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  • 1. THE E-COMMERCE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT Bangkok, November, 2002 David Marsh
  • 2. E-COMMERCE DEFINED
    • “ Electronic commerce covers any form of business or administrative transaction or information exchange that is executed using any information and communications technology”
  • 3. DEMATERIALISATION
    • Ease of reproduction
    • Difficulty of detecting alteration
    • Absence of originality
    • Anonymity of source
  • 4. LANGUAGE IN STATUTES
    • Document
    • Writing
    • Signature
    • Instrument
  • 5. COMMUNICATION I
    • Face to face
    • Post
    • Telegraph/telegram
    • Telephone
    • Telex
  • 6. COMMUNICATION II
    • Fax
    • EDI (Electronic Data Interchange)
    • E-mail
    • The internet
  • 7. THE ROLE OF THE UN
    • UNCTAD
    • UNCITRAL
    • UN/CEFACT
  • 8. TECHNICAL STANDARDS
    • TRADACOMS
    • UN/EDIFACT
    • ANSI X 12
    • HTML
    • XML
    • Eb/XML
    • OASIS
  • 9. LEGAL SYSTEMS
    • Common law
    • Civil or Roman law
    • Scandinavian law
    • European Law
  • 10. TYPES OF SOLUTIONS
    • Contractual
    • Legislative
    • Self regulatory
    • International convention
  • 11. INTERNATIONAL ISSUES
    • Contractual forms
    • Technical Standards
    • Data Protection
    • E-Commerce IP issues
    • Security and cryptology
    • Criminal issues
  • 12. THE CONFLICT OF INTEREST
    • Facilitation
    • Regulation
  • 13. SECURITY
    • Technical security
    • Commercial security
    • Legal security
    • National security
  • 14. SECURITY II
    • Monitoring
    • Intercept capability
    • Service provider “black boxes”
    • Commercial cost
    • Tipping off
    • Lawful business practice
  • 15. SIGNATURES
    • Requirements of form
    • Mechanical signatures
    • Intention to sign
    • Proof
    • The EU Digital Signatures Directive
    • National legislation
  • 16. VALID SIGNATURES!
  • 17. ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES
    • Standardisation of technology
    • Recognition of root authorities
    • Harmonisation of commercial codes
    • Modernisation of enforcement procedures
  • 18. INTERCHANGE AGREEMENTS
    • TPAs
    • long term relationships
    • repeatable dataflows
    • secure payment
    • agreed standards
    • call-off processes
  • 19. UN/CEFACT RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Recommendation 26 - TPAs
    • Recommendation 31 - Contract formation
    • Recommendation 32 - Codes of conduct
    • Current work
      • Certification authority standards
      • ODR
      • ebXML legal issues
  • 20. FISCAL ISSUES
    • “…… should we tax the internet?”
    • “ How should we tax the internet?”
    • Direct and indirect taxes
    • International aspects of taxation
  • 21. DATA PROTECTION
    • Data protection EU directive
    • Registration
    • Personal data
    • Consent
    • Confidentiality
    • Proper use
    • Correction of errors
  • 22. OTHER CURRENT ISSUES
    • Hacking
    • Spamming
    • Viruses
    • Bombing
  • 23. Thank you for listening Questions DAVID MARSH