Linking business to knowledge: new challenges

716
-1

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
716
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Šiuolaikinėje rinkoje keičiasi pagrindiniai globalizuoto ūkio, o tuo pačiu ir pavienės plėtros faktoriai. Nematerialaus kapitalo – žinių – panaudojimas technologijų, know-how, gamybos organizavimo metodų ar “intelektualios” gamybinės įrangos pavidalu tampa įmonių konkurencingumą didinančiu ir visos šalies ūkio plėtrą sąlygojančiu veiksniu Inovacinė veikla apima visas stadijas: nuo idėjos gimimo iki galutinio rezultato ir, kas labai svarbu, glaudžią įmonės ir jos makroaplinkos sąveiką. Tinkama valstybės ūkio politika yra labai svarbus verslo plėtros veiksnys, ypatingai skatinant ir remiant inovacijas, kurios neabejotinai susijusios su didele rizika. Kaip ir ES šalyse, taip ir Lietuvoje inovacijų finansavimo pagerinimas yra vienas iš tokios politikos įgyvendinimo prioritetų. Kita vertus, pasaulinė praktika rodo, kad be kooperacijos, tame tarpe ir tarptautinės partnerystės, inovacinė veikla įmonėse, ypač smulkiose ir vidutinėse, yra neefektyvi, brangi ir pernelyg rizikinga [3 skaidrė. Inovacijų kūrimo būdai]
  • Pereidama prie rinkos ekonomikos, Lietuva prarado didelę dalį savo gamybinio konkurencingumo, ypač vidutinio lygio technologijų pramonėje. Dabartinė pramonės struktūra, jei lyginsime ją su ES šalių pramone, aiškiai rodo, kuria linkme turėtų būti nukreipta ūkio politika, skiriant pagrindinį dėmesį technologiškai išvystytai pramonei. Tas pats pasakytina ir apie paslaugų sektorių. [5 skaidrė. Pramonės struktūra. II]
  • Countries differ in their relative performance in "R&D based" innovation versus "diffusion-based" innovation. Larger and economically more developed countries might do better on R&D-based innovation as they can benefit from economies of scale in R&D. Smaller or economically less developed countries might perform better on the diffusion of innovation. Countries performing well in diffusion may have a lower SII due to the fact that the SII gives a greater emphasis to R&D-based innovation. Two separate composite indices were constructed to explore possible differences between countries. The R&D-based innovation index and the diffusion innovation index are shown in Figure 7, which suggests that, with some notable exceptions, countries ranking high on R&D-based innovation will also rank high on their overall SII score. Most of the ACC countries are doing much better on the diffusion than on the creation of innovation. Of the ACC leaders, only Slovenia does relatively better on the creation of innovation.
  • Tačiau inovacijas realizuoja ne valdžios institucijos. Tarptautinė įmonių kooperacija bei integracija, gal būt, žymiai didesnis inovacijų šaltinis. Neabejotina, kad tiek tiesioginės užsienio investicijos, tiek ir žinių bei know-how perdavimas iš esmės paskatino inovacijas Lietuvos įmonėse. Net 23% apklaustų Lietuvos įmonių nurodė, kad jos atnaujino ar patobulino savo gamybines technologijas, bendradarbiaudamos su užsienio specialistais.     [4 skaidrė. Pramonės struktūra. I]
  • Tačiau inovacijas realizuoja ne valdžios institucijos. Tarptautinė įmonių kooperacija bei integracija, gal būt, žymiai didesnis inovacijų šaltinis. Neabejotina, kad tiek tiesioginės užsienio investicijos, tiek ir žinių bei know-how perdavimas iš esmės paskatino inovacijas Lietuvos įmonėse. Net 23% apklaustų Lietuvos įmonių nurodė, kad jos atnaujino ar patobulino savo gamybines technologijas, bendradarbiaudamos su užsienio specialistais.     [4 skaidrė. Pramonės struktūra. I]
  • Linking business to knowledge: new challenges

    1. 1. Linking business to knowledge: new challenges Dr Kastytis G ečas, Lithuanian Innovation Centre
    2. 2. Innovation Policies: why innovation <ul><li>Jump to a knowledge-driven economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>national consensus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation is essential for business development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a key component in enterprise policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>innovation strategy vs. growth strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Towards support for innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>financial support/grant schemes for SMEs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advisory services and networking </li></ul></ul>I f the GDP volume in Lithuania gro ws in the current speed, it will overtake the average EU level only by the year 2040
    3. 3. Innovation is a business process connected with exploiting market opportunities for new products, services and business processes. EC Communication COM(2005) 121 final , 06/04/2005, Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing a Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (2007-2013) If science is the transformation of money into knowledge , innovation is the transformation of knowledge into money EUREKA <ul><li>Innovation is related to a process connecting knowledge and technology with the exploitation of market opportunities for new or improved products, services and business processes compared to those already available on the common market , and encompassing a certain degree of risk. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Framework for State Aid for Research and Development and Innovation, 2006 </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Structure of Lithuanian industry Source: S cience and technology, Eurostat/ 200 5
    5. 5. I nnovative companies and turnover (23.4% of total number) Source: Innovation Activity Development , Dept. of Statistics of Lithuania, 200 6
    6. 6. Source: European Innovation Scoreboard’ 2004
    7. 7. Knowledge-based competitiveness. Two complementary paradigms <ul><li>To increase (innovation) supply = Technology push </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links between science and industry: bridging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploitation of research results, (technology) absorptive capacity, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technologi cal innovation ( and may be non-technological innovation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technolog y transfer = exploitation of research results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support services = research - exploitation-oriented (industry liaison, technology transfer, technology information, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and technology parks, spin-offs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritty-based policies = high-tech business development (e.g. bio, IT, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial support to pioritised sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L inear model (creation, tranfer support, companies) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To increaase innovation demand = Market pull </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Company as a focal point: higher added value by innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation diffusion, exploitation of knowledge, innovation capacity, innovation culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N on-technological innovation ( and may be technological innovation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology transfer = technology partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support services = specialised infrastructure (to access knowledge, partners, finances, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clusters, platforms, and other network-type activities, transnational networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public and private consultancy services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Innovation everywhere” as a means for competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial support as (innovation) risk decreasing tool (industrial R&D, innovation, networking, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-linerar, multifacet model (partnerships, diffusion, innovation transfer, innovation management and content, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. R & D-based innovation vs. i nnovation diffusion Source: European Innovation Scoreboard’ 2003 V
    9. 9. I nnovative companies and turnover (23.4% of total number) Source: Innovation Activity Development , Dept. of Statistics of Lithuania, 200 6
    10. 10. Non-technological innovation Source: Innovation Development, Dept. Statistics Lithuania , 200 6
    11. 11. Innovation cooperation partners Source: Innovation Activity Development , Dept. of Statistics of Lithuania, 200 6
    12. 12. Innovation Sources Source: Innovation Activity Development , Dept. of Statistics of Lithuania, 200 6
    13. 13. Corporate innovation financing : soft vs.hard Source: Innovation Activity Development , Dept. of Statistics of Lithuania, 200 6
    14. 14. Innovation partnerships
    15. 15. Obstacles to innovation Source: Innovation Development, Dept. Statistics Lithuania , 200 6 Financial risk HR risk Market r isk
    16. 16. Decreasing risks: fostering inova tion in business <ul><li>State policies – favourable conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programme for In novation in Business (2000, 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Lisbon Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Support (national, EU Structural Funds) </li></ul><ul><li>Linking business to knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialised infrastructure and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic and international networking </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Innovation support services at universities <ul><li>Research as knowledge production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labs as knowledge centres – intellectual assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge transfer centres (industry liaison, technology information and technology transfer, management techniques, IP management) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professionalism, competence and skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preconditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Favourable Institutional set-up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual property set-up and proper management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on market (industry and services) demands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Research as service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractual R&D: towards instu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultancy: technological/non-technological innovation capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precondition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional set-up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on market needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Research as networking activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acting for ( on behalf of) companies internationally, e.g. FP projects, partnering, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitators? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    18. 18. Dr Kastytis Ge čas, Director, Lithuanian Innovation Centre, k . gecas @lic.lt www.lic.lt , www.inovacijos.lt … innovation does not wait
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×