Ca donors oct2013 ppt

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  • There are (or will soon be) interventions with randomized evaluations involving 42,600 adolescent girls in 7 countries. There are a few more in the works. I don’t think any other organization can claim to have that large, diverse, and rigorous a body of evaluation research on adolescent girls.
  • Objective of the IE’s: To measure the impact of the program on the well-being of participants and their familiesBroad definition of “well-being”Focus on spillover effects on householdsFor each pilot, what is the impact of the program on:Economic outcomes for participants and their households : employment, earnings, investment, savings, borrowing, and lending.Socioeconomic behaviors and outcomes: marriage, fertility, time use, experience of gender-based violence, and attitudes toward riskEmpowerment/Agency: physical mobility, aspirations, economic dependence on men, control over household resources, self-confidenceKnowledge: Financial literacy, STIs
  • Packaging the operational lessons of the AGI into accessible guidance notes for AGI task teams. Targeting teams preparing large youth employment programs. Setting criteria and understanding the trade-offs and implications for programming, recruitment strategies, etc.Safety considerations, stipends, support services including childcare, etc.What are “life skills”? Why do they matter to girls and their economic futures? How does the AGI teach them?What are “business development skills”? Why do they matter to girls and their economic futures? How does the AGI teach them?Results based financing, incentives for training providers, community organizations, participants, etc.Home-based contracting, recruitment strategies, etc.Market assessments, pros and cons of non-traditional fields, etc.Working with firms/employers to prevent violence in the workplace, supporting girls to work in new fields, etc.Overview of the AGI evaluation designs and surveys—explaining the rationale behind the outcomes we are trackingWorking with service providers, tracking attendance, monitors, spot checks, etc.
  • Añadir 4 para 2012
  • Ca donors oct2013 ppt

    1. 1. Summit is committed to a world where people can thrive and nature can flourish—a world in which one is not sacrificed for the other. Conserving the Mesoamerican Reef Empowering Youth Sustainable Cities – Girls’ Equality First
    2. 2. Why Girls?  Summit believes that the global drive to eliminate poverty, achieve social justice, stabilize the world’s population and secure the environmental health of the planet will be fully realized when society promotes leadership, health and opportunity for youth, particularly girls.
    3. 3. Our Priorities  ADVANCING GIRLS’ EQUALITY (6 grants) Promote Girls’ Education and Economic Opportunity  End Child Marriage  Engage Boys and Men   EXPANDING ADOLESCENT SRH ACCESS (10 grants)   Enhance Access to SRH Services and Information Strengthen Data Gathering and Evaluation  SUPPORTING YOUTH LEADERSHIP (4 grants)  Fund Central American young leaders to implement innovative projects addressing girls’ equality and ASRH  ACCELERATING GLOBAL MOMENTUM FOR GE AND ASRH (9 grants)  Expand international, Latin American and U.S. commitments supporting girls’ equality and ASRH, ensuring youth participation
    4. 4. The Coalition for Adolescent Girls coalitionforadolescentgirls.org
    5. 5. The Girl Declaration girleffect.org
    6. 6. Current Council Research on Adolescent Girls
    7. 7. Council’s Programs for Adolescent Girls Burkina Faso Mères Éducatrices 4000 girls and Filles Eveillées 400 girls Guatemala Abriendo Oportunidades >5000 girls Ghana Smart Girls 89 girls (pilot) Zambia Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program 12,000 girls (planned) Egypt Ishraq 1800 girls India First Time Parents 1700 girls and Maharashtra Safe Spaces 150 girls (pilot) Ethiopia Berhane Hewan 12,000 girls (72,000 planned) and Biruh Tesfa 16,500 girls (30,000 planned) Bangladesh Kishori Abhijan 15,000 girls Kenya and Uganda Safe and Smart Savings 2300 girls South Africa Siyakha Nentsha 1100 girls and boys
    8. 8. Investing before it is too late Adelante de la curva Intensificar esfuerzos porcentaje en la escuela unida o casada con hijos edad Fuente: Hallman, K., S. Peracca, J. Catino, M.J. Ruiz. 2005. “Causes of low school achievement and early transition to adulthood in Guatemala.” New York: Population Council.
    9. 9. GIRL POWER THE WORLD BANK’S ADOLESCENT GIRLS INITIATIVE
    10. 10. About the • Launched on October 10, 2008 • Cumulative financing is ~ U.S. $22m. • Partners are include the Nike Foundation, governments of Afghanistan, Australia, Denmark, Jordan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Nepal, Norway, Rwanda, Southern Sudan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. • Each program is individually tailored to the country context, with a common goal of discovering what works best to help adolescent girls and young women succeed in the labor market. • Programs target disadvantaged young women 16-35
    11. 11. Pilots in 8 low-income countries including some of the most challenging environments for girls
    12. 12. Components • Training in either business development skills for self employment, or in technical and vocational skills for wage employment. • Most projects include life skills training to help girls deal with everyday challenges and improve skills that are linked to labor market outcomes. • Some programs also provide personalized support and job intermediation services to help girls connect to labor market opportunities. • Each pilot includes a rigorous impact evaluation.
    13. 13. Learning from practice Selecting and recruiting adolescent girls How to make youth employment programs “girl friendly” Design Lessons Life skills in the AGI Business development skills in the AGI Incentive schemes in the AGI for improving results Working with girls in difficult settings Implementation Lessons Selecting vocations for girls Engaging the private sector Monitoring and Evaluation Lessons What does the AGI measure and how? Setting up an M&E system
    14. 14. Program description • LIBERIA EPAG • Implemented by Ministry of Gender and NGOs, funded by Nike through WB AGI. (Now scaled up w/ SIDA support.) • Target girls age 16-27 with job or business skills training, placement/start-up support, life skills. • UGANDA ELA • Run by BRAC, funded by Mastercard & Nike. • Provide girls 14-20 with safe space, life skills training, short livelihoods training based on local market. • NEPAL AGEI • Run by the Nepal Employment Fund, funded by Helvetas, Swiss Development Corporation, and DfID. • Provide girls 16-24 with 134 separate training events, targeted towards poorer, more vulnerable women.
    15. 15. Results • LIBERIA EPAG • Employment up 30%, incomes up 80%, savings up. • Positive impacts on self-confidence, satisfaction, food security. • UGANDA ELA • Employment up 30%, income up $32 over 6 months. • Childbearing down, contraceptive use up, incidence of forced sex down. • NEPAL AGEI • Employment up 40%, non-farm • employment up, incomes up 15%. • (other results pending).
    16. 16. Abriendo Oportunidades: a comprehensive peer education model Strategies: Objective Strengthen adolescent girls assets and increase their life skills • Identify safe spaces in communities • Strengthen peer networks • Exposure to alternative models Provide access to training and recreation (girls and their mothers) • • Partner with public and private sector Promote education, health, financial literacy, prevention of gender-based violence through a cascade leadership approach •
    17. 17. Cascade leadership approach: Mentors (+10) an effective strategy to learn and train Youth Leaders(+ 100) Participants (+ 4,000) Ages 8-12 and 13-17 Participate in weekly, 2 hour sessions lead by Youth Leaders - Age 14 to 18 - Participate in quarterly, 1 week education camps - Live in the community - Continue their education - Receive a monthly stipend - Become local role models Interns (+ 50) - Age: 16 to 24 Paid internship/scholarship Intensive 3 month training Have completed middle school - Live in the community - Must enroll in highschool or university - Contact with alternative models - Age: 22 to 26 Former interns Trained on M&E Have completed one or more years of university - Speak local languages - Become alternative models for younger participants.
    18. 18. + Repair the Social Contract: Public-private partnerships hand in hand with girls to build preventative health, social, and economic assets secondary school development committee roads and market youth center playing field community center national savings Build assets that allow girls to make informed decisions health center
    19. 19. A Critical Mass to Address SRHR & Gender
    20. 20. Adolescent Pregnancy in Honduras Of the 938,301 adolescent girls in Honduras aged 15 to 19, 24% have been pregnant at least once. ENDESA 2005 22% ENDESA 2011-2012 24% Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud ENDESA 2011-2012 - Honduras
    21. 21. Honduras has a youth population of 5,231,588 Youth Population Older than 30 35% Younger than 30 65% INE. 2010.
    22. 22. % of adolescents pregnant or with children, by department
    23. 23. Pregnancy rate by age, 2005-2007 Age 15 16 17 18 19 2005 5.4 11.7 23.5 31.6 40.2 2007 6.3 16.7 24.9 34.0 40.1 +O+ + + + - ENDESA 2005 VRS. 2011-2012
    24. 24. Relationship Between Educational Attainment and Pregnancy Education 2005 2011-2012 Total No education 46.3 45.8 + Elementary 1-3 42.1 47.2 + Elementary 4-6 29.3 36.0 + High school 10.8 19.9 + College 2.2 0.9 - ENDESA 2005 VRS. 2011-2012
    25. 25. Adolescent Pregnancy by Residential Area Residential Area Urban Rural 2005 17.7 26.0 2011-2012 19.2 29.3 +/+ + ENDESA 2005 VRS. 2011-2012
    26. 26. AO communities: past, current and scale-up region To date: 50 communities 5 departments 6 linguistic regions Scale up: • At least 75 communities in Q’eqchi’ language areas. • Belize and Peten
    27. 27. The most vulnerable across the Central American region Rural, female, in digenous, 0ut of school Common challenges: • Access to secondary education and health services • Addressing adolescent pregancy • Livelihoods
    28. 28. Regional gaps • Belize: average age 1st pregnancy: 17 • Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala: around 1/3 of all women give birth before age 20. • Honduras: access to RHS services amongh youth: 11.5% • Nicaragua: fertility rates: 2.8 (urban, highschool), 4.9 (rural, no schooling) • Guatemala: Highest unmet need for FP: 25.6% (ages 15-19), 29.6% (indigenous, versus 15.1% non indigenous) • Belize: Enrollment in school: national average 85.9%, Mayan girls 36%
    29. 29. Where are we?
    30. 30. La Coalición Hondureña de Abogacía por los Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos de Adolescentes.
    31. 31. Regional gaps • Belize: average age 1st pregnancy: 17 • Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala: around 1/3 of all women give birth before age 20. • Honduras: access to RHS services amongh youth: 11.5% • Nicaragua: fertility rates: 2.8 (urban, highschool), 4.9 (rural, no schooling) • Guatemala: Highest unmet need for FP: 25.6% (ages 15-19), 29.6% (indigenous, versus 15.1% non indigenous) • Belize: Enrollment in school: national average 85.9%, Mayan girls 36%

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