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    •  
    • 10 STEPS TO POST-RESEARCH WRITING
      • Jot down major and minor ideas into scratch lists or outlines.
      • Group ideas into components or categories--ideally three to five, and develop subcategories accordingly.
      • Begin planning and framing your message by organizing your ideas into patterns (direct or indirect) with your audience in mind.
      • Begin writing short and effective sentences with ideally 19 words or less.
      • Emphasize important ideas with vivid words, labelling the main idea, making it the subject and placing it first or last in a sentence
      • 6. Plan and build coherent paragraphs by linking ideas by sustaining the main idea, using pronouns, dovetailing sentences and using transitional expressions.
      • 7. Revise to keep it clear, concise and conversational, or in other words: simple, to-the-point and professional.
      • 8. Remove opening fillers, delete long lead-ins, eliminate redundancies and purge empty words.
      • 9. Strive for parallelism and balanced writing to ensure a well-flowing document and highlight important ideas using graphic techniques (bulleted/numbered lists, headings, underlining, boldface, italics).
      • 10. Proof-read using standard proof-reading marks and apply necessary corrections.
      10 STEPS TO POST-RESEARCH WRITING
      • As a writer, it is extremely important to organize similar ideas and group so that readers can see relationships and follow arguments.
      • Use lists and outlines to organize ideas.
      • Alphanumeric outlines show major and minor ideas, while decimal outlines show how ideas relate to one another.
      • Remember in an outline that every major category should have at least two subcategories.
      ORGANIZE
      • Organize ideas into patterns by using the direct or indirect pattern.
      • The direct pattern places the main idea first. It is useful when audiences will be pleased mildly interested, or neutral.
      • The indirect pattern place the main idea after explanation. It is useful for audiences that will be unwilling, displeased, or hostile.
      ORGANIZE
      • Once you have researched your topic and organized your ideas, start composing your first draft in a quiet place with no interruptions and consider few things as you start writing.
      • Write short sentences, and be sure to clearly identify the subject and to use the correct verb form. Moreover, stress on important ideas by using vivid words, and managing active and passive voice. When using modifiers, ensure that they are close to the words they describe or limit, so they won’t be dangling or misplaced.
      COMPOSE
      • Create Effective Sentences:
      • Write short sentences, and be sure to clearly identify the subject and to use the correct verb form. Moreover, stress on important ideas by using vivid words, and managing active and passive voice. When using modifiers, ensure that they are close to the words they describe or limit, so they won’t be dangling or misplaced.
      • Drafting Meaningful Paragraphs :
      • To have a well-constructed paragraph, you should discuss only one topic in it. Furthermore, there are three techniques for composing a paragraph. The direct paragraph pattern for defining, classifying, or describing. The pivoting paragraph pattern to compare and contrast. And finally the indirect paragraph pattern when delivering bad news.
      COMPOSE
      • Remember that the purpose of writing is to express rather than impress. That is by keeping it short and simple, you are sure to achieve clarity.
      • Try to achieve a conversational tone by sounding professional.
      • Make certain that your main points are in concise messages. A message is easier to understand when it excludes flabby phrases.
      REVISE
      • You must take time revising to delete unnecessary words, eliminate redundancies, reduce compound prepositions, and purge empty words.
      • Avoid trite expressions that are overused in business writing.
      REVISE
      • Once you are done with the final form, its time to proofread.
      • In proofreading you have to check for errors in spelling, grammar, punctuation, names and numbers, and format.
      • It is better to proofread from a printed copy rather than a computer screen.
      • Routine documents may be proofread immediately after completion, however, more complex documents should be proofread after a breather.
      PROOF-READING
      • Guffey, Rhodes, & Rogin (2006). Business Communication: Process and Product .
      • Toronto” Thomson - Nelson.
      BIBLIOGRAPHY