Social Class In The Us


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Social Class In The Us

  1. 1. SOCIAL CLASS IN THE U.S. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  2. 2. What is social class? Sociologists have no clear-cut  definition of social class.  The two schools of thought are:  Marx  Weber
  3. 3. Marx and Social Class Conflict theorists (based Marx’s  teaching) see 2 social classes: those who have means of production & those who do not.  Ex-The doctor who makes $500,000 a year has access to resources that the $13,0000 a year burger flipper does not.
  4. 4. Weber and Social Class Weber defined social class as “a large  group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power, and prestige” (Henslin, 2007:260).  There are distinctions between wealth and income:  Wealth is the value of a person’s property minus its debts. Examples of this would be land, buildings, back accounts etc.
  5. 5. Income is the flow of money.  Examples of this would include paycheck, disability benefits, stocks & bonds etc.
  6. 6. Distribution of the property of How Income is distributed among Americans Americans Who owns the Wealth and Income in the U.S.? Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  7. 7. DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OF AMERICANS Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  8. 8. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  9. 9. The More Things Change The More They Stay The Same… Income really hasn’t changed since  the end of the Great Depression.  The richest 20% receive all most half of the nation’s income (46.2%), while the poorest 20% receive only 4.2% of the nation’s income.  Despite government anti-poverty efforts, the poorest 20% of the population receive the same % of income they did in 1935.
  10. 10. THE HIGHEST PAID CEO’S Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  11. 11. It’s not just about $, it’s about lifestyle… Having access to money gives you  access to resources (i.e. healthcare, food, shelter etc.).  For people on the lower end of the scale not having access to resources could cause them to make some tough decisions (i.e. do I buy food or pay the heating bill this month?).
  12. 12. Power Power is defined as: “the ability to  carry out your will, even over the resistance of others”(Henslin, 2007:263).  Some sociologists believe that the a small group of people make the big decisions for U.S. society.  Mills called this the “power elite” (Henslin,2007:263).
  13. 13. Prestige Prestige is respect or regard.  Occupations and Prestige They Pay More They Require More Education They Entail More Abstract Thought They Offer Greater Autonomy
  14. 14. Sociological Models of Social Class Updating Marx business owners. Capitalists-large Bourgeoisie-small business owners. Petty sell their own labor but Managers-who have authority over others. who simply sell their Workers-people labor.
  15. 15. Sociological Models of Social Class Updating Weber Capitalist Class-this top 1% is worth more then the bottom 90%of the country. The Upper Middle Class-most shaped by education. Often works for the capitalist class. The Lower Middle Class-work lower-level management, but are often able to climb the social ladder. The Working Class-have a high school education. Consider “suits” as having no real skills. The Working Poor-work minimal jobs, often high school dropouts. The Underclass-here poverty persists across generations.
  16. 16. Consequences of Social Class Health Physical Mental Health 
  17. 17. Consequences of Social Class Education Religion  Politics 
  18. 18. Consequences of Social Class Crime and the Judicial System  Social Class and the Changing  Economy
  19. 19. Social Mobility Women and Social Mobility Studies of Boys  More Recent Studies with Girls 
  20. 20. Interpreting Statistics on Social Mobility Doesn’t Fall Far From Tree Apple The Pain of Social Mobility 
  21. 21. Poverty Who are Poor? Drawing the Poverty Line  Geography 
  22. 22. POVERTY BY STATE Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  25. 25. Poverty Who are Poor? of Poverty Feminization Old Age   Children of Poverty
  26. 26. Myths About the Poor are Lazy Most Poor are Trapped and Few Escape  Most are Latino and African-American 
  27. 27. Myths About the Poor Most are Single Mothers and Kids  Most Live in Inner City  Most are on Welfare 
  28. 28. Dynamics of Poverty of Poverty. Culture  Most Poverty is Short-lived.
  29. 29. Dynamics of Poverty Number of Poor Relatively Stable. 
  30. 30. Why are People Poor? Structure Social  Features of Society  Characteristics of Individuals
  31. 31. Poverty Reform Welfare ◦ Welfare Restructured in 1996 Deferred Gratification 
  32. 32. Poverty is Horatio Alger? Where yourself up by your boot straps. Anyone can get Pull ahead. Social Functions of a Myth  Having this myth places blame on the squarely on the person, so there is no need to change society.