Levels Of Sociological Anaylisis2

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  • 1.
    • Social Status-a position someone occupies within a society.
    • Status Set-the number of statuses a person may occupy at one time.
    • Ascribed Status-involuntary, you don’t choose it. Some are given at birth. (Sex, race, ethnicity, parents socio-economic status). Some are given over the life course (teenager, middle age, senior citizen).
  • 2.
    • Achieved Status-voluntary. These are statuses that can be accomplished.
    • Status Symbols-physical materials that show our status.
    • Master status-a status that cuts across all others, it’s the first thing people notice about you.
    • Status Inconsistency-a mismatch between statuses.
  • 3.
    • All the world’s a stage
    • And all the men and women merely players.
    • They have their exits and their entrances;
    • And one man in his time plays many parts . . .
    • (William Shakespeare, As You Like It, Act II, Scene 7)
  • 4.
    • Roles are the behaviors, obligations, and prestige that comes with status.
    • Starts from birth.
    • They outlay what is socially acceptable behavior.
    • The difference between status and role is that you occupy a status, but you play a role.
  • 5.
    • Roles
    • We Become the Roles we Play-we become more comfortable with our roles.
    • Sign-Vehicles
      • Social Setting-place where the action takes occurs.
      • Appearance-how we look.
      • Manner-the attitudes we show.
    • Face Saving Behavior
  • 6.
    • Erving Goffman
    • Dramaturgy
    • Impression Management
    • Front and Back Stage
    • Role Performance
    • Role Strain Between and Within Roles
  • 7.
    • Goffman believed that life is like drama on a stage.
    • Impression management-the efforts we make to control the impressions others have of us.
    • Stages-playing our assigned roles.
    • Front Stage-what we want others to see
    • Back Stage-these are our private selves
    • Role Strain vs. Role Conflict and Role Performance.
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Thomas theorem “If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.”
    • Objective-What is there.
    • Subjective Interpretation-What society teaches us is there.