APA WRITING GUIDELINES www.vanguard.edu/psychology/ Click on APA
General Guidelines Page number 1 inch from right edge
First 2 or 3 words of title 5 spaces to left of page number
Title Page Paper title, author and affiliation Title - centered uppercase/lowercase Author - Centered following title Affiliation – centered following author
“ Running head” – flush left all uppercase
Abstract Abstract – centered, first line below header
All numbers typed as digits
Body Title is centered on first line Introduction is not labeled
2 nd subheading indented 5 spaces, underlined, Upper/lowercase followed by a period.
Text Citations Sources are part of the formal structure of the sentence Sources are not part of the formal structure of the sentence Source has three, four or five authors
Source has six or more authors
Ideas & Words of Others Wirth and Mitchel (1994) found that although… ..higher levels of physical and mental health (Gartner, Larson, & Allen, 1991; Koenig, 1990; Levin & Vanderpool, 1991; Payne, Bergin, Bielema & Jenkins, 1991). Previous are ordered alphabetically by 1 st authors’ surname. 3-5 authors – all included first time. Second time first author and et al. year.
6 or more – “et al.” used every time cited.
Quotations Enclose in double quotation marks … had ”less congestive heart failure…” (Byrd, 1988, p. 829).
Each line indented 5 spaces from left margin
References Author(s) – use surnames and initials Separate authors with comma
No author - title of document begins
Examples Guess, K., & Pevoto, A. (2001). Management communication. Journal of Business , 12, 512-518 Guess, A. K. (2001). Business communication (2 nd ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Web Document – univ/dept. web site
Degelman, D., & Harris, M. L. (2000). APA style essentials . Retrieved May 18, 2000, from Vanguard University, Department of Psychology Web site: http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.cfm?doc id=796
Examples (Cont’d.) Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology. Retired August 3, 2001, from http://www.psywww.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr. htm Journal article from database Hien,D., & Honeyman, T. (2000). A closer look at drug abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence , 15, 503-522. Retrieved May 20, 2000 from ProQuest database. Article/chapter in edited book
Shen, J. D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and Mental Health (pp. 70-84). New York: Oxford University Press.
Tables and Figures
Example of: http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/table.pdf
Footnotes Footnotes centered on a separate page.
Numbered the same as in the text.