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  • 1. Scholarly Communication: Responses at the University of California A “Systemwide” Overview               This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 License .
  • 2.
    • UC Scholarly Communication programs
      • UC engaged at many levels
      • Faculty ownership is key
      • Facilitated via “systemwide” mechanisms (described below)
      • Foundation of campus/library engagement (as you’ll hear today)
  • 3.
    • Screen shots from UC Library SC web pages:
    • UC Berkeley collections management page:
    • UC Davis Scholarly Communication page:
    • UC Irvine Scholarly Communication and Management Program (SCAMP):
    • UCLA managing the collections page:
    • UC San Francisco reshaping scholarly communication page: http:// /
    • UC Santa Barbara Scholarly Communication page: http:// /
  • 4.
    • “Systemwide” Ancient history
      • 1977 “One University, One Library” (Salmon Plan)
      • 1981 Melvyl Catalog
      • 1997 CDL
      • 2002 eScholarship
      • 2004 Office of Scholarly Communication & Scholarly Communication Officers Group
  • 5.
    • Thus, “systemwide” means
    • Deep resource sharing
    • Co-investment
    • Collaboration
    • Leverage from scale
    • Coalesce & share hard and soft technologies
  • 6. UC should... develop an Information Infrastructure to disseminate and access scholarly and scientific information in a networked environment. Lead the national effort to transform the process of Scholarly and Scientific Communication.
  • 7. UC should... develop an Information Infrastructure to disseminate and access scholarly and scientific information in a networked environment. Lead the national effort to transform the process of Scholarly and Scientific Communication.
  • 8. Or as Paul Ginsparg envisions… Physics arXiv founder Paul Ginsparg at CNI Task Force meeting . April 2006 . Clip from Paul Ginsparg’s interview. Interview available at
  • 9. Faculty Administration Libraries Predictably, tripartite organizational efforts
  • 10. Faculty
    • Systemwide Senate Committee
    • Campus Senate Committees
    • Descendant of 2003 Elsevier negotiation
    • Boycott threats
    • Resolutions
    • Issue du jour (PubChem; Stem Cell)
    • White papers
    • Policy proposal
    • Service adoption (eScholarship; copyright)
  • 11. Alert you to the possibility that the University’s libraries may have to make major reductions in available journals in UC’s shared digital collection …
  • 12. The charge is wide ranging…methods of cost-effective production and dissemination of scholarly works… evaluating business models… new methods for society publishing…
  • 13. Faculty shall routinely grant to Regents a limited, irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide, non-exclusive license to place in an open-access repository [their work that appears in] journal or conference proceeding…
  • 14. Administrative Systemwide Library and Scholarly Information Advisory Committee CDL Office of Schol. Communication UC Press
  • 15. Guide UC.. to improve the process of scholarly communication and assist faculty in distributing the results of their research
  • 16. Resolution I.. The University’s Role in Fostering Positive Change in Scholarly Communication
  • 17. Scholarly Communication is in a state of crisis that threatens to compromise UC’s core mission.
  • 18. Libraries Systemwide Scholarly Communication Program & Priorities statement 1. Encourage faculty to manage the copyrights in their work. Provide the knowledge and tools to do so, including a publishing infrastructure that encourages innovative dissemination of their work
  • 19. Model Copyright Clauses
  • 20. 12,610 papers 3,452,950 downloads
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Libraries Systemwide Schol. Comm. Program & Priorities statement 2. …assist informed faculty attention and action … aggressively forward information about the costs, cost distribution, and economic and service interdependencies [in providing] access to the university's library collections.
  • 24.  
  • 25. Libraries Systemwide Schol. Comm. Program & Priorities statement 3. Use library buying power to its best advantage. Establish and operate according to selection principles that account for scholarly value and economic sustainability.
  • 26. WRT “Use library buying power” libraries are jointly modeling “value-based” journal pricing
  • 27. UC Library Investments in Transformative Scholarly Communication Models Discussion Paper from the UC Libraries Scholarly Communication Officers group. March 2005 1. Background Comprehensive access to the expanding volume of scholarly materials necessary for research and teaching is at risk. Trends in scholarly publishing, especially commercial publisher business models that result in the hyperinflation of the cost of scholarly material, limit the ability to maintain the breadth and depth of library collections and reduce exposure to, and impact of, scholars’ work. The UC Libraries are key actors in the university’s response and have developed a program of strategic actions to influence the economic dysfunctions of scholarly communication systems ( ). Leveraging their market power in order to advance economically balanced
  • 28. Libraries Systemwide Schol. Comm. Program & Priorities statement 4. Leverage individual and collective effort. Build expertise within and across the university libraries ; create a network of highly engaged and informed library staff to shape and support systemwide as well as campus-based efforts.
  • 29. UC Libraries Schol. Comm. Officers Set of Issues and Outreach Toolkits Managing Copyright Economics of Schol. Comm. Role of Societies
  • 30.
    • Lessons
    • WRT faculty engagement: the power of causes célèbres
    • WRT copyright & repositories: It’s about publishing, not “depositing”; its about services, not piles of content
    • WRT influence (“disrupt”) the marketplace: the power & extensibility of faculty outrage
  • 31.
    • And finally its about collaboration
    • With faculty, the press, departments, other service units
    • Among 10 campus library systems (&CDL & OSC)
    • To distribute and/or focus work for large tasks
    • To share good practices
    • To capitalize on distributed knowledge, skills, agendas