBM pSeries pSeries pSeries pSeries pSeries pSeries pSeries pSeries
Rack-mounted flat panel console consisting of:
- IBM Flat Panel Color Monitor
- Flat Panel Monitor Rack-mounted Kit
- Rack Keyboard Tray
- IBM Space Saver 2 Keyboard which
mounts in Rack Keyboard Tray
(TrackPoint® mouse is integral to keyboard)
- Fits into a standard 19" rack with only 1U space
- Supported via GXT135P graphics adapter
- VGA switch supports up to eight systems
- Cascade eight switches to support a total of 64 systems
7 foot, 12 foot or 20 foot cable features
IBM 7316-TF3 Flat Panel Display Console server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
TotalStorage Networks and Attachments TotalStorage® Products
IBM TotalStorage and Tivoli Ready to Go Tivoli® Storage Software Disk Storage ESS, FAStT, NAS Tape Storage LTO, Enterprise, External SAN Switch IBM, McDATA, CNT, Cisco Storage Virtualization p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
IBM TotalStorage Ready to Go AIX 5L V5.2/V5.3 and Linux FAStT100 FAStT200 FAStT500 FAStT600 FAStT600 Turbo FAStT700 FAStT900 FAStT ESS750 ESS800 ESS 2104-SCSI 7133-SSA SCSI/SSA Gateway 500 IBM H C R U6 NAS IBM 2146 SAN Integration Server IBM DR450 Data Retention p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
IBM TotalStorage Storage Area Network Ready to Go 6064 & 6140 Director 2031 & 3232 SAN Switch 4300 & 4500 SAN Switch FC-512 FibreCenter McDATA MDS 9506 & 9509 Director MDS 9120 & 9140 SAN Switch MDS 9216 SAN Switch AIX 5L V5.2/V5.3 and Linux M12 & M14 Director F08 & F16 SAN Switch F32 SAN Switch H08 & H16 SAN Switch IBM Cisco FC9000 - 64 Director FC9000 - 128 Director FC9000 - 256 Director CNT (Inrange) p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
IBM TotalStorage Tape Ready to Go DDS, DAT72, VXA-2 8mm, DLT, SDLT, SLR External Tape AIX 5L V5.2/V5.3 and Linux IBM 3592 Drive 3590 drive 3494 Library 3494 VTS Enterprise 3580 Bridge box 3581 Autoloader 3582 Library 3583 Library 3584 Library LTO p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
IBM TotalStorage and Tivoli Software Ready to Go Tivoli SAN Manager Tivoli SANergy Tivoli Resource Manager Tivoli Storage Manager TotalStorage SAN Volume Controller TotalStorage SAN File System TotalStorage SAN Volume Controller Blade for Cisco MDS 9000 AIX 5L V5.2/V5.3 and Linux p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
Input/Output and Network Requirements I/O and Network Products
IBM Networking and I/O Ready to Go Encryption Networking Ethernet, Token-Ring ATM, WAN Direct Talk Channels ESCON, HiPPi Storage Fibre Channel, SCSI, SCSI RAID, SSA Async DASD 10K and 15K rpm Optical Media DVD ROM, RAM & Tape p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
IBM Networking and I/O Ready to Go AIX 5L V5.2/V5.3 and Linux Ethernet 10/100 Ethernet Quad Port 10/100 Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) Dual port GigE 10GigE* Token-Ring WAN 2 Port 4 Port Networking *Note: new adapters 2GB FCAL Dual Port Ultra320 SCSI Dual Port U320 SCSI RAID SSA Storage adapters ESCON HiPPi Channels DVD ROM DVD RAM DDS4 Tape VXA2 Tape 8mm Tape DAT72* Tape Optical Media 10K Ultra320 SCSI 36, 73 and 146GB 15K Ultra320 SCSI 36GB and 73GB DASD 8 Port 128 Port Async FIPS4 Coprocessor SSL accelerator Encryption DTXA-2 Direct Talk p5-520 server pSeries IBM H C R U6 IBM server IBM H C R U6 p5-550 p5-570 IBM IBM server pSeries p655 IBM p690
I/O Adapter Enhancements 10 Gigabit Ethernet-SR PCI-X Adapter Provides connection on standard shortwave multimode optical cable. -Distances up to 33m using 62.5 um multimode fiber -Distances up to 66m with 50 um multimode fiber DAT72 4mm 36/72GB tape Provides higher capacity 4mm tape storage
IBM ~ p5 570 Reliability Availability and Serviceability
Reliability Availability Serviceability (RAS) Fault avoidance - designed to avoid downtime Diagnose failures if they happen Resolve intermittent faults with no intervention Deallocate system resources if necessary Utilize system redundancies Online parts replacement Keep the system operational! Online firmware updating
Reliability Availability Serviceability*
RAS enhancements available on POWER5 servers
Applications remain operational while IBM system firmware is updated for most operations (planned for 4Q04)
ECC has been extended to inter-chip connections for the Fabric/processor busses (data, address, control)
Partial L2 cache deallocation
L3 cache line deletes improved from two to ten for better self-healing capability
*Note: some RAS functions may not be available at the same time on Linux SLES 9 and RHEL 3.3
First Failure Data Capture is key to a self-diagnosing system
and is an IBM exclusive!
Critical parts of system can provide real-time
machine status information if faults occur
Error data is continually being monitored by system
in order to take appropriate actions
Many errors can be self-corrected or functions varied offline
while server remains available
Server has capability to determine which part or component
needs repair and can phone IBM Service to provide precise
parts for maintenance at a time acceptable to client
A Self-diagnosing Server
Fault Avoidance Self- Healing Fault Masking Concurrent Maintenance Resource Deallocation First Failure Data Capture Service Productivity N+1 Redundancy Reliability Availability Serviceability 24x7
First Failure Data Capture
First Failure Data Capture provides
error information in real-time and makes
it possible to determine parts
necessary to fix problem
Trying to recreate intermittent errors at a later
time can be extremely time consuming,
ineffective, and sometimes impossible
Cornerstone that is basis of pSeries RAS technology Capture Error Causes in Real-time
F ault I solation R egister (FIR) (unique fingerprint of each error captured) Service Processor Nonvolatile RAM Error Checkers Log Error
Old Failure Recreate Strategy
Run diagnostic test cases during service call
Repair based on test case symptom
Questionable correlation to original problem
Development focus on improved test cases
Open service action plan if failure not recreated
Test cases used to try to isolate failures and verify
First Failure Data Capture: an IBM Exclusive
Specialized hardware designed to capture failure data at time of failure
Repair based on root-cause analysis
Direct correlation to original client problem
Engineering focus on built-in error detection and capture
Service action plan driven by captured failure information
Test cases used to only to verify correct operation
Reliably identify each failing component, reducing costly downtime First Failure Data Capture Technology CPU L1 Cache L2/L3 Cache Memory Disk
Designing extra quality into system to keep errors from ever happening Fault Avoidance Start Off With Quality-based Design
Mainframe-inspired components and technologies
- Designed for reduced power consumption, cooler operating temperatures and increased reliability
Self- Healing An Active Server Immune System
Bit-steering to redundant memory in event of failed memory module to keep server operational
Single bit error correction via ECC without reaching error thresholds for main, L2 and L3 cache memories
L3 cache line deletes extended from two to ten for additional self healing
ECC extended to inter-chip connections on fabric/processor busses
Soft-error scrubbing to help prevent memory faults
Memory scrubbing for soft single-bit errors that are corrected in the background while memory is idle, to help prevent multiple-bit errors. Spare memory bits .... Failing memory bit steered to spare memory bit Scatter memory chip bits across four separate ECC words for Chipkill recovery
Bit-scattering allows normal single bit ECC error processing, thereby
keeping system running with a Chipkill failure.
Bit-steering allows memory lines from spare memory bits to be dynamically reassigned to a memory module with a faulty line to
keep system running.
If all spare bits are utilized, and threshold is reached, the Service Processor
will be invoked to request deferred maintenance at a time acceptable to client.
X X Chipkill ECC Memory Integrity and Availability Dynamically reassign memory I/O via bit-steering if error threshold is reached on same bit
Use of redundancy to remain operational with full resources N+1 Redundancy Built-in Redundancies Designed for Non-stop Operation
Redundant spare memory bits
Redundant fans - Fans will speed up to try to compensate for failed fan
Redundant power supplies (optional)
CEC bus retry and recovery
PCI-X bus recovery
ECC Chipkill soft errors
Corrections and retries that don't exceed threshold limits and don't require client or IBM CE intervention Fault Masking Continued Operation and System Integrity
Partial L2 cache deallocation
PCI-X bus deallocation to the card level
Removal and replacement of failed PCI-X cards
Upon reboot, failed components will be deconfigured to avoid repeat of errors
If threshold reached, resources can be deallocated with system remaining operational, allowing client to plan maintenance at a convenient time Resource Deallocation Keep Running With Fewer Resources
PCI-X Controller X
Problem with damaged connection results in PCI-X bus error
- That particular slot is varied offline by system
- All other slots remain active
- System stays operational without the slot active
- If PCI card is damaged, replace with new one
- If slot is damaged, plan for maintenance at client’s convenience
PCI Bus and Card Error Recoveries
PCI, PCI-X adapter cards
Online hot-plug of defective electromechanical components keeps system operational Concurrent Maintenance Replacement of Parts While System Runs
Service Productivity Increasing service productivity means more client uptime Quicker Service for Client Convenience
Most firmware updates may be made while the server remains operational (planned for 4Q04)
Internal LED diagnostics identify components that
LEDs on I/O provide status of PCI-X slots and disk drives for power, hot-swap and need for service
Health Care of p5-570 System Processor Drawer Processors Memory Power Thermal Fans Service Processor Runs asynchronously. Does not degrade performance. Cycles continuously looking for faults AIX Error Log Central repository for all system errors Input/Output AIX 5L device drivers provide error information to AIX 5L error log AIX 5L Service Agent Sends latest error information to CE and/or client when necessary Service Dispatch Initiates maintenance action with parts required to fix real problem In unlikely event of a unresolvable system fault, system can be backed up by another hot-standby system Hot Standby Backup High Availability software: HACMP HAGEO, GeoRM Monitors Reports Reports Service Focal Point server H C R U6 IBM pSeries
IBM ~ p5 570 Convenient Starting Points for Value Pak Configurations Makes Ordering Easy
IBM ~ p5-570 Value Paks
Offering popular, easy-to-order configurations
at considerable savings
Choice of Linux, AIX 5L or no operating system
Allows clients to modify these base configurations to match up with specific application requirements
Model 570 server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
p5-570 1.5 GHz Express Value Paks
p5-570 (1.5 GHz) Two processors, 4GB memory one no-charge activation, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.5 GHz) Four processors, 8GB memory, two no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.5 GHz) Eight processors, 16GB DDR1 memory, four no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
server H C R U6 pSeries server H C R U6 pSeries
p5-570 2-, 4- and 8-way Value Paks
p5-570 (1.65 GHz ) Eight processors, 16GB DDR1 memory, four no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.9 GHz ) Eight processors, 16GB DDR1 memory, four no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5- 570 (1.9 GHz) Eight processors, 16GB DDR2 memory, four no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.65 GHz ) Two processors, 4GB memory, one no-charge activation, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.65 GHz ) Four processors, 8GB memory, two no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.9 GHz) Four processors, 8GB DDR1 memory, two no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks
p5-570 (1.9 GHz) Four processors, 8GB DDR2 memory, two no-charge activations, two 73.4GB disks