APA WRITING GUIDELINES www.vanguard.edu/psychology/ Click on APA
General Guidelines <ul><li>Margins  </li></ul><ul><li>Font size and type  </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Alig...
General Guidelines <ul><li>1 inch all sides </li></ul><ul><li>12-pt font </li></ul><ul><li>Times Roman or Courier </li></u...
Title Page <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Key elements </li></ul><ul><li>Article title </li></ul><ul><li>Author(s) <...
Title Page  <ul><li>Title page is page 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Paper title, author and affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Title - c...
Abstract <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul>
Abstract <ul><li>Begins page 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract – centered, first line below header </li></ul><ul><li>Block form...
Body <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Headings </li></ul>
Body <ul><li>Body begins page 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Title is centered on first line </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction is not la...
Text Citations <ul><li>Sources are part of the formal structure of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Sources are not part of ...
Ideas & Words of Others <ul><li>Wirth and Mitchel (1994) found that although… </li></ul><ul><li>..higher levels of physica...
Quotations <ul><li>Fewer than 40 words </li></ul><ul><li>Greater than 40 words </li></ul>
Quotations <ul><li>40 words or less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enclose in double quotation marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inc...
References <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Begins on a new page </li></ul><ul><li>References centered  </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging indent </li></ul>...
Examples <ul><li>Journal article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guess, K., & Pevoto, A. (2001). Management communication.  Journal ...
Examples (Cont’d.) <ul><li>Web document – no date </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.).  Notable people in psycholo...
Tables and Figures <ul><li>Example of: http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/table.pdf </li></ul>
Footnotes <ul><li>Footnotes centered on a separate page. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbered the same as in the text. </li></ul>
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APA Writing Guidelines

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APA Writing Guidelines

  1. 1. APA WRITING GUIDELINES www.vanguard.edu/psychology/ Click on APA
  2. 2. General Guidelines <ul><li>Margins </li></ul><ul><li>Font size and type </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph indentation </li></ul><ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Manuscript page header </li></ul>
  3. 3. General Guidelines <ul><li>1 inch all sides </li></ul><ul><li>12-pt font </li></ul><ul><li>Times Roman or Courier </li></ul><ul><li>Double space </li></ul><ul><li>Flush left only </li></ul><ul><li>Indent 5-7 spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Page number 1 inch from right edge </li></ul><ul><li>First 2 or 3 words of title 5 spaces to left of page number </li></ul>
  4. 4. Title Page <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Key elements </li></ul><ul><li>Article title </li></ul><ul><li>Author(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Running head </li></ul>
  5. 5. Title Page <ul><li>Title page is page 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Paper title, author and affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Title - centered uppercase/lowercase </li></ul><ul><li>Author - Centered following title </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliation – centered following author </li></ul><ul><li>“ Running head” – flush left all uppercase </li></ul><ul><li>Line below page header </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 50 characters </li></ul>
  6. 6. Abstract <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul>
  7. 7. Abstract <ul><li>Begins page 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract – centered, first line below header </li></ul><ul><li>Block format </li></ul><ul><li>Not exceed 120 words </li></ul><ul><li>All numbers typed as digits </li></ul>
  8. 8. Body <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Headings </li></ul>
  9. 9. Body <ul><li>Body begins page 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Title is centered on first line </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction is not labeled </li></ul><ul><li>Main headings – </li></ul><ul><li>- Centered </li></ul><ul><li>- Upper/lowercase </li></ul><ul><li>Subheadings – underlined </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flush left </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper/lowercase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd subheading indented 5 spaces, underlined, Upper/lowercase followed by a period. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Text Citations <ul><li>Sources are part of the formal structure of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Sources are not part of the formal structure of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Source has two authors </li></ul><ul><li>Source has three, four or five authors </li></ul><ul><li>Source has six or more authors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ideas & Words of Others <ul><li>Wirth and Mitchel (1994) found that although… </li></ul><ul><li>..higher levels of physical and mental health (Gartner, Larson, & Allen, 1991; Koenig, 1990; Levin & Vanderpool, 1991; Payne, Bergin, Bielema & Jenkins, 1991). </li></ul><ul><li>Previous are ordered alphabetically by 1 st authors’ surname. </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 authors – all included first time. Second time first author and et al. year. </li></ul><ul><li>6 or more – “et al.” used every time cited. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Quotations <ul><li>Fewer than 40 words </li></ul><ul><li>Greater than 40 words </li></ul>
  13. 13. Quotations <ul><li>40 words or less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enclose in double quotation marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate in sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… had ”less congestive heart failure…” (Byrd, 1988, p. 829). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greater than 40 words </li></ul><ul><li>in block format </li></ul><ul><li>Each line indented 5 spaces from left margin </li></ul><ul><li>No quotation marks </li></ul>
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Pagination </li></ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Begins on a new page </li></ul><ul><li>References centered </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging indent </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetical </li></ul><ul><li>Author(s) – use surnames and initials </li></ul><ul><li>Separate authors with comma </li></ul><ul><li>No author - title of document begins </li></ul><ul><li>Year (1991). - Period </li></ul>
  16. 16. Examples <ul><li>Journal article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guess, K., & Pevoto, A. (2001). Management communication. Journal of Business , 12, 512-518 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guess, A. K. (2001). Business communication (2 nd ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Document – univ/dept. web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Degelman, D., & Harris, M. L. (2000). APA style essentials . Retrieved May 18, 2000, from Vanguard University, Department of Psychology Web site: http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.cfm?doc id=796 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Examples (Cont’d.) <ul><li>Web document – no date </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology. Retired August 3, 2001, from http://www.psywww.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr. htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal article from database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hien,D., & Honeyman, T. (2000). A closer look at drug abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence , 15, 503-522. Retrieved May 20, 2000 from ProQuest database. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article/chapter in edited book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shen, J. D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and Mental Health (pp. 70-84). New York: Oxford University Press. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Tables and Figures <ul><li>Example of: http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/table.pdf </li></ul>
  19. 19. Footnotes <ul><li>Footnotes centered on a separate page. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbered the same as in the text. </li></ul>
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